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新目标英语九年级Unit7-8复习笔记

Unit 7 Teenagers should be allowed to choose their own clothes.

▲目标语言:情态动词的被动语态→情态动词+be+Vpp.

▲交际用语:1.表达同意或不同意:

(1.)同意:I agree./I think so.

(2)不同意:I disagree./I don’t agree./I don’t think so./I’m afraid not.

2.公共标识:No smoking!/swimming/parking

▲Expressions:

1.驾驶证driver’s license (license=licence)

2.一份兼/全职工作a part-time/full-time job

3.回嘴;顶嘴talk back(to)

4.避免接近;远离keep… away from

5.自己做决定make one’s own decision(to do )

6.作出选择make a choice; make choices

7.挡…的路;妨碍get in the way of -----(反义词) get out of the way of

8.学校/校车/网络/食物/交通安全:school/school bus/Internet/food/traffic safety

9.允许某人做某事allow sb. to do sth. 允许做某事allow doing sth.

(不)被允许去做某事be(not)allowed to do sth.

(不)应该被允许去做某事should(not)be allowed to do sth.

10.穿耳朵get/have one’s ears pierced 理发have one’s hair cut; cut one’s hair

修自行车get/have one’s bike repaired 16岁的孩子们sixteen-year-olds

11. 对某人要求严格be strict with sb. 对某事/物要求严格be strict in sth.

12. 禁止抽烟No smoking! 戒烟stop smoking; give up smoking

13.让某人搭便车;捎某人一程give sb. ride/lift 14. 以这种方式;这样in this way

15.反对做某事be against doing sth 毫无理由反对做某事have nothing against doing sth.

16.不反对做某事;同意做某事be for doing sth. 17.设法完/办成某事manage to do sth.

18.后悔做过某事regret doing 遗憾去做某事(说话时带有遗憾的情感)regret to do sth.

19. 做某事的机会the chance to do sth./the chance of doing sth.

20.考试及格/不及格pass/fail the exam 21.担心worry about; be worried about doing sth.

22. 受重伤hurt badly; be badly hurt cough badly 咳得很厉害

23.没门;不可能No way!

▲词形变化:

1.safe安全的(adj.)→safety安全(n.) →safely安全地(adv.)

2. bad坏/糟的(adj.)→badly坏/糟地(adv.) →worse(比较级) 更坏/糟的/地→worst(最高级) 最坏/糟的/地

3. educate教育(v.) →education 教育(n.)→educational 有教育意义的(adj.)

4. society社会(n.) →social社会的(adj.)

5. choose 选择(v.)→★choice(n.)→chose(过去式)→chosen(过去分词)

★词义辨析:

“花费”:①Sb. spend time on sth./in doing sth. ②It takes sb. some time to do sth.

③Sb. pay some money for sth. ④Sth. cost sb. time/money/energy…

Unit 8 It must belong to Carla.

▲目标语言:情态动词表推测

must一定;肯定may/might/could 可能;也许can’t不可能

▲交际用语:表达同情或遗憾:

1. I’m sorry to hear that./ I’m sorry for that.

2. That’s too bad.

3.What a pity/ shame!(That’s/It’s a shame!)

▲Expressions:

1.追逐,追赶run after 逃跑;跑掉run away

2.同时at the same time

3.接电话;把......拾起;接送pick up

4.发出噪音make noises

5.不但...而且... not only…, but also…

6. 属于某人;是某人的belong to sb. =be sb’s

7.被用于做某事:be used for doing sth.=be used to do sth.

8.一些…另一些…some…,others…9.一个…,另一个…one…,the other…

10. 阻止.......做某事stop/prevent sb. (from )doing; keep sb. from doing

11.让某人一直做某事keep sb. doing sth. 12. 流行音乐/歌曲pop music/songs

13. 摇滚/乡村音乐rock/country music

14. 玩得开心;过得愉快:have a great time; have fun; enjoy oneself﹢doing

15. 最…之一:one of + the + adj.最高级+n.pl

16. 到达:arrive at/in=get to=reach(home/here/there前省介词)

17.跑鞋running shoes 18.指出point out 指着point to/at

19. 超过;多于:over=more than 20. 去野餐go for/to a picnic

22.历史古迹:historical places 23.日出:sun rising

▲重点词形:

1.value(v/n)珍视,价值-----valuable (adj)珍贵的;有价值的

2.wolf(n)狼--wolves(pl)

3.policeman(n)男警察-- policemen(pl); policewoman(n)女警察-- policewomen(pl)

4.sleep(v)睡觉--- sleepy(adj.)困倦的,瞌睡的-- asleep(adj.)睡着的(fall/be asleep)

5.express(v)表示,表达-- expression (n)表情;表示;表达方式(可数)

6.noise(n)声音,噪音-- noisy (adj.)嘈杂的;吵闹的

7. lead(v)领导----leader (n)领导

8.medicine药;医学(n)---medical (adj.)医疗/学的:

medical purpose/research/group/examination 医学目标/研究/医疗队/医学检查

★以下读熟:

1.happen(v)发生—happening (n)事件;发生的事情

2.easy(adj.)容易的---uneasy (adj.)担心的;不安的

3.suit(v/n)适合,套装--suitable(adj.)适合的

4.move(v)—moving (adj.)令人感动的—moved (adj.)感动的

5. history(n)历史----historian(n.)历史学家----historical(adj.)跟历史有关的

6.energy(n)力量,精力—energetic (adj.)有活力的;精力充沛的

7.victory(n)胜利,成功—victor(n.)胜利者▲词义辨析:

1.“声音”:①noise 噪音②voice 嗓音;人的说话声;鸟叫声③sound所有的声音

2.“参加”:①attend:出席/参加正式场合,如会议(meeting)、音乐会(concert)、婚礼(wedding)、

葬礼(burial)、典礼(opening; celebration)或讲座等;上学:attend school

②join:参加党(Party)、团、军(army)或社团(club)等;加入某人并一起做某事

③take part in:参加活动并在其中起积极作用。

3. receive接待;(客观)收到;accept: (主观)接受

4.①not only…, but also…不但...而且...,neither…nor…既不…也不…;…和…都不…,

either…or…要么…,要么…;或者…或者…→连接两个并列主语放句首,谓语动词取决于离动词最近的主语,即:遵循“就近原则”。

②both…and……和…都…→连接两个并列主语放句首,谓语动词一律用复数(be→are, V原)

5.“也”:①too:肯句末,前有逗号;②either:否句末,前有逗号;

③also:肯句中,be后V前;④句首:“而且”

Unit 9 定语从句

1.定语是句子中修饰名词、代词的部分。

做定语的可以是形容词、数词、名词、代词、不定式、分词、从句等。

当修饰名词、代词的部分是一个从句,这个从句即为定语从句。

2. 被定语从句修饰的名词或代词叫先行词。.

3. 定语从句放在先行词之后。

定从从句部分的谓语动词取决于先行词,先行词为单数,定从谓语动词用单数;先行词为复数,定从谓语动词复数。(先单定谓单,先复定谓复。)

4.用来引导定语从句的引导词也叫做关系词。关系词包括:关系代词和关系副词。

5. 定语从句的引导词取决于先行词。

(1)先行词指人,引导词可用关系代词_____ , ______,_______或_____ ,其中,that和who在定从中做主语和宾语,做主语_____(可以/不可以)省略,做宾语_______ (可以/不可以)省略; whose在定从中做定语,表所属关系,不可省略;whom在定从中做宾语,不可省略。

2)先行词指物,引导词可用关系代词_____ 或____,这二者在定从中做_____和_____,做主语_____(可以/不可以)省略,做宾语_______(可以/不可以)省略;

3)定语从句先行词指时间,用关系副词when引导定从,其在定从中做时间状语;

先行词指地点(place, city, town 等),用关系副词where引导定从,其在定从中做地点状语;先行词指原因(reason),用关系副词why引导定从,其在定从中做原因状语。

关系副词在从句中做状语,不可省。

只用that引导的定语从句

1. 先行词同时包含人和物时,只用that;

2. 先行词是all, everything, nothing, anything, much, little, few等;

3. 先行词被all, every, any, no, little, much等修饰时;

4. 先行词被被序数词、形容词最高级修饰时;

5. 先行词被the last、the very, the only、the same修饰时;

6. 主句是以who, which, what开头的特殊疑问句;

关系代词前有介词,只用which和whom来引导定从,其中指人用whom,指物用which.

Unit 12 Life is full of the unexpected.

▲目标语言:过去完成时

一.定义:表示过去某一时间或动作之前已经发生或完成的动作。强调“过去的过去”

二.构成:

(1)肯定:主语+ 助动词had +Vpp (2)否定: 主语+had not +Vpp ( had not =hadn’t)

(3)一般疑:Had+主语+Vpp? ---Yes, sb had./No, sb hadn’t.

三.标志词:

1.在宾从中,当主句用了一般过去时,从句动作发生在主句动作之前,此时从句动词应该用过去完成时;

2.“在…以前”:By the time+句子→从过主过完(By the time后的从句用一般过去时,主句用过去

完成时)。

3.by或by the end of+过去的某一时间“在…以前”

4.before+过去的某一时间或从句

▲Expressions:

1.在…以前by the time(+一般过去时的从句)

2. 在…以前;截止到by the end of(+时间名词)

3.充满be full of =be filled with

4.捎某人一程;让某人搭顺风车give sb.a lift/ride

5.与…成一排in line with.. wait/cut/stand in line 排队/插队/站成一排

6. 出现;露面show up=turn up=appear

7. 听说hear of/about 收到…的来信等hear from

8. 卖光sell out –--be sold out

9.起飞;脱去take off

10.化妆舞会costume party 11.愚人节April Fool’s Day

12. 闹钟等响起go off 13. 开某人的玩笑play tricks/jokes on

14.各种各样的/不同种类的/许多种类的all/different/many kinds of

15.减肥lose weight 增肥;增重put on weight 16.电视节目TV show/program 电视台TV station 17.和某人结婚get married to sb.=marry sb. 18.成百上千的;数以百计的hundreds of

19. 成千上万的;数以万计的thousands of 20.盯着stare at..

21.不相信地in disbelief 22. …的发现或发觉the discovery of…

23.变成turn into 24.尽管;即使even if/though

25.事实上in fact 26.至少at least

27.前往leave for 28.冲出rush out of

29.期待…expect(sb.) to do sth. 30.邀请invite sb. to do

31.感到做某事是幸运的feel luc ky to do.

32.继续keep(on ) doing =go on to do; go on doing=continue to do; continue doing

33.到达reach=get to=arrive at/in get here/there/home

34.穿衣服get dressed 35.吃光/喝光/用光eat/drink/use up

▲词形变化:

1.believe –believable-- unbelievable

2.appear--disappear

3.work--worker

4. .discover ---discovery

5.west—western east---eastern south---southern north---northern

6.expect unexpectedly

7.oversleep

8.ring 9.burn

10.live 11. fool

12.office 13.embarrass、

★词义辨析:

1.be about to do sth. 将要做某事;正好要去做某事(指马上就要发生,“最近的将来”)

be going to do将要做某事(事先计划或安排好)

3. forget to do忘记去做(事未做)forget doing 忘记做过(事已做)

leave/left sth. at/in+ place 把某物落在某处

3.above over on

4.stop doing 停止做某事stop to do 停下来做某事

stop sb.(from) doing= prevent sb.(from) doing= keep sb. from doing阻止某人做…

5.live 生活;居住(V.)

alive 活着的(adj.)→放于系动词后做表语或名词后做后置定语

living活着的(adj.)→放于系动词后做表语或名词前做前置定语

lively 生机勃勃的;有活力的

6.stay up 熬夜wake up 睡醒;醒来give up 放弃put up 搭起;张贴

take up开始;从事于;培养;占据think up=come up with想出;提出

7.run after追逐run away逃跑Sb.run out of sth. Sth run out 用完;用尽