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2015年4月全国自考英语阅读(一)考前密卷00595(含答案)

2015年4月全国自考英语阅读(一)考前密卷00595(含答案)

一、SPEED READING Skim or scan the following passages, and then decide on the best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET.(10 points, 1 point each)

The oldest stone buildings in the world are the pyramids. They have stood for nearly 5,000 years, and it seems likely that they will continue to stand for thousands of years yet. There are over eighty of them scattered along the banks of the Nile, some of which are different in shape from the true pyramids. The most famous of these are the “Step” pyramid and the “Bent” pyramid.

Some of the pyramids still look much as they must have done when they were built thousands of years ago. Most of the damage suffered by the others has been at the hands of men who were looking for treasure or, more often, for stone to use in modern buildings. The dry climate of Egypt has helped to preserve the pyramids, and their very shape has made them less likely to fall into ruin. These are good reasons why they can still be seen today, but perhaps the most important is that they were planned to last forever. It is practically certain that plans were made for the building of the pyramids because the plans of other large works have fortunately been preserved. However, there are no writings or pictures to show us how the Egyptians planned or built the pyramids themselves. Consequently, we are only able to guess at the methods used. Nevertheless, by examining the actual pyramids and various tools which have been found, archaeologists have formed a fairly clear picture of them. One thing is certain: there must have been months of careful planning before they could begin to build. The first thing they had to do was to choose a suitable place. You may think this would have been easy with miles and miles of empty desert around, but a pyramid could not be built just anywhere. Certain rules had to be followed, and certain problems had to be overcome.

The step pyramid had to be on the west side of the Nile; the side on which the sun set. This was for religious reasons. It also had to stand well above the level of the river to protect it against the regular floods. It could not be too far from the Nile, however, as the stones to build it needed to be carried in boats down the river to the nearest point. Water transport was, of course, much easier than land transport. The builders also had to find a rock base which was not likely to crack under the great weight of the pyramid. Finally, it had to be near the capital, or better still, near the king’s palace so that he could visit it easily and personally check the progress being made on the final resting place for his body.

第1题 We can guess how the pyramids were built because archaeologists have .

A. studied them and the tools used to build them

B. found the plans of some of them

C. found paintings showing each stage of construction

D. found descriptions of how some were built

【正确答案】 A

【你的答案】

本题分数0分

第2题 Why did the Egyptians build the pyramids along the banks of the Nile?

A. This must have been for religious reasons.

B. It was difficult to find large rock bases far from the river.

C. Pyramids had to be built on the west side of the Nile.

D. The river helped a lot in the transportation of building materials.

【正确答案】 D

【你的答案】

本题分数0分

第3题 Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?

A. Kings regularly visited their pyramids to check on their progress.

B. All pyramids were built in close proximity.

C. The pyramids were built on bases of rock.

D. Boats were used to transport stones.

【正确答案】 B

【你的答案】

本题分数1分

Football is, I believe, the most popular game in England: one has only to go to one of the important matches to see this. Rich and poor, young and old, one can see them all there, shouting for one side or the other.

To a stranger one of the most surprising things about football in England is the great knowledge of the game which even the smallest boy seems to have. He can tell you the names of the players in most of the important teams; he has pictures of them and knows the results of large numbers of matches. He will tell you who he expects will win such a match, and his opinion is usually as good as that of men three or four times his age.

Most schools in England take football seriously—much more seriously than nearly all European schools, where lessons are all that are important, and games are left for the children themselves. In England it is believed that education is not only a matter of filling a boy’s mind with facts in the classroom, education also means the training of character; and one of the best ways of training character is by means of games, especially team games, instead of working for himself alone. The school therefore plans games and matches for its pupils. Football is a good team game, it is good both for the body and the mind. That is why it is every school’s game in England.

第1题 At football matches, people often one team or the other by shouting.

A. watch

B. win over

C. laugh at

D. support

【正确答案】 D

【你的答案】

本题分数0分

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