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2014新人教版八年级英语下unit3重难点讲解22

Unit3 Could you please clean your room?重难点解析

1. Peter ,could you please take out the trash? 彼得,你能把垃圾倒了吗?

【解析1】Could you please do sth ?请你(做)......好吗? 用于提出请求,希望得到对方的肯定回答,说话的语气比较客气委婉。

Could 不是can 的过去式,是委婉、礼貌的说法。回答用can.

【常用答语】肯定回答:Sure./ Of course./ Certainly./No problem. 否定回答: Sorry , I can’t

【解析2】take out 取出(v+ adv )

【注】:跟代词做宾语,代词放中间;跟名词做宾语,可放在中间,也可放在后边

【短语】take out the trash 倒垃圾 take a walk 散步 take away 拿走,取走

take back 收回 take place 发生 take off 脱下; 起飞 The gift is in the box. You can take it out.①Could you please ___________(把垃圾倒了) ?

2. Can you do the dishes.?那你可以洗盘子吗? do the dishes 洗碗

【结构1】do the +名词: do the dishes/ laundry 洗餐具/衣服

【结构2】do the +动词-ing do the cleaning 打扫卫生

【结构3】do one’s + 名词 do one’s housework/ homework 做家务/家庭作业

【结构4】do some +动词-ing do some reading/ shopping 读写书/购物

①His mother ______________(洗碟子) in a restaurant.

3. Could I at least finish watching this show? 至少让我看完这个节目可以吗?

【解析1】Could I do a sth? 我可以做......吗? 用于表达请求,语气比较委婉。

Could I go out with my classmate this weekend?

【解析2】at least 至少,多指数量或程度上的最低限度。 (反) at most 至少,不超过

【解析3】finish v 结束;完成 finish doing sth 做完某事

4. I think two hours of TV is enough for you! 我觉得你看两个小时的电视已经足够了。

【解析1】two hours of TV

表示时间、距离、金额、度量等词语作主语时,通常被视作整体,谓语动词用单数形式。

2014新人教版八年级英语下unit3重难点讲解22

【记】 Mr. Smith has enough money ,but he isn’t kind enough to help others.

【注意】enough 修饰名词时,置于名词前;修饰形容词时,置于形容词之后。

5. Could you take out the rubbish,fold the clothes and do the dishes?

你能把垃圾倒了。把衣服叠好,再把碗洗了吗?

的用法:

2014新人教版八年级英语下unit3重难点讲解22

去散步 take a rest 休息 take care of 照顾 take off 脱下;起飞 take up 占据 take down 拿下 take one’s time 不急;慢慢来 take one’s temperature 量体温

6. The minute I sat down in front of the TV , my mom came over .我刚坐在电视机前面,我妈妈就过来了。

【解析1】the minute = as soon as “一...... 就......” Please write to me the minute you get there.

2014新人教版八年级英语下unit3重难点讲解22

【记】 The driver sat ________________ the car. The policeman stood ___________ the car.

【注意】有the 无the 区别大: in the hospital 在医院(不一定看病)

at table 吃饭;进餐

2014新人教版八年级英语下unit3重难点讲解22

at the tabel 在桌边 in hospital 住院

【解析3】come over 过来【拓展】 come 短语:

come across (偶然)发现 come back 回来 come up with 想出 come true 实现 come down 下来

come from=be from来自,出生于come in/into进入,进来come on赶快,加油come along走吧,过来,快点come and go来来去去come up上来come out出来,(花)开,(照片)冲洗出来

7. You watch TV all the time and never help out around the house!你总是看电视,从不帮忙做家务!

【解析】all the time = always 一直;总是【拓展】与time相关的短语:

on time 按时in time 及时at the same time同时form time to time偶尔the first time 第一次at times 有时time and time again 一再;经常last time上次next time 下次

8. I’m just as tired as you are! 我和你一样累!

【解析】as...as ... 和......一样......【注】比较级倍数表达句型为:倍数+as+形容词、副词原级+as+比较对象【2013福建2】23. The famous musician, as well as his students, _______ to perform at the opening ceremony of the 2012 Taipei Flower Expo.

A. were invited

B. was invited

C. have been invited

D. has been invited

【解析】考主谓一致和动词时态。题干主语中心词为介词短语as well as之前的musician,故谓语用单数9. For one week , she did not do any housework and neither did I.一周的时间,她不做任何家务,我也不做。【解析】neither +助动词/系动词/情态动词+主语“某人(主语)也不”

⑴ neither两者都不neither …nor… 既不…也不…,连接两个词做主语,谓语动词由后一个主语确定Neither Tom nor Jim is a student

⑵表达“…也不……” 则用“Neither /Nor + be / V助/ V情+ 主”

10. The next day , my mom came home from work to find the house clean and tidy.

第二天,妈妈下班回到家后发现房间很干净、整洁。【解析】find +宾语+宾语补足语

【注】find → found →found v寻找(1) find sb. doing sth 发现某人做某事

(2) find it + adj. + to do sth 发现做某事很……◆find it difficult/ hard to do sth 发现做某事很困难

11. She asked in surprise.她吃惊地问道。【解析】in surprise 惊奇地;吃惊地

surprise v 使吃惊→surprising adj. 令人吃惊的→surprised adj. 吃惊的

to one’s surprise 使某人吃惊的是in surprise 吃惊地be surprised at 对…感到吃惊

①__________________(使我吃惊的是),he got the first prize in the exam.

②We are ____________at the _____________news.(surprise)

12. “ I’m do sorry, Mom. I finish understand that we need to share the housework to have a clean and comfortable home.” I replied.【解析1】need v 需要,用于肯定句,是实义动词。

(1)人做主语,sb. need to do sth 某人需要做某事(2)物做主语,sth need doing sth= sth need to be done

①Students need __________(have) a good rest in studying. ②The watch needs___________(mend).

用于否定句或疑问句,是情态动词(1)needn’t = don’t have to 没有必要

(2)need ,must 引导的一般疑问句,肯定会的用must,否定回答用needn’t

— Must I go there now? — Yes,you must/No, you needn’t

【解析2】share 分享;共用share sth 分享或共用某物share sth with sb. 与某人分享某物

13.Could I hang out with my friends after the movie?看完电影后我能和朋友们一起闲逛吗?

【解析】hang out 闲逛hang up 把......悬挂/挂起

14. Could you please pass me the salt?你能把盐递给我吗?

【解析】pass ⑴v 给;递;走过;通过pass sb.sth 把某物递给某人Pass on 传递

Please pass the paper on to the other students.

⑵ v 通过;路过I pass your home. ⑶ v 通过(考试);及格Tom can pass his math exam.

15. Could I borrow that book?我能借下你那本书看吗Could you lend me some money?你能借我一些钱吗?【解析】borrow /lend/keep

(1)borrow 借入,与from 连用,尤指主语“【借进来”】borrow sth from sb. 从某人那里借某物

You can borrow the book from the library.

(2)lend 借出,与to 搭配【指借出去】lend sb sth=lend sth to sb 把某物借给某人

He doesn’t want to lend his book to others.

(3)keep 保留,保存(延续动词,可以与表示一段时间的状语连用)【指借一段时间】

【记】I want to __________ a bike from my friend but he didn’t ____ it to me,

because Tom had _____ it for two days.

16. I cut my finger and I’m trying not to get it wet. 我的手指割伤了,伤口不能弄湿。

【解析】try (not) to do sth努力(不)做某事。try v 试图,设法,努力

(1)try on 试穿(2) try to do sth 努力做某事【侧重尽力做】(3) try doing sth 试图做某事【侧重尝试做】

(4)try one’s best to do sth= do one’s best to do sth 尽某人最大努力做某事

①We should __________________(尽最大努力)to be happy in the future.

17. I hate to do chores.我讨厌做家务。

【解析】hate to do sth 讨厌做某事, 表示某次具体行为或动作。I hate to trouble him.

hate doing sth不愿意做某事表示经常或习惯性行为或动作。She hates smoking in her room. 18.Could I ask you to help me with some chores then? 那我能请求你帮我做些杂活吗?

【解析】ask sb. to do sth 要求某人做某事。ask for 请求,要某物ask sb. about sth 向某人询问关于某事(1)ask sb. for help 向某人请求帮助(2) ask sb. (not) to do sth请求某人做某事

19.I’ll finish my homework while you help me with the dishes.当你帮我洗盘子的时候,我将完成我的作业。【解析1】finish doing sth 完成某事

【解析2】while conj. “在……期间;当…的时候”While 引导的时间状语从句的谓语动词只能是延续动词。