文档库

最新最全的文档下载
当前位置:文档库 > 【牛津译林版】八上英语第一讲:8AU1同步讲义(含答案)

【牛津译林版】八上英语第一讲:8AU1同步讲义(含答案)

8A U1 Friends

【牛津译林版】八上英语第一讲:8AU1同步讲义(含答案)

【牛津译林版】八上英语第一讲:8AU1同步讲义(含答案)

【单词拓展】

1.honest adj.诚实的;正直的

→honesty n.诚实;正直

→dishonest adj.不诚实的;不正直的

2.joy n.欢乐,高兴;乐趣

→joyful adj.快乐的,高兴的

→enjoy v.喜欢,享受

3.care vi.& vt.关心,关注,在意

→care n.关心,关怀

→careful adj.仔细的,认真的

→carefully adv.仔细地,认真地

→careless adj.粗心的

→careles sly adv.粗心地

1

4.humorous adj.幽默的

→humour n.幽默

5.polite adj.礼貌的

→impolite adj.不礼貌的

6.true adj.确实的;的确

→truth n.真理,真相

→truly adv.真实地

7.bored adj.感到无聊的

→bore v.使……感到厌烦

→boring adj.令人厌倦的,无聊的8.smile vi.微笑

→smile n.微笑

→smiling adj.微笑的,带着笑意的9.height n.高,高度

→high adj.高的

10.weight n.重量

→weigh vi.称……的重量

11.patient adj.耐心的

→patience n.耐心

12.unhappy adj.不快乐的,悲伤的

→happy adj.高兴的,快乐的

→happily adv.高兴地,快乐地

→happiness n.高兴,快乐

2

13.social adj.社会的

→society n.社会

14.choose vt.&vi.选择;挑选

→choice n.选择;挑选

15.fit vi.可容纳,装进

→fit vt.&vi.合适,合身

→fit adj.健康的

【短语归纳】

1.some more food 再多些食物

2.care about 关心,关怀

3.keep a secret 保守秘密

4.write to somebody 给某人写信

5.tell a lie 撒谎

6.tell funny jokes 讲有趣的笑话

7.be willing to do something 乐意做某事8.share things with somebody 和某人分享东西9.give one’s seat to somebody 给某人让座10.someone in need 需要帮助的人

11.have a good sense of humour 非常有幽默感12.wear small round glasses 戴着小圆眼镜13.say a bad word about somebody 说某人的坏话14.ta1k about our future plans 谈论我们的未来计划

3

15.make friends with somebody 和某人交朋友

16.travel around the world 周游世界

17.among all the Chinese artists 所有的中国艺术家当中

18.the boy on the left 左边的那个男孩

19.have a smile on one’s face某人面带微笑

20.work with somebody 与某人共事

【牛津译林版】八上英语第一讲:8AU1同步讲义(含答案)

【句型分析】

1.Can I have something to drink,please?

请问我可以喝点什么吗?(P6)

Can I…”?(我可以……吗?)是表示请求或征求意见的一种常用句型,也常用Could I…?替换,用could 比用can语气更为委婉。但要注意:对Could I…?之类的句型进行回答时不用Yes,…could.而应用Yes,...can或Certainly./of course./Sur等形式。如:

一Can I have a pizza? 我可以吃一个比萨饼吗?

一Of course.当然可以。

一Could I play basketball now?我现在可以打篮球吗?

一Yes,you can.可以。

something to drink表示“一些吃的东西”。to drink是动

词不定式作定语,修饰前面的不定代词something。如:

I have something important to tell you.

我有重要的事情要告诉你。

There are lots of things to do in Sunshine Town.

在阳光镇有许多事情可做。

4

2.Do you believe what he/she says?

你相信他/她所说的话吗?(P7)

what he/she says在这里用作宾语从句,意思是“他/她所说的话”。Ⅵ枷t he likes意思是“他所喜欢的东西”;what she did意思是“她所做的事”。如:

I don’t believe what she did.我不相信她所做的事。

Do.you know where he lives?你知道他住在哪儿吗?

Can you tell me how I can get to the cinema?

你能告诉我怎样去电影院吗?

3.She wants to be a singer when she grows up.(P8)

这是一食主从复合旬。例句意为:她(指贝蒂)长大后想成为一名歌手。句中的when表示“当……时候”,引导时间状语从句。grow up表示“长大;长大成人”。如:

Jack.wants to be a famous doctor when he grows up.

杰克长大后想当一位有名的医生。

What are you going to be when you grow up? 你长大后想当什么?

When I am free,I will listen to some popular music.

当我有空时,我就会听一些流行音乐。

4.What’s he like?(P14)

What’s…like?常用来对人或事物的特征进行提问,意思是“…是什么样的?”或“……怎么样?”。如:

一what’s your father like? 你父亲是什么样的?

一He wears a pair of glasses.He is very helpful.

他戴着一副眼镜并且很乐于助人。

一What’s your dream home like?

你梦想的房子是什么样子的?

5

一It’s a big house with an inside swimming pool.

它很大并且要有一个室内游泳池。

5.Say who your best friend is.(P16)

例句意为:说出谁是你最好的朋友。who your best friend is跟在say后面,作为say的宾语从句。在英语中,如果特殊疑问句用作宾语从句时,从句中应用陈述句语序。如:

People do not.know who they are.人们不知道他们是谁。

No one knows what his name is.没人知道他叫什么名字。

I don’t know what I can do next.

我不知道接下来我能做什么。

【牛津译林版】八上英语第一讲:8AU1同步讲义(含答案)

【语法点拨】

形容词比较级和最高级

形容词有原级、比较级和最高级三种形式。

一、原级的用法

1.句中出现了人或物,没有比较对象时,要用原级。如:

We moved to a new fiat last week.

上周我们搬进了一座新房。

2.as+形容词原级+as…“和……一样”;not so/as+形容词原级+as…“不及……;不如……,比不上……”。如:Physics is as difficult as Maths.物理和数学一样难。

His eyes are not as,/so big as ml’ne.他的眼睛没有我的大。

二、比较级和最高级的用法

当我们将两个对象进行比较时,我们要用形容词的比较级,表示“较……”,“更……一些”,“比……更……”。如:

6

My cousin is taller than I am.我的表哥比我高。

当被比较的对象是三个或三个以上时,我们会用形容词的最

高级,表示“最……”,最高级前通常要加定冠词the。如:.

This is the most interesting story in the book.

这是这本书里最有趣的故事。

三、形容词比较级常见于以下句式

1.通常情况下,用“比较级+than”来引出比较的第二部分。如:

A computer is more expensive than a TV set.

电脑比电视机贵。

2.用“Which/Who…+比较级,…or…?”的句型来表示在两者中选择。如:

Who is taller,Tom or Jim?汤姆和吉姆,谁更高?

3.在比较级前加上a little、much、even、still等词来表示程度。如:

China is much larger than Japan.中国比日本大得多。

4.用“比较级+and+比较级”的结构来表示人或物本身程度的改变。如:

Our country is becoming stronger and stronger.

我们的祖国正变得越来越强大。

5.用“the+比较级(+主+谓),the+比较级(+主+谓)”来表示“越……,越……”。如:

The busier I am,the happier I谢11 feel.我越忙就越高兴。

6.用“比较级+than any other+单数名词”的结构来表示“比任何其他的……都……”。如:

This camera is more expensive than any other camera in the shop.在这家店里,这个相机比其他任何一个都贵。

7.用“the+比较级+of the two”的结构来表示“两者中较……的那个”。如:

She is the taller of the two.她是两个人中较高的那个。

7

8

四、形容词最高级常见于以下句式

1.用“形容词性物主代词+最高级”的结构来表示某人或某物的“最……”。如:

Peter is his oldest son .‘彼得是他的长子。

注意:此时形容词的最高级前不需要定冠词the 。

2.用“the+最高级+比较范围”的结构来表示在某一范围内“最……”,当句子的主语与介词后的部分属于同一概念或类别时,常用介词of 或among,而当主语属于介词后的某一范围、场所时,常用in 。如: The World Cup is the most exciting game of all .

世界杯是所有比赛中最令人激动的比赛。

Jay Chou is the most popular singer in Taiwan .

周杰伦是台湾最受欢迎的歌手。

3.用“one of the+最高级+名词复数”的结构来表示“最……之一”。如:

Miss Gao is one of the best :teachers in our school .

高老师是我们学校最好的老师之一。

4.用“the+序数词+最高级+名词单数+in+范围”的结构来表示“第……最……”。如:

The Yellow River is the second longest river in our country .黄河是我国第二长河。

5.用“Which /Who is the+最高级,A ,B or C?”的结构来表示“三者或三者以上之中,哪个或谁是最…?”。如:

Which is the biggest ,the moon ,the earth or the sun? 月亮,地球和太阳中,哪个最大?

1. Are you ________(will )to sing an English song for us ?

2. Breakfast is ________meal of the day .It provides us with energy after a long night without food.

A. important

B. more important

C. the most important

【牛津译林版】八上英语第一讲:8AU1同步讲义(含答案)

D. very important

9

3. —If you’re free tonight ,how about having dinner together?

—_________.

A.It doesn’t matter.

B.That’s all right.

C.All right

D.Not at all.

4. The students from Xinjiang enjoy staying in our school because everyone is _______to them.

A. happy

B. kind

C. politely

D. nicely

基础演练

1.What about _______(share )the pizza with me?

2.Her smiling face always makes us_______(feel )very happy.

3.Lin Tao has a pair of ________ (smile) eyes behind his round glasses.

4.Try to spend the __________ (little)money and buy the __________ (many)things.

5.---Is Jack good at ________(tell) jokes ? ---No, he?s honest.

巩固提高

1.He is _________stronger than his brother.

A.more

B.very

C.quite

D.much

2.Please come here a little_________ next time.

A.Early

B.earlier

C.earliest

D.the earliest

3 Millie is better than Jack ________drawing pictures.

A.in

B.at

C.on

D.of

4.The weather in Harbin is colder than _________in Guangdong.

A.that

B.it

C.this

D.one

5.________weather it is! Let's go out for a picnic.

A.How a good

B.What a bad

C.How bad

D.What good

( )1.I am full now.1would not like anything_______.

A.ate

B.to eating

C.to eat

【牛津译林版】八上英语第一讲:8AU1同步讲义(含答案)

D.eating

( )2.When you come here.you may have some problems ________many things.

A.with

B.about

C.on

D.in

( )3.Mum,I'm feeling even than yesterday.

A.bad

B.worse

C.worst

D.the worst

( )4.Could you say about it,please ? I'd like to know

A.nothing else; more

B.anything else; most

C.anything other; more

D.something else; more

( )5.Simon is willing to help others with their English

A.for need

B.in need

C.of need

D.on need

( )6.We can't go out ______the heavy rain.

A.because of

B.because

C.so

D.When

( )7.In the sports meeting,Amy

A.as faster as she can

B.as fast as she could

C.as faster as she could

D.as fast as she can

( )8.Which is_______,Lesson Five or Lesson Four?

A.interesting

B.more interesting

C.most interesting

D.the most interesting

( )9.The Changjiang River is _________in the world.

A.the longer river

10

11

B.the long rive:

C.one of the longest rivers

D.one of the long river

( )10.We can do the work better with ________money and________ people.

A.less..fewer

B.fewer...less

C.little..little

D.few..few

( )11.Peter does_______ in English than Chinese.

A.well

B.good

C.better

D.best

( )12.We should try our best to make her_______.

A.smile

B.smiling

C.to smile

D.smiles

( )13.Is there_____in today's newspaper?

A. something important

B.important something

C.anything important

D.important anythin

( )14.His composition is _______better than mine,I think.

A.more

B.very

C.a lot of

【牛津译林版】八上英语第一讲:8AU1同步讲义(含答案)

【牛津译林版】八上英语第一讲:8AU1同步讲义(含答案)

D.much

( )15.I believe________.because he is________ honest man.

A.the words he say ,a

B.what he says,an

C.he says what what; the

D.what does he say; an

( )16.The man really doesn't know_________.

A.what to say it

B.to say what

C.how to say

D.how to say it

( )17.I'm so hungry,can I have___________.

A.anything eat

B.something eating

C.anything to eat

D.something to eat

( )18.There is a big cake.________ share

A.May be we can

B.We may be

C.Maybe we can

D.Maybe can we

( )19.It's so difficult a question.I think he will have problems_________.

A.work it out

B.working it out

C.in working out it

D.work out it

( )20.There aren’t enough chairs. Would you please _________ones here ?

A.to bring another three

B.bring more three

12

13

C.to take three other

D.bring three more

参考答案

1. Are you ________(will )to sing an English song for us ?

2. Breakfast is ________meal of the day .It provides us with energy after a long night without food.

A. important

B. more important

C. the most important

D. very important

3. —If you’re free tonight ,how about having dinner together?

—_________.

A.It doesn’t matter.

B.That’s all right.

C.All right

D.Not at all. 4 The students from Xinjiang enjoy staying in our school because everyone is _______to them.

A. happy

B. kind

C. politely

D. nicely

解析:1.willing be willing to 固定结构

2.C 三餐中的一个,三者比较,用最高级

3.C 情景对话,询问对方意见,

4.B be kind to 对...友好

基础:1.sharing 2.to feel 3.smiling

4.less ;more

【牛津译林版】八上英语第一讲:8AU1同步讲义(含答案)

5.telling

巩固:1.DBCAD

【牛津译林版】八上英语第一讲:8AU1同步讲义(含答案)

1-5 CABDB

6-10ABBCA

【牛津译林版】八上英语第一讲:8AU1同步讲义(含答案)

11-15 CACDB

16-20 DDCB

14