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螺栓各部位的英文名称

螺旋线 helix

螺纹 screw thread

圆柱螺纹 parallel screw thread

圆锥螺纹 taper screw thread

外螺纹 external thread

内螺纹 internal thread

单线螺纹 single-start thread

多线螺纹 multi-start thread

右旋螺纹 right-hand thread

左旋螺纹 left-hand thread

自攻螺纹 tapping screw thread

基本牙型 basic profile

牙型角 thread angle

牙型半角 half of thread angle

公称直径 nominal diameter

螺纹大径 major diameter

螺纹小径 minor diameter

螺纹中径 pitch diameter

螺距 pitch

螺纹导程 lead

螺纹升角 lead angle

螺纹牙厚 thread ridge thickness

螺纹槽宽 thread groove width

螺纹旋合长度 length of thread engagement

螺纹接触高度 thread contact height

螺距偏差 deviation in pitch

螺距累积误差 cumulative error in pitch

螺栓 bolt

双头螺柱 stud

六角头螺栓 hexagon bolt

地脚螺栓 foundation bolt

T形螺栓 T-head bolt , hammer head bolt

螺钉 screw

紧定螺钉 set screw

自攻螺钉 tapping screw

吊环螺钉 lifting eye bolt

开槽圆柱头螺钉 slotted cheese head screw

开槽盘头螺钉 slotted pan head screw

开槽沉头螺钉 slotted countersunk (flat) head screw

开槽半沉头螺钉 slotted raised countersunk (oval) head screw

开槽圆头螺钉 slotted round head screw

内六角圆柱头螺钉 hexagon socket head cap head screw

内六角沉头螺钉 hexagon socket countersunk head cap head screw 十字槽盘头螺钉 cross recessed pan head screw

十字槽沉头螺钉 cross recessed countersunk head screw

螺母 nut

六角螺母 hexagon nut

方螺母 square nut

圆螺母 round nut

滚花高螺母 knurled nut with collar

翼形螺母 wing nut

吊环螺母 lifting nut

螺纹牙型

thread tooth profile

三角形螺纹

triangular thread

矩形螺纹

square thread

梯形螺纹

trapezoidal (acme) thread

锯齿形螺纹

buttress thread

外(阳)螺

纹 ext ernal (male) thread

内(阴)螺

纹 int ernal (female) thread

倒角

chamfer

球头

round heads

平头

flat heads

螺尾

thread runout

退刀(越程)槽

undercut

车外螺纹

external thread lathing

车内螺纹

internal thread lathing

套外螺纹

covering external thread

tapping

钻孔

drilling

铰孔

reaming

通孔

through hole

盲孔

blind hole

螺纹盲孔

blind threaded hole

麻花钻

twist drill

钻头角

point angle

螺纹终止线

thread end line

公称直径

nominal diameter

螺纹大径

major diameter

螺纹小

径 mi nor diameter

螺纹中径

pitch (effective) diameter

牙底

root

牙顶

crest

螺距

pitch

导程

lead

旋向

revolving direction

螺纹角

thread angle

右旋螺纹

right hand-thread

左旋螺纹

left hand-thread

clockwise

逆时针方向

anti-clockwise

线数

number of starts

单线螺纹

single-start thread

双线螺纹

double-start thread

多线螺纹

multiple thread

标准螺纹

standard screw

非标准螺纹

nonstandard screw

特殊螺纹

special thread

粗牙普通螺纹

coarse pitch thread

细牙普通螺纹

fine pitch thread

螺纹规格

screw size

普通(公制)螺纹

general (metric) thread

管螺纹

pipe thread

圆柱内管螺纹

parallel internal pipe thread

圆锥内管螺纹

taper internal pipe thread

圆柱外管螺纹

parallel external pipe thread

圆锥外管螺纹

taper external pipe thread

小螺纹

mini thread

传动螺纹

transmission thread

558非密封管螺纹 558 non-sealing pipe thread 558密封管螺纹

558 sealing pipe thread

608 sealing pipe thread

米制锥螺纹

metric taper thread

自攻螺钉螺纹

self-drilling screw thread

木螺钉螺纹

wooden nail thread

气瓶专用螺纹

thread for gas tanke

螺纹紧固件

screw fasteners

螺纹旋合长

度 length of thread engagement

中旋合长度 thread engagement group-normal 螺栓

bolt

六角头螺栓

hexagon head bolt

双头螺柱

stud

有效长度

effective length

旋入(机件)端

metal end

露出端(旋螺母端) nut end

螺栓联接

bolt joint

螺柱联接

stud joint

螺钉联接

screw joint

螺钉

screw

紧定螺钉

set screw

开槽球头螺钉

slotted round head screw

开槽圆柱头螺钉

slotted cheese head screw

开槽盘头螺钉

slotted pan head screw

slotted countersunk screw

十字槽沉头螺钉

philips countersunk screw

内圆柱头六角螺钉 socket cap screw

开槽锥端紧定螺钉 slotted cone pointed set screw

开槽平端紧定螺

slotted flat point set screw

开槽长圆柱端紧定螺钉s lotted dog point set screw

螺母

nut

六角螺母

hex nut

六角薄螺母

hexagon thin nut

内六角圆螺母

castle nut

六角开槽螺母

hex slotted nut

I型六角螺母A级和B级 grade A and grade B of type one hexagon nut 垫圈(片)

washer or spacer

平垫圈

bright washer

平垫圈倒角型

chamfer bright washer

小垫圈

small washer

大垫圈

big washer

特大垫圈

very big washer-grade

弹簧垫圈

spring (lock)washer

标准型弹簧垫圈

standard spring washer

轻型弹簧垫圈

light type spring washer

重型弹簧垫圈

heavy type spring washer

外舌止动垫圈

tab washer

gear

轮毂

hub

轮辐

spoke

标准齿轮

standard gear

渐开线齿轮

involute gear

直齿圆柱齿

轮 spur gear 斜齿轮

helical gear

锥(伞)齿轮

bevel gear

人字齿轮

herringbone wheel

蜗轮

worm wheel

蜗杆

worm

相交轴

intersecting shaft

主动(小齿)轮

pinion

从动(大齿)轮

follower gear

齿顶圆

addendum circle

齿根圆

dedendum circle

节圆(分度圆)直径 pitch circle diameter

节点

pitch point

齿顶高

addendum

齿根高

dedendum

齿高

total depth

齿厚

tooth thickness

width of space

齿

circular pitch

齿宽

tooth width

齿数

number of teeth

模数

module

压力角

pressure angle

pin

圆柱销

parallel (dowel) pin

圆锥销

taper pin

开口(尾)销

split cotter pin

销联接

pin joint

key

普通平键

parallel key

圆头普通平键

round end parallel key

方头普通平键

square parallel key

单圆头普通平键

single round parallel key 半圆键

woodruff key

钩头楔键

gib head(taper)key

花键

spline

键槽

key way (slot)

键联结

key joint

弹簧

spring

簧丝直(线)径

wire diameter of spring

弹簧外径

external diameter

弹簧内径

internal diameter

弹簧中径

effective diameter

弹簧节距

pitch

支承圈数

number of end coils

有效圈数

number of active coils

总圈数

number of total coils

自由高度

free height

弹簧丝展开长度

stretched length of wire

螺旋压缩弹簧 helical compression spring

螺旋拉伸弹簧 helical extension spring

螺旋扭转弹簧 helical torsion spring

涡卷弹簧

turbination spring

板簧

leaf spring

片簧

blade spring

轴承

bearing

滚动轴承

rolling bearing

内圈

inner race

外圈

outer race

滚动体

rolling element

保持架、隔离圈 cage 深沟球轴承

deep groove ball bearing

推力球轴承

thrust ball bearing 圆锥滚子轴承

taper roller bearing 上轴瓦

top shell

下轴瓦

bottom shell