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英语

英语

一、单项选择

1. ____B_____ a long time since I saw my father last time.

A. There is

B. It is

C. There are

D. For

2. It __D_______ last night, for the ground is white.

A. must have snowed

B. must snow

C. should snow

D. should have snowed

3. I don?t know whether it will rain or not, but if it _____B_____ I shall stay at home.

A. shall

B. do

C. does

D. did

4. It is ___A_______ that I?d like to go for a picnic.

A. such a lovely day

B. too lovely a day

C. so lovely day

D. a lovely day such

5. It was a great satisfaction for those overseas Chinese ____D____ their hometown in

China.

A. to have visited

B. revisit

C. to having revisited

D. revisiting

6. They found at last ____C____ they had been looking for.

A. that

B. where

C. what

D. which

7. Would you mind ___D________ this letter for me?

A. have posted

B. has posted

C. to post

D. posting

8. Mrs. Wilson has a __B_______ nephew.

A. three years old

B. three year old

C. three-year-old

D. three-years-old

9. The old man is too old to take care of ___A_____. He needs some help.

A. himself

B. herself

C. themselves

D. oneself

10. He is busy with his work now, and he _C_______ you later.

A. shall see

B. may will see

C. will see

D. will sees

11. She _____A__ money and forgetting to pay you back.

A. borrowed

B. borrows

C. is always borrowing

D. has borrow

12. Linda _____B___ China since last September.

A. was away from

B. has been away from

C. will be away from

D. is away from

13. When I was young, I ___D_____ to school every day.

A. walked

B. was walking

C. had walked

D. had been walking

14. These questions _C_______ at tomorrow?s meeting.

A. have been discussed

B. had been discussed

C. will be discussed

D. shall be discussed

15. Mr. White has been head of the financial department _______B___.

A. every year

B. since 2001

C. five years ago

D. in 2001

16. The music ___A_____ beautiful and makes people quiet and relaxed.

A. sounds

B. listens

C. hears

D. smells

17. The man ____D____ we visited yesterday is a famous writer.

A. where

B. whose

C. what

D. whom

18. The teacher told us that he ____C_____ the problem with us next week.

A. will discuss

B. has discussed

C. would discuss

D. had discussed

19. My cousin writes good English but ____A_____ speak well.

A. doesn?t

B. don?t

C. not

D. didn?t

20. He was taken to a room at the end of the corridor (走廊), ____D____ he met his mother.

A. which

B. there

C. that

D. where

21. Mary visited the Great Wall yesterday, but now she ____C__

about it in her hotel room.

A. reads a book

B. will read a book

C. is reading a book

D. has read a book

22. It was raining when the plane ___D_____.

A. found out

B. got out

C. passed on

D. took off

23. When we lived on the farm, I _B_______ horses every day.

A. used to ride

B. was used to ride

C. am used to ride

D. were used to ride

24. The more friends you have, ___B_____ you will feel.

A. the happy

B. the happier

C. the happiest

D. the happily

25. Of all his novels I like this one ____A____.

A. best

B. better

C. the better

D. well

26. I have known the reason __B_______ she is so worried.

A. which

B. why

C. that

D. for why

27. The river ____B____ they crossed is two miles wide.

A. when

B. which

C. to which

D. where

28. It _____A___ difficult to say that learning a foreign language is easy.

A. is

B. are

C. be

D. am

29. If we study hard, _____B___ the exam.

A. we passed

B. we will pass

C. we are passing

D. we have passed

30. Many people in the rural (乡村的) area __C______ against

backwardness (落后) and poverty now.

A. struggled

B. will struggle

C. are struggling

D. have struggled

31. Telephone ___C_____ in our everyday life.

A. being used

B. uses

C. is used

D. is using

32. It _____D___ a great deal since you left.

A. is raining

B. rained

C. was raining

D. has rained

33. More and more people found ____A___ necessary to have a

balanced diet.

A. it

B. that

C. this

D. one

34. I often have ______A______________ and two eggs for breakfast.

A. two glasses of milk

B. two glass of milk

C. two glasses of milks

D. two glass of milks

35. Kate is ____A______ than her mother.

A. taller

B. more taller

C. the tallest

D. more tall

36. This is the most interesting novel ____B____ I have ever read.

A. which

B. that

C. when

D. on which

37. Who is the student ____B________ professor Wang praised at the meeting?

A. whom

B. which

C. whose

D. what

38. If he _A_______ to go, I'll ask someone else to go with me.

A. d oesn?t want

B. d on?t want

C. not want

D. not wants

39. I _____D___ you the book as soon as possible, I promise you.

A. send

B. sent

C. would send

D. will send

40. Bill is studying hard now, because he __A___ tomorrow

afternoon.

A. is having a test

B. have a test

C. will be having a test

D. has a test

41. Our washing machine _C_______ out of order for a few days.

A. is

B. is being

C. has been

D. was

42. I called on (拜访) her and found that she ____B____.

A. go abroad

B. had gone abroad

C. has gone abroad

D. went abroad

43. The car accident __A________ at exactly twelve midnight last Saturday.

A. happened

B. was happening

C. happens

D. had happened

44. Which language do you like ___B_____, English or French?

A. better

B. more

C. best

D. most

45. It is my opinion _A_________ children nowadays get too much pocket money.

A. that

B. what

C. why

D. when

二、阅读理解

(1)

There are about fifteen hundred languages in the world. But only a few of them are very important. English is one of these. Many, many people use it, not only in England and the U.S. A., but also in other parts of the world. About 200, 000,000 speak it as their own language. It is difficult to say how many people are learning it as a foreign language. Many millions are trying to do so.

Is it easy or difficult to learn English? Different people may have different answers. Have you ever noticed ads of this kind in the newspapers or magazines? “Learn English in six weeks, or your money back… ” “Easy and fun! Our records and tapes help you master your English in a month. From the first day your pronunciation will be excellent. Just send… ” Of course, it never happens quite like that.

The only language that seems easy to learn is the mother tongue. We should remember that we all learned our own language well when we were children. If we could learn English in the same way, it would not seem so difficult. Think of what a small child does. He listens to what people say. He tries what he hears. When he wants

something, he has to ask for it. He is using the language, talking in it, thinking in it all the time. Just imagine how much practice that gets.

So it is hard to say that learning English is easy, because a good command of English depends upon a lot of practice. And practice needs great effort and takes much time. Good teachers, records, tapes, books, and dictionaries will help. But they cannot do the student?s work for him.

1. Which of the following is not true about English? A

A. About 2 million people in the world speak English.

B. People not only in England and the U.S.A. but also in other parts of the world use English.

C. It is difficult to say how many people in the world learn English as a foreign language.

D. English is one of the most important languages spoken in the world.

2. Why is learning English not easy? C

A. Because it is difficult to say how many people are learning English.

B. Because ads in the newspapers or magazines do not offer the right records and tapes.

C. Because people do not practice enough in learning English.

D. Because it is too difficult for adults to learn English.

3. What advice does the writer give to English learners? C

A. To attend the training class and master it in six weeks.

B. To look for a good teacher.

C. To spend a lot of time practicing it.

D. To buy many English books.

4. How does a child learn his own language? D

A. He listens to what people say.

B. He tries what he hears.

C. When he wants something, he has to ask for it.

D. All of the above.

5. What is the main idea of the passage? A

A. Learning English needs great effort and takes much time.

B. English is one of the most important languages in the world.

C. Good teachers, records, tapes, books, and dictionaries will help people learn English well.

D. Learning English is easy and fun.

(2)

If you have to miss one meal a day, which meal will cause you fewest health problem if you don?t eat it? If they have to make a decision of this type, most people, especially dieters or very busy people will choose to skip breakfast.

However, many experts in the field of health consider breakfast to be the most important meal of the day. If we eat a good breakfast, they say, we will have the energy and nutrients we need to begin our working day with vigor and hopefully with good humor. Nevertheless, many people skip breakfast or substitute a donut and a cup of coffee for a well-balanced meal. What happens if we ignore the importance of breakfast?

One recent study conducted in the United States tested a large number of people. Participants included both males and females who ranged in age from 12 to 83. During the experiment, these people were given a variety of breakfasts, and sometimes, they had to skip breakfast completely. Special tests, including blood tests and endurance tests, were set up to analyze how well the part icipants? bodies functioned when they had eaten a certain kind of breakfast.

The results showed that if a person eats an adequate breakfast, he or she will work more efficiently and more productively. This fact appears to be especially true if a person?s w ork involves mental activity. The study showed that if schoolchildren eat fruit, eggs, bread, and milk before going to school, they will learn more quickly and will be able to concentrate on their lessons for a longer period of time than if their breakfast is inadequate.

The study also showed that, contrary to what many people

believe, if you skip breakfast, you will not lose weight. This is because people become so hungry if they skip breakfast that they eat too much for lunch and end up gaining weight instead of losing. So remember, if you are on a diet, skipping breakfast will not help you. You will probably lose more weight if you reduce your other meals.

6. Many experts in the field of health think ____C____.

A. that one must miss one meal a day

B. that most people should skip breakfast

C. that breakfast is most important in a working day

D. that to skip one meal a day is no good for one?s health

7. According to the passage those participating in the experiment_____A___.

A. were both teenagers and grown-ups

B. were males of different ages

C. were all adults

D. were mostly young people under 20

8. During the experiment, these people were given ___B_____, and

sometimes they had to skip

breakfast completely.

A. very good breakfasts

B. different kinds of breakfasts

C. adequate breakfasts

D. all kinds of meals

9. Special tests were set up to analyze how the participants? bodies

functioned when __B______.

A. they had skipped breakfast

B. they had eaten particular breakfasts

C. they had had breakfast

D. they had had all three meals

10. We can safely say _____A___.

A. if you skip breakfast, you will not lose weight at all

B. if you skip breakfast, you won?t eat much for lunch either

C. skipping breakfast will help one lose weight

D. skipping breakfast does a lot of harm

(3)

I found out one time that doing a favor for someone could get you into a lot of trouble.

One time when I was taking a final test, the girl next to me whispered something, but I couldn?t understand. So I leaned over her way and found out that she was trying to ask me if I had an extra pen. She showed me that hers was out of ink and would not write. I happened to have an extra one, so I took it out of my pocket and put it on her desk.

Later, after we turned in all the test papers, the teacher asked

me to stay in the room. As soon as we were alone she began to talk to me about what it meant to grow up; she mentioned how important it was to stand on your own feet and be responsible for my own acts. For a long time she talked about honesty and emphasized that when people do something dishonest, they are really cheating themselves. She made me promise that I wouldn?t think seriously about what she said, and then she told me I could leave. I walked out of the room wondering why she chose to talk to me about all these things.

Later on, I found out that she thought I was cheating on the test.

I tried to explain about the pen, but what she said was that it seemed very strange to her that I didn?t mention anything about the pen the day she talked to me right after the test. To this day, I am sure she continues to believe that I had cheated on that test. Appearances can be deceiving and it is difficult to know how others will perceive our action.

11. Why did the girl say something to me in a low voice? C

A. Because she wanted to have a look on my paper.

B. Because she couldn?t work out the question on the paper.

C. Because she wanted to ask me for a pen.

D. Because she wanted me to give her the answer to the questions.

12. Why did the teacher let me stay after class? B

A. She wanted to give me a gift.

B. She wanted to talk with me.

C. She wanted to tell me a story.

D. She wanted to make me do some cleaning.

13. What did the teacher think about me? D

A. She thought I was not mature (成熟的).

B. She thought I was an honest person.

C. She thought I did a right thing.

D. She thought I was cheating in the exam.

14. Why didn?t the teacher believe that I didn?t cheat on the test? C

A. She saw I was cheating with her own eyes.

B. Someone else told her about it.

C. She thought if I didn?t cheat I would tell her the truth of the pen.

D. She couldn?t believe anything I said.

15. What can you infer (推断) from the passage? A

A.We can?t judge from the appearance (表面).

B. We shouldn?t help others in the exam.

C. We should tell the teacher in time if we help others.

D. We shouldn?t cheat on the test.

(4)

There was once a town in the heart of America. All life there seemed to live in peace with its surroundings. In spring, white

clouds moved slowly above the green fields. In summer wheat waved in the wind, producing the song of a golden ocean. In autumn various fruits changed the color of the slopes. The foxes barked in the hills. The goats silently crossed the fields, half hidden in the fog of the autumn mornings.

Along the roads fresh wild flowers delighted the traveler?s eye through much of the year. Even in winter the roadsides were places of beauty. Countless birds came to feed on the seed heads of the dried plants rising above the snow. The countryside was, in fact, famous for its rich and various kinds of bird life. When the flood of birds poured through in spring and autumn people traveled great distances to visit them. Others came to fish the streams, pools or ponds, which flowed clear and cold out of the hills.

Then a great misfortune crept over the town and everything began to change. Strange illnesses swept the chickens; the cattle grew sick and died. Everywhere was a shadow of death. In the hospital in the town, the doctors were troubled by the causes of the new kinds of illness appearing among their patients. There had been several sudden and unexplained deaths, not only among the grown-ups, but even among children.

There was a strange stillness. The birds — nobody knew where they had gone. The fruit trees — they were coming into flower but

bore no fruits.The roadsides, once so beautiful, were lined with brown grass as though they had been swept by fire. Even the streams were now lifeless, for all the fish died.

This town does not actually exist, yet every one of these has actually happened somewhere, and many real towns or cities have already suffered a number of them. Great misfortunes have crept over us without our notice, and this imagined town may easily become real.

16. It seems according to the text that all life in the town __C______.

A. does not live in peace with its surroundings

B. lives in peace with its surroundings

C. used to live in peace with its surroundings

D. will live in peace with its surroundings

17. The town described in the text _____A___.

A. once was beautiful

B. is dirty

C. is beautiful

D. will be beautiful

18. People traveled great distances to ____A____.

A. visit the birds

B. visit the flowers

C. visit the trees

D. visit the fish

19. What happened to the chickens and cattle? C

A. Flood

B. Drought

C. Illness

D. Nothing

20. Who or what do you think caused the misfortune to the town?D

A. Heaven

B. War

C. The nature itself

D. Mankind

(5)

During the 20th century there has been a great change in the lives of women. A woman marrying at the end of the 19th century would probably have been in her middle twenties, and would be likely to have seven or eight children, of whom four or five lived till they were five years old. By the time the youngest was fifteen, the mother would have been in her early fifties and would expect to live a further twenty years, during which chance and health made it unusual for her to get paid work. Today women marry younger and have fewer children. Usual ly a woman?s youngest child will be

fifteen when she is forty-five and can be expected to live another thirty-five years and is likely to take paid work until sixty.

This important change in women?s life has only recently begun to have its full effect on w omen?s economic position. Even a few years ago most girls left school and took a full-time job. However, when they married, they usually left work at once and never returned to it. Today the school-leaving age is sixteen, many girls stay at school after that age, and though women marry younger, more married women stay at work at least until shortly before their first child is born. Very many more afterwards return to full-or part-time work. Such changes have led to a new relationship in marriage, with the husband accepting a greater share of the duties and satisfactions of family life.

21. We are told that in a family about 1900 _______D________________.

A. few children died before they were five

B. seven or eight children lived to be more than five

C. the youngest child would be fifteen

D. four or five children died when they were five

22. One reason why the woman of today may take a job is that she _______C____.

A. needn?t worry about food or her children