文档库

最新最全的文档下载
当前位置:文档库 > Examine the Chinese Culture according to Kluckhohn and Strodtbeck’s Model

Examine the Chinese Culture according to Kluckhohn and Strodtbeck’s Model

Examine the Chinese Culture according to Kluckhohn and

Strodtbeck’s Model

As we know, the differences among various cultures not only exist in their visible objects and customs, but also in their core---value, which were regarded as the essential part of the “iceberg”. According to Kluckhohn and Strodtbeck’s Model, when it comes to study a cultural value, 5 questions should be explained clearly. The questions are as following:

1.What is human nature?

2.What is the relationship between humans and nature?

3.What is the relationship between humans?

4.What is the preferred personality?

5.What is the orientation toward time?

Therefore, I will introduce Chinese culture in there five parts, so that it will be consistent to Kluckhohn and Strodtbeck’s Model.

1. What is human nature?

Taking the Three character primer(三字经)into consideration, we can easily get to know that men are born innocent in Chinese culture, at least in traditional culture. Back to ancient time, all of the aristocracy, as well as the sadhu(先哲), such as Confucius, Zhuxi(朱熹)and so on,

place more importance on the morality, which is the dominant principle in our society. Thus, people in our country pay more attention on the morality but law in the past, which may better indicate the nature of human beings in our culture.

2. What is the relationship between humans and nature?

Nowadays, our government advocates build a harmonious society, as the importance of environmental conservation has been realized with the development of society. However, in fact, Laozi(老子)has advocated a harmonious relationship with nature in three thousand years ago. Besides, our ancestors show respect for the nature, as well as the emperor regard he is the son of Heaven, which helps to uncover the relationship between men and nature. What’ more, there are many typical concepts also suggest it, including geomancy, fengshui and others. Therefore, compared with the view that man’s subjugation to nature or the conquest of nature, our culture is more harmonious.

3. What is the relationship between humans?

In addition to the above question, the relationship between humans seems more significant as it involves in everyone in the society.

In contrast to the westners’being individualism, people in our country tend to cooperate with each other, which may called collectivist.

Thinking about ourselves, for many of us cannot help but seeking advice from the people around us, consciously or unconsciously. However, responsibility may not be taken when problems occur as we tend to think that the task is relative to the whole group.

With the rise of globalization, the communication among different cultures becomes frequent. A growing number of Chinese companies attach more importance to individual competence and achievement. Thus, the relationship between humans is tending to group oriented.

4. What is the preferred personality?

In spite of the “doing”orientation has been adopted by people worldwide, there are still many people in our culture hold the “being”orientation, which many have something to do with our long history. It is known to us all that people inherited their ancestry’s power and wealth is so normal that people take it for grant in feudal society. Affected by this thought, people in contemporary society also follow the steps.

However, as I noted before, with the rise of globalization, the concept in people’s mind tend to change toward “doing” orientation.

5. What is the orientation toward time?

When it comes to China, foreigners cannot help but thinking about its’long history, so it is. Therefore, people in our country enjoy the

history and learn from the history, as there are many wisdom we can get from this and help us deal with the problem we encounter. Apart from this, with the development of society, many Chinese people are not limited to the past, but also consider the present and the future, which may be beneficial for us.

After reading the above information, you may get a clear acknowledge about Chinese cultural value, which may help you understand China better. And you can also compare it with others cultural values, so you can find the characters about Chinese cultures.

钟孝俊

17110125

动强101班