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BOND LENGTHS IN ORGANOMETALLIC COMPOUNDS

BOND LENGTHS IN ORGANOMETALLIC COMPOUNDS

This table summarizes the average values of interatomic dis-tances of representative metal–ligand bonds. Sigma bonds be-tween d- and f-block metals and the elements C, N, O, P, S, and As are included. The values are extracted from a much larger list in Reference 1. The tabulated values are the unweighted means of reported measurements on compounds in each category. If four or more measurements are available, the standard deviation is given in parentheses. All values are in ?ngstrom units (10–10 m).

The first part of the table covers metal-carbon bonds in differ-ent ligand categories, while the second part covers metal bonds to other elements. R stands for any alkyl group; Me for a CH3 group; C6R5 indicates an aryl group; and C(=O)R an acyl group. Metals are listed in atomic number order.

Reference

1. Orpen, A. G., Brammer, L., Allen, F.H., Kennard, O., Watson, D. G.,

and Taylor, R., J. Chem. Soc. Dalton Trans., 1989, S1-S83.

M M-CH3M-CH2R M-CR=CR2M-C6R5M-C(=O)R

Ti 2.167 2.215(0.042) 2.148

V 2.114(0.012)

Cr 2.168 2.035(0.009) 2.075(0.019)

Mn 2.095(0.030) 2.176(0.024) 2.007 2.064(0.021) 2.044

Fe 2.074 2.091(0.030) 1.991(0.039) 2.031(0.062) 1.997(0.033)

Co 2.014(0.023) 2.039(0.032) 1.934(0.019) 1.974 1.990

Ni 2.029 1.964 1.892(0.017) 1.917(0.038) 1.850(0.059)

Cu 2.020

Zn 1.964

Zr 2.292(0.049) 2.257

Nb 2.336 1.319

Mo 2.254(0.065) 2.250(0.061) 2.204(0.049) 2.193(0.054) 2.109

Ru 2.179(0.045) 2.036(0.010) 2.063 2.092(0.057) 2.091

Rh 2.092(0.027) 2.100 2.040(0.054) 2.011(0.026) 1.995(0.031)

Pd 2.028 2.000(0.024) 1.981(0.032) 1.982(0.029)

Hf 2.275(0.049) 2.205

Ta 2.217(0.035) 2.225(0.056) 2.199(0.073)

W 2.189(0.039) 2.175 2.224

Re 2.173(0.051) 2.290 2.027 2.190(0.027)

Os 2.221 2.052 2.090(0.032) 2.161

Ir 2.175 2.071(0.044) 2.070(0.038) 2.019

Pt 2.083(0.045) 2.062(0.031) 2.024(0.037) 2.049(0.046) 1.991(0.025)

Au 2.066(0.045) 2.042 2.059(0.024)

Hg 2.072(0.026) 2.125 2.086(0.040)

Th 2.567

9-17

9-18 Bond Lengths in Organometallic Compounds M M-NH3M-OH2M-PMe3M-SR M-AsR3

Ti 2.066(0.052) 2.369 2.686

V 2.129(0.131) 2.510(0.010) 2.378(0.007)

Cr 2.069(0.008) 1.997(0.070) 2.389(0.069) 2.362 2.460(0.040)

Mn 2.189(0.040) 2.455(0.164) 2.366(0.054) 2.400(0.013)

Fe 2.085(0.066) 2.246(0.042) 2.271(0.028) 2.352(0.043)

Co 1.965(0.021) 2.085(0.064) 2.217(0.043) 2.254(0.025) 2.323(0.021)

Ni 2.074(0.093) 2.079(0.038) 2.204(0.031) 2.187(0.007) 2.333(0.035)

Cu 1.987(0.017) 2.186(0.215) 2.367(0.016)

Zn 2.044 2.090(0.061) 2.295

Y 2.398(0.068)

Zr 2.692

Nb 2.248(0.137) 2.741(0.008)

Mo 2.217 2.201(0.094) 2.462(0.046) 2.401(0.050) 2.582(0.036)

Ru 2.126(0.024) 2.074(0.051) 2.307(0.050) 2.446(0.031)

Rh 2.114(0.018) 2.190(0.096) 2.266(0.036) 2.416(0.039)

Pd 2.032 2.200 2.287(0.018) 2.386(0.052)

Ag 2.350

Cd 2.318(0.065) 2.444

La 2.556(0.062)

Ce 2.565(0.063)

Pr 2.518(0.038)

Nd 2.533(0.058)

Sm 2.459(0.050)

Eu 2.441(0.055)

Gd 2.443(0.074)

Tb 2.455

Dy 2.409(0.074)

Ho 2.407(0.069)

Er 2.404(0.083)

Yb 2.353(0.066)

Lu 2.404(0.116)

Ta 2.589(0.044)

W 2.115(0.065) 2.485(0.039)

Re 2.253 2.199(0.091) 2.369(0.065) 2.575(0.006)

Os 2.136 2.166 2.328(0.029)

Ir 2.050(0.021) 2.323(0.028) 2.461

Pt 2.295(0.036) 2.320(0.015) 2.366(0.058)

Au 2.157 2.293

Hg 2.690(0.083) 2.402(0.065)

Th 2.483(0.032)

U 2.455(0.047)