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2b 一般疑问句和特殊疑问句 - 副本

肯定句、否定句、一般疑问句和特殊疑问句详解

一、肯定句、否定句、一般疑问句和特殊疑问句定义

1.肯定句:表示肯定的意思, 即不含有否定词“不”。

比如:我是一个学生I am a student.

他去上学He goes to school.

2.否定句:表示否定的意思。

比如:我不是一个男孩。I am not a boy

他不去上学He does not go to school.

3. 一般疑问句:回答为“是yes”或者“否no”的问句。

比如:你是一个学生吗?Are you a student?

你喜欢英语吗?Do you like English?

4. 特殊疑问句:回答不是“是yes”或者“否no”的问句,根据提问内容具体回答。比如:现在几点了?What’s the time?

哪一支笔是你的?Which is your pen?

二、肯定句、否定句、一般疑问句和特殊疑问句的相互转换

2b 一般疑问句和特殊疑问句 - 副本

2b 一般疑问句和特殊疑问句 - 副本

am, is, are后面加上not,其余按顺序照抄。

肯定句变一般疑问句:把am, is, are提前放到句首并大写Am, Is, Are,其余照抄。

:分3步骤

第一步:先变一般疑问句

第二步:找合适的特殊疑问词代替划线部分

第三步:特殊疑问词提前放到句首,并大写,其余按顺序照抄,省略划线部分。

2b 一般疑问句和特殊疑问句 - 副本

注意:1.

2b 一般疑问句和特殊疑问句 - 副本

如:Li ming 's not here today.Who's not here today? 今天谁没来?

2.划线部分不能在特殊疑问句中出现。

常见的疑问词:

2b 一般疑问句和特殊疑问句 - 副本

例如:

1.肯定句、否定句和一般疑问句的互换

肯定句:This is a book.

2b 一般疑问句和特殊疑问句 - 副本

否定句:

一般疑问句:Is this a book?

肯定回答:Y es, it is.

否定回答:No, it isn’t.

2.就划线部分提问(变特殊疑问句)

This is a book.

第一步:变一般疑问句Is this a book?

第二步:找合适的特殊疑问词Is this what ?

第三步:特殊疑问词提前放到句首,并大写,其余按顺序照抄,省略划线部分。What is this?

2b 一般疑问句和特殊疑问句 - 副本

2b 一般疑问句和特殊疑问句 - 副本

do not, did not或does not,其余按顺序照抄。动词用原形肯定句变一般疑问句:在句首加do, does或者did并大写,其余照抄。注意:动词用原形

:分3步骤

第一步:先变一般疑问句

第二步:找合适的特殊疑问词代替划线部分

第三步:特殊疑问词提前放到句首,并大写,其余按顺序照抄,省略划线部分。

2b 一般疑问句和特殊疑问句 - 副本

注意:1.

2b 一般疑问句和特殊疑问句 - 副本

非单三时用do, 单三时用does

肯定句:I like English.

2b 一般疑问句和特殊疑问句 - 副本

2b 一般疑问句和特殊疑问句 - 副本

否定句:

单三肯定句:

2b 一般疑问句和特殊疑问句 - 副本

like English?

否定句:like English.

就划线部分提问:I like English.

2b 一般疑问句和特殊疑问句 - 副本

第一步:先变一般疑问句

Do you like what?

第三步:特殊疑问词提前放到句首,并大写,其余按顺序照抄,省略划线部分。

What do you like?

特殊:

1.some变为any。如:

There are some birds in the tree.→There aren't any birds in the tree.

但是,若在表示请邀请、请求的句子中,some可以不变。如:

Would you like some orange juice?

与此相关的一些不定代词如something, somebody等也要进行相应变化。

2.and变为or。如:

I have a knife and a ruler.→I don't have a knife or a ruler.

3.a lot of (=lots of)变为many或much。如:

They have a lot of friends.(可数名词)→They don't have many friends. There is lots of orange in the bottle.(不可数名词)

→There isn't much orange in the bottle.

4.already变为yet。如:

I have been there already.→I haven't been there yet.

语法专项练习—特殊疑问句

I.对画线部分提问、

1.They bought a new bike yesterday.

____________________________________________________

2.She is a nurse.

____________________________________________________

3.She is my teacher.

____________________________________________________

4.He bought the red one.

____________________________________________________

5.It is my coat .

____________________________________________________

6.I am looking for my sister.

____________________________________________________

7.I get up at six.

____________________________________________________

8.I am from Hubei.

____________________________________________________

9.I went to school late because I got up late.

____________________________________________________

10. It is windy.

_____________________________________________________

11. I am getting on well with it.

_____________________________________________________

12. My bag is red .

______________________________________________________

13. The book is Li Hua’s.

______________________________________________________

14. I like math best.

______________________________________________________

15. They are five yuan .

______________________________________________________

16. I wash it twice a week .

______________________________________________________

17. He will be back in four days .

______________________________________________________

18. I didn’t come to class yesterday because I was ill .

______________________________________________________

II.选择题

( ) 19. Excuse me ______ is the nearest bookshop ?

Go down the street and turn left at the second corner?

A. how

B. what

C. where

D. who

( ) 20. ______ is a ticker for the film Hacker He?

About forty yuan .

A. How old

B. How many

C. How much

D. How often

( ) 21. —______ are you going? —I’m going to the library.

A. Who

B. Which

C. What

D. Where

( ) 22. It’s a nice car. ______ have you been in it?

Just to Shanghai.

A. How much

B. How soon

C. How long

D. How far

( ) 23. ______? It’s eight.

A. What day is it

B. What’s five and three

C. How old are you

D. What’s your telephone number

( ) 24. —______? —I’ve got a headache and a cough.

A. What’s your trouble

B. What’s wrong with it

C. Can I help you

D. How are you

( ) 25. ______ tea did you have?

Two cups.

A. How many

B. How much

C. How soon

D. Which

( ) 26. ______ shall we meet in the park?

What about half past eight?

A. What

B. When

C. Where

D., Which

( ) 27. ______ a year does your school have sports meetings?

Twice a year.

A. How often

B. How soon

C. How long

D. How many times ( ) 28. ——______?

——The one behind the tree.

A. Whose girl

B. Who’s that girl

C. Which girl

D. Where’s the girl ( ) 29. ______ are you going to be in the future?

I want to be a person _____- Y ang Liwei.

A. How , like

B. How , as

C. What , like

D. What , as

( ) 30.______ will your father be back? .

A How long

B how often

C How soon

D How wide

III就划线部分提问。

31.He often has lunch in the factory.

he often lunch?

32.They will come back in a month.

will they come back?

33.He hurt his leg last Sunday.

he hurt his leg ?

34.I got up at six this morning .

you up this morning ?35.They were drawing a horse when I came in.

they when I came in ?

36.I didn't go to school because I had a bad cold.

you go to school?

37.You'd better take the No.3 bus.

bus I better take?

38.He's feeling well.

he feeling ?

39.The girl in a red coat is my sister.

is your sister?

40.He comes to China once a year.

he to China?

41. He goes to see his grandma ( twice a week ). (对括号部分提问)

_________________________________________________?

42. My father goes to work by car. ( 改为特殊疑问句)

__________________________________________________?

43. It take ( 15 minutes ) for a ferry to cross the river. ( 对括号部分提问) __________________________________________________?

44. You can dial ( 110 ) to call the police. ( 对括号部分提问)

_______ ________ can you dial to call the police

45. Ted put his bag in the desk . ( 改为特殊疑问句)

_____ ______ Ted _____ in the desk?

46. The students ( went camping ) last week. (对括号部分提问)

_________________________________________________?

47. 3 and 9 is 12. (改为特殊疑问句)

_________________________________________________?

48. Diogenes came from ( Greece ). (对括号部分提问)

_____ _____ Diogenes ______ _______?

49. The way to keep fit is ( to eat food and take morn exercise). (对括号部分提问) _______ _______ the way to _______ _______?

50. We landed (on an unexplored planet ) . ( 对括号部分提问)

______ ______ you land ?