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北京林业大学考博英语阅读真题精解

北京林业大学考博英语阅读真题精解

北京林业大学考博英语阅读真题精解

北京林业大学考博英语阅读真题精解Research on friendship has established a number of facts,some

interesting,some even useful.Did you know that the average student

has5-6friends,or that a friend who was previously an enemy is like

more than one who has always been on the right side?Would you believe

that physically attractive individuals are preferred as friends to

those less comely,and is it fair that physically attractive Geng duo

yuan xiao wan zheng kao bo ying yu zhen ti ji qi jie xi qing lian xi

quan guo mian fei zi xun dian hua:si ling ling liu liu ba liu jiu

qi ba,huo jia zi xun qq:qi qi er liu qi ba wu san qi defendants are

less likely to be found guilty in court?Unfortunately,such titbits

don’t tell us much more about the nature or the purpose of friendship.

In fact,studies of friendship seem to implicate more complex factors.

For example,one function friendship seems to fulfi1is that it

supports the image we have of ourselves,and confirms the value of

the attitudes we hold.Certainly we appear to project ourselves onto

our friends;severa1studies have shown that we judge them to be more

like us than they(objectively)are.This suggests that we ought to

choose friends who are similar to us rather than those Who would be

complementary.In our experiment,some developing friendships were

monitored amongst first-year students living in the same hoste1.It

was found that similarity of attitudes(towards politics,religion

and ethics,pastimes and aesthetics)was a good predictor of what

friendships wou1d be estab1ished by the end of four months,though

北京林业大学考博英语阅读真题精解

北京林业大学考博英语阅读真题精解

it has1ess to do with initial alliances-not surprising1y,since attitudes may not be obvious on first inspection.

There have also been studies of pairings,both voluntary(married couples)and forced(student roommates),to see which remained together and which split up.Again,the evidence seems to favour similarity rather than complementarity as an omen of a successful relationship,though there is a complication:where marriage is concerned,once the field has been narrowed down to potential mates who come from similar backgrounds and share a broad range of attitudes and values,a degree of complementarity seems to become desirab1e. When a couple are not just similar but almost identical,something else seems to be needed.Simi1arity can breed contempt,it has a1so been found that when we find others obnoxious,we dislike them more if they are like us than when they are dissimilar!

The difficulty of linking friendship with similarity of persona1ity probably reflects the complexity of our personalities: we have many facets and therefore require a disparate group of friends to support us.This of course can explain why we may have two close friends who have litt1e in common,and indeed dislike each other.By and large,though,it looks as though we would do well to choose friends(and spouses)who resemble us.If this were not so,computer dating agencies would have gone out of business years ago.(463words)

41.Research on friendship has demonstrated that______

A.every student has five or six friends.

北京林业大学考博英语阅读真题精解

北京林业大学考博英语阅读真题精解

B.judges are always influenced by a pretty face.

C.ugly people find it harder to make friends than beautiful people.

D.we tend to grow fond of people if we dislike them at first sight.

42.Studies of friendship have indicated that in seeking friends we______

A.are looking for sympathy.

B.insist on them having similar attitudes to ourselves.

C.think they resemble us more than they really do.

D.want to be flattered.

43.The experiment conducted on students living in a hostel suggested that______

A.in the long run,people get on better with those who are like them.

B.it was impossible to predict which friendships would develop.

C.students immediately recognized others with similar attitudes and interests.

D.students split up as soon as they discovered differences in attitudes.

44.Studies of marriage relationships indicate that______

A.exactly the same bases for success apply as for ordinary friendships.

B.it is first of all necessary to limit prospective partners to people from similar backgrounds.

北京林业大学考博英语阅读真题精解

北京林业大学考博英语阅读真题精解

C.opposites get on better than similar personalities.

D.the most successful are those between people who are alike but not exactly the same.

45.Which of the following best illustrates the major view of the passage?

A.Birds of a feather flock together.

B.Opposites attract each other.

C.Great minds think alike.

D.A friend in need is a friend indeed.

Text9

41. C.外貌难看的人发现自己很难像外貌漂亮的人那样与他人交友。见第一段中第三句所述:physically attractive individuals are preferred as friends to those less comely,外貌好的人比之不好的人易受人青睐。

42. C.我们往往会过分地认为他们和我们相象。第二段指出,人们似乎喜欢把自己设想成处于其朋友们的境况,因而过分地认为他们和自己相象。

43. A.从长远的观点看,人们与自己习性相象的人相处较好。第二段最后一句指出,观察表明,四个月之后,学生间的友谊关系才能确立,而且具有相同的经历兴趣和观点的人之间更能建立友谊。

44. D.第三段中表明,在婚姻方面,人们倾向于双方有着近似的经历观点等,但却并不完全相同。

45. A.物以类聚,人以群分。根据全文的阐述,其中心思想是:具有较为相同的经历、兴趣和观点的人之间往往容易建立友谊。

北京林业大学考博英语阅读真题精解

北京林业大学考博英语阅读真题精解

本文由“育明考博”整理编辑