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人教版九年级英语unit7 辅导教案

人教版九年级英语第一单元辅导教案(含第六单元快速复习)

I. Review Unit 6 When was it invented?

一.重点短语

1.by accident偶然;意外地

2.divide into把…分成…

3.take place发生

happen发生(没有被动形式)

4.all of a sudden=suddenly 突然;猛地

5.look up to 仰慕

6.dream of 梦想;梦见

7.translate…into…把…翻译成…

二.重点语法

1. 辨析invent; find; find out; discover

invent“发明”,指通过劳动运用聪明才智“发明/创造”出以前从未存在过的新事物

例:Who invented the telephone?

He invented a new teaching method.

find“找到、发现”,指找到或发现自己所需要的东西或丢失的东西,着重指找到的结果。例:We've found oil under the South Sea.

I finally found my English book.

find out指经过研究或询问查明某事或真相。例:I've found you out at last.

Please find out when the ship sails for New York. Please find out what time the delegation will co me.

discover“发现”,表示“偶然”或“经过努力”发现客观存在的事物、真理或错误,即指发现原来客观存在

但不为人所知的事物,也可表示发现已为人所知的事物的新的性质或用途。

eg. Columbus discovered America in1492.

We soon discovered the truth.我们很快就弄清了真相。

【练习】

a.Edison ____ the electric lamp.

b.I lost my necklace last night.I haven’t ____ it. c.Who ____ America first?d.Can you ____ what time the train leaves?

2.一般过去时的被动语态

结构:was/were+过去分词【练习】

( ) 1. People's Republic of China __ on October 1, 1949.

A. found

B. was founded

C. is founded

D. was found

( ) 2. English ____ in Canada.

A. speaks

B. are spoken

C. is speaking

D. is spoken

( ) 3 This English song __ by the girls after class.

A. often sings

B. often sang

C.is often sang

D.is often sung

( ) 4 This kind of car___ in Japan.

A. makes

B. made

C. is making

D. is made

( ) 5 Computers ___ all over the world.

A. is used

B. are using

C. are used

D. have used

II.Key language points of Unit7

Section A

1)I don’t think sixteen-year-old should be allowed to drive.

①I don’t think... 是一个否定前移的句式。

当主句的主语时第一人称I 或We,谓语动词是think, believe, suppose, guess 等词时,其后接有not的否定句时,改否定应移至主句,即否定主句的谓语的动词。(满足两个条件)

Eg. I don’t think he is right.

I don’t believe he will come.

注意:涉及迁移的只是not,not以外的其他否定词如:no,never,hardly,few,little,seldom等不必前移。

②should be allowed 是含有情态动词的被动语态结构,期中的allowed 是过去分词,含有情态动词的被动语态结构为:情态动词+be+及物动词的过去分词。

③allow的用法

Allow为及物动词,常用语以下结构中:

A.allow sb to do sth The teacher allowed him to go into the classroom.

B.allow doing sth We don’t allow smoking in public.

C.be allowed to do sth Passengers are not allowed to smoke.

2)sixteen-year-olds should be allowed to get their ears pierced.

Get是使役动词,相当于make或have,意为“使,让”。

“get/have sth done”意为:使某件事被做;请某人做做事。

Eg. I got my car repaired.

When are you going to get your hair cut?

拓展:have/let/make sb do sth 意为:让/使某人做某事

注意:get sb to do sth 让/使某人做某事不是get sb do sth 。请引起注意。

3)He should stop wearing that silly earring.

Stop doing sth. V.s. Stop to do sth

4)young people need to sleep

Need 实意动词,表示:需要。后接名词、代词、动词不定式或动名词。但跟动名词时要用主动形式来表示被动意义,即sth needs doing=sth needs to be done 意为:某物需要被......

Eg. He needs to see a doctor.

This farm tool needs repairing= this farm tool needs to be repaired.

I need more of that cloth.

拓展:need 除了做实意动词外,还可以做情态动词和名词。

做情态动词时,表示:需要。此时没有时态、人称和数,其后直接跟动词; 且多用于疑问句或否定句中。Eg.①Need I type this letter again?

②T here is enough time. You needn’t hurry

③---Must I hand in my homework now?

---No, you needn’t.

④The president wondered whether he need send more soldiers.

(思考:The president wondered whether he (need)to send more soldiers.空格处应填什么?Need做什么词性的词?为什么这样填?)

5)No, I don’t agree with this.

Agree with (sb/ sb’s idea)意为:

同意,后接表示人的名词或代词, 也可以接表示意见、看法的名词

I quite agree with you.

Do you agree with my idea?

Agree to +n/sth/it 意为:

同意,后接事物或事情,常见接it等名词或名词词组.

We agreed to their arrangement.

She agreed to marriage.

注意和agree to do 区分。

Agree on sth/doing sth 意为:同意

Both sides agreed on these terms.

We agreed on the price.

He agreed on lending us some money. (he agreed to lend us some money.)

Section B

1)Parents should not be too strict with teenagers.

be strict with sb. 意为:对某人严厉,对某人要求严格。

The teacher was very strict with his students.

拓展:be strict in sth/doing

He is always strict in his work.

2)but sometimes these can get in the way of their schoolwork...

get/be in the way of 意为:挡...的路,妨碍

The bike over there will get in the way of others.

他从不妨碍别人。

3)Teenagers often think they should be allowed to practice their hobbies as much as they want.

Practice 可做及物动词,后接名词或动名词,不能接动词不定式。

Practice walking 10000 steps every day.

Practice 还可以做名词:practice is the only way to learn a language well.

4)...so he needs to think about what will happen if he doesn’t end up as a professional runner.

If为连词,意思是: 如果,引导条件状语从句,当主句是一般将来时时,从句要用一般现在时表示将来。

If you ask him, he will help you.

She will get a better grade if she studies harder.

拓展:if做连词时,还可以表示为:是否。引导宾语从句。

重点语法:含有情态动词的被动语态(下节具体展开)

IV. Homework 走近中考unit7