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英语自主学习

Unit 10 We have a few rules


Vocabulary Task
Answers
Henry has to come home for dinner
Henry comes home early every night
Mary has to cook for himself/ herself
Mary can bring friends home
Mary is independent
Mary can play loud music
Amy can stay out late
Amy keeps his/her room clean
Amy has to follow rules
Amy has to play his/her music quietly
Mary hoes out a lot
Amy has a lot of freedom
Script
1. Hi, I’m Amy. I’m on a homestay. I live with a family. I have a lot of freedom, like I can stay out late. But I also have to follow a lot of rules. Like I have to keep my room clean and play my music quietly.
2. My name is Mary, and I live alone. I’m very independent. I go out a lot. I can bring friends to my apartment if I want. I can play loud music. Basically I can do whatever I want. The bad thing is I have to cook for myself.
3. Hi, I’m Henry, and I live with my parents. I have to come home early every night. My mom always wants me to be home for dinner by 6:00. the only good point is that I don’t have to do my own laundry.


Listening Task
1 First Listening
Answers
1. Parents’ schedule
2. Not used to rules
3. Hard to get a lot of sleep
4. Has to clean and do laundry
2 Second Listening
Answers
1. mom’s cooking
2. doesn’t have to clean anymore
3. can stay out as late as you want
4. can choose her own schedule
Script
1. John: When I come home from school for the summer, my routine changes. My parents have all these rules and stuff. I have to getup early and help around the house. If I don’t go out by 7:30 at night, I have to stay home; they think it’s too late. At least I don’t have to cook, though. That’s the best part about going home: mom’s cooking.
2. Susan: I just moved into this retirement community. I like it and everything, but I’m not used to all the rules. I can only have visitors during visiting hours, and I have to tell the clerk at the front desk when I go out shopping and things. Well, at least I don’t have to clean anymore.
3. Eli: I like the variety of living in a dorm, you can eat in the cafeteria, or you can eat out with friends. There’s always somebody in the next room or down the hall to do things with. And you can stay out as late as you want. But I must say it is kind of noisy and hard to get a lot of sleep.
4. Tracy: I like choosing my own schedule. I decide when I wake up, when I go to bed, when to study, and I can cook what I want to eat. I don’t like having to clean and do my own laundry everyday, but if I don’t, my room will be dirty, and I won’t have any clean clothes.

Real World Listening
1 Predict
Answer
They will read, talk, think and go for long hikes.
2 Get the main ideas
Answers
1. This week’s program” says there are computer classes. There are no computers.
2. Rule 2 says no reading books. This is wrong.
3. Guests do not stay in tents. They stay in an old hotel.4. Rule 4 says there is no TV after 10:00 p.m. There is no

TV at all.
5. You don’t go by train, you go to the island by boat.
Script
Kevin: Hey, Cathy, I found a good place for a vacation this summer.
Cathy: What is it?
Kevin: It’s called Camp Star.
Cathy: Hmmm. Looks pretty. But what can you do there?
Kevin: It’s kind of isolated.
Cathy: Isolated? What do you mean?
Kevin: It’s off the coast, and you have to take a boat to get there. This week’s program is that you hike and hear lectures and talk about current issues.
Cathy: Where do you stay? Tents?
Kevin: No, it’s an old hotel. They have a couple of rules, though.
Cathy: Uh-huh…
Kevin: It says here there’s no TV and you can’t use any electrical appliances.
Cathy: No TV? And no electrical…Wait a minute. What about my notebook computer?
Kevin: No, no computers, and there’s only one telephone on the whole island.
Cathy: What? So I won’t be able to check my e-mail either?
Kevin: You’ll get by. It’ll be fun! Look, you can read, and talk, and think. And every morning you go for a long hike.
Cathy: Ahh. Sounds like work.
Kevin: I think it would be relaxing. I’d like to get away from the phone for a week. And I think it’d be good for you.
Cathy: So you’re telling me there’s no TV, no computers, and I have to wake up every morning to go hiking. Why on earth would anybody want to go there?

Unit 11 They lost my luggage!

Vocabulary Task
Answers/Script
1. Your attention, please. Flight 275 to Miami will be delayed for two hours.
2. I’m sorry, there are no window seats left. Would you like an aisle seat?
3. Uh-oh, I think I left my carry-on bag on the plane.
4. Your passport has expired. You can’t leave the country. 5. Aagh! I waited for over an hour in the wrong line
6. Excuse me. I left. My ticket at home. Can I get a replacement?
7. My suitcase is not here at the baggage claim.
8. I’m sorry, all our economy seats are sold out. How about business class?
9. Too much luggage? But I only have three suitcases.
10. You’ll need a tourist visa to enter the country.


Listening Task
1 First Listening
Answers
1. forgot passport
2. wrong line
3. flight is sold out
4. lost luggage
2 Second Listening
Answers
1. He will call Susan.
2. The flight will be delayed.
3. He will fly first class.
4. He will have his bags delivered.
Script
1. Female: Do you have your passport, honey?
Male: Oh, shoot! I forgot it.
Female: Oh… we don’t have time to go back home and get it. What are we gonna do?
Male: Why don’t we call Susan and ask her to bring it? I think she’s at home.
Female: Good idea. She should have plenty of time.
Male: Good thing we got here early!
2. Male: Can I help you?
Female: Yes, I’m on the flight to New York. It’s leaving in about 10 minutes.
Male: I’m sorry, ma’am. This is the line for Los Angeles. The New York linew is over there.
Female: But I’ve been waiting in this line for 30 minutes! Male: Don’t worry, th

at flight is delayed. You have plenty of time.
Female: Oh, wonderful!
3. Female: I’m sorry, sir, both business class and economy are sold out.
Male: Mmm. Is there space on the next flight?
Female: Yes, I can book you on the first flight tomorrow morning.
Male: Tomorrow morning? I gotta get out of here tonight. I have to be at a meeting tomorrow at 8 am.
Female: Hold on, let me check something… Oh, we do have space in first class.
Male: Oh. All right. I’ll take it.
4. Male: Excuse me, isn’t this the luggage carousel for flight 275?
Female: Yes, it is. Is there a problem?
Male: I don’t see my bags.
Female: Oh. Well, if you’ll just step over to the counter you can fill out a missing luggage report.
Male: What good will that do?
Female: As soon as we find your bags, we’ll have them delivered to your home.
Male: Great! Give me the form, then!


Real World Listening
1 Predict
Answer
(student answers may vary slightly)
forgot engine day
missed stop luggage
2 Get the main ideas
Answers
1. b. He forgot his passport.
2. a. He missed his flight.
3. b. He plane needed repairs.
4. a. His luggage was lost.
Script
Angela: I’m thinking about going to Costa Rica…
Trevor: Great. I went to Costa Rica once… but I had a terrible time getting there…
Angela: Oh, yeah? What happened?
Trevor: Well, when I got to the airport, I realized I didn’t have my passport…
Angela: Oh no.
Trevor: So I called a friend… and he broke into my house…got my passport and brought it to me. But I missed that flight so I had to stay overnight in San Francisco.
Angela: Oh, that’s too bad.
Trevor: Yeah. So I got the flight the next day… and of course on the way we had engine trouble… so we had to stop in Mexico City… I was stuck there for another, like, 22 hours while they got the part.
Angela: Oh, my gosh!
Trevor: And I mean stuck. They wouldn’t even let us out of the airport…
Angela: You’re kidding!
Trevor: I’m telling you. So finally, we, like, after all this time, I get to Costa Rica two days late and –
Angela: And don’t tell me, your luggage isn’t there.
Trevor: You guessed it. I go into the airline office to complain and there was this really wonderful woman working at the counter.
Angela: Oh, yeah?
Trevor: And she was really nice and helped me out…
Angela: Mm-hmm…
Trevor: …and we sort of hit it off…
Angela: Yeah? And then what?
Trevor: About two months later we got married!

Unit 12 Check this out!


Vocabulary Task
Answers
1. c 2. b 3.a 4.e 5.f 6.d 7.h 8.i 9.g
Script
1. A: Is this your new modem?
B: Yes. It lets me hook up to the Internet at 138 kilobytes per second.
2. A: How Much did that laser printer cost?
B: It wasn’t too expensive, and it prints out high-quality copies.
3. A: So this is a zip drive, huh?
B: Yeah. I can store up to 100 megabytes of data with it.
4. A: Wow! Is that your new scanner?

B: Uh-huh. Check out these pictures I scanned for my website.
5. A: What does the mouse do?
B: It lets you move the pointer around the screen and click on things.
6. A: What kind of software do you have?
B: I have a graphics program, a word processing program, and an e-mail program.
7. A: Why do they call it a notebook?
B: Because it’s so small it can fit in your bag.
8. A: What kind of disks can this computer read?
B: It’ll read DVDs and CD-ROMs.
9. A: What size Monitor should I buy?
B: The bigger it is, the more you can see on the screen.

Listening Task
1 First Listening
Answers
1. scanner
2. notebook
3. zip drive
4. computer program CD (CD-ROM)
2 Second Listening
Answers
1. to send pictures to her customers
2. to shop on the Internet
3. to store art work
4. to organize her finances
Script
1. A: What is that? Some kind of printer?
B: No! It’s the newest scanner on the market. See, you open it up here, put your photo or whatever on the glass, then click the scan button on the screen to scan in the picture.
A: What’s it good for?
B: Well, I use it to send pictures of our products to my customers.
2. A: So why did you get a notebook computer instead of a desktop computer?
B: Well, I travel a lot and I need something that I can use when I’m traveling.
A: Does it connect to the internet?
B: You bet. I can shop on the Internet even when I’m in an airport… or at the beach.
3. A: So why did you get that thing there?
B: This? It’s my new zip drive. Each disk can hold up to 100 megabytes of data.
A: That’s a lot. Why do you need so much space?
B: I have very large files of my artwork… so I need lots of storage space.
4. A: Hey, is that a new CD?
B: Yeah, it’s a CD, but it’s not a music Cd. It’s software.
A: Oh, what kind of software?
B: It’s called Money Magic. It’s accounting software.
A: What do you use it for?
B: I use it to organize my home finances. It really helps!

Real World Listening
1 Predict
Answer
Movies on DVD
2 Get the main ideas
Answers
Scanner: scan in graphics for the web page
Headset: talk to customers on the phone
DVD player: check out the DVD movies
Cardboard boxes: for shipping out orders
Script
[Knock on the door]
Leon: Come in! (Andy walks in.) Andy! Hi!\
Andy: Are you ready to go? Pat and Chris are in the car. Let’s go – Hey, what is all this stuff?
Leon: This is my home office.
Andy: Whoa! You’ve gotta lot of stuff in here.
Leon: Yeah, well, I need it all for the different types of things I do for my business.
Andy: You’ve got your own business
Leon: Yep. http://www.wendangku.net/doc/b61a286448d7c1c708a14584.html. I got 50,000hits on my website so far this week.
Andy: Cool. And you need all this stuff?
Leon: Oh, yeah, absolutely! This is my headset so I can talk on the phone to my customers while I type on the keyboard.
Andy: Uh-huh. Uh-huh. And what’s this big thing next to your computer?
Leon: That’

s my scanner. I scan in graphics and pictures to put on the web page.
Andy: I see. Oh, cool… And what are these things?
Leon: Those are my DVD players. I got four of em. I have to check out the DVDs before I sell them, you know.
Andy: Uh-huh. So you just watch these DVDs all day?
Leon: Well, yeah. I have to be more, um, disciplined, though, you know. It’s easy to want to watch them all day instead of doing my work.
Andy: Yeah. And what are all these boxes for?
Leon: Those cardboard boxes? They’re for shipping out orders.
Andy: Whoa, sounds busy. So are you selling a lot of disks?
Leon: Um, no, not yet. But things are looking better all the time.

Unit 13 I can squeeze you in...


Vocabulary Task
Script
Sheila: Tom, I can’t make that meeting on Tuesday. My schedule is pretty full. Tuesday is impossible.
Tom: Yeah. Looks like you’ll be too busy. You’re booked solid all day. Can you make it Monday?
Sheila: I might be able to squeeze it in at 10:00. It’ll be tight, though.
Tom: How’s Wednesday? Do you have any free time?
Sheila: Wednesday’s schedule is pretty light. After 10:00 I’m open.
Tom: Ok, let’s try for 11:00 on Wednesday.


Listening Task
1 First Listening
Answers
1. watch his children
2. have dinner with Sandy and see a movie with Sandy
3. see a baseball game with Bob
4. go to work
2 Second Listening
Answers
1. Thursday – add; watch his children from 6:00; remove; Gym
2. Friday – add: Have dinner & a movie with Sandy from 8:00; remove: Drink with Bob
3. Saturday – add: Gym; remove: go out with Sandy?
4. Sunday – add: See a baseball game with Bob (all day) remove: see a baseball game with Bob (all day), add: work for Larry (all day)
Script
1. Voice: Steve, your ex-wife is on line one.
Steve: Mary? Tell her I’m not here!
Voice: Sorry, too late.
Steve: [sighs] Mary? This is not a good time-
Mary: Steve, are you free on Thursday night? I need someone to watch the kids ‘cause I’ve got a meeting.
Steve: Well, I’m kinda busy. I go to the gym on Thursday nights.
Mary: Hey, they’re your kids, too. This meeting’s important.
Steve: Okay, I’ll just go to the gym on Saturday.
Mary: You should be here in time to make dinner. Say, six o’clock?
Steve: Oh, great. Can’t just buy McDonalds?
2. (one side of a telephone conversation)
Steve: Hello, Sandy? This is Steve, Jack’s friend. We, uh, met at his party.[…]
Steve: I was wondering if you’d like to go out for a drink with me on Saturday night. […]
Steve: Huh? Friday at 8:00 for dinner? I’m supposed to meet a friend at 9:00 but I can cancel. I gotta work a little late, but I’m sure I can squeeze you in at 8:00. […]
Steve: What? A movie after dinner? Sure.
3. Bob’s
Voice: Hi, it’s Bob. Please leave a message after the beep. [beep]
Steve: Bob, Steve. Listen I gotta cancel Friday night. I know we planned this a long time ago, but something really i

mportant has come up. I’m totally free on Sunday, though. And there’s a double-header, so let’s go see the Giants then. My treat! Give me a call when you come home. See ya. [beep]
4. Steve: Hello? Oh, hi, Mr. Wilson. What can I do for you? […]
Steve: What? Work Sunday? I’d like to help you out, but I’m booked. I’ve got tickets to the Giants and Dodgers double-header. I thought Larry was supposed to come in. […]
Steve: His dog died? Oh, I’m sorry to hear that. But why can’t he come in? […]
Steve: Okay. I guess if you really need my… Right. Okay, Mr. Wilson. Bye-bye. [hangs up, sighs] Let’s see, where’s Bob’s number again?


Real World Listening
1 Predict
Answer
Go to an autograph signing session
Play at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Record a new CD
Do a live online chat on http://www.wendangku.net/doc/b61a286448d7c1c708a14584.html
2 Get the main ideas
Answers
Play at the Summer Fest – Middleburg
Play and sign autographs at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame – Cleveland
Do a live online chat and play at the Starlight Dome – Akron
Play at the Waterfront Fair – Pittsburgh
Record a CD – St. Louis
Script
Manager: Ok, time to get up, women! Your public is waiting for you!
Woman 1: Huh? What day is it?
Manager: It’s Wednesday. We’re in Middleburg, Ohio, tonight, at the Summer Fest in the town park.
Woman 2: Yeah. Hope it doesn’t rain.
Manager: Then tomorrow it’s up to Cleveland to play for Sarah’s induction into the Hall of Fame, followed by an autograph signing session.
Woman 1: Wish it was us being inducted. The first all-girl rock band in the rock and Roll Hall of Fame… What’s on for Friday?
Manager: Friday we have to be in the studio in Akron. We’re doing a live online chat on http://www.wendangku.net/doc/b61a286448d7c1c708a14584.html. come on, guys. You’ll love it. It’s at 4:00, and then we’re in the Starlight Dome that night.
Woman 1: Where are we playing Saturday?
Manager: Pittsburgh, at the Waterfront Fair. We’ll be there Sunday afternoon, too.
Women 2: This schedule is brutal. When do we get a bay off?
Manager: Hah! We’re booked through the weekend, but we have a light schedule on Monday. We just have to drive out to record the new CD in St. Louis, but at least you can sleep on the bus. Hmm?

Unit 14 It was a real scorcher!


Vocabulary Task
Answers
Spring Summer Fall Winter
breezy thunder chilly freezing
showers lightning rainy overcast
damp scorching flurries
humid blizzard
muggy
Script
In spring, the city of Washington is breezy and there are frequent showers. The ground is very damp, so flowers begin sprouting. When summer comes, there may be storms with thunder and lightning, or it can be scorching hot. Late summer gets humid, and people try to avoid the muggy heat in the city by going to the countryside or the beach. In the fall, we enjoy the crisp cool days of October before it gets chilly and rainy in November. Winter brings freezing rain, low tempera

tures and overcast skies. School children hope that light flurries of snow will change into a blizzard so their school will be closed for a few days.


Listening Task
1 First Listening
Answers
1. Auckland, NZ: scorching, hot
2. San Diego, California: chilly
3. San Jose, Costa Rica: damp, warm, daily showers
4. Edmonton, Alberta: snowy, cold
2 Second Listening
Answers
1. go to the beach 3. go hiking
2. watch the yacht race 4. go skiing
Script
1. This is the Auckland weather report for the first day of the year; it’s scorching and hot and not a cloud in the sky. So grab your swimsuit and your sunscreen and head for the beach!
2. Here in San Diego, California, today the weather is crisp and chilly. We’re all hoping that the sun will come out so we can stay warm. Bring a sweater and come watch the yacht race on the bay.
3. Good morning from San Jose, Costa Rica! We’re having the same weather as always, damp and warm with daily showers. Perfect for hiking in the national park when the rain lets up.
4. Hello from the arctic north. Here in Edmonton, Alberta, it’s snowy and COLD! The temperature dipped WAY below freezing last night, and we’ve got a fresh layer of snow. Yahoo! I’m going to enjoy some of that powder snow skiing! See you on the slopes!


Real World Listening
1 Predict
Answer
Swimming, snowmen
2 Get the main ideas
Answers
Winter – it snowed a lot; they made snowmen
Spring – great time for hiking; it was a little muddy
Summer – everything blooms; it’s sunny and warm
Autumn –leaves turned to gold; it’s her favorite season
Script
Alex: Grandma, what are these pictures?
G: These are pictures of Alaska.
Alex: That’s where you grew up, right?
G: That’s right, dear…I lived there until I was 19 years old.
Alex: Is that you in this picture?
G: Yes, that’s me…and my sister, Ruth…and our dog, Kusko. That was out behind our house.
Alex: Wow. It looks cold!
G: Yes, that was in the winter…and it was cold… it snowed a lot! And boy, Kusko just loved the snow. Ruth and I and Kusko used to play in the snow for hours.
Alex: Did you make snowmen?
G: Oh, we made some great snowmen…
Alex: Is that you in this picture, too?
G: Yes, that’s me and Ruth again…I guess we were both in high school then…
Alex: Where are you?
G: We were hiking near Seward…we hiked a lot in those days.
Alex: But where’s the snow?
G: Well, it doesn’t snow ALL the time in Alaska, you know. That was in the springtime…Spring was a great time for hiking…it was a little muddy, though…
Alex: Oh…
G: Look, here’s a picture of Ruth now, outside her house.
Alex: That’s Aunt Ruth’s house, in Alaska? I thought everybody lived in igloos!
G: (laughing) Oh, no. Most people live in regular houses! …Aren’t those flowers lovely?
Alex: You mean, flowers grow there too?
G: Of course. In the summer, everything just blooms… it’s sunny and

the weather is warm…
Alex: Warm? You mean, it was warm enough to go swimming
G: Oh, we all went swimming in July and August…the water was cold…but swimming was so much fun…
Alex: Was summer your favorite season?
G: You know, I love all the seasons, but I think my favorite season was autumn. The leaves in the mountains turning to gold…I always loved that sign of the changing seasons… Look, here’s a picture of the mountains near our house in the fall…
Alex: Wow, Grandma, I’d like to go to Alaska sometime.
G: Well, Alex, I’ve got an idea. Let’s go to Alaska together sometime.
Alex: Yeah, Grandma, that’d be great.