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课堂笔记语法

第一课

1、句子成分:

一个句子,分为主语谓语和宾语,造句也要找主语和动词,有时要用介词来连接句子其他成分,同时注意时态问题

那么什么样的词可以做谓语:

1)谓语动词do (do/does/did)、be、情态动词、have

2)done/doing/to do表时态,当一个句子里不能同时出现两个谓语动词的时候,相应把第二动词转换成时态形式出现句子中(done 表被动doing 表主动多为表示情感的动词:interest/move/touch/excite/inspire/amuse/frighten to do 表将来eg:want to do 想要你将来做某事所以接to do 的形式)

2、定语从句

修饰限定前面的名词

记住5+3的形式:5代表(who 、whom、whose、that、which代词做主语)

3代表(where、when、why副词做状语)

3、宾语从句

That 没有意义不做任何成分

If/weather 有意义不做任何成分

W/H 有意义不做任何成分

4、修饰名词的

1)形容:形容词、done 可做形容词表被动a deserted park、doing 可做形容词表主动a passing plane

2)名词:名词apple tree、doing+名词表动名词表功能 a sleeping bag/a sleeping pill/a walking stick/a sleeping beauty

3) prep: open the book on the table

注意of的用法尽量少使用,official from China

With(拿、抱、持有、喷、面带)当做动词使用

4)从句that 只能用从句中引导词是序数词、量词which 引导词前有“,”、that 、介词5)To do:want /need/一梦三利dream、ability、effort、tight

5、被动语态(无宾语)起强调作用

be done (一般现在时的被动,be 随人称变化)一直是

Was/were done(一般过去时) 过去是现在不是了

Be being done(一般将来时)

be being done (现在进行时)(be doing 和be done )

Have/has been done (现在完成时)(have/has done 和be done)

Had been done(过去完成时)

妈妈正在打扫屋子

The room is being cleaned by mum.(被动现在进行时)

妈妈已经打扫完了屋子

The room has been cleaned by mum

灌木丛中也发现了粘在上面的美洲狮毛。

Eg:Puma fur was found /spotted/discovered/ to bushes.

专家们如今已经完全肯定那只动物就是美洲狮

The experts believe that ****

The experts were convinced that that animal was a puma

1)Convinced sb of+名词,那只动物是美洲狮the animal was a puma,前面出现一个谓语动词,后面要接动词,只能考虑接doing,done, to do 的形式,所以was改为being,所以有the animal being a puma ,但是名词与名词之间要是所属的关系,所以the animal’s being a puma 正确的句子为:convinced the experts o f the animal’s being a puma.

2)另外convinced sb of the fact that +从句

3)接that同位语表名词

他的到来令我很高兴

1)I am happy,for excite me

介词+名词

For he coming excite me /for his arrival(arrive)

6、表猜测

It must be him(对现在的猜测)

It must have done him (对过去的猜测)

7、多使用名词

She is very happy ----she enjoys happiness./she suffer from sadness

9、spot 1)V.发现

2)点on the spot :1)表示站在某点上2)立即马上

3)hotspot 热点/3.beauty spot

10、More and more adv =accumulate

Eg:Now more and more people are streaming into big cities.

11、Have to =feel/be obliged to /compel to /force to

12、To do 表将来be about

To have done 表完成

13、表非常、出奇的一类词副词:extraordinary、extremely

14、Unless =if not

15、表示很多

Many: a (large/big/great/good)number of

Much: a(large/big/great/good)deal of

An amount of /amounts of

A quantity of/ quantities of

Plenty of =enough(表充足) there is plenty of two apples

Dozens of (可数)分堆的

Thousands of +可数名词复数

Crowds of people

16、stick to v. Sticky (adj)day 闷热的天/clingy(adj) girl

17、have--possess-possession / belonging N.

In the possession of

Take possession of

Eg:I have a puma

Puma is in the possession of mine.

I take possession of the puma.

18、调查search、hunt、seek、run after

19、Attack=caught in------ Attract=appeal to=fascinate

20、Break=destroy=damage=ruin=spoil

21、逃at large 、escape、flee away、

逃课cut class

逃税evade tax

逃兵desert army

四处逃窜scatter

22、Deserve/desert/dessert/

Deserve=worth eg:i don’t deserve you.

He did not deserve someone like you.

Desert :desert army /沙漠

Dessert:甜点

23、3feet=1m

24、Manage to do =succeed 动词成功做成某事

Try to do 没有结果

Success 名词successful successfully

Successor 继承人successive连续的

25、Once upon a time= long long ago

26、看见、信服、确认、抱怨、打扰、袭击、走投无路

1.Spot

2.Convince

3.Confirm

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/b759d9caaf1ffc4fff47ac06.htmlplain of/about

5.Disturbing adj Disturb v. Disturbingly adv

6.attack

7.Corner v

27、系列量词:A trail of

28、like v:喜欢、希望、愿意

Prep:好像

29、相当于was=prove(要有具体解释)eg:the search proved difficult,for *******

=serve as=act as 充当****

翻译

当伦敦动物园接到报告说,在伦敦以南45英里处发现一只美洲狮时,这些报告并没有受到重视。可是,随着证据越来越多,动物园的专家们感到有必要进行一番调查,因为凡是声称见到过美洲狮的人们所描述的情况竟是出奇地相似。

事实上搜寻工作很困难,因为常常是早晨在甲地发现那只美洲狮,晚上却在20英里外的乙地发现它的踪迹。无论它走哪儿,一路上总会留下一串死鹿及死兔子之类的小动物,在许多地方看见爪印,灌木丛中发现了粘在上面的美洲狮毛。有人抱怨说夜里听见―像猫一样的叫声‖;一位商人去钓鱼,看见那只美洲狮在树上。专家们如今已经完全肯定那只动物就是美洲狮,但它是从哪儿来的呢?由于全国动物园没有一家报告丢了美洲狮,因此那只美洲狮一定是某位私人收藏豢养的,不知怎么设法逃出来了。搜寻工作进行了好几个星期,但始终未能逮住那只美洲狮。想到在宁静的乡村里有一头危险的野兽继续逍遥流窜,真令人担心。

第二课

1、For one reason or another –many reasons 出于这样那样的原因

2、raise:vt:提高;筹集;养育;升起you raise me up

Vi:上升

Rise:vi. 上升;增强;起立;高耸

3、have done 1.Have my hair cut(done)/ have sb. cut (to do) my hair 让人

4、Success n. successful successfully succeed(v.)

Successor 继承人successive连续的同1/22

5、Used 1) get/be used to 习惯做某事=habit

Eg:I am used to getting up early.

I have got used to getting up early.

2)be used to =be used as

Eg:the room is used as a meeting room.

The room is used to be a meeting room.

3) used to do=would 过去常常做某事

Eg:I used to get up early.

I would get up early.

6、表惊start 、shock 、、astonish、surprise 、V got a shock(吓了一跳)、

astonishment n 、exclaim (惊叫)V.exclaimed adj.exclaimed adv.

7、Armed/carry/hold/hand=pass/keep(for a long time) with

Armed: armed people

People armed with knowledge

8、Figure n =person /keep a figure/=number

V=figure out

9、不过、但是=but 、yet、still、however

10、看see =sight N 时用Caught sight or lose sight 相当于动词看

11、I was hoping ….本希望做某事

I was hoping to pick you up at the airport.

I was hoping to be your wife.

12、无能为力There is nothing I can do about it.

13、Recognize-identify identification N

14、Silent / quiet

quit离开/ eg:I quit. I give up.

quite (very) 、

15、sth is not as good as sth ,but it is better than nothing.A不如B,但总比没有强

16、Do所有动词

V:Do/did/does

N: Doing—功能sleeping bag/sleeping pill/walking stick/ swimming pool

Adj: done/ doing A dancing dog、A passing plane、A deserted park/ area、

A dressed lady、A lady dressed in/with fur、

She jumped into the room, with Julia taking a Teddy bear.

I sat down for a cup of tea with the baby sleeping./With the baby going to sleep.

Silence was broken with a number of cars rushing into the area.

Silence was broken with the headlights on and the horn blaring.

He lay on the grass with hands crossing behind his head.

He lay on the grass with crossed hands.

He lay on the grass with hands.

He lay on the grass with her with bear 翻译:

我们教区的牧师总是为各种各样的事筹集资金借着电筒光

不过,钟又能报时了,我还是很高兴的。‖

对此我已无能为力了。‖

―大家慢慢就习惯了,

第四课

1、同位语:1)名词,名词2)of 3)that

2、赚钱:Save money/ raise money

3、副词:frequently 常常often always usually

4、当做:referred to as /regard as

5、表原因:as/for/because /because of /since /for the simple reason that/as a result+结果/

as a result of …+原因

6、表愿意be willing to do /be glad to do

7、牺牲sacrifice v、I will sacrifice my life for you殊荣privilege

8、标情况:Situation,occasion,circumstance,statue、condition spectacle(场面)

9、导致give rise to /lead to /cause

10、Good: amazing/ excellent / extraordinary /fantastic/ fascinating / outstanding / superb

11、Big:Titanic / gigantic / vast/ enormous/ immense/ colossal/ tremendous

12、例如:for example,+句子/as it did in the case of/such as

13、过去分词+介词+名词动词+ing/ed adj.+ly adv

14、Do not=fail to

15、我很高兴他来了

I am happy for +名词

I am happy for his arrival

I am happy for his coming

I am happy the fact that he arrived

他的到来令我很高兴

I am happy for being excite me

16、9.Staff/ fellow/ colleague / workmate

Staff: Crew/ cast/ faculty

17、一直不知道****而且永远也不知道have never done and i never will

She has never discovered that …and she never will

18、Insist --…on/ persist….in=sb did this for several years

19、Famous:Make a name for himself/ a household name/ big shot/ be known to / come to be known / I am nobody –small potato / somebody

20、Mental(brain—spiritual ) -manual work–physical

21、Rise in status is worth Loss of money

22、Loss(n)-lose-lost/loose-tight –adjDo my homework /pay my bill/keep his secret

23、Our house is twice as big as yours=only half as much as used to

翻译

如今,从事体力劳动的人的收入一般要比坐办公室的人高出许多。许多人常常情愿放弃较高的薪水以换取做白领工人的殊荣,此乃人之常情。而这常常会引起种种奇怪的现象,在埃尔斯米尔公司当清洁工的艾尔弗雷德.布洛斯就是一个例子。艾尔弗结婚时,感到非常难为情,而没有将自己的职业告诉妻子。

第二十四课

1、Respect-v/n respectable=respected adj

2、conceal****from –hide[ha?d]/hid[h?d]-hidden

3、have--possess v(gain –have –possess –get)

Possession N.(in possession of /take possession of )/ belonging

4、reputation =fame-a good name

5、恰巧发生occur =coincidence =by chance-=happen to do

6、vary变化-v/ varying-different不同的/various=many :~people、~kind of

to varying degrees 在不同程度上

Various /varying/vary

Vary V.: no very—be different from

Varying adj.: different + many

Various adj.: different + many

7、in his youth –when he was young—at his young age

8、stack[st?k]-pile[pa?l]-heap

The cars pile up in the traffic. /stack the books on the shelf

A pile of /a stack of works

9、leap–leapt / creep-crept / crawl

Jump high

Leap一大步/step 一下步

10、this is only one step for a person, but a giant leap for human beings. –Armstrong

11、表示害怕:one’s hair stand on end

scare v. scary adj. Scared V.

fright N. Frighten V. -frighting、frighted adj

Petrify vi petrified(petrified wood)

afraid adj

dread V. Dreadful adj.

12、it is all very well /it is all right/it is ok/it is natural……/you may….(无可非议的、没什么在意的) But …

Eg:It is all right that you keep it from me, but I will never forgive you.

Eg:You may have several wives, but I would rather not.

13、White lie

14、Show me around/to guide sth=lead sb.to

15、Rarely-seldom

16、Impress-impression –impressive

Eg:He left/ gave me the impression that he is/was a good guy.

Eg:She is impressive

She leaves (left) a deep impression.

She impress (impressed) me

17、Dash—rush + panic/scare/afraid ----dash downstairs

Rash adj— careless rashly adv 鲁莽地

Rude-polite

Rush-hour N.匆忙

18、Show your sympathy --sympathetic—sympathetically

19、be proud of =pride v.***on = take pride in

pride …on eg:she prides herself on her dance very much.

20、I am about to leave.

21、Influence / avoid

22、家丑the skeleton in the cupboard / dirty linen

wash v.wash the dirty linen in public 公布于众

white lie/blue blood-royal/ yellow page-book

23、instead of 最终没能实现的,而不是=instead最终去实现的=replace代替

Eg:People started to use steam ships instead of sailing vessel

Eg:He did not become a doctor. Instead, he became a writer.

He became a writer instead of a doctor.

Eg: replace another

I clean out all the grease and replace it with oil 我除掉所有油脂,以油替换

24、dangle:v. He sat on the table dangling his legs.

I dangle my feet in clear blue water

The promise of an ice cream was dangled in front of the little girl.

25、说法saying N.

26、hero/heroine 女豪杰host/hostess 主人

27、conceal1.-hide [ha?d]-hid-hidden

28、at-to(pass the ball to me一队传球/ pass the ball at him瞄准扔向我)

29、sway/ dangle /ferry摆渡

30、in her youth/ when she was young/ at her young age

31、would rather …than/prefer…to 宁愿***而不愿**** 比起A更喜欢B

Eg:i would rather have noodles than rice.

32、moment -15

33、in/under…..situation /instance / circumstance /case/ on…..occasion

34、once/ once upon a time

35、every of her five husbands =continue -continuous / continual

our brain needs continuous blood supply.

They are having continual arguments.

翻译句子:

36、在小说中,我们经常读到一个表面上受人尊重的人物或家庭,却有着某种多年不为人所知的骇人听闻的秘密。

师:We often read ,in novels, that a seemingly respected/respectable person or family has concealed a terrible unknown secret for years.

书:we often read in novels how a seemingly respectable person or family has some terrible secret which has been concealed from strangers for years.

Seem/seeming/seemingly

37、当读者读到小说最后几页了解到书中女主人公heroine/hero时,那位一向待大家很好的可爱的老妇人年轻时一连毒死了她的5个丈夫时,不禁会毛骨悚然。

They are afraid

The reader’s hair stands on end

Scare –scared/scary adj

Fright n/v- frighten v –frightening/frightened adj

when they read in the final pages

that the heroine, a dear/kind old lady, (who was always kind with others) had poisoned every of her five husbands continue—continual有间断(吵架)/ continuous (流水)

师:the reader’s hair stands on end when he reads in the final pages of the novel/ the last few/several pages that the heroine, a dear old lady (who was always kind to others),had, in her youth,poisoned every her five husbands continuously.

书:the reader’s hair stands on end when he reads in the final pages of the novel that the heroine ,a dear old lady who had always been so kind to everybody,had ,in her youth,poisoned every one of her five husbands.

第二十五课

1.Impress-impression-

You impressed me.

You are impressive

You left me a deep impression.

2.Vessel –ship, liner/ container/ pipe /acting on a sudden impulsive

3.On a voyage/ trip =Journey/ flight/voyage/trip/ travel

life is a journey from birth to death.

4.Tear-tore-torn撕扯/ push—away/pull

5.Roll from side to side左右摇摆

6.Take the lead/ lose the lead领先落后

7.Be struck / be caught in/by/during

8.It marked the end of …and the beginning of a new era/period.

9.Steer-drive

10.Remarkable –impressive

11.It seems certain…there is no doubt that..毫无疑问

12.Stand a building stand by the river / lie a lake lie on / sit—

Lie-----

Lie-lay-lain 躺

Hang 绞死–hung

13.Exactly –exactly that day 刚好那天

14.Considering / given ….

that it is Monday, it is OK that you are late. Considering that you are a girl, I will pass.

15.Call in at the port 召回

16.Fur/wool/wood Woolen / wooden

17.Submarine / aircraft carrier / ferry / mermaid/ fright/ ark / sailplane / sailor/ destroyer /captain

18、match =equal he only other ship to match her was

19、I am afraid of you. Afraid you

形容词+prep+名词

20、She was struck by a heavy storm,(by/in/during)which Her rudder was by/in/during torn away.

翻译

1、它给人们留下深刻的印象,使人们回忆起历史上的巨型帆船,在蒸汽船取代帆船之前。It left a deep impression (from the great sailing ships) on people

It serves as an impressive reminder of the great sailing ship of the past before they were replaced by steam ships.

2、唯一可以与之一比高低的是“塞姆皮雷”号帆船。

The only other ship to match her was ….

The only other ship which equals her was …

The only other ship equal(adj.) with her was….

3、毫无疑问,如果中途没有失去舵,“卡帝萨克”号肯定能在比赛中轻易夺冠。

There is no doubt

It seemed certain that ….

If it had not lost her rudder, it would have won the race.

第六课

1.Arcade The arcade was empty./ busy

2.表示看、瞥:1)glance at /glimpse (时间短)

2)stare 中性、glare 不好好看gaze (带有表情的看)=Admire /appreciate

3.Window display / n

4.Assistant –staff/faculty /crew/ cast/fellow

5.Arranged / put/displayed /show/layout N./lay out V

6.broke 打破

1)The silence was suddenly broken.

2)The marriage was broken.

3)peace、record、deadlock

7.smash smash one’s hope

Smash the world record

Smash the drug ring

8. came to a stop./come to an end 会议的结束

come to a decision/an agreement

a fame /a success/understanding

10.stay at the wheel

11.other 1)one***the other 两个中的一个另一个

2)another另外一个another two thieves 许多中的两个two other thieves克制一定数量下的其中两个

3)some****others 后面有名词就不加―S‖不全都是

4)some****the others剩下的全体

5)another 换一个

12、with a long stocking over their faces, jumped out of the car and smashed the window

with iron bars

13.was struck by a heavy statue /Be struck / be caught in/by/during、attack

14.but he was too busy(helping himself to diamond) to notice any pain

15、Roar狮子吼叫/ pounce 扑上去叫

16、表示抓:

Seize:power

Clutch[kl?t?]:猴子抱着大树,clutch bag 没有手提带

Grasp [grɑ?sp]:稳抓握着棍子

Grab:霸占掠夺violence

17、词义翻译:破碎、街道、抢劫、爬行、极好的、

18、 .After/Before

After I opened the door(动作1), I walked out.(动作2)

Before I had breakfast(动作2), I went for a walk.(动作1)

19、.by 1)靠边上2)被动3)交通工具、拿用By/with We cook_by_gas(抓不到)with pot

20、Help oneself to ….1)请自便=knock yourself out 2)偷

21、It is +adj for/of sb to do sth.

It is kind of you (to marry her)(of you kind). ----- You are kind to marry her.

It is difficult (for us) to answer the questions.(对于我们difficult的是问题) ---To

answer the question is difficult for us.

翻译:

1、钻石项链、戒指漂亮地陈列在黑色丝绒上面。

2、宁静突然被打破,一辆大轿车亮着前灯,响着喇叭,呼啸着冲进了拱廊街,

3、一个窃贼被一尊很重的雕像击中,但由于他忙着抢钻石首饰,竟连疼痛都顾不上了。这场

抢劫只持续了3分钟,因为窃贼争先恐后地爬上轿车,以惊人的速度开跑了

第二十一课

1、被称作:be known as/be known to/regard as /referred to as/

2、Settle/ solve Settle an argument=statement论点论据/ settle a disagreement/ solve a

problem

The argument could only be settled

3、Colorful/ dramatically

4、Bet,bet,bet,:bet [bet] money on…在***押钱/ A beat B

5、Be in Debt 负债/ fail to pay his debts

I owe you 100.

I pay 100 to you

You are paid 100.

I am in debt of 30 of you.

I pay you 2 for the water.

6、Attract the attention =appeal to /fascinate['f?s?ne?t] V.

7、eminent adj.–respected+ important + professional=杰出的

8、Against:the letter against the wall (有个点触墙)

9、Quarrel ['kw?r(?)l] V.N. (Bitterly 严重地)

10、比赛Match –game-race-competition

11、Fight/fought 职业拳击手prizefighter

12、founded –set up/put up/ build

13、Lord—royal—blue blood

14、despite—in spite of

15、sent to prison / behind the bars

16、Extravagant {?k'str?v?g(?)nt}

17、表原因:For/as/since/because ---v

For the simple reason that….

So…that….Because of

As a result,接结果reason

As a result of 接原因

Boxing was so lack(enough) of rule that it was very crude.

As a result ---there was no rule. As a result, boxing was very crude.

As a result of no rule, boxing was very crude.

18、enjoy:enjoy +名词欣赏、享受、喜欢做某件事

Enjoy happiness

Suffer :from 外部/ suffer sadness

19、把****变成/把****引进change ****into/ bring ***to /bring from

20、成名:rise a fame/come to be known/

21、生词:名望、著名的、厉害地、专业学校、浪费的、贫困、不带手套、引人注目的

飞快的、胜利、失败、负债、

22、Crude—prime (crude oil)最初的/ cruel-bloody 粗鲁的/ rude—polite粗鲁的

翻译

1、当时,拳击手们不戴手套,为争夺奖金而搏斗。

Then/ at that time ( )

Boxers----a boxer-the boxer

Pandas have bamboo for food/ a panda/ the panda

Boxers fight/ fought

With/without—with bare fists/ without gloves

For prize money (compete/ grab/catch---no)

2、拳击是十分野蛮的,因为当时没有任何比赛规则,职业拳击手有可能在比赛中受重伤,甚至丧命。

Boxing was very crude for…

Because..

Boxing was very crude because of no rule

For/as/since/because ---v

For the simple reason that….

So…that….

Boxing was so lack(enough) of rule that it was very crude.

Because of

As a result ---there was no rule. As a result, boxing was very crude.

As a result of no rule, boxing was very crude.

3、门多萨在的全盛时期深受大家欢迎,

in his (full) day

M was popular

M enjoyed ( ) popularity

二十三课

1、表示多a various parts of 、considerable、

2、联想到associate with=connect with =link to/with /想到at the idea of

3、方法practice

4、Food :luxury/delicacy----N. delicious food/ a great luxury/local delicacy

5、Enjoy:=appreciate、be crazy about、cannot live without、

6、坚持:stick to /insist on /persist in/hand in /remain

7、喜欢:fancy NV.=willing

8、Happened to=by chance /coincidence

9、不计其数countless people thousands people crowds of people

10、give birth to death/to be brought up生来,养育

11、物占有In possession of 人占有take possession of

12、生词:不合乎情理的=、情况、毒药、章鱼、美味delicacy ['del?k?s?]N./ 恶心、反胃V./

奢侈品、鄙视2despise (sarcastically讽刺地)、散步、冲动、令人厌烦的R、翻译

1、在决定什么能吃而什么不能吃的时候,人们往往变得不合情理。比如,你会把章鱼视作是美味佳肴

People get unreasonable when they decide what can be eaten and what cannot be eaten, as it did in the case of M

最终版:

People get/turn/ become illogical/ unreasonable when they decide what can be eaten and what cannot be eaten, as it did in the case of M in which/ where people consider octopus a great delicacy.

in which/where

People consider octopus a great delicacy.

People enjoy/ appreciate / are crazy about / cannot live without/consider A. B. / regard …as…/

Octopus delicious food/ a great luxury/local delicacy

2、我们中的大部分人,生来就只吃某几种食品,而且一辈子都这样

We give birth to death just have certain kinds of food and in the whole life.

From birth to death/ we have certain kinds of food from birth to death.

Fortunately, several—certain/server/ serve /luxury-luxurious /amount

蜗牛加酒烧煮后,便成了世界上许多地方的一道珍奇的名菜

Snail become the luxury food in the most places of the world.

Cooked in wine, Snails become a great luxury in most places of the world.

3、有不计其数的人们从小就知道蜗牛可做菜

A mount of people connect snail to food when they bring up.

An amount of / amounts of

A sum of money/ sums of money

Amounts of people connect snails to food when they were brought up.

Certain

People have certain food

Amounts of people ,from birth to death, have certain food.

4、在决定什么能吃而什么不能吃的时候,人们往往变得不合情理

People are always get unreasonable when they decide to have something or not.

What can be eaten and what cannot be eaten

…..have certain food from birth to death and such as in all life

like this

the snail cooked in wine, it become a famous dish from all over the world.

The dish was connect snail with it.

The dish was connected with snails.

People connect snail with food .

5比如,如果你住在地中海地区,你会把章鱼视作是美味佳肴luxury/delicacy ,同时不能理解为什么有人一见章鱼就恶心。

You will not understand why people regard octopus as boring/ disturbing / your stomach will turn/ disgusting/ repulsive

Find it repulsive/ consider it repulsive/ regard it as something repulsive

He is finding this trip exciting.

6、另一方面,你一想到动物油炸土豆就会反胃,但这在北方许多国家却是一种普通的烹任方法。

On the other/ on another side

On another hand

In another way

As soon as/ The moment/ the second / the minute

no sooner…than…/ hardly…when….

On doing/ at + n

Arrive—arrival

As soon as I came back home, I turned on the air conditioner.

As soon as/the moment I had come back home, I turned on the air conditioner.

I had hardly come back home when I turned on the air conditioner.

I had no sooner come back home than I turned on the air conditioner.

On coming back home, I turned on …

另一方面,你一想到动物油炸土豆就会反胃,但这在北方许多国家却是一种普通的烹任方法。As soon as you think of / consider/ …come into your mind / fry potatoes in animal fat/ grease, your stomach will turn.

1.As soon as you think of frying potatoes in animal fat, your stomach will turn.

2.You will no sooner think of frying potatoes in animal fat than your stomach turns.

Your stomach will turn, as soon as you think of frying potatoes in animal fat, a normally accepted practice in northern countries

The idea of marrying her is a joke.

Reading English in the morning, her favorite practice, is not my style.

7、不无遗憾的是,我们中的大部分人,生来就只吃某几种食品,而且一辈子都这样。Unfortunately/ unluckily,

Most of us have certain kinds of food from (our) birth to death,

Most of us were brought up/ were raised up to have certain food and remain/stay it all our lives.

Stick to them/it all our lives.

8、没有一种生物所受到的赞美和厌恶会超过花园里常见的蜗牛了。

You receive the most apples than others.

No other person receives more apples than you.

No other creature has received more praise and abuse than the common garden snail. pray

9、蜗牛加酒烧煮后,便成了世界上许多地方的一道珍奇的名菜。

Cooked in wine, snails become a luxury/delicacy.

10、有不计其数的人们从小就知道蜗牛可做菜。

Amounts of people connect/ associate / link snails with/to food.

11、但我的朋友罗伯特却住在一个厌恶蜗牛的国家中。他住在大城市里的一所公寓里,没有自己的花园。多年来,他一直让我把我园子里的蜗牛收集起来给他捎去。一开始,他的这一想法没有引起我多大兴趣。

Attract / fascinate / appeal to

The idea did not attract me.

The idea did not appeal to me.

The idea did not fascinate me.

Cause/lead to/give rise to/ the idea did not cause my interest/attention.

Fantastic –big

12、后来有一天,一场大雨后,我在花园里漫无目的散步,突然注意到许许多多蜗牛在我的一些心爱的花木上慢悠悠的蠕动着。

After a heavy rain/ shower,

I wander in my garden and happen to notice a number of snails taking a stroll on some of my lovely/ precious/ beloved/ prize / valuable plants.

Stroll /walk/ wander