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大学英语(B)模拟试题

大学英语(B)模拟试题

Test5

第一部分:交际用语

1.How was your trip to London, Jane? 简,你在伦敦的旅行如何啊?__________.

A. Oh, wonderful indeed 哦真的好极了

B. I went there alone.

C. The guide showed me the way.

D. By plane and by bus.

2. Hey, Tom, what’s up?嗨,汤姆,你在忙什么?

__________.

A. Yes, definitely!

B. Oh, not much.哦,不忙什么

C. What is happening in your life?

D. You are lucky.

3. Do you mind my smoking here? 你介意我在这吸烟吗?

_________.

A. No, thanks.

B. Yes, I do. 是的,我介意

C. Yes. I’d rather not.

D. Good idea.

4. David injured his leg playing football yesterday. 大卫昨天踢球时腿受伤了。

Really? ___________真的吗?_____________.

A. Who did that?

B. What’s wrong with him?

C. How did that happen? 那怎么发生的啊?

D. Why was he so careless?

5. This box is too heavy for me to carry upstairs.这个盒子对我来说太重了搬不到楼上去。

________.

A. You may ask for help.

B. Let me give you a hand.让我帮你吧

C. Please do me a favor.

D. I’d come to help.

6. How are you feeling? 你身体好点了吗?

Much better. _________.好多了

A. Thanks for coming to see me. 谢谢你来看我

B. You look great.

C. You are so tired.

D. Don’t mention it.

7. Oh, Betty, we will be having a buffet party next Saturday, and we’d like you to join us. 嗨,贝蒂,我们将于下周六举行自助餐派对,我们想请你来参加。

________, Susan. What’s the occasion? What time do you want to me to come?

苏珊,是为了什么请客呢?你希望我什么时候到呢?

A. I’d love to 我会来的

B. No way

C. By no means

D. I’m afraid not.

8. Tomorrow is my birthday. 明天是我的生日

__________.

A. Oh, I have a good idea.

B. I am glad you like it.

C. Many happy returns of the day!祝你长命百岁!

D. You must be very happy.

9. Could you be so kind as to turn down that rock “n” roll? I am preparing for tomorrow’s exam. 请你把那个摇滚乐的音量调低点,好吗?我正在准备明天的考试。

________.

A. It’s none of your business.

B. What are you doing?

C. Sure. Sorry to disturb you. 好的,对不起打扰你学习了。

D. No, I don’t think so.

10. Are you getting a new flat this year?你今年要买一套新公寓?

______ I can’t afford to pay my bills, let alone buy a new flat. 我连日常开销都付不起,更不用说买新公寓了。

A. Without question.

B. You must be joking.你在开玩笑。

C. Good idea!

D. Are you sure?

第二部分:阅读理解

Passage 1

Many people who work in London prefer to live outside it, and to go in to their offices or schools every day by train, car or bus, even though this means they have to get up early in the morning and reach home late in the evening.

很多在伦敦工作的人喜欢住在伦敦郊外,然后每天乘火车、汽车和公交车去上班或上学。这也就意味着他们不得不早出晚归。

One advantage of living outside London is that houses are cheaper. Even a small flat in London without a garden costs quite a lot to rent. With the same money, one can get a little house in the country with a garden of one’s own.

住在伦敦郊外的一个好处就是房子便宜。在伦敦即使是没有花园的小公寓也需要一笔不菲的租金,用同样的钱,你可以在郊区买一个带花园的小房子了

Then, in the country one can really get away from the noise and hurry of busy working lives. Even though one has to get up earlier and spend more time in trains or buses, one can sleep better at night and during weekends and on summer evenings, one can enjoy the fresh, clean air of the country. If one likes gardens, one can spend one’s free time digging, planting, watering and doing the hundred and one other jobs which are needed in a garden. Then, when the flowers and vegetables come up, one has the reward of one who has shared the secrets of Nature.

然后,他在乡村就可以远离喧嚣和忙碌的工作生活。即使他不得不起得更早,花更多的时间乘火车或公交车,但他晚上可以睡得更好。在周末和夏季的夜晚,他可以享受乡村清新干净的空气。要是他喜欢花园,在花园里干一些想挖土、种植、浇水等许多园艺的活,那么当鲜花和蔬菜生长起来的时候,他就与其他分享大自然秘密的人们一样得到奖赏。

Some people, however, take no interest in country things: for them, happiness lies in the town, with its cinemas and theatres, beautiful shops and busy streets, dance halls and restaurants. Such people would feel that their life was not worth living if they had to live it outside London. An occasional walk in one of the parks and a fortnight’s (two weeks) visit to the sea every summer is all the country they want: the rest they are quite prepared to leave to those who are glad to get away from London every night. (287 words)

然而有些人对乡村并不感兴趣。对他们来说,幸福就在市区里,那里有电影院、剧院、漂亮的商店、繁忙的街道、舞厅和饭店。如果不得不住在伦敦郊外的话,这些人就觉得生活没意义了。(对于那些热爱都市生活的人来说)他们所需要的乡村生活,就是偶尔去公园散步,每个夏天去海边过上两个星期,其他跟乡村有关的东西,让那些每天晚上都急于离开伦敦的人们(住在郊外的人们)去享受吧。

11. Which of the following statements is NOT true? _______

下列哪个陈述是不对的?

A. People who love Nature prefer to live outside the city.

B. All the people who work in London prefer to live in the country.所有在伦敦工作的人都喜欢住在伦敦市郊

C. Some people enjoying city life prefer to work and live inside London.

D. Many nature lovers, though working in London, prefer to live outside London.

12. With the same money needed for _______, one can buy a little house with a garden in the

country.用同样的钱___,他可以在乡村买到一套有花园的小房子。

A. getting a small flat with a garden

B. having a small flat with a garden

C. renting a small flat without a garden租一套没有花园的小公寓

D. buying a small flat without a garden

13. When the garden is in blossom, the one ______ has been rewarded. 当花园里开满鲜花的时

候,那个______的人就得到了奖赏。

A. living in the country

B. having spent time working in the garden花时间在花园里工作

C. having a garden of his own

D. having been digging, planting and watering

14. People who think happiness lies in the town would feel that________ if they had to live it

outside London. 那些认为幸福就在城市里人会感到________如果他们不得不住在郊外

A. their life was meaningless他们的生活毫无意义

B. their life was invaluable

C. they didn’t deserve a happy life

D. they were not worthy of their happy life

15. The underlined phrase get away from in the 3rd paragraph refers to . 划线的词组

get away from在第3段中指

A. deal with

B. do away with

C. escape from逃脱某个地方

D. prevent from

Passage 2

By definition, heroes and heroines are men and women distinguished by uncommon courage, achievements, and self-sacrifice made most for the benefits of other –they are people against whom we measure others. They are men and women recognized for shaping our nation’s consciousness and development as well as the lives of those who admire them. Yet, some people say that ours is an age where true heroes and heroines are hard to come by, where the very idea of heroism is something beyond us-an artifact of the past. Some maintain that because the Cold War is over and because America is at peace our age is essentially an unheroic one. Furthermore, the overall crime rate is down, poverty has been eased by a strong and growing economy, and advances continue to be made in medical science.

就定义而言,英雄之所以与众不同是因为他们有非凡的勇气、取得了卓著的成就、常常为他人的利益而做出牺牲——他们是我们评价别人的标准。他们是大家公认的对我们国家意识的形成和我们国家的发展,还有对他们的崇拜者的一生起了重大作用的人。可是,有人说,我们的时代是很难出现真正英雄的时代,英雄主义这一概念本身我们就难以理解——它已经成为历史。有些人坚持说,由于冷战的结束和美国对外的和睦,我们的时代本质上不是一个英勇豪壮的时代。更进一步地说,总体犯罪率正在降低,经济的发展与增长已经缓解了贫困,医疗科学也在不断的进步。

Cultural icons are hard to define, but we know them when we see them. They are people who manage to transcend celebrity(明星), who are legendary, who somehow manage to become mythic.

But what makes some figures icons and others mere celebrities? That’s hard to answer. In part, their lives have the quality of a story to tell. For instance, the beautiful young Diana Spencer who at 19 married a prince, renounced marriage and the throne, and died at the moment she found true love. Good looks certainly help. So does a special indefinable charm, with the help of the media. But nothing confirms an icon more than a tragic death -such as Martin Luther King Jr., John F. Kennedy, and Princess Diana. (258 words)

给文化偶像下定义就更难了,但是我们看到他们就认识了他们。他们超越了名流,成为传奇式人物,甚至在某种程度上已是神话式的人物。但究竟是哪些因素使有些人成为偶像,另一些人仅成了名流呢?这就太难说了。部分原因是他们的生平带有传奇故事的色彩。比如说,年轻貌美的戴安娜·史宾塞,19岁时嫁给了王子,放弃了婚姻与王权,却在找到真爱的那一刻死去了。漂亮的长相当然有用,另外,在媒体的炒作下某种难以描述的、特殊的个人魅力也起作用。然而悲剧性地过早离开这个世界,却是造成偶像最重要的因素——例如:小马丁·路德·金、约翰·F·肯尼迪和戴安娜王妃。

16. The passage mainly deals with __________. 这段主要讲述了__________.

A. life and death

B. heroes and heroines

C. heroes and icons英雄与偶像

D. icons and celebrities

17. Heroes and heroines are usually _______. 英雄通常是__________.

A. courageous

B. good examples to follow

C. self-sacrificing

D. all of the above 以上三个都是

18. Which of the following statements is wrong?_______下列哪个陈述是错误的?

A. Poverty in America has been eased with the economic growth.

B. Superstars are famous for being famous.

C. One’s look can contribute to being famous.

D. Heroes and heroines can only emerge in war times.英雄只能出现在战争时代。

19. Beautiful young Diana Spencer found her genuine love _______.年轻貌美的戴安娜·史宾塞找到了她的真爱_______

A. when she was 19

B. when she became a princess

C. just before her death刚好在她死之前

D. after she gave birth to a Prince

20. What is more likely to set an icon’s status?_______什么更有可能说明偶像的状况?

A. Good looks.

B. Tragic and early death悲剧和英年早逝

C. Personal attraction.

D. The quality of one’s story.

Passage 3

Shyness is the cause of much unhappiness for a great many people. Shy people are anxious and self-conscious; that is, they are excessively concerned with their own appearance and actions. Worrisome thoughts are constantly occurring in their minds: What kind of impression am I making? Do they like me? Do I sound stupid? Am I wearing unattractive clothes?

羞怯是许多人不快乐的原因。害羞的人焦虑不安,自我意识强,也就是说,他们过分在意自己的形象和行为。焦虑时常萦绕在他们的脑海中:我给人留下了什么印象?他们喜欢我吗?我让人觉得很傻吗?我的穿着是否不吸引人?

It is obvious that such uncomfortable feeling must negatively affect people. A person’s conception of himself or herself is reflected in the way he or she behaves, and the way a person behaves affects other people’s reactions. In general, the way people think about themselves has a profound effect on all areas of their lives.

显而易见,这种不舒适的感觉必然给人们带来了不利的影响。一个人的自我意识反映在

他或她的行为上,而一个人的行为会影响他人的反应。一般而言,人们认识自己的方式对他们的生活的方方面面有深远的影响。

Shy people, having low self-esteem, are likely to be passive and easily influenced by others. They need reassurance that they are doing “the right thing.”Shy people are very sensitive to criticism: they feel it confirms their feelings of inferiority. They also find it difficult to be pleased by compliment with a statement like this one: “You’re just saying that to make me feel good. I know it’s not true.” It is clear that, whil e self-awareness is a healthy quality, overdoing it is harmful.

羞怯的人非常自卑,他们可能很被动,容易受他人的影响。他们需要得到他人的再次确认:他们所做的是“正确的事情”。羞怯的人对批评很敏感,他们认为批评使得他们更低人一等。他们也发现自己很难因为受到类似的表扬而高兴,如:你刚才所说的使我感觉很好。我知道那不是真的。很明显,尽管具有自知之明是件好事,但过度自谦则是有害的。

Can shyness be completely eliminated, or at least reduced? Fortunately, people can overcome shyness with determined and patient efforts in building self-confidence. Since shyness goes hand in hand with a lack of self-esteem, it is important for people to accept their weakness as well as their strengths.

羞怯能根除吗?或至少能减少些吗?幸运的是,许多人能通过坚决而有耐心地建立自信来克服羞怯。既然羞怯与自卑天生相伴,那么人们能看见他们的优缺点是很重要的。

Each one of us is a unique, worthwhile individual, interested in our own personal ways. The better we understand ourselves, the easier it becomes to live up to our full potential. Let’s not allow shyness to block our chances for a rich and fulfilling life. (289 words)

每一个人都是独一无二的,都有其价值所在。我们对我们自己个人的方式感兴趣。我们了解自己越多,我们就越容易充分发挥自己的潜能。不要让羞怯妨碍我们实现富裕而有成效的人生。

21. What does the author try to prove by citing “what kind of impression am I making?” (Para.1) ________ 作者通过引用“我给人留下了什么印象?”来试图说明什么?(第一段)

A. Shy people benefit from their caring about their appearance.

B. People’s shyness made them care too much about their appearance and actions.

羞怯使他们过分关注他们的形象和行为。

C. It’s natural that shy people don’t believe other’s compliments.

D. Shy people think they are different from others.

22. According to the writer, self-awareness is _______. 根据作者的观点,自知之明是一件_______

A. a good quality 好事

B. the cause of unhappiness

C. harmful to people

D. a weak pointy of shy people

23. When being praised, shy people feel that it is ________.当被赞扬的时候,羞怯的人感到这是_______

A. good

B. unreal 不真实的

C. very reasonable

D. harmful

24. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? _____.根据文章含义,下列陈述哪一个是正确的?

A. Shyness helps us to develop our potential.

B. Shyness enables us to understand ourselves better.

C. Shyness can block our chances for a rich life.羞怯能够阻碍我们实现富裕人生的机会。

D. Shyness has nothing to do with lack of self-esteem.

25. It can be inferred from the passage that shy people____. 从文章中可以推断出羞怯的人_______

A. should find more of their weakness

B. should understand themselves in the right way 应当以正确的方式看待自己

C. had better ignore their weakness

D. can get rid of their shyness while maintaining low self-esteem.

第三部分:词汇与结构

26. The manager will not _______ us to see use his car. 经理不准我们用他的车。

A. have

B. let

C. agree

D. allow

27. _______ her and then try to copy what she does. 留心观察,然后照她的样子做。

A. Mind

B. See

C. Stare at

D. Watch

28. Will you _____ me a favor, please? 你愿意帮我个忙吗?

A. do

B. make

C. bring

D. give

29. It’s bad _____ for you to smoke in the public places where smoking is not allowed. 对你来说在禁止吸烟的公共场所吸烟是一个坏的举止行为。

A. behavior

B. action

C. manner

D. movement

30. It’s a good idea. But who’s is going to _______ the plan?这是个好主意。但谁去执行这个计划呢?

I think John and Peter will.我认为约翰和比德可以去执行这个计划。

A. carry out

B. get through

C. take in

D. set aside

31. Before the final examination, some students have shown ______ of tension. They even have trouble in sleeping.在期末考试前,一些学生已经表现出紧张的样子,他们甚至都睡不好觉。

A. anxiety

B. marks

C. signs

D. remarks

32. The problem is not _____ so easy as you think. It’s far from being settled.这个问题远非像你想象的那么容易。问题根本没有被解决。

A. hardly

B. almost

C. nearly

D. scarcely

33. It’s time to tidy your room, Harry! 哈里,是整理房间的时间了。

See the tidy room, Mum! _______is where it should be. 看这干净整洁的房间,妈妈!一切都井井有条。

A. Something

B. Anything

C. Everything

D. Nothing

34. What will you buy for your boyfriend’s birthday?

你打算给你男朋友的生日买什么呢?

I want to buy a ______ wallet for him. 我想买一个小黑皮钱包给他。

A. black leather small

B. small black leather

C. small leather black

D. black small leather

35. The young actor who had been thought highly of _______ to be a great disappointment. 那个曾深受推崇的年轻演员结果很令人失望。

A. turned up

B. turned out

C. turned down

D. turned in

36. He is fond of playing ____ piano while his brother is interested in listening to ___ music. 他喜欢弹钢琴,而他的弟弟对听音乐很感兴趣。

A. /; the

B. /;/

C. the; /

D. the; the

37. Don’t you feel surprised to see George at the meeting?难道你在会上看到乔治不感到惊讶吗?

Yes. I really didn’t think he ______ here. 不,惊讶的。我真的没想到他会在这。

A. has been

B. had been

C. would be

D. would have been

38. Children under fifteen are not permitted to see such kind of movies ____ bad for their mental development. 15岁以下的孩子不允许看这类会对他们心理发展有害的电影。

A. that is

B. which is

C. as is

D. what are

39. Nancy was badly injured in the accident yesterday and she was sent to hospital.

南希在昨天的事故中严重受伤,被送进了医院。

Oh, really? I _____. I ______ visit her. 哦,真的吗?我不知道,我要去看望她。

A. didn’t know; will go to

B. don’t know; will go to

C. didn’t know; am going to

D. haven’t known; am going to

40. Take this medicine twice a day, Peter? 比德,这个药一日吃两次。

Do I have to take it? It _____ so terrible.

我一定要吃吗?这药尝起来太可怕了。

A. is tasting

B. is tasted

C. tastes

D. has tasted

41. The young ______ interested in pop music. 年轻人对流行音乐感兴趣。

A. is

B. have

C. has

D. are

42. Important ________ his discovery might be, it was regarded as a matter of no account in his time. 虽然他的发现很重要,但是在他那个时代,这个发现被认为毫无价值。

A. when

B. until

C. as

D. although

43. Why does he look sad? 为什么他看起来不高兴呢?

There are so many problems ________. 还有很多剩下的问题没有解决。

A. remaining to settle

B. remained settling

C. remaining to be settled

D. remained to be settled

44. The physics exam is not difficult, is it? 物理考试不是很难,是吗?

________. Even Harry _____ to the top students failed in it. 不,物理考试难。甚至连最好的学生哈里考核也没通过。

A. Yes; belongs

B. No; belonged

C. Yes; belonging

D. No; belonging

45. _______ tomorrow’s lessons, Frank has no time to go out with his friends. 没有准备好明天的课,佛兰克没有时间和他的朋友出去。

A. Not preparing

B. Not having prepared

C. Not to prepare

D. Being not prepared

第四部分:完型填空

It is always interesting to visit another country, especially for those who have never traveled a great deal. Foreign 46 can be very educational for anyone if he is interested enough to make preparations beforehand. Learning the language of the new country would be difficult for the traveler, 47 the benefits of such an effort would become obvious immediately 48 his arrival. It may not seem important to him when he comfortably stays at home, but knowing how to 49 a meal or book a room is necessary for the newcomer in a strange country. Without knowing the language, it is very difficult 50 the stranger to understand the people of the new country and their customs.

出国旅游总是很有趣的,尤其是对于那些很少出门旅行的人。如果旅游者兴致很高,提前做些知识准备,在国外旅行中能学到更多的东西。学习一门新的语言对于旅行者来说会

很难,但是一到达新国度,这种努力学习语言的益处就会立竿见影。当他在国内的时候这并不重要,但是在一个陌生的国家里,对于一个新来的人知道如何点餐或预定房间却是必须的。如果不懂这个国家的语言,对陌生人而言,就很难理解这个国家的人文及风俗文化。

Of course, in our small world, it is often possible to find someone 51 understands our own, but this is only second-best for the traveler. To be sure, he can see places and things 52 the use of a language, but places and things 53 not the heart of the country. To get the greatest benefit from a trip 54 another country, it is how important for the visitor to 55 an understanding of the language.

当然,世界很小,我们经常有可能找到理解我们自己语言的人,但是对于旅行者来说,这只是次之的选择。他能够不用语言看懂地方及很多东西,这是肯定的,但这并不是一个国家的核心内容。为了在旅游中能够从别的国家获得最大的收益,对于游客来说,懂一门新语言是多么重要啊!

46. A. travel B. country C. language D. people

47. A. when B. so C. and D. but

48. A. on B. before C. while D. at

49. A. buy B. order C. eat D. book

50. A. of B. to C. for D. in

51. A. who B. where C. which D. whom

52. A. without B. with C. by D. that

53. A. is B. are C. were D. had

54. A. of B. in C. to D. on

55. A. has B. having C. had D. have

第五部分:英译汉

56. The more passions we have, the more happiness we are likely to experience.

我们的激情越多,我们有可能体验到的快乐就越多。

57. Each time history repeats itself, the price goes up.

历史每重演一次,代价就增加(一分)。

58. In an age of plenty, we feel spiritual hunger.

在这个物质财富充裕的时代,我们感到精神上的饥渴。

59. If you decided to learn a new language, you would have to dedicate yourself wholeheartedly to the cause.

如果你决定学一门新的语言,你必须全身心地投入。

60. Karsh was praised as a master portraitist, often working in black and white, influenced by great painters of the past.

卡什被人们誉为人像大师,由于受到历史上一些著名画家的影响,他在拍摄中经常运用黑白摄影。

第六部分:写作

Bad Manners in Public

1. 列举人们在公共场所的不良现象.

2. 对其中某一种现象陈述你的看法, 并简单说明理由.

Bad Manners in Public

公共场所的不良举止行为

Although we consider ourselves as highly advanced beings living in a civilized society, bad manners can still be found here and there. For example, some cyclists run the red traffic lights, many passengers litter waste papers and plastic bags in the public places, and some tourists scrabble in tourist attractions, let alone spit on the street. In the cinema, some audience talk loudly on cell phones in front of others.

虽然我们认为自己是生活在这个文明社会中的高级生物,但是不良举止行为仍到处可见。比如,骑自行车的人闯红灯,很多人在公共场所乱仍废纸和塑料袋,一些游客在旅游景点乱涂乱画,更不用说在大街上随地吐痰了。在电影院里,一些观众在他人面前用手机大声讲话。

I’m strongly against talking loudly in the cinema, for this behavior shows no respect at all to others; what’s more, it upsets the audience who are in the mood of having fun.

我强烈反对在电影院大声聊天,因为这一行为对他人一点也不尊重,此外,还严重影响了其他观众看电影的心情。