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大英三(3学分)口语考试话题、词组、翻译

1) Which life do you prefer, country life or city life? And why?(U1)

2) Talk about changes in Chinese family life.(U1)

3) Talk about the Civil-rights Movement in the U.S.(U2)

4) Why it is believed that much remains to be done before black Americans enjoy full equality? (U2)

5) What do you think has led to deterioration in security in many parts of the world?(U3)

6) Prevention or punishment, which do you think is the better alternative in ensuring citizen safety?(U3)

7) What role do you think imagination plays in promoting the advancement of science and technology? (U4)

8) Why do you think it important that scientists should possess creative powers? (U4)

Unit 1 Unit 2

get by

just about

get through

on balance

at that point

aside from

cut back

dine out

on a small/large scale

as a result

at one time

get along

go with

in addition

make sense

miss out(on sth.) relate to

take over

whip up Stand up (for)

Be intent on(sth/doing sth) On the side

Close in (on/around)

As for

Make the best of

At risk

In the eyes of

Pass for

Lead to

Usher in

Be tired of

Push (sb) about/ around Lie in honor/ in state

Unit 3 Unit 4

On the latch

Close up

Hook up to

Build in/into

Put up

Without/with not so much as Stand for

Be bathed in

With/by a small/large margin In a row

Doze off

Come to a conclusion

Not give a fig for (sb./sth.) Believe in

Beyond (any) doubt

(never) get anywhere/get nowhere At the turn of the century

If anything

aim at

take the plunge

pull in

in one’s favor

break in

in/under the/no circumstances count on

draw the line at sth./doing sth. on the line Not amount to much Contrary to

Excel at/in

Come by

Find out

Unit 5

under way

put away

get to sth. / doing sth.

and the rest

in quest of

turn over

take…for granted

at sea

on sb’s behalf / on the behalf of sb. be exposed to

be immersed in

in part

in turn

for pete’s, god’s, etc. sake

bring back in a flash

go about

long for sth. / to do sth.

in secret

cut off

home in (on sth.)

out on a limb

on a daily/weekly, etc. basis (right) off the bat

part with

jot down

on average

reach out (to sb. / sth.)

Translation

Unit 1

1)我们的计算机系统出了毛病,但我觉得问题比较小。

We have a problem with the computer system, but I think it is fairly minor.

2) 父亲去世时我还小。就在那时,家乡的父老乡亲接过了养育我的责任。

My father died when I was young. The people of my hometown took over responsibility for my upbringing at that point.

3) 这些玩具必须得在达到严格的安全要求后才可以出售给儿童。

The toys have to meet strict safety requirements before they can be sold to children.

4) 作为新闻和舆论的载体,广播和电视补充了而不是替代了报纸。

As carriers of news and opinion, radio and television have supplemented rather than replaced the newspaper.

5)至于这本杂志,它刊载了世界各地许多报纸杂志上文章的摘要。

When it comes to this magazine, it is a digest of articles from many newspapers and maganizes around the world.

Unit 2

全球金融危机后果对我们影响巨大。

We’re greatly affected by the consequences of the global financial crisis.

2) 我们相信我们能够面对挑战,克服危机。

We are confident that we can face up to the challenge and overcome the crisis.

3) 在持续不断的沙尘暴的威胁下,我们被迫离开我们喜爱的村庄,搬迁到新的地方。Under threat of constant sand storms, we were compelled to leave our cherished village and move to the new settlement.

4) 许多消费者说他们也许会有兴趣考虑购买电视广告中播放的产品。

A lot of consumers say they may be motivated to consider buying products shown in TV commercials.

5) 老人看到卡车司机把受污染的废弃物( contaminated waste) 倒在河边。

The old man spotted a truck driver dumping contaminated waste alongside the river.

6) 一些科学家坚信人们总有一天会喜欢转基因农作物(genetically modified crops)的. Some scientists hold to the firm conviction that people will come to like genetically modified crops someday.

7) 转基因农作物(genetically modified crops)能够提高产量,帮助发展中国家战胜饥荒和疾病。

Genetically modified crops can increase yields and help combat hunger and disease in the developing world.

Unit 3

1) 无论在城市还是在农村,因特网正在改变人们的生活方式。

The Internet is changing the way people live, no matter whether they are in urban or rural areas. 2) 和大公司相比,中小公司更容易受到全球经济危机的威胁。

Medium-sized and small companies are more vulnerable to the threat of the global economic crisis than large ones.

3) 关于期末论文,教授要求我们先分析失业图表。

With regard to our term papers, the professor asked us to analyze the chart of unemployment first.

4) 教授要求我们对国家的经济发展提供批评性的见解。

The professor asked us to prov ide critical reflections on the nation’s economic development.

5) 他从来也没有想到他们队会以大比分赢得那场比赛。

It never occurred to him that their team would win the basketball match by a large margin.

6) 回顾二十年的教学,我把我的成功归结为耐心、才能和对知识的不断追求。

Looking back on my twenty years’ teach ing, I attributed my success to patience, talent, and the constant pursuit of knowledge.

Unit 4

1) 志愿人员非常小心地对饮用水进行了消毒,以避免爆发瘟疫。

The volunteers disinfected the drinking water with great caution so as to avoid the outbreak of plague.

2. 爱因斯坦用了多年时间试图把这两个理论结合起来但失败了。

Einstein spent many years tring to unify the two theories but failed.

3. 王教授善于激发学生的创造想象力。

Professor Wang is good at stimulating students’ creative imagination.

4) 因存在一些设计上的重大缺陷,董事会没有同意这项经济刺激计划。

The board of directors didn’t approve of the economic s timulus package because of some major design flaws.

5) 乔丹(Jordan) 意识到没有人能够帮助他,终于得出结论他必须面对现实,独自接受挑战。Having realized that nobody could help him, Jordan finally came to the conclusion that he had to face reality and meet the challenge by himself.

Unit 5

1) 奶奶想当然的认为粮价要涨。

Grandma took it for granted that food prices would soar.

2)我可以给你引用几个例子来说明她献身科学的精神。

I can quote you several instances of her dedication to science.

3)20世纪80年代中国一些经济特区(zone)开始迅速发展起来。

The 1980s saw the start of the swift development of some special economic zones in China.

4)两国关系的紧张部分是由间谍事件(spy affair)引起的。

Tension between the two countries stemmed in part from the spy affair.

5)彼得已在一家律师事务所当了多年律师,你可考虑请他做你的律师,由他代你行事。Peter has worked in a law firm for many years,You can consider having him as your lawyer to act on your behalf.