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福建省厦门市2012年中考试题(英语)(无听力部分)

2012年厦门市初中毕业及高中阶段各类学校招生考试英语

(2012年厦门市中考英语试卷)

一.选择填空:从A、B、C中,选出一个最佳答案完成句子。

17. ---You look worried. What's your______?

---I have trouble in learning math.

A. plan

B. idea

C. problem

18. ---I can't find my dictionary.

---Is the one on Jack's desk______?

---Yes, thank you.

A.his

B. yours

C. ours

19. ---What does your sister____?

---She is tall and thin.

A. look like

B. look for

C. look up

20. ---I really like your backpack, is it______?

---I don't know how much it is. It's my brother's.

A. expensive

B. heavy

C. useful

21. ---Jenny, will you still be here this afternoon?

---Yeah, I think I'll stay _____five. Then I'm leaving for dinner.

A. at

B. since

C. until

22. ---I saw David in the teacher's office this morning. Do you know____ he was there?

---He slept in geography class.

(2)why B. how C. when

23. ---____ do you read English newspaper?

---I read China Daily every day.

How soon B. How often C. How long

24. Most of my classmates have had the expensive of taking a plane, but I ____.

1.wasn't B. haven't C. won't

25. ---Oh, where's my key?

---Is it possible that you ____it in the car?

A. caught

B. found

C. left

26. ---Does Aunt Tara enjoy____?

---Yes, She has three dogs, two rabbits, four birds and some fish in her house.

A. visiting the zoo

B. keeping pets

C. working on the farm

27. ---Excuse me, may I smoke here?

---I'm afraid you____. It's not allowed here.

A.can

B. can't

C. needn't

28. I heard that most of Jeff's best books____ when he was sick and poor.

A.had written B. were writing C. were written 29. ---What's the terrible noise upstairs? I can hardly stand that.

---Our neighbors ____a party.

A.are having

B. were having

C. will have

30.---I'm always feeling stressed out before a big exam.

---____.You can go out for a walk or listen to some light music.

A. Take it easy

B. Make a decision

C. Work it out

31. ---Would you like to go to the gym with me this Saturday afternoon?

---____, but I promised to go swimming with Eric.

A.Never mind

B. I don't think so

C. I'd love to Ⅵ.完形填空:从A、B、C中,选择一个最佳答案,使短文意思完整。

A doctor said in his study that four "people" live in a person's mind(意识、内心).They are father, mother, adult, and child. The father is like a teacher __32__ asks himself and others a lot.

The mother is so ___33__that she always cares about other people. The adult is a smart worker but likes to correct others' mistakes. And the child is cute but may not ___34___others.

If the four "people" in a person's mind __35__, the person can become a happy and healthy man. He __36__ his life and people like to be with him. However, not everyone is like this, because people come from ___37___families. If a person's parents ask him __38__, he will not show his real feeling easily. He asks too much

of himself, too. That is, among the four people in his mind, the "father" and the "adult" are stronger than the "mother" and the "child".__39__if a person's parents are too kind to ask him anything, he will care about himself only. In his mind, the "__40__"is stronger than the other three "people". How to __41__the four "people" in the mind is very important in having a happy life. So we need to learn to develop a happy and healthy mind.

32. A. who B. which C. what

33. A. serious B. kind C. wild

34. A. find out B. laugh at C. think of

35. A. get along well B. argue a lot C. fight hard

36. A. saves B. spares C. enjoys

37. A. different B. poor C. small

38. A. a little B. too much C. no more

39. A. And B. But C. So

40. A. mother B. adult C. child

41. A. balance B. discover C. describe

(三)阅读理解(每小题2分,共50分)

Ⅶ.阅读下面五篇短文,根据文章的内容选择最佳答案作答42-66小题。

A

“You'll have to take care of the baby today,”a woman told her husband. "I'm not feeling well."

"Then you must stay in bed and rest, dear" her husband said. "I'll be pleased

to look after our baby." "By the way, shall I do the shopping for you as well? " her husband asked.

The woman was very glad and said, "That will help me very much. I'll give you a list of things to buy"

She wrote out the list and gave it to him.

The man took the baby to the supermarket and put him in the shopping cart. Then he pushed the shopping cart along the rows of things and looked for those that were on his list.

At first everything was OK, but then the baby began to cry.

Then he started to scream.

And scream!

And SCREAM!

“Keep calm, George,”the man said. “Don’t get excited.Don’t shout,George. Don’t lose your temper, George.”

A woman in the supermarket heard him saying so. She walked up to him.

“I think you are wonderful,”she said. “You are so pati ent with your little George.”

“Madam,”the man said, “I’m George.He’s Edward.”

42. The man took care of the baby instead because his wife was .

A. ill

B. busy

C. angry

43. The baby cried so hard .

A. at home

B. in the supermarket

C. in the street

44. When the baby was crying, the father kept taking to for relaxing.

A. his baby

B. the woman

C. himself

45. The underlined sentence “Don’t lose your temper.” in this passage

means“”.

A. calm down

B. shut up

C. walk on

46. The baby’s name is .

A. George

B. Edward

C. Scream

B

In the last few years, some researchers have decided to study why kids lie(撒谎),So they made up a special team of 12students,all under the age of 21.

Each student was given 36 cards, and each card listed a topic that teens sometimes lie about to their parents ,The researchers worked through the cards with the teens, learning what things the kid was lying to his parents about ,and why.

By the end of the interviews, the kids saw for the first time how much they were lying and how many of family’s rules they had broken. It was reported that 98% of the teens had lied to their parents.

Out of the 36 topics, the average(平均) teen was lying to his parents about 12 of them. The teens lied about what movie they went to, and whom they went with .They lied about how they spent their afternoons while their parents were at work, and something like that.

Most parents hear their ch ild lie and think he’s too young to understand what lies are or that lying’s wrong. They believe their child will stop, when he gets older .Many books also advise parents to just. let lies go—they’ll grow out of it .But the truth is that kids grow into it. In studies where children are observes(观察) in their natural environment, a 4-year-old child will lie once every two hours ,while a 6-year-old child will lie about once every hour and a half.

47. The researchers started the project by .

A. playing cards

B. free talking

C. doing a survey

48. The topics on 36 cards are mostly between kids and .

A. parents

B. teachers

C. researchers

49. From this passage, the teens lied on about of the 36 topics as an average.

A. 12%

B. 33%

C. 98%

50. On this topic, the advice from many books for the parents is that they .

A. needn’t worry about it too much

B. should take it serious enough

C. had better do something to stop it

51. According to the studies, children tell lies as they get older.

A. less

B. more

C. no

C

There are many TV programs on Chinese cuisines(烹饪、美食),but few are like A Bite of China. It tries to bring something new by introducing more cultural features related to dishes, such as eating habits and wonderful stories about food.

It’s said that more than 100 million Chinese people are watching the program .Most Chinese people see this program as more than just the regular food shows. They see it as an amazing documentary providing a special view of Chinese as well as the relations between people and food and between people and society.

On the other hand ,the documentary also stimulates(刺激)Chinese people’s consumption. Taobao, one of China’s biggest online shopping sites, reports that the search(搜索) on food items that were introduced by the documentary has increased to 4 million times within one week, and sales have increased to 5.82 million, or 20%.

To get enough good stories, the production team spent three months doing research and interviews in about 60 cities before they started making the documentary last July. Filming lasted about nine months.

Liu Wen, the director, says “As CCTV-9 serves as a window. allowing the world to better understand China, the documentary aims to help the world not only appreciate the beauty of Chinese cuisines ,but also learn Chinese customs.”

52. A Bite of China is a .

A. film

B. TV show

C. book

53. This program is quite different from other food shows because it has more features of .

A. culture

B. cuisine

C. news

54. The main idea of the 3rd paragraph is that the program brings a new opportunity on .

A. Internet communication

B. film making

C. food business

55. It took the production team about to complete the whole program.

A. 3 months

B. six months

C. a year

56. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to this passage?

A. Most people watch the program because they want to learn how to cook.

B. There’re many wonderful stories about Chinese cuisines in “A Bite of China”.

C. You can buy some food that’s more deli cious and cheaper through the program.

D

There was an American writer who often told such a story to his friends and readers:

It was an exhibition of the artists’ works organized by the Red Cross. I was invited as a special guest to take part in the exhibition. During this period, two cute girls of 16 or 17 years old came to me and asked for my signature(签名)。

“I h a ven’t brought my pen.It the pencil okay?”I asked. In fact I knew they wouldn’t refuse.I just wanted to show a well-known writer’s good manners to the common readers.

“Certainly,”the young girls readily agreed. I could see they were very excited. Of course, their excitement also made me more pleased with myself. One of the girls handed her notebook to me. I took out my pencil, wrote a few words of encouragement, and signed my name. The girl read my signature, frowned(皱眉), looked at me carefully and asked, “Aren’t you Robe r t Charboss?”

“NO,”I told her proudly,“I’m the author of Alice Adams,the winner of two Pulitzer Prizes.”

The young girl turned to another one, and said, “Mary,lend your eraser to me.”

At the moment, all my pride turned into a bubble immediately. Since then, I always warn(告诫)myself:Don’t think too highly of yourself even though you are so outstanding.

57. The writer went to the exhibition because he .

A. would put out his new book

B. got a special invitation

C. wanted to meet his fans

58. The writer the girl.

A. signed his name for

B. borrowed a pen from

C. lent the pencil to

59. We can infer that the two girls were the fans of .

A. the writer

B. Alice Adams

C. Robert Charboss

60. The underlined sentence “All my pride turned into a bubble immediately”means That the writer .

A. had realized that he was too proud of himself

B. felt very angry when he heard the girl’s words

C. was so polite to the girls and helped them a lot

61. This story teaches us to be a(an) person.

A. careful

B. outstanding

C. modest

E

Writers can be creative. To do this, they can use figures of speech(修辞). There are many of these. Here we learn some of them, such as similes, metaphors, hyperbole, and personification.

Similes and metaphors are both comparisons(比较)between two unlike things. But they are not the same. Similes use “as” or “like” to compare two things. For example, “hard as stone” “spend money like water” are similes. Metaphors are comparisons between two unlike things that seem to have nothing in common. “Life is a book” and “A policeman took me out of the snake of traffic” are metaphors.

Hyperbole is also a figure of speech. It is a form of exaggeration(夸张).People often exaggerate when they speak or write. For example, “There were a million people in the store”is hyperbole. “You are the whole world to me” is, too.

Finally, people often give things and animals human characteristics. This is personification. “The wind is whispering” is one example, so is “My dog is speaking to me”.The wind and a dog are not humans, but they have human characteristics here. So they are examples of personification.

62. This passage introduces kinds of figures of speech to us.

A. 3

B. 4

C. 5

63. “”shows the use of simile.

A. My love is like a red rose

B. She is as tall as me

C. He likes games.

64. Picture gives us an example of metaphor.

A. B. C.

65. “The bird is singing in the tree.” is an example of .

A. metaphor

B. hyperbole

C. personification

66. It must be helpful for your study after reading this passage.

A. history

B. language

C. science

第二部分(非选择题)

(四)情景交际运用(共20分)

VIII.根据对话情景,填入恰当的单词。(每空一词,每词1分,共6分)

Kate: What does your father do, Jack?

Jack: My father is a 71. .He works in a middle school. How about your father, Kate?

Kate: My father is a doctor, He works in a 72 .

Jack: Then what are you going to be when you grow up?

Kate: I think I want to be a 73 .I like to talk whit people and write stories, And

I do like to interview famous singers and actors.

Jack: So you may work for a 74 or a TV station?

Kate: Either is OK, I think. Well, what about you, Jack?

Jack: I want to be a policeman, It’s an exciting 75 though sometimes it may be a little dangerous.

Kate: Then you should 76 often because you must have a strong boby.

Jack: Yes, madam.

IX.根据情景提示,用恰当的短语和句子填空。(每空2分,共8分)。

你想知道你们班新来的同学叫什么名字,你可以这样问:

77.Hello,,please?

你想知道Sarah上周末过的怎么样,你可以这样问:

78. ,Sarah?

你想告诉你的笔友你个性外向,你可以这样说:

79.I think 。

你想告诉王老师你擅长唱歌和跳舞,你可以这样说:

80. ,Mr. Wang. X.根据语篇情景,用恰当的短语和句子填空,使之意思完整。

(每空2分,共6分)

Greetings from Paris,

I wish you were here, I’m having the time of my life. Yesterday, I went to see the Eiffel Tower. It was wonderful. I 81 so many times on TV, but it was different seeing it in person. I’ve been to se veral museums, but tomorrow I’m going on a tour of the Louvre. I’ll have a chance to see the Mona Lis a. Right now, I’m sitting outside at a café.I’m 82 __________. It’s so delicious. The food here is very good. I bring my camera with me and I 83______________ of the city. I can’t wait to show them to you. I hope you are going well. Give my love to your parents.

(五)写作(共25分)

XI. 段落编写(本题10分)

使用所给的词语,编写一个意义相对完整的语段。

提示词:difficult, try, by, help, fun

要求:1.使用全部提示词,并在语段中用下划波浪线“”标出提示词;

2.语段具有一个相对合理的主题意义;

3.词数为50词左右,最多不超过80词

XII. 短文写作(本题15分)

无论在学校或家庭,都有许多针对青少年的规则(rules),请写一篇80词以上的短文,分别谈谈你最赞同和最反感的一两条,同时说说自己对这些规则的看法或改进建议。

内容要求:1.介绍一两条你最赞同的规则,并陈述理由;

2.介绍一两条你最反感的规则,并提出改进建议;

3.对规则的利弊做一个简单的小结。

注意:短文中不允许出现与考生本人相关的真实姓名和校名等信息。

2012年厦门市初中毕业及高中阶段各类学校招生考试英语参考答案

1-5 BACAB 6-10 ACBCA 11-15 CABAC 16 B

17-20 CBAA 21-25 CABBC

26-30 BBCAA 31 C

32-35ABCA 36-40 CABBC 41 A

42-45 ABCA 46-50 BCABA

51-55 BBACC 56-60 BBACA 61-65 CBACC 66 B

67. well 68. Travel 69. housework 70. beautiful

71. teacher 72. hospital 73. reporter 74. magazine 75. job 76. exercise

77. what’s your name 78. How was your (last) weekend 79. I’m outgoing

80. I’m good at singing and dancing 81. have seen it 82. eating some French food

83. have taken many photos

One possible version

We have many rules in our school. Some are good for us, I think, but others are not. For example, we are required to wear school uniforms every day. It helps us have an easy life without too much attention to dress and appearance, so we can just focus on our school work. However, as for “It’s not allowed to bring mobile phones to school”, I don’t think it’s a good rule. Nowadays we are in IT generation, and mobile phones are really necessary in everyday lives even though for teenagers. In my opinion, the rule can be changed a little like this “It’s not allowed to use mobile phones in class.”

We do need some rules both in schools or families. They are very helpful for us to make fewer mistakes when we are too young to know how to do right. But it would be better for teachers or parents often sit down and listen to our opinions about rules, so that they can be always effective and accepted by us.