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【外研版创新设计】2011高考英语一轮复习提能训练:必修4 Module1(附解析)



Module 1Life in the Future



1.Oil is Kuwait’s most important natural r________.

2.When I got to the railway station,they were l________the truck with bananas.

3.The officer c________his men to fire.

4.Husband and wife should s________roles with each other occasionally.

5.We have several a________to choose from.

6.She is not________(乐观)about the result.

7.No one believed her________(预测)that the world would end on November 12th.

8.He finished his homework________(终于).

9.It’s________(冒险的)to buy a car without any good advice.

10.Is the car________(供给动力)by electricity or by oil?

答案:1.resource 2.loading http://www.wendangku.net/doc/bd23f22eb4daa58da0114a04.htmlmanded 4.switch 5.alternatives 6.optimistic7.prediction 8.eventually9.risky10.powered


1.I was________the heavy luggage.

A.loading down with B.loaded down with C.loading over to D.loaded over for

解析:句意:“我背上了沉重的包袱。”考查load sb.down with sth.使……负担……,故答案是B。


2.If you leave this application form and go to another website,you will lose________you have already filled out on this form.

A.whatever B.no matter what C.whichever D.no matter which

解析:本题考查疑问代词在复合句中的选用。及物动词后缺少宾语,whatever引导宾语从句,相当于anything that。B项只能引导让步状语从句。


3.It’s________cold________go in to the sea yet.

A.too;to B.so;to C.to;to D.in order;to



4.—Did you write to Peter last month?

—No,but I________him this June.

A.will be seen B.will be seeing

C.will have been seeing D.will have seen



5.The police arrived and________command of the situation.

A.took B.charged C.made D.kept

解析:句意:“警察来了,并且指挥这里的事情。”考查take/have command of...习语,“对……掌握”。


6.You’d better not phone the manager between 7 and 8 tomorrow evening;he________an important meeting then.

A.would have B.will be having C.will have had D.will have

解析:此题考查时态。由“between 7 and 8 tomorrow evening”可以知道这里应该用将来进行时。


7.—The manager is away.

—Who’s taking________of the company?

A.charge B.place C.part D.position

解析:take charge of是“管理”的意思。选项B、C、D的介词搭配分别是:take the place of(代替);take part in(参加);take position as...(担任……)。


8.—I will come to attend your lecture at 10∶00 tomorrow.

—I’m sorry,by then my lecture will have ended and I________my guests in my office.

A.is being met B.will meet C.will be meeting D.will have met



9.The new medicine________the spread of the disease.

A.arrested B.improved C.kept D.supported








3.天气预报不足为信。(rely on)


4.确保你离开房间时关上灯。(make sure that)




答案:1.The waiter attached a label to his luggage.

2.We have to make three loads of the cargo.

3.You may not rely on the weather report.

4.Make sure that you turn off the lights when you leave the room.

5.They are too young to understand such things.


Guinness World Records,known until 2000 as The Guinness Book of Records (and in previous U.S. editions as The Guinness Book of World Records),is a reference book published annually, and contains an internationally recognized collection of world records—both human achievements and the extremes of the natural world. The book itself holds a world record, as the best-selling copyrighted series of all the time.

However,several world records that were once included in the book have been removed for ethical(伦理的)reasons.By publishing world records in categories,the book encourages people to try to beat that record,and pay no attention to health and safety. For example,following publication of a “heaviest cat”record,many cat owners fed their pets beyond the bounds(范围)of what was healthy;this is an example of one of the items that has been removed.In 1991,the book also dropped records within the “eating and drinking records”category of its Human Achievements section, concerning that potential competitors could harm themselves. These changes included the removal of all liquor,wine and beer-drinking records,along with records for eating such unlikely things as bicycles and trees.Other records,such as sword swallowing and rally driving(公路赛车) ,were closed to further items because the current record holders had performed beyond what were considered acceptable levels of human tolerance.

There have been examples of closed records being reopened,however.For example.the sword-swallowing record was listed as closed in the 1990 Guinness Book of World Records,but the Guinness world Records Primetime TV show,which started in 1998,accepted three sword swallowing challenges(as did the 2007 edition of the Guinness World Records).

Chain letters are also forbidden.According to the book’s publisher,“Guinness World Records does not accept any records related to chain letters,sent by post or e-mail. If you receive a letter or an e-mail,which may promise to publish the names of all those who send it,please destroy or delete it;it is a trick.”


1.This passage is mainly about________.

A.how many kinds of records Guinness World Records has

B.ethical issues and safety concerns related to Guinness World Records

C.the history of Guinness World Records

D.Guinness World Records in overview



2.what is the main purpose of the first paragraph?

A.To put forward the main idea of the passage.

B.To tell readers that the name of the book has been changed.

C.To indicate that Guinness World Records is a famous book.

D.To encourage people to read Guinness World Records.



3.Guinness World Records decided to remove some records because of the following reasons EXCEPT________.

A.the records are too difficult to break

B.the records were considered to involve immoral actions

C.some aspects of trying to break them were dangerous

D.some items were considered beyond acceptable levels of human tolerance.

解析:细节理解题。由第二段第一句可知B项与文章内容相符;由第二段第二句中pay no attention to health and safety可知C项与文章内容相符;由第二段最后一句可知D项与文章内容相符;而A项文中没有提到。


4.From what the publisher said we know________.

A.chain letters may convey incorrect information

B.emails of readers are ofen rejected by him

C.chain letters are sent by competitors

D.reading Guiness World Records is helpful to you



5.From this passage we can learn that________.

A.sword swallowing will forever be closed to further competition items

B.the item about the fattest dog can be found in the present book

C.the editors of Guinness World Records don’t want readers to write to them

D.the record related to rally driving can still be found in the book


受这样的新的纪录了,故D项正确。A项与第二段中such as sword swallowing...were closed to...不符;B 项与第二段中For example,following publishing...has been removed.不符;从文中不能推断出C项。






【例1】(2009·广东卷B篇)We studied the board critically. Some of us looked with one eye and held up certain colors against the blackboard,rocking the sheets to the right or left while we conjured_up our designs. Others twisted their hair around their fingers or chewed their erasers while deep in thought. We had plans for that ten dollar grand prize,each and every one of us. I’m going to spend mine on candies,one hopeful would announce,while another practiced looking serious,wise and rich.

(A)The underlined phrase in Paragraph 3 most probably means ________.

A.formed an idea for B.made an outline for

C.made some space for D.chose some colors for

【答案解析】选择A。词义猜测题。上下句是Some...Others...句子,while we conjured up our designs 的对应部分是while deep in thought,可见conjured up的意思是“思考,想象”,所以A项正确。

【例2】(2009·全国Ⅱ卷A篇)I know what you’re thinking: pizza(比萨饼)? For breakfast? But the truth is that you can have last night’s leftovers in the a.m. if you want to.

(A)The word “leftovers” in Paragraph 1 probably means ________

A.food remaining after a meal B.things left undone

C.meals made of vegetables D.pizza topped with fruit

【答案解析】选择A。词义猜测题。根据画线单词之前的last night’s可以猜测划线单词的意思应为“(前一天晚上的)剩饭”。

【例3】(2008·陕西卷A篇)There was no shade and our legs were aching. We decided to go back, with the girl on my back and the boys far behind. By the time we finally got back, our_legs_were_like_jelly.

(A)The underlined expression “Our legs were like jelly” probably means ________.

A.we were weak B.we were unhappy

C.we were dissatisfied D.we were disappointed

【答案解析】词义猜测题。根据There was no shade and our legs were aching可知“我们很累很虚弱”,故A项正确。

【例4】(2008·重庆卷A篇)I arrived at my mother’s home for our Monday family dinner. The smells of food flew over from the kitchen. Mother was pulling out quilt(被子) after quilt from the boxes, proudly showing me their beauties. She was perparing for a quilt show at the Elmhurst Church. When we began to fold and put them back into the boxes, I noticed something at the bottom of on box.. I pulled it out. “What is this?” I asked.

“Oh?”Mom said, “That’s Mama’s quilt.”

I spread the quilt. It looked at if a group of school children had pieced it together: irrugular designs, childish pictures, a crooked line on the right.

(C)1.Why did the author go to mother’s home?

A.To see her mother’s quilts

B.To help prepare for a show

C.To get together for the family dinner

D.To discuss her grandmother’s life

(C)2.The underlined word “crooked” in the passage most probably means ________.

A.unfinished B.broken C.bent D.unusual



2.词义猜测题。前面的情况都与一条好的quilt的特点相反,所以crooked的意思应该和其相反,故C 项正确。

【例5】(2008·安徽卷C篇)How do people climb the wall? To climb, you need special shoes and harness (保护带) around your chest to hold you. There are ropes tied to your harness. The ropes hold you in place so that you don’t fall. A beginner’s wall is usually about 15 feet high, and you climb straight up. There are small pieces of metal that stick out for you to stand on and hold on to. Sometimes it’s easy to see the new piece of metal. Sometimes, it’s not. The most difficult is to control your fear. It’s normal for humans to be afraid of falling, so it’s difficult not to feel fear. But when you move away from the wall, the harness and the ropes hold you, and you begin to feel safe. You move slowly until you reach the top.

Climbing attracts people because it’s good exercise for almost everyone. You use your whole body, especially your arms and legs. This sport gives your body a complete workout. When you climb, both your mind and your body can become stronger.

(B)1.The most difficult thing to do in wall climbing is ________.

A.to tie ropes to your

B.to control your fear

C.to move away from the wall

D.to climb straight up

(B)2.The word “workout” underlined in the last paragraph most probably means ________.

A.settlement B.exercise C.excitement D.tiredness


1.细节理解题。根据it’s difficult not to feel fear可知,人们在攀墙时很难控制自己的恐惧,故B项正确。






1)According to the passage, probably means ________

2)The author uses the word to mean ________

3)What does the underlined word refer to?

4)The word (phrase, clause,...)... refers to (most probable means)...________

5)What does the word...in Para...stand for?

6)What does the writer mean when he says,“...”?

7)Which of the following best explains the meaning of the word...as it is used in the text?

8)Which of the following is the closest in meaning to the word...?




如:Annealing is a way of making metal softer by heating it and then letting it cool very slowly.


It will be very hard but also very brittle—that is, it will break easily.


The herdsman, who looks after sheep, earns about 650 yuan a year.

定语从句中looks after sheep就表明了herdsman的词义为“牧人”。



They traveled a long way, at last got to a castle, a large building in old times.

同位语部分a large building in old times给出了castle的确切词义,即“城堡”。

We are on the night shift—from midnight to 8 a.m.—this week.

两个破折号之间的短语很清楚地表明night shift是“夜班”的意思。


She is usually prompt for all her class, but today she arrived in the middle of her first class.



Perhaps, we can, see some possibilities for next fifty years. But the next hundred?



The lack of movement caused the muscles to weaken. Sometimes the weakness was permanent. So the player could never play the sport again.





①In the passage, which of the following is mentioned/not mentioned?

②It is commonly accepted that...

③All the statements are true EXCEPT ________.

④Choose the right order of the events given in the passage.

⑤The reason for..., is that...

⑥How would you describe the end of...?

⑦Choose the right order of the events given in the following.

⑧Which of the following maps shows the right position of...?

⑨Which statement is true?

⑩What does the writer pay least attention to?



②将注意力集中在与who, what, when, where问题有关的细节或数字方面。

③略读材料,大概了解文章,注意作者表例证的词或短语,如for example, for instance, that is to say, in fact, etc.


⑤把主要精力放在寻找你所需要的细节,找到后,放慢速度、细读要查找的内容,特别注意表因果或转折的词或短语,如because, for, since, as, therefore, and, as a result; but,however, while, though, yet, on the other hand, etc.