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中考前总结

考点总结:

一、代词

1.人称代词:a. 主格(主语):We like English best.

b. 宾格(宾语):1.动宾结构He teaches us English.

2.介宾结构The teacher is very strict with them.

2. 物主代词:a. 形容词性物主代词Our school is full of flowers.

b. 名词性物主代词What about yours ?

3. 反身代词:(指某人自己)如:say to oneself; by oneself = on one’s own = alone

teach oneself = learn…by oneself; think to oneself

中考前总结

4. 不定代词

A. someone / somebody; anyone / anybody; no one / nobody

B. something; anything; nothing;

C. none

5. 其他:that ; this; these; those; one; who; whom; which…

二.动词:

A. be 动词(am, is , are, was, were….)

B. 助动词(will, would, have, has, had ….)

C. 情态动词(can, could, should, may, must, need….)

D. 系动词(look,sound, seem, smell, taste, become, turn….)

E. 行为动词(即实意动词,详解如下)

具体形式有:(原形、不定式、现在分词、过去式、过去分词)

行为动词的具体运用:

1.固定搭配:finish doing; see sb. do(doing) sth.; make sb. do sth.; tell sb. (not) to do sth.

2.各种时态:1)一般现在时态2)一般过去时态

am is are…. He is busy was were

do does did

3)现在进行时态4)过去进行时态

am is are + v-ing was were + v-ing

5)一般将来时态6)过去将来时态

will + do would + do

am is are going to + do was were going to + do

shall + do(只用于第一人称I 和we)

7)现在完成时态8)过去完成时态

注:现在完成时态和段时间连用,非延续性动词要转化为延续性动词。

buy--- have(has) had borrow---have(has) kept

arrive---have(has) been in leave--- have(has) been away

join--- have(has) been in/ a member of

die --- have(has)been dead get married--- have(has) been married

come/go---have(has) been in/at begin/start--- have/has been on

stop---- have(has) been over catch a cold---have a cold

open----have(has) been open close----have/has been closed

start/begin to work---have(has) worked

3. 被动语态:be + 过去分词

1 一般现在时态被动结构:am, is, are + 过去分词

2. 一般过去时态被动结构:was, were + 过去分词

3. 现在进行时态被动结构:am, is, are + being + 过去分词

4. 过去进行时态被动结构:was, were + being + 过去分词

5.一般将来时态被动结构:will( am, is, are going to) + be + 过去分词

6. 过去将来时态被动结构:would( was, were going to) + be + 过去分词

7.现在完成时态被动结构:have, has + been + 过去分词

8.过去完成时态被动结构:had + been + 过去分词

9.情态动词被动结构:情态动词+ be + 过去分词

10.to do 被动结构:to be done

The work needs to be done today.

My bike needs to be repaired/ repairing.

巩固训练(用动词的正确形式填空)

1. --- When will Mr. Black come back?

--- When he __________(come)back, I will let you know first.

2. --- When will Miss Green go back ?

--- Yesterday she said she __________(fly) to America soon.

3. --- I called you last night but no one answered the phone.

--- I ___________(have) dinner with my friends in a hotel.

4. --- How should I keep this medicine?

--- It must __________(keep) cool, clean and dry.

5. --- Where is Simon , Mike?

--- He with Tom ___________(chat) on the Internet.

6. --- How do you like our city?

--- Wonderful. I __________(stay)here for another two days.

7. --- Why doesn’t Daniel go to the cinema with us?

--- Because she ___________ (see) the film?

8. --- It’s time to go home. But where is our teacher?

--- She’s in the office. She won’t leave until the work__________(finish).

9 --- Don’t smoke here.

--- Sorry, I ___________(not see) the sign.

10.We _________(learn) twelve songs by the end of last term.

三、名词

分类:A. 不可数名词(液体的、颗粒状的、肉类的…. news , information, advice, fun,

music , bread, weather, k nowledge….)

B. 可数名词 1. 单数如:a book , an apple

2. 复数(变化规则总结如下)

名词复数变化规则:

(1)一般情况下,在名词后直接加’s’如:boy—boys

(2)以辅音字母+ y 结尾的- y + ies 如:family—families

(3)以s, x, sh, ch 结尾的名词,在其后+ es 如:

bus—buses,box—boxes ,watch—watches, wish—wishes

(4)以‘ f ‘, ‘fe’结尾的名词变其为ves 如:

knife—knives; wolf—wolves; shelf—sheves ; leaf—leaves

( 5 ) 目前所学过的以’0’结尾的单词复数+ es 的如下:

tomato; potato; hero; mango

( 6 ) 不规则变化如:sheep—sheep; child—children; foot—feet;

tooth—teeth; fish—fish; mouse—mice….

(7 )国人变化规则:中日不变;英法变;其他s 加后面如:

Chinese—Chinese; Japanese—Japanese

Frenchman—Frenchmen; Englishman—Englishmen

American—Americans ….

注:运用名词时要注意

1.区分可数名词和不可数名词

2.可数名词要注意单复数

3.判断是否需添加名词所有格(总结如下)

名词所有格(表示某某人的)

1)一般直接在名词后加‘s 如:Simon’s books , the girl’s mother

2)以‘s’结尾的单词直接加’如:

the teachers’ office , ten minutes’ walk

3)区分共有与各自拥有

This is Lucy and Lily’s bedroom.

They are Lucy’s and Lily’s bags.

4)双重的如:Tom’s mother’s friend

5) a friend of mine a friend of Tom’s

6)名词所有格相当于形容词性物主代词或名词性物主代词

The woman is Kate’s mother.

The book is Kate’s.

四、形容词:

a. 放于名词前作定语修饰名词He is a clever boy.

b. 放于be 动词、系动词后作表语

The boy is clever.

The music sounds wonderful.

c. 放于宾语后作宾补The story made him sa

d.

形容词具体形式分为:

1.原级(无比较)如:He is very very careful.

2.比较级(用于两者或两部分之间作比较)

考点:1) as…..as….

His room is as big /large as mine.

He room is the same size as mine.

2)Simon is taller than Daniel

Daniel is shorter than Simon.

Daniel isn’t as tall as Simon

He is more careful than I.

I am less careful than he/him.

I am not as careful as he/him.

2) 越来越…. 如:smaller and smaller

more and more crowded and polluted

3)越…就越…

The more careful you are, the fewer mistakes you will make.

The more you talk with him, the more interesting you will find him.

4)The price of the book is lower than that of this one.

The students in Class 1 are more than those in Class 2.

The number of the students in Class 1 is larger than that in Class 2.

5)Shanghai is larger than any city in Jiangsu.

Shanghai is larger than all the cities in Jiangsu.

6)Shanghai is larger than any other city in China.

Shanghai is larger than the other cities in China.

Shanghai is the largest city in China.

7)修饰比较级的词有:much, even, a little, a bit, a lot, far….

如: even taller, much more interesting

3. 最高级:用于多者()之间比较或在某一范围内用最高级,其前一般加‘the’

如:He is the tallest of the three.

Simon is one of the most popular student in our school.

中考前总结

五、副词

a. 修饰动作He drives car very carefully.

b. 修饰形容词Her mother is badly ill.

c. 修饰句子Luckily, he wasn’t hurt in the accident.

副词变化规则:

中考前总结

六、冠词 a , an, the

()1.---Who is _______girl in _______orange blouse ?

--- My cousin, Lily.

A. a; the

B.the; an

C. a; an

D. the; a

( )2. --- Have you seen ______ Best Oscar Film ?

--- Yes. I think it is _______interesting one.

A. a; the

B. the; an

C. a; an

D. the; a

七、介词in, on, at , about, with, except, besides, between, from….

其后一般跟代词、名词、v-ing

()1.The travelers arrived _______Shanghai _______ a Sunny morning.

A. at; in

B.at; on

C.in; in

D. in; on

( )2. It is very kind _______you to help me with my maths. It is hard _______me to learn it well.

A. of; for

B.of; of

C.for; of D .for; for.

八、连词(al )though, but, because(of), so, however, whether, if, unless,

as soon as, when, while, as, until, not…until…;before; after;

in order to; in order that; so that; as a result; so…that

( ) I want to have a robot ________have more spare time for my hobbies.

A.because of

B. in order to

C.as a result

D.so that

九、数词:a.基数词(多少….)

b.序数词(第多少….)

1. 基数词识记:

1)1—10 one two three four five

six seven eight nine ten

2) 11—20 eleven twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen

sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen twenty

3) thirty(三十)forty(四十)fifty(五十)sixty(六十)

seventy( 七十) eighty(八十) ninety(九十)hundred(百)

2.序数词识记:1)序数词一般是由基数词加th 构成如: six—sixth hundred--hundredth

2) 特例如下:first(第一) second(第二)third(第三)

fifth(第五) eighth(第八) ninth(第九)

twelfth(第十二)twentieth(第二十)twenty—first (第二十一) 注:一般情况下,序数词前要加the 但有时会被形容词性物主代词或名词所有格代替如:He received many presents on his twelfth birthday.

3. 分数:分子基数词,分母序数词如:五分之一one fifth

五分之二two fifths

4. in 1990 (在1990 年) in the 1990s (在二十世纪九十年代)

5. in his fifties 在他五十岁的时候

6. on his twelfth birthday 在他二十岁生日时

( ) 1. The covers of my books are newer than _______ of ______.

A.ones; yours

B.those; yours

C.those; yours

D.ones; you

( ) 2.It’s _______hard problem for the twins that_______of them can work it out.

A.so;neither

B.such a;none

C.so a; neither

D.such a; neither

( ) 3.---Don’t be late for class again, Mary.

---Sorry, I_______.

A.don.’t

B.am not

C.won’t

D.wasn’t

( ) 4. Amy needs _______a new Mp4. The old one doesn’t need _______.

A.buying;to repair

B.to buy;repairing

C.buy; repairing

D.buying; repair

( ) 5. They are going to have a picnic_______ next week.

A. sometime

B.sometimes

C.some time

D.some times

( ) 6.---Must I finish my homework now?

---No,you________.You may hand it in tomorrow.

A.don’t have to

B.mustn’t

C.can’t

D.shouldn’t

( ) 7.Look! There is________sheep eating grass in the field.

A. few

B.a little

C.little

D.a few

( ) 8.There’s ______rice in the house. Would you go to the shop and get_______?

A.little; some

B.little; any

C.few; some

D.few; any

( ) 9.---He has never do something against the law before,_______?

---________.He’s the third time to be caught.

A.hasn’t;Yes

B.is; Yes

C.has;No

D.has; Yes

( ) 10.—Shanghai is larger than _______city in China.

---Yes. It is larger than_____city in Jiangsu.

A.any other; any

B.any other;any other

C.any;any other

D.any; any

( ) 11._______large number of students in our class______to work hader.

A.A;is told

B.The; are told

C.A; are told

D.The ;is told

( ) 12.I’d like to know if your friends _______for dinner. If they _______,I must get ready for it.

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/bdecebdf03020740be1e650e52ea551811a6c9fc.htmle; will come

B.will come;come

C.wil come;will come

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/bdecebdf03020740be1e650e52ea551811a6c9fc.htmle;come ( ) 13.When Tom arrived,he learned that Sam ________for almost an hour.

A.had gone

B.had left

C.has been away

D.had been away

( ) 14.Over ________of the teathers in their school are woman teachers.

A.two fifth

B.two fifths

C.five second

D.five seconds

( ) 15.----What’s she going to _______ at the meeting tomorrow?

----I think he will _______us an interesting story.

A.speak;tell

B.say; speak

C.say; tell

D.speak; say

( ) 16._______great fun they had at the party!

A.How

B.What a

C.What

D. How a

( ) 17.----Excuse me, is this _______bike?

----No,it’s not________.

A.yours;mine

B.yours;my

C.your;mine

D.you’re;my

( ) 18.----What are you looking at?

----The photo _______on the Great Wall.

A.took

B.taken

C.is taken

D.was taken

( ) 19. ---He’s not well yet, _______he?

---________. He has to work.

A. is; Yes

B. has; Yes

C. isn’t; No

D. hasn’t; No

( ) 20.He is so________that he often makes_______nistakes.

A.careful; much

B.careless; few

C.careless; many

D. careless; a lot

( ) 21.The man________down and hurt his legs, so he ________very sad.

A.fell; feel

B. feel; fall

C.fall, felt

D. fell; felt

( ) 22.I would rather ________the chance than ________her.

A. not to take; to hurt

B. not taking; hurting

C. not take; hurt

D. don’t take; to hurt

( ) 23.About ________the students are planning trees by the riverside.

A.two hundred

B. hundreds of

C.two hundred of

D.two hundreds of

( ) 24.The light in the office is off. Mr Han _________be there now.

A.may

B.can’t

C. mustn’t

D.must

( ) 25.There has been a full of house at the cinema for days. I don’t think you can find the seats to sit __________ at the moment.

A. down

B.on

C.at

D.from

二、单词拼写

1. After he heard the bad news, we could see the _________ on his face. (不高兴)

2.Will you please speak to the girl _________(温柔地)? She is a little afraid.

3. ---Have you _________(回答) to your friend’s e-mail yet ?

--- No, not yet.

4.Thank you for _________(组织) such a wonderful school trip for us.

5.Food and drinks are __________(拒绝) to bring into the exhibition.

三、选词填空

wear glasses, say to oneself, take the land, mean, sell out,

be proud of, interest, bleed to death, deal with,be used to

1.The old man __________living alone since his son found work in a city far away.

2.My son has poor eyesight, so he ________ every day so that he can see everything clearly.

3.All Chinese _________ the astronaut.

4.The man was attacked with a knife, and at last he___________.

5.It’s __________for us to support charities. Let’s donate our pocket money to charities.

6.If farmers keep__________,the wild animals will have nowhere to live.

7.“My god, how can I pass the exam?”the little boy ____________in a low voice.

8.We all find swimming is _______________of the four activities.

9.Can you advise me how ___________ this teenage problem?

10.----May I have a ticket?

----Sorry, Sir, all the tickets ___________ five minutes ago.

四、翻译

1.A year___________ (被分成) twelve months.

2.The whole world mouned _____________________(失去这样一位美人)

4.The Music Award will __________________ in Beijing. (现场直播)