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四川省泸县第四中学2021届高三上学期第一次月考英语试题含答案

2020年秋四川省泸县第四中学高三第一学月考试

英语试题

注意事项:

1.答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。

2.回答选择题时,选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。回答非选择题时,将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。

3.考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

第一部分听力(共两节,满分30分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。例:How much is the shirt?

A. £19.15.

B. £9.18.

C. £9.15. 答案是C。

1.Why does the man talk with the woman?

A.To get a prize.

B.To interview her.

C.To buy a book.

2.What does the man want to do?

A.See a show.

B.Book a ticket.

C.Get his money back.

3.What are the speakers talking about?

A.A running tiger.

B.A book about legends.

C.A tourist attraction.

4.When does the man plan to arrive at the airport?

A.At 2:00.

B.At 2:30.

C.At 4:30.

5.What made the woman surprised?

A.The man’s diet.

B.The man’s lifestyle.

C.The man’s weight loss.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6.What is the special for today?

A.The steak.

B.The chips.

C.The chicken.

7.What type of bread does the woman want?

A.Italian.

B.Honey wheat.

C.Whole wheat.

听第7段材料,回答第8至9题。

8.What position will the woman apply for?

A.A salesperson.

B.An assistant.

C.A director.

9.What does the man think of working on a ship?

A.Tiring.

B.Boring.

C.Interesting.

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10.Where does the conversation take place?

A.In the classroom.

B.In the dining hall.

C.In the library.

11.How many subject reports has the man finished?

A.2.

B.3.

C.4.

12.What does the woman ask the man to do?

A.Have lunch with her.

B.Lend some books to her.

C.Help her with subject reports.

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13.How does the man want the woman to help him?

A.Help him ask for leave.

B.Drive him to the airport.

C.Confirm his flight booking.

14.When is the man’s plane?

A.On Sunday morning.

B.On Monday morning.

C.On Wednesday afternoon.

15.What is the relationship between the speakers?

A.A couple.

B.Classmates.

C.Co-workers.

16.What is the man probably going to do next?

A.Visit his neighbor.

B.Make a phone call.

C.Find a parking lot.

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17.Who is the speaker probably talking to?

A.Department directors.

B.New employees.

C.Visitors.

18.What comes first in the speaker’s opinion?

A.The interpersonal relationship.

B.Full knowledge about the products.

C.A good plan for the future.

19.Which activity is arranged in the afternoon?

A.Visiting the workshops.

B.Getting to know the customers.

C.Learning the rules of the company.

20.What does the speaker advise the listeners to do?

A.Leave before 5:30 pm.

B.Prepare some questions.

C.Keep learning.

第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

The following 4 famous paintings — from Jan van Eyck's portrait to Pablo Picasso's masterpiece — have stood the test of time.

The Amolfini Portrait

Jan van Eyck’s Amolfini Portrait, an oil painting on wood produced in 1434, in which a man and a woman hold hands with a window behind him and a bed behind her, is undoubtedly one of the masterpieces in the National Gallery, London. This painting is as visually interesting as it is famed. It is also an informative document on fifteenth-century society, through van Eyck's heavy use of symbolism — while husbands went out to engage in business, wives concerned themselves with domestic duties.

The Starry Night

Vincent van Gogh painted The Starry Night, oil on canvas (帆布), a moderately abstract landscape painting of an expressive night sky over a small hillside village, during his 12-month stay at the mental hospital near Saint–Remy-de-Provence, France between 1889 and 1890. When the Museum of Modem Art in New York City purchased the painting from a private collector in 1941, it was not well known, but it has since become one of van Gogh's most famous works.

The Harvesters

The Harvesters is an oil painting on wood completed by Pieter Bruegel the Elder in 1565. It depicts the harvest time which most commonly occurred within the months of August and September. Nicolaes Jonghelinck, a merchant banker and art collector from Antwerp, commissioned this painting. The painting has been at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City since 1919.

Guernica

Guernica, a large black-and-white oil painting, was painted by the Cubist Spanish painter, Pablo Picasso in 1937. The title 'Guernica' refers to the city that was bombed by Nazi planes during the Spanish Civil War. The painting depicts the horrors of war and as a result, has come to be an anti-war symbol and a reminder of the tragedies of war. Today, the painting is housed at the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia in Madrid.

21.Which of the following paintings was produced earliest?

A.Guernica.

B.The Harvesters.

C.The Starry Night.

D.The Amolfini Portrait.

22.Who created the painting describing the harvest seasons?

A.Pieter Bruegel the Elder.

B.Vincent van Gogh.

C.Jan van Eyck.

D.Pablo Picasso.

23.What do we know about the painting The Starry Night?

A.It was painted on wood in oils.

B.It described the painter's life in hospital.

C.It wasn't widely recognized before 1941.

D.It was given away to the museum by a collector.

B

Taking breaks while studying contributes to better learning in a number of ways, and creates a major impact on the process of learning. Find out why a study break is essential, and how it helps you score

the best.

Scientists conclude that the brain stops registering a constant stimulation over a gradual period of time, and declares it to be unimportant. The brain decodes(译)a monotonous(单调的)activity and gets habituated to it, no longer stimulating the brain to act in any way. Once this happens, you find yourself unable to concentrate, there by destroying the purpose of a study session-learning. A “break” does just that, it breaks the monotony for the brain. A change in place, a walk around the block, a cup of coffee; these little things can be limited in your study sessions to relax the mind, break the monotony, improve concentration levels, and finally assist the learning process.

The purpose of a study session is to study as much as possible and remember most of what has been learned in it. To be able to achieve this, it is absolutely necessary to continuously stay focused. It is highly likely that long hours of studying can become monotonous and cause you to believe that you are “learning”, when you are only just “reading”. A short rest eases out your stressed mind, brings you back on track, and allows you to start studying with new-found focus levels.

With a relaxed mind, improved concentration and focus levels, and a better capacity to retain information, it is obvious that your study session with breaks will turn out to be more productive, and you will get more benefits than you previously did. Put more such better-yielding study sessions together, and what do you get? perfect grades and a winner of the “race”.

24.What can the underlined word “habituated” in the second paragraph be replaced by?

A.Accustomed.

B.Absorbed.

C.Attached.

D.Related.

25.What should students do to study as much as possible?

A.Help each other.

B.Remain concentrated.

C.Improve ways of learning.

D.Give up the learning process.

26.If you have a good attitude to study, how your study will be?

A.Efficient.

B.Improved.

C.Interesting.

D.Easy.

27.What can be concluded from the passage?

A.Students should concentrate on their study.

B.Students should take breaks after learning for long hours.

C.Teachers had better have a good rest before their lessons.

D.Teachers had better be strict with their students in learning ways.

C

Fascinating Venice

Located in the northeast of Italy, Venice is well-known for its cultural treasures, romantic atmosphere and unusual living-on-water experience. The city spreads out over 118 islands, which are linked by more than 400 bridges, in the Venetian Lagoon.

Venice’s historical center consists of six regions. Italy in the south, the busiest main regions, are linked by the Rialto Bridge. The famous stone arch bridge (拱桥) crosses Venice’s main waterway — the Grand Canal. When night falls, many tourists enjoy dinner at the outside tables by the Grand Canal while watching colorfully lit boats going by.

Near the end of the S-shaped Grand Canal lies St. Mark’s Basilica, a must-see. Inside, beautiful mosaics (镶嵌图案) tell stories of Bible figures. Nearby are the Doge’s Palace and the Bridge of Sighs. These were made famous by Lord Byron, “I stood in Venice on the Bridge of Sighs, a palace and prison on each hand.” The story has it that if a couple passes under the bridge, their love will last forever.

In the square outside the Basilica, lovers of literature can sit at Caffe Florian, regarded as the oldest coffee house in Europe. Charles Dickens, Henry James as well as Lord Byron enjoyed the aromatic (芳香的) drink here.

Art lovers should buy a museum pass and visit some of the city’s museums. They can view works by Venetian masters like Giovanni, Titian and Tintoretto.

On five small islands in the Venetian Lagoon, Murano has been home to glass-makers since 1291. Tourists can visit factories, studios and the Glass Museum. Glass artists produce everything from simple souvenir pieces to beautiful works of contemporary art. Only glassworks made using traditional methods on Murano can be called Murano Glass. The nearby island of Burano is famous for lace (蕾丝 )making and colorful houses. Looking at the colorful houses and kaleidoscopic (万花筒似的) streets makes people feel as if they were walking in the fairy tale.

The City of Water promises beauty of all kinds, and it definitely lives up to its promise.

28.Why does the author mention Lord Byron’s words?

A.To introduce the famous British poet.

B.To explain why the two places are famous.

C.To show why St. Mark’s Basilica is a must-see.

D.To compare the Doge’s Palace and the Bridge of Sighs.

29.Where should you go in Venice if you love art?

A.Caffe Florian.

B.The city’s museums.

C.St. Mark’s Basilica.

D.The Bridge of Sighs.

30.What is Murano well-known for?

A.Bridges.

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/c0821d76122de2bd960590c69ec3d5bbfc0ada03.htmlce making.

C.Glassworks.

D.Colorful houses.

31.How does the author think of Murano Glass?

A.It’s simple.

B.It’s too traditional.

C.It’s colorful.

D.It’s very special.

D

Only 48% of school age children in the United States get 9 hours of sleep most weeknights, according to a new research being presented at the American Academy of Pediatrics ( AAP) 2019 National Conference & Exhibition in New Orleans. An abstract of the study, "Sounding the Alarm on the Importance of Sleep” , will be presented on Saturday, Oct. 26, at the Ernest N. Morial Convention Center in New Orleans.

“Long-term sleep loss is a serious public health problem among children,” said abstract author Hoi See Tsao, MD, FAAP. "Insufficient sleep among adolescent, for example, is associated with physical and mental health consequences including increased risk of depression and obesity and negative effects on mood, attention and academic performance.”

Dr. Tsao said, "Our research shows that children who get enough sleep are more likely to flourish(健康成长)in comparison to children with insufficient sleep."

Researchers analyzed responses from parents and caregivers of 49,050 children ranging in age from 6-17 years old in the combined 2016-2017 National Survey of Children's Health. They answered questions on how many hours of sleep a randomly selected child in their household slept on an average weeknight. For the study, sufficient sleep was defined as sleeping greater than or equal to 9 hours on an average weeknight.

The researchers found that sufficient sleep, was positively associated with several individual flourishing markers, as well as the combined childhood flourishing measure. The researchers also identified risk factors associated with insufficient sleep, which included lower levels of parental or caregiver

education, the presence of mental health conditions and so on.

Dr. Tsao said the study strengthened the importance of increasing efforts to help children get the recommended amount of sleep for their age. “Interventions like these may help children demonstrate more measures of childhood flourishing, enhance their development and give them brighter futures, "she said.

32.What does the second paragraph mainly talk about?

A.The harm of long-term lack of sleep.

B.The cause of long-term lack of sleep.

C.The way to improve sleep quality.

D.The advice against sleep loss.

33.Who were questioned in the study according to the passage?

A.Children and parents.

B.Researchers and caregivers.

C.Parents and researchers.

D.Parents and caregivers.

34.What can we know from the last paragraph?

A.Dr.Tsao denies the efforts

B.Dr. Tsao thinks highly the study.

C.New interventions can help children sleep

D.New interventions are of little importance.

35.Where can we most probably read this test? .

A.In a science report.

B.In a personal diary

C.In a travel magazine.

D.In a geography textbook.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Get along with your roommate

While sharing a dorm with someone else is challenging, it can also be a great part of your learning experience.

◆Clarify your expectations from the beginning. Do you know in advance that the alarm clock bothers you every morning? 36.Let your roommate know about your habits and preferences. Communicating what you need is one of the best ways to remove problems before they become problems.

◆Address problems when they' re little. 37. Are your clothes being borrowed faster than you can wash them? Addressing things that disturb you while they' re still little can help your roommate realize something is wrong. And it is much easier than addressing them after they've become big.

◆ 38. This may seem simple, but it’s probably one of the biggest reasons why roommates experience conflict. Don't you think he'll mind if you borrow his sneakers for a game? Don't borrow, use or take anything without getting permission first.

◆Be open to new things. Your roommate may be from someplace you've never heard of. They may have a religion or lifestyle that is completely different from your own. Be open to new ideas and experiences, especially as it relates to what your roommate brings into your life. 39.

◆Stay open to change. You should expect to learn and grow and change during your time at school. And the same should happen to your roommate.40. Be comfortable addressing things that unexpectedly come up, setting new rules and being flexible to your changing environment.

A.Respect your roommate's stuff.

B.Find a solution that works for both of you.

C.That's why you went to school in the first place, right?

D.You may love having your study group into your room.

E.As the semester progresses, realize things will change for both of you.

F.Is your roommate always forgetting her stuff for the shower. and taking yours?

G.That you need ten minutes to yourself before talking to anyone after you wake up?

第三部分语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

It was the second time my tire had burst. This came after I __41___ to find water at an abandoned station, where the caretaker __42__ my bottles from his own water supply.

After ___43_ several miles under the burning sun, I ___44__ my hand and eventually a truck __45__. An old local and two Moroccans got out and __46__ me to squeeze in. At last they stopped in front of a garage.

“Do you know where I can get something to __47__?” I asked the old man. I had not yet eaten that day and was hungry.

“Nothing for miles”, was his reply, followed by an __48_ to drive me somewhere. I agreed, so I left my bike at his office and jumped into a car parked outside.

“I ___49_ pick anyone up.” He told me. “You are the first.”

“We ___50_ have a name for people like you.” I said. “You’re called Road Angels.”

He smiled.

We stopped in front of a __51__. As we ate, the sky grew dark and _52__ with clouds. He dropped me back to the garage, where the workers couldn’t, repair my bike. The driver turned up just in __53__ to once again __54__ the day. “I have found a shop that sells __55__ tubes and tires. I can take you there.” I jumped into his car, at the same moment a heavy rain poured down.

A __56__ tire and two tubes later, the storm had rolled over. I ___57__ my angel and continued my journey.

Throughout the __58_ ride, I found goodness and __59_ everywhere. People went out of their way to help whenever I needed assistance. I hoped I would be able to __60__ a little of the same kindness to whoever in trouble.

41.A.planned B.volunteered C.determined D.managed

42.A.picked up B.sorted out C.took out D.filled up

43.A.walking B.riding C.driving D.running

44.A.took back B.stuck out C.set down D.looked at

45.A.drove by B.broke down C.turned up D.pulled up

46.A.invited B.forced http://www.wendangku.net/doc/c0821d76122de2bd960590c69ec3d5bbfc0ada03.htmlmanded D.arranged

47.A.wear B.watch C.eat D.visit

48.A.announcement B.offer C.answer D.excuse

49.A.always B.often C.never D.sometimes

50.A.drivers B.motorists C.athletes D.cyclists

51.A.restaurant B.station C.market D.harbor

52.A.packed B.heavy C.filled D.familiar

53.A.turn B.time C.return D.case

54.A.save B.call C.witness http://www.wendangku.net/doc/c0821d76122de2bd960590c69ec3d5bbfc0ada03.htmlplete

55.A.car B.truck C.bicycle D.carriage

56.A.long B.worn C.free D.new

57.A.dropped B.visited C.thanked D.entertained

58.A.entire B.helpless C.fancy D.future

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/c0821d76122de2bd960590c69ec3d5bbfc0ada03.htmlpetence B.responsibility C.generosity D.honesty

60.A.react to B.pass on C.get across D.show off

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

Earth is most likely experiencing its sixth mass extinction (灭绝). The planet has been through at least five such catastrophes 61., but this is the first one in human history — and the first one with human fingerprints.

A report by the World Wildlife Fund62.(offer) the details about this decline, which has cut the planet's vertebrate (有脊椎的) wildlife populations63. an average of 60 percent in just 40 years. Habitat loss is the main threat to many 64. (danger) land animals. "Science shows us the cruel 65. (real) that our forests, oceans and rivers are suffering at our hands now," says Marco Lambertini, director of WWF International, in a statement. "Inch by inch and species by species, 66.(shrink) wildlife numbers and wild places are an indicator of the huge influence and pressure we are putting on the planet. "

"The statistics are67.(scare), but all hope is not lost, "says Ken Norris, science director for the Zoological Society of London. The report exposes some environmental 68.(problem) around the world, but it also throws light on the ways we can still protect and recover what69.(leave). We have an opportunity to design a new path forward70. allows us to co-exist with the wildlife we depend upon.

第四部分写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:

1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Since the dead virus broke out, I have stayed at home for more than two and a half month. Then came the day when we were dying to return to school. Take my temperature, my headteacher welcomed me back at the door. How exciting I was see my classmates and teachers again! Although we wear breathing masks, I recognized each other immediately. To fight the virus, our class was divided into two groups, one of which still had classes online in a turn. But it didn't matter. After all, we were not asked to do exercises and hand in our homework through QQ, that is bad for our eyes. The virus has changed our life, and meanwhile strengthened our union.

第二节书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是李华,打算下个月到伦敦参加一个英语口语培训班。请给曾经在你校留学的伦敦学生Eric 发一封电子邮件,内容包括:

1.伦敦之行的目的;

2.邀请Eric重聚;

3.表达感谢与期望。

注意:1.词数100左右;2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Dear Eric,

______________________________________________________________________________________ ______

Yours,

Li Hua

2020年秋四川省泸县第四中学高三第一学月考试

英语试题参数答案

一.听力

1-5:BCCBC6-10:ABACC11-15:BABAB16-20:BBAAC

二.阅读理解

21-23:DAC24-27:ABAB28-31:BBCD32-35:ADBA36-40:GFACE

三.完形填空

41-45:DDABD46-50:ACBCD51-55:ABBAC56-60:DCACB

四.语法填空

61.before 62.offers 63.by 64.endangered 65.reality

66.shrinking 67.scary/scaring 68.problems 69.is left 70.that/which

五.短文改错

1. dead→deadly

2. month→months

3. Take→Taking

4. exciting→excited

5. see之前加 to

6. wear→wore

7. I→we

8.去掉a

9. that→which 10. and→but

六.书面表达

.Dear Eric,

We haven’t seen each other since you returned to your country two years ago. I’m delighted to tell you that I’ll go to your city to attend a training class for spoken English next month and I want to call on you.

According to the schedule, I will stay in London for only seven days. I would appreciate it very much if you could spare time to meet me at your convenience. I think that we will have a lot to share with each other.

Thank you in advance for your kindness. I’m looking forward to meeting you in London soon.

Yours,

Li Hua