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雅思分类词汇:教育常用词汇

雅思分类词汇:教育常用词汇

基本框架basic framework

办学效益efficiency in school management

协调发展coordinated and balanced program of development

教育投入input in education

优化教师队伍optimize the teaching staff

实行分区规划practice regional planning

社会参与communal participation

新增劳动力incoming labor force

职前教育pre-service education

岗位培训undergo job-specific training

提高......的思想品德enhance the moral awareness of ...

职业道德professional ethics

重点学科key disciplinary areas or priority fields of study

(大学)专科Major Types of Education in China short 2- to 3- year higher education programs 扫盲班literacy class

注册人数enrollment

年龄段(层)age bracket

反复灌输inculcate

希望工程Project Hope

学龄儿童school-ager

人才枯竭exhaustion of human resources

辍/失学青少年school dropout/leaver

基金会foundation

服务性行业service trade

在职培训on-the-job/in-service training

国际劳工组织International Labor Organization

基础科学the fundamentals

学分制the credit system

三学期制the trimester system

双学士制 a double BA degree system

主副修制 a system of a major field of specialization plus a minor field

教学、科研、生产的"三结合" "3-in-1 combination" involving teaching,research, and production 三结合联合体tripartite complex

定向招生students are admitted to be trained for pre-determined employers

包分配guarantee job assignments

燎原计划the Prairie Fire Program

示范试点demonstration pilot project

结合、使加入incorporate

动员mobilize

税收tax revenue

多学科的multi-disciplinary

重点大学key university

授予(学士)confer

被授权be authorized to do

博士后科研流动站center for post-doctoral studies

专业speciality

爱国人士patriotic personage

国家发明奖National Invention Prize

国家自然科学奖National Prize for Natural Sciences

国家科技进步奖National Prize for Progress in Science and Technology

学术报告会,专题讨论会symposium

记者招待会press conference

国家教委主任Chairman of the State Education Commission

国家统计局the State Statistical Bureau

国家教育经费national expenditure on education

财政拨款financial allocation

半文盲semiliterate; functional illiterate

占百分比account for ...%

专任教师full-time teacher

资料中心data center

国际文化交流intercultural communication

教育方针guideline(s)/guiding principle(s) for education

教育必须为社会主义现代化服务,必须同生产劳动相结合,培养德智体全面发展的建设者和接班人。

Education must serve the needs of socialist modernization, be integrated with productive labor, and train builders and successors who are well developed morally, intellectual and physically.

适应社会主义现代化建设需要,面向二十一世纪,具有中国特色的社会主义教育体系。

a socialist education system with distinct Chinese characteristics that meets the needs of socialist modernization and is oriented to the 21st century

坚持社会主义方向

to keep to the socialist orientation

身体好,学习好,工作好。Keep fit, study hard and work well.

德才兼备to combine ability with character; equal stress on integrity and ability

成为有理想,有道德,有文化,守纪律的劳动者to become working people with lofty ideals,

moral integrity, education and a sense of discipline

教育要面向现代化,面向世界,面向未来

Gear education to the needs of modernization, the world and the future

爱国主义教育education in patriotism

国际主义教育education in internationalism

集体主义教育education in collectivism

共产主义教育education in communism

共产主义道德品质communist ethics

政治思想教育political and ideological education

五爱(爱祖国、爱人民、爱劳动、爱科学、爱护公物)

"Five Love": love the motherland, the people, labor, and science and take good care of public property.

教书育人to educate the person as well as impart book knowledge

培养独立分析问题和解决问题的能力

to cultivate the ability to analyze and solve concrete problems independently

启发学生独立思考的能力

to help develop the ability of the students to think things out for themselves

培养学生自学能力

to foster the students' ability to study on their own

发挥学生主动性、创造性to give scope to the students' initiative and creativeness

自学成才to become educated through independent study

启发式elicitation method (of teaching); heuristic method

填鸭式教学法cramming/forced-feeding method of teaching

普及教育universal education

义务教育compulsory education; free education

学前教育preschool education

初等教育elementary education

中等教育secondary education

高等教育higher/tertiary education

普遍教育general education

成人教育adult education

职业技术教育vocational and technical education

国家教育委员会State Education Commission

高等学校institution of higher education

综合性大学comprehensive university

文科大学university of liberal arts

文科院校colleges of art

理工科大学college/university of science and engineering

师范大学normal university; teachers' university

师范学院teachers' college

工业大学polytechnic university

工业学院engineering institute

农业大学agricultural university

农学院agricultural college

医科大学medical university

医学院medical college/school

中医院institute of traditional Chinese medicine

音乐学院conservatory of music

美术学院academy of fine arts

体育学院physical culture institute

分校branch school

重点学校key school

业余学校spare-time school

业余职工大学spare-time college for staff and workers

电视广播大学television and radio broadcasting university

函授学院correspondence school

教师进修学校teachers' college for vocational studies

成人夜校night school for adults

业余艺术/体育学校amateur arts/athletic school

半工半读学校part-work and part-study school

中等专业学校secondary specialized school; polytechnic school

中等技术学校secondary technical school; technical secondary school 职业学校vocational school

附中attached middle school

在职进修班in-service training course

进修班class for advanced studies

短训班short-term training course

专修科special (training) course

自学考试self-taught examination

教职员teaching and administrative staff

教学人员the faculty; teaching staff

中、小学校长headmaster/headmistress; principal

大专院校校长president; chancellor

教务长dean of studies

(系)主任chairman; chairperson

副主任vice-chairman

教授professor

副教授associate professor

客座教授visiting professor; guest professor

讲师lecturer

助教assistant

专职教师full-time teacher

兼职教师part-time teacher

辅导员assistant for political and ideological work

教研室/组teaching and research section/group

教学组teaching group

教员休息室staff room; common room

母校Alma Mater

校友alumnus; alumna

学生会students' union/association

高年级学生upper/higher grade pupil/student; pupil/student in senior grades 低年级学生lower grade pupil/student; pupil/student in junior grades

走读生day student; non-resident student

住宿生boarder

旁听生auditor

研究生graduate student; post-graduate (student)

应届毕业生graduating student/pupil; this year's graduates

听课to visit a class; to sit in on a class; to attend a lecture

公开课open class

课程course; curriculum

必修课required/compulsory course

选修课elective/optional course

基础课basic course

专业课specialized course

课程表school timetable

课外活动extracurricular activities

课外辅导instruction after class

课外阅读outside reading

课堂讨论class discussion

(大学的)研究小组;讨论会seminar

教学大纲teaching program; syllabus

教学内容content of courses

学习年限period of schooling

学历record of formal schooling

学年school/academic year

学期(school)term; semester

学分credit

分数mark; grade

五分制the 5-grade marking system

百分制100-mark system

学习成绩academic record; school record

成绩单school report; report card; transcript

毕业论文thesis; dissertation

毕业实习graduation field work

毕业设计graduation ceremony

毕业典礼graduation ceremony; commencement

毕业证书diploma; graduation certificate

毕业鉴定graduation appraisal

授予某人学位to confer a degree on sb.

升级to be promoted to a higher grade

留级to repeat the year's work; to stay down

补考make-up examination

升学t o go to a school of a higher grade; to enter a higher school 升学率proportion of students entering schools of a higher grade 奖学金scholarship

(国家)助学金(state)stipend/subsidy

领取助学金的学生 a grant-aided student

学费tuition (fee)

伙食费board expenses

伙食补助food allowance

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