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高考英语作文写作基3

高考英语作文写作基础——如何写出好句子

一. 教学内容:

如何写出好句子

如何写出好句子:好句子的标准应是:用词准确、逻辑清晰、简洁明了、可读性强。

1. 学会运用复合句

复合句包括:名词性从句、状语从句、定语从句

用复合句增强句子之间的逻辑关系,使你的句子变得紧凑

[练习]

根据句子之间的关系,用正确的连词使其成为复合句。

(1)Children grow older. They prefer to be more independent rather than be at the mercy of their parents.

When children grow older, they prefer to be more independent rather than be at the mercy of their parents.

(2)I was very excited . I couldn’t express myself in words.

I was so excited that I couldn’t express myself in words.

(3)We will have a further discussion. We draw a final conclusion.

We will have a further discussion before we draw a final conclusion.

(4)The economy in this area is developing rapidly. The qualities of some citizens are still not satisfactory.

Although the economy in this area is developing rapidly, the qualities of some citizens are still not satisfactory.

(5)You are allowed to drive my car . You should drive carefully and slowly.

You are allowed to drive my car on condition that/ as long as you should drive carefully and slowly.

(6)The teacher had read my composition. He gave me his opinion.

After the teacher had read my composition, he gave me his opinion.

(7)You have got the secret. Please don’t spread it in public.

If you have got the secret, please don’t spread it in public.

(8)They arrived at the farm. They were welcomed by the farmers.

The moment/As soon as they arrived at the farm, they were welcomed by the farmers.

(9)The International Red Cross is an organization. Its purpose is to help the sick and the needy.

The International Red Cross is an organization whose purpose is to help the sick and the needy.

(10)I decided to find a job. I could earn the money.

I decided to find a job so that I could earn the money.

2. 学会运用非谓语动词

用非谓语动词使你的句子简洁。

[练习]

运用非谓语动词完成下列句子:

(1)Most of the artists who had been invited to the party were from South Africa. Most of the artists invited to the party were from South Africa.

(2)The prices of the computers which are being shown here are still unknown. The prices of the computers being shown here are still unknown.

(3)After he had been deserted by his guide, he couldn’t find his way through the jungle.

Having been deserted by his guide, he couldn’t find his way through the jungle.(4)Nowadays the old people often do morning exercises in the park in order that they could keep healthy.

Nowadays the old people often do morning exercises in the park to keep healthy. (5)The church was built in 1829. It is the oldest European structure .

The church built in 1829 is the oldest European structure .

(6)Jane was disturbed by the noise. She turned off the radio.

Disturbed by the noise, Jane turned off the radio.

(7)Gary was tired. He decided to go to bed.

Being tired, Gary decided to go to bed.

(8)As I felt hungry, I decided to walk to the shop and buy some food.

Feeling hungry, I decided to walk to the shop and buy some food.

(9)I sent him an e-mail and hoped to get further information about SARS.

I sent him an e-mail, hoping to get further information about SARS.

(10)As soon as I entered the classroom, I found all my classmates were busy studying

Entering the classroom, I found all my classmates were busy studying

3. 学会句式的变化

用不同的表达方法来丰富你的句式

[练习]

改写句子,填入适当的词使句意与原句意义相同。

1. It was not long before he had to leave for another place.

Before long , he was forced to move on.

2. The room is so small that we can’t put the piano in it.

The room is too small for us to put the piano in.

3. By chance I met an old friend of mine that day.

I happened to meet an old friend of mine that day.

It happened that I met an old friend of mine that day.

4. That was because we were not careful enough.

That was because of our carelessness.

5. The people were in deep sorrow when they heard this sad news.

The people were in deep sorrow at this sad news .

6. If you won’t do it, I’ll get Tom to do it.

If you won’t do it, I’ll make/ have Tom do it.

7. We think that it is our duty to take care of these young trees.

We think it our duty to take care of these young trees.

8. When I was a child, I often played here.

As a boy, I used to play here.

9. I have never seen such a beautiful suit before.

I have never seen so beautiful a suit before.

10. If it doesn’t rain, we’ll hold the sports meet.

Unless it rains, we’ll hold the sports meet.

11. Do you mind if I smoke here?

Do you mind my/me smoking here?

12. I was walking aimlessly through the street when I saw a tailor’s shop.

I was wandering through the street when I caught sight of a tailor’s shop.

13. Hearing the news, he hurried home.

After / When he heard the news, he went home in a hurry.

14. He never hesitates to help others.

He always helps others without any hesitation.

15. The young man came in, who was holding a book in his hand.

The young man came in, holding/with a book in his hand.

16. Liberation brought about a complete change in his life.

It was liberation that brought about a complete change in his life. 17. The windows need cleaning.

The windows need to be cleaned.

18. I don’t think he will apologize to me.

I don’t think he will make an apology to me.

19. It seemed that they were talking about something important.

They seemed to be talking about something important.

20. It’s time for us to discuss this problem.

It’s time that we should discuss/ discussed this problem.

21. You’ re very kind to say so.

It ’s very kind of you to say so.

22. The foreign visitors were warmly welcomed at the airport.

The foreign visitors were given a warm welcome at the airport.

23. As I was coughing badly, the doctor told me to stop smoking.

The doctor advised me to give up smoking, for I was coughing badly. 24. With the help of the map, we found the place without any trouble. With the help of the map, we had no trouble in finding the place.

25. As I was tired out, I went to sleep soon.

Being tired out, I fell asleep soon.

26. I told him to go to school and at last he took my advice.

At last I persuaded him to go to school.

27. People said he would invite Mr. Brown to dinner

It was said that he would invite Mr. Brown to dinner.

He was said to invite Mr. Brown to dinner.

28. Good pronunciation is very important.

Good pronunciation is of great importance.

29. I ran to school so quickly that I could hardly breathe when I reached there.

I ran to school so quickly that I was quite out of breath when I reached there.

30. I didn’t finish reading the novel until yesterday.

It was not until yesterday that I finished reading the novel.

Not until yesterday did I finish reading the novel.

31. Although he was quite young, he did it very well.

Quite young as he was , he did it very well.

32. She had to sell her house. That was the only way out for her.

She had no choice but to sell her house.

33. He went to study at a college at the age of 18.

When he was 18, he went to study at a college.

34. What surprised me greatly was to find she was such a fine swimmer.

To my great surprise, I found she was such a fine swimmer.

35. “Mary, do you agree with me?” John asked.

John asked Mary if /whether she agreed with him.

36. My brother has been in the army for three years.

It is three years since my brother joined the army.

My brother joined the army three years ago.

37. She said to me, “Don’t forget to ring him up tomorrow morning.”

She told me not to forget to ring him up the next morning.

38. We left early so that we shouldn’t be late for the meeting.

We started out early in order not to be late for the meeting.

39. Look round before you cross the street.

Look round before/ when/ while crossing the street.

40. Work hard and you will succeed.

If you work hard, you will succeed.

41. She suddenly began to cry.

She burst into tears.

42. she is too young to go to school.

She isn’t old enough to go to school.

43. It is not polite to make others be laughed at.

It is not polite to make fun of others.

44. Mathilde would rather not go to the palace ball unless she got some jewelry.

Mathilde would rather stay at home than go to the palace ball if she couldn’t get any jewelry.

45. It is better for you to give up drinking.

You had better give up drinking.

46. It is not necessary for you to worry about him.

You need not worry about him.

There is no need to worry about him.

47. As he was very poor, he couldn’t go to college.

His poverty prevented him from going to college.

48. The enemy soldier ,who was full of fear, kept trembling

The enemy soldier , full of fear, kept trembling.

49. He has formed the habit of sleeping early and getting up early.

He has made it a rule to sleep early and get up early.

He has got used to sleeping early and getting up early.

50. We often hear her sing English songs in her spare time.

She is often heard to sing English songs in her spare time.