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当前位置:文档库 > 全国高等教育自学考试英语阅读(一)试题

全国高等教育自学考试英语阅读(一)试题

全国2008年4月高等教育自学考试英语阅读(一)试

全国XXXX年4月高等教育自学考试英语阅读(一)试题课程代码:00595

I.CAREFULREADING

Readthefollowingpassagescarefully.Decideonthebestanswerandwriteth ecorrespondingletterontheANSWERSHEET.(40points,2pointseach)

Passage1

Questions1to5arebasedonthefollowingpassage.

Hewasafunnylookingmanwithacheerfulface,goodnaturedandagreattalker .Hewasdescribedbyhisstudent,thegreatphilosopherPlato,as“thebestandmo stjustandwisestman”.Yetthissamemanwascondemned(判刑)todeathforhisbeliefs.

ThemanwastheGreekphilosopher,Socrates,andhewascondemnedfornotbeli evingintherecognizedgodsandforcorruptingyoungpeople.Thesecondchargest emmedfromhisassociationwithnumerousyoungmenwhocametoAthensfromallover thecivilizedworldtostudyunderhim.

Socrates’methodofteachingw astoaskquestionsand,bypretendingnottok nowtheanswers,topresshisstudentsintothinkingforthemselves.Histeaching shadunsurpassedinfluenceonallthegreatGreekandRomanschoolsofphilosophy .Yet,despitehisfameandinfluence,Socrateshimselfneverwroteaword.

Socratesencouragednewideasandfreethinkingintheyoung,andthiswasfri ghteningtotheconservativepeople.Theywantedhimsilenced.Yet,manywerepro bablysurprisedthatheaccepteddeathsoreadily.

Socrateshadtherighttoaskforalesserpenalty,andheprobablycouldhavew onoverenoughofthepeoplewhohadpreviouslycondemnedhim.ButSocrates,asafi rmbelieverinlaw,reasonedthatitwaspropertosubmittothedeathsentence.Soh ecalmlyacceptedhisfateanddrankacupofpoisoninthepresenceofhisgrief-str ickenfriendsandstudents.

1.AccordingtoPlato’sdescription,Socrates_______.

A.wasafunnyandgood-temperedman

B.wasthemostjustandintelligentman

C.hadaspecialwaytoattracthisstudents

D.hadcloserelationshipswithhisstudents

2.SocrateswascondemnedforallthefollowingreasonsEXCEPT________.

A.doubtingthepubliclyrecognizedgods

B.corruptingtheyoungpeoplewithhisteachings

C.groupingstudentstogethertostudyunderhim

D.pressinghislistenersintothinkingforthemselves

3.Socrates’teachingwasintendedto_________.

A.encourageindependentthinking

B.winovertheconservativepeople

C.informstudentsofhisradicalideas

D.leadhisaudiencetobedisobedient

4.Theword“unsurpassed”inthethirdparagraphisclosestinmeaningto__ ___.

A.untold

B.unequalled

C.unnoticed

D.unexpected

5.Socratesreadilyacceptedthedeathpenaltybecauseof_______.

A.hisdisregardfordeath

B.hisdisbeliefingods

C.hiscontemptforconservatives

D.hisbeliefinthelegalsystem

Passage2

Questions6to10arebasedonthefollowingpassage.

Likemanyofmygeneration,Ihaveaweaknessforheroworship.Atsomepoint,h owever,weallbegintoquestionourheroesandourneedforthem.Thisleadsustoas k:Whatisahero?

Despiteimmensedifferencesincultures,heroesaroundtheworldgenerally shareanumberofcharacteristicsthatinstructandinspirepeople.

Aherodoessomethingworthtalkingabout.Aherohasastoryofadventuretote llandacommunitywhowilllisten.Butaherogoesbeyondmerefame.Heroesservepo wersorprincipleslargerthanthemselves.Likehigh-voltagetransformers,her oestaketheenergyofhigherpowersandstepitdownsothatitcanbeusedbyordinar ypeople.

Theherolivesalifeworthyofimitation.Thosewhoimitateagenuineheroexp eriencelifewithnewdepth,enthusiasm,andmeaning.Asuretestforwould-beher oesiswhatorwhomdotheyserve?Whataretheywillingtoliveanddiefor?Iftheans werorevidencesuggeststheyserveonlytheirownfame,theymaybefamouspersons butnotheroes.MadonnaandMichaelJacksonarefamous,butwhowouldclaimthatth eirfansfindlifemoreabundant?

Heroesarecatalysts(催化剂)forchange.Theyhaveavisionfromthemountaintop.Theyhavetheskillandthe charmtomovethemasses.Theycreatenewpossibilities.WithoutGandhi,Indiami ghtstillbepartoftheBritishEmpire.WithoutRosaParksandMartinLutherKing, Jr.,wemightstillhavesegregated(实行种族隔离的)buses,restaurants,andparks.Itmaybepossibleforlarge-scalechangetooc curwithoutleaderswithmagneticpersonalities,butthepaceofchangewouldbes low,thevisionuncertain,andthecommitteemeetingsendless.

6.Heroesmaycomefromdifferentcultures,butthey_______.

A.generallysharesomeinspiringcharacteristics

B.probablysharesomeweaknessesofordinarypeople

C.areofteninfluencedbytheirpreviousgenerations

D.areoftenpursuedbyalargenumberoffans

7.Accordingtothepassage,heroesarecomparedtohigh-volta