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牛津英语高二 M6U4单词讲解 分析

Module 6 Unit 4 The UN—bringing everyone closer together

Words and expressions (1)

Self study

1. lack 缺乏,没有1) n. (a) lack of…→for lack of…因为缺少…

2)vt. lack sth 3) vi. lack for (nothing) 4) lacking adj. be lacking in…be short(adj.) o f…→shortage n.

2. refer to (-red/-ring) 1)谈及/提到2)指称/指的是3)refer to…as…称…为…

4)查阅/参考refer to the dictionary =consult the dictionary =look up sth. in the dictionary reference n. 参考,参照reference book;for reference以供参考;with/in reference to Have you heard of the writer ________________ at the meeting?

Are you __________________ me?

3. ambassador n.大使→Goodwill Ambassador→embassy n. 大使馆

4. description n.描写, 记述, 形容, 种类, 描述describe vt. 描述,形容,描绘

a vivid description生动的描写a person of that description 那类人

give a description of描述beyond description=be lost for words难以描写.难以形容

5. political adj.政治的;政府的politics n.政治political economy政治经济学

6. Sth. be worth doing=Sth. be worthy of being done / to be done

= It is worthwhile to do sth. / doing sth. = Sth. be worth doing值得做……

7. victim n. 受害者victims of war.战争受害者

become the victim of... =fall a victim to...成为...的牺牲品

8. in addition: additionally=besides 也;另外,加之

in addition to: aside from; besides;apart from加于…之上;除…之外又

9.equal 1) adj.平等的/相等的→be equal to2)adj. 胜任的be equal/up to (doing) sth

3) n.同等/媲美的人=match 4)vt.等于5)vt.比得上=match=compare with

equally adv. 平等地,公平地,同样地→equality n.平等,相等

She has no equal/match in English.

No one can equal/match/compare with her in English.

You should treat us two equally.

10.volunteer 1) n.[c] 志愿者(for sth) 2) v. volunteer for sth/to do sth→voluntary adj.

11. draw someone's attention to something 促使某人注意某事

devote one's attention to专心于, 对...注意focus/concentrate one’s attention on

with attention留心地, 注意地

12. contribute to 捐款;贡献;投稿;是……促成因素

13. acquire vt. 够得;获得,得到acquire knowledge of…求得...的知识

We must work hard to acquire a good knowledge of English.

We must cherish experience acquired at the cost of blood.

14.expand vi.&vt.扩展,发展;扩大,增强expansion n.

expand one's knowledge of foreign countries扩大个人对外国的知识

The writer expanded his short novel into a long one.

expand in/into….把...扩展[发展, 膨胀]expand on 细说, 阐述

15.under the umbrella of在…的保护/管理下

→under the charge/control/guidance/direction of…

16. urgent adj. 紧急的,紧迫的an urgent message 急迫的口信an urgent call/problem

be in urgent need of 急需be urgent for sb. (to do)急切地催促某人(做)

be urgent with sb. for to do坚持要求某人(做)

urge v.→urgency n.→urgent adj.

17.die of starvation 饿死starve v. starve to do sth. starve for sth.

18.boil vi.&vt.沸腾,煮沸boiling water boiled water

The idea made me boil.这个主意让我大为激动

19. a carpet of leaves一层厚厚的落叶

20. woolgrower n. 养羊者wool man n. 羊毛商

woollike adj. 羊毛状的, 类似羊的

pull/draw the wool over sb.’s eyes蒙蔽某人, 欺骗某人

21.fetch vt. 售得,卖得(某价);取来,去拿来

fetch=go and bring 去拿/取来→fetch sb sth=fetch sth for sb

22.Export n.&v.&adj.出口产品;出口,输出;出口的, 外销的, 出口品的

invisible exports无形输出(指船舶、保险、国外投资等的收入)

They are engaged in import and export.他们做进出口贸易。

The export of gold is forbidden.禁止黄金出口。

Many raw materials are exported to foreign countries.许多原材料输出到外国。

23.alternative adj.&n. 可供选择的;可供选择的事物

There are several alternatives to your plan.

24. remote adj.1) (空间上)遥远/偏僻的a remote place/village

2) (时间上)遥远的remote ancestor 3)(关系/态度上)淡薄/疏远的

His idea is remote from reality.

be remote(far away,apart) from…remote control遥控

25. charity n.1) [u] 慈悲/宽容show charity to sb

2) [u]&[c] 慈善/施舍/慈善团体ask/beg for charity祈求布施/施舍;

give charity to the poor赈济穷人a charity performance义演;charity collections善款charitable adj.仁慈的,宽容的be charitable to sb.

Self assessment

Fill in the blanks with proper words.

1.It happened in the r_______ past, so no one worries about it any more.

2.She does v_________ work for the Red Cross two days ago.

3.Could you f______ me my glasses from the other roo,.

4.We have to ________ the size of the image.

5.In his speech, he r_________ to a recent trip to Canada.

6.The most ______(紧急的) thing in a fire is to make sure everyone is out of the building.

7.Despite his l______ of experience, he got the job.

8.Police have issued a __________(描述) of the man aged between fifty and sixty.

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