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2009江苏省专转本英语真题以及答案

2009年江苏省普通高校“专转本”统一考试

大学英语

注意事项:

1、打第I卷前,考生务必按规定要求填涂答题卡上的姓名、准考证号等项目及卷首和第7页上的姓名。

2、用2B铅笔把答题卡上相应题号中正确答案的字母涂黑。答案应涂写在答题卡上,否则成绩无效。

Parts I Reading Comprehension (共20小题,每小题2分,共40分)

Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Passage One

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage.

Young Koreans are beginning to do it alone when it comes to finding a partner, though matchmaking is still the most common way for boys to meet girls.

Professional matchmakers can make thousands of American dollars by introducing suitable marriage partners to each other, but parents also play a role in the process during which young Koreans meet.

In Confucius Korea, where marriage is regarded as more of a business contract than a scared thing, the scene of the first meeting is repeated hundreds of times a day in coffee shops in the main hotels around Seoul.

The business of continuing the family lineage (血统) and keeping the bloodlines pure is often too important to be left to romance and chance encounters.

Often, the girl will work out a system of secret signals with her mother, form which her parents can tell if she is interested.

For example, if the girl orders a coffee it might mean that she wants her parents to leave her alone with the boy, while a milk shows that she wants them to stay.

Sometimes the matchmaking is not always so formal, which the introduction being made by friends.

But whether through friends or families, there is hardly a Korean man or woman in the country who has not gone through this process—sometimes six or seven times.

1、The word ―matchmaking‖ in this passage means.

A、a very formal ritual (仪式) attended by boys and girls

B、introducing boys and girls to know each other for the purpose of marriage

C、producing matches to make a fire or light a cigarette

D、arranging games between mean and women

2、The fact that the first meeting is repeated again and again in coffee shops in this main hotels suggests that .

A、Koreans like drinking coffee in coffee shops very much

B、men and women want to meet as many times as possible

C、they are busy with communicating with different people

D、marriage is seen as a business contract instead of something sacred

3、Why does the matchmaking still exist in Korea?

A、Because most people want to keep the bloodlines pure and chance encounters romantic.

B、Because most people try to avoid romance and keep the bloodline pure.

C、Because most people regard marriage as continuing family lineage and romance.

D、Because most people try to break family lineage and bloodlines.

4、Which of the following is true according to the passage?

A、Almost every man or woman in Korea has to go through the matchmaking.

B、From the signal the boy’s parents know whether their son is interested in the girl or not.

C、At present young Koreans no longer need matchmaking to help them find parents.

D、Only a girl and a boy will appear in the first arranged meeting.

5、The passage is mainly about .

A、the practice of matchmaking in Korea

B、the importance of a business contract

C、the work of professional matchmakers

D、the first meeting between men and women

Passage Two

Question 6 to 10 are based on the following passage .

In the unniversity jim was a fast –tracker. He made good grades with little effort,and his classmates thought of him ―most likely to succeed.‖Afte r graduation ,he joined a large company and at frist did well .However,he switched to several smaller companies where the same pattern developed time and again: well-liked,regarded as a fast-–tracker.people wonder why he isn’t doing better .then there was Tom who was always regarded ―average‖ However,he set his goals high ,and then found a way to achieve his goal .Today he owns a million-dollar company . Researchers have found that school per formance is little related to job competence .qualities like ―steadyand dependable‖and ―practical and organized ‖are more important

―You don’t need talent to succeed‖,insist some experts , ―All you need is a big pot of glue .you put some on you chair ,you sit down ,and you stick to every project until you have done the best you can do .‖ average achievers stay glued to their chairs and postpone pleasure so they can receive future benefits. Many fast-–tracker.s,on the other hand expect too much too soon .When rewards don’t materialize instantly,they may become disappoint ed and unhappy.

6.A fast -tracker.in this passage refers to a person who

A.fells happy with everything

B.maker others disappointed and unhappy

C.is an excellent student

D.learns new things quickly.

7.according to the passage ,which of the following is true about a fast -tracker.?

A.he is not very talented in his work .

B.he is not likely to get rich .

C.he may not stick to his work

D.he is dependable and practical.

8.The word ―materialize‖in the last paragraphmeans ― ‖

A. matter

B. appear

C. match

D.attract

9.It is implied in the passage that_____.

A.one has no pleasure until he succeeds

B.glue can help one focus on one’s work

C.success has nothing to do with special talent

D.success is closely related to patience and steadiness

10.Aproper title for the passage can be_____.

A.The Magic of Glue

B.The Way to Success

C.Why Talented People often Succeed Quickly

D.How Average Achievers Do Better than Others

Passage Three

Questions 11 to 15are based on the following passage.

From good reading we can derive pleasure , companionship , experience , and instruction .A good book may absorb our attention so completely that for the time being we forget our surroundings and even our identity .Reading good books is one of the greatest pleasures in life . It increase our contentment when we are cheerful , and lessens our trouble when we are sad .Whatever may be our main purpose in reading , our contact with good books should never fail to give us enjoyment and satisfaction .

With a good in hand we could never be lonely .Whether the characters portrayed are taken from real life or are purely imaginary , they may become our companions and friends .In the pages of books we can walk with the wiise and the good of all lands and all times .Thepeoplle we meet in books may delight us either because they resemble human friends whom we hold dear or because they represent unfamiliar types whom we are glad to welcome as new acquaintances . Our human friends sometimes may bore us , but friends we make in books could never weary us witu theeir company .By turning the pages we can dismiss them without any fear of hurting their feelings .When human friends desert us , good books are always ready to give us friendship , sympathy and encouragement .

One of the most valuable gifts bestowed by books is experience . Few of us can travel far from home or have a wide range of experiences , but all of us can lead varied lives through the pages of books .Whether we wish to escape from the seemingly dull realities of everyday life or whether we long to vist some far-off place ,a book will help us when nothing else can. To travel by book we need no bank account to pay for our way , no airship or ocean liner or streamlined train to transport us , no passport to enter the land of our heart’s desire .Through books we may get the thrill of hazardous adventure without danger .We can climb lofty mountains or cross the scorching sands of the desert ,all without hardship .Indeed ,through books the whole word is ours for the asking. The possibilities of our literary experiences are almost unlimited .The beauties of nature , the enjoyment of music , the treasures of art , the triumphs of architecture , the marvels of engineering , are all open to the wonder and ennjoyment of those who read .

11.The main idea of the first paragraphis_____.

A.pleasure can only be derived from reading good books

B.a good book may distract our attention

C.ppeople can read good books in different ways

D.enjoyment and satisfaction can be derived from reading good books

12、The main reason that people like their acquaintances in books is .

A、they are like human friends exactly

B、they never bore us in comparison with our human friends

C、they never hurt our feelings

D、they give human beings friendship, sympathy and encouragement

13、We forget our surroundings and even our identity because .

A、the reading environment is very good

B、the book is extremely interesting and attractive

C、we are alone and no one interrupts us

D、we are asked to return the book the second day

14、Which of the following is NOT true?

A、All of us can lead varied lives through the pages of books.

B、We can travel by book free of charge to our heart’s content.

C、We should rely on reading to escape from the seemingly dull realities of everyday life.

D、Valuable experiences can be obtained from reading good books.

15、‖The whole world is ours for the asking‖ implies that .

A、the world is more accessible in books than in reality

B、the world is easy to travel around as long as we walk

C、the world belongs to us whenever we ask

D、round-the-world trips can be made by everyone

Passage Four(非英专)

Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage.

Increasingly over the past 10 years , P eople especially young people have become aware of the need to change their eating habits , because much of the food they eat , particularly processed foods ,is not good for health .Consequently , there has been a growing interest in natural foods:foods which do not contain chemical additives and which have not been affected by chemical fertilizers widely used in farming today.

Natural foods , for example , include vegetables , fruit and grain which have been grown in soil that is rich in organic matter .In simple terms ,this means that the soil has been nourished by unused vegetable matter , which provides it with essential vitamins and minerals .This in itself is a natural process compared with the use of chemicals and fertilizers , the main purpose of which is to increase the amount---but not the quality---of foods grown in commercial farming areas. Natural foods also include animals which have been allowed to feed and move freely in healthy pastures .Compare this with what bappens in the mass production of poultry: There are battery farms , for example ,where thousands of chickens live crowded together in one building and are fed on food which is little better than rubbish . Chickens kept in this way are not only tasteless as food ; they also produce eggs which lack important vitamins .

It is significant that nowadays fiber is considered to be an important part of a bealthy diet . In white bread , for example ,the fiber has been removed . But it is present in unrefined flour and of course in vegetables .It is interesting to note that in countries where the national diet contains large quantities of unrefined flour and vegetables , certain diseases are comparatively rare . Hence the emphasis placed of the eating of whole meal bread and more vegetables by modern experts on ―healthy eating‖.

16.People have become more interested in natural foods because______.

A.they like changing their diet from time to time

B.they want to eat food that is more delicious

C.much of the food they eat is no longer considered to be healthy

D.they want to be fashionable

17.Soil that is rich in organic matter_______.

A.has nothing nutritious added to it

B.is essential for producing fruit and vegetables

C.contains unused vegetables matter

D.has been chemicals and fertilizers added to it

18.According to the author , the use of chemicals and fertilizers______.

A.will not necessarily increase the production of foods

B.is a good way to improve the quality of foods

C.promotes the foods both in quality and in quantity

D.is no good foor health

19.Chickens an be called ―natural foods ― only when______.

A.they are delicious

B.they are fed on food little better than rubblish

C.they lay eggs rich in vitamins every day

D.they are allowed to move about and eat freely

20.Which of the following is considered good for healthy eating?

A.Unrefined flour and vegetables.

B.White bread and boney.

C.Canned beans and fruits.

D.Mass-produced chickens and eggs.

Passage Four(英专)

Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage.

Drunken driving—sometimes called America’s socially accepted form of murder—has become a national epidemic. Every hour of every day about three Americans on average are killed by drunken drivers, adding up to an incredible 250,000 over the past decade.

Heavy drinking used to be an acceptable part of the American macho (男子汉) image and judges were lenient in most courts, but the drunken slaughter has recently caused so many well-publicized tragedies, especially involving young children, that public opinion is no longer so tolerant.

Twenty states have raised the legal drinking age to 21, reversing a trend in the 1960s to reduce it to 18. After New Jersey lowered it to 18, the number of people killed by 18-20-year-old drivers more than doubled, so the state recently upped it back to 21.

Reformers, however, fear raising the drinking age will have little effect unless accompanied by educational programs to help young people to develop ―responsible attitudes‖ about drinking and teach then to resist peer pressure to drink.

Though new laws have led to increased arrests and tests and, in many areas already, to a marked decline in fatalities. Some states are also penalizing bars for serving customers too many drinks. A tavern (酒栈) in Massachusetts was fined for serving six or more brandies to a customer who was ―obviously intoxicated‖ and later drove off the road, killing a nine-year-old boy.

As the fatalities continue to occur daily in every state, some Americans are even beginning to speak well of the 13 years of national prohibition of alcohol that began in 1919, which President Hoover called the ―noble experiment‖. They forget that legal prohibition didn’t stop drinking, but encouraged political corruption and organized crime. As with the booming drug trade, there is no easy solution.

16、Drunken driving has become a serious problem in America because .

A. most drunken drivers drive their cars at top speed

B. most drivers regard heavy drinking as part of the American macho image

C. fatalities caused by drunken driving have been greatly increased

D. about 25,000 people on average are killed every year by drunken drivers

17. Why have the public changed their opinion about drunken driving?

A. Because detailed statistics on drunken slaughter are now available.

B. Because they are no longer tolerant of the drunken slaughter.

C. Because judges usually give more severe sentences to drunken drivers.

D. Because drunken drivers are more conscious of their image.

18. The statistics issued in New Jersey suggested that .

A. many drunken drivers were not of legal age

B. many young people were in no way qualified drivers

C. raising the legal drinking age would have little effect on the reduction of tragedies

D. raising the legal drinking age would reduce the fatalities caused by drunken drivers

19. Laws recently introduced in some states have .

A. reduced the number of convictions

B. resulted in fewer fatalities of traffic accidents

C. prevented bars from serving drunken drivers

D. specified the amount drivers can drink

20. What’s the author’s attitude towards the solution to drunken driving in the United Stats?

A. Ironical.

B. Casual.

C. Optimistic.

D. Realistic.

Part II Vocabulary and Structure (共40小题,每小题1分,共40分)

Directions: In this part there are forty incomplete sentences. Each sentence is followed by four choices. Choose the one that best completes the sentence and then mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

21. Keep two extra pencils while taking the examination.

A. at ease

B. at length

C. at hand

D. in turn

22. The competition form experienced staff members, some of whom are higher in rank, to my disadvantages.

A. works

B. working

C. work

D. worked

23. I don’t know what Alfred to read your letter. He thought it was addressed to him.

A. made … Supposedly

B. induced … Presumably

C. stimulated … Possibly

D. introduced … Probably

24. Never before available for quick and easy access in so many different fields of study.

A. so much free information

B. were so much free information

C. has so much free information been

D. so much free information has been

25. It’s true that not having a car imposes some , but owning one also complicates life in many ways.

A. constructions

B. introductions

C. instructions

D. restrictions

26. Word got around he had resigned his position as executive secretary of the committee.

A. what

B. that

C. whatever

D. which

27. If you invest so heavily in the stock market, you’re risks.

A. turning in

B. heading off

C. turning on

D. heading for

28. A further into the cause of the disaster reveled that the director was partly to blame because he had not insisted on adequate precautions.

A. entry

B. request

C. inquiry

D. conquest

29. It is only in the most difficult circumstances a man’s abilities are fully tested.

A. when

B. that

C. where

D. so what

30. Adults tend to interpret the action of children their own experiences.

A. in terms of

B. in the habit of

C. in words of

D. in the account of

31. In fact, the Iraq war was fairly across the West.

A. conversational

B. contradictory

C. contrary

D. controversial

32. ―You missed a golden opportunity.‖

―Yes, I that job when i t was offered.‖

A. must have taken

B. should have taken

C. might take

D. ought to take

33. The use of military force faces strong opposition among key US allies where opinion polls show ______ majorities of the populations support a peaceful solution.

A. substantial

B. enormous

C. considerable

D. overwhelming

34. There is every sign that most of the Asian Americans have been the nation’s culture.

A. assimilated into

B. involved into

C. associated with

D. connected with

35. Professor Wu told us that by the end of the year he here for three years.

A. will have worked

B. will have been working

C. would have been working

D. has been working

36. We cannot choose whether we will pay income tax or not, because payment of income tax is _____ .

A. compulsive

B. impulsive

C. comprehensive

D. compulsory

37. You’re the manager’s relative, but that doesn’t your to a free meal in out restaurant.

A. qualify

B. entitle

C. adapt

D. allow

38. Believe it or not, Matt earns his brother, who has a better position in a big company.

A. much as twice as

B. as twice much as

C. twice as much as

D. as much twice as

39. Please keep the numbered cards in , don’t mix them up.

A. series

B. succession

C. sequence

D. procedure

40. The whole world is now clearly aware of the to which global warming has effected the earth.

A. extent

B. range

C. grade

D. limit

41. What would happen if students were of books?

A. refused

B. declined

C. denied

D. deprived

42. There are two major problems linked with atomic power plants, the first concerns nuclear waste.

A. of which

B. of the two

C. of them

D. of the plants

43. It seems that there is no resolution to this racial .

A. convention

B. compromise

C. conflict

D. conservation

44. There’s no doubt that your achievement your hard work.

A. contributed to

B. is attributed to

C. is led to

D. resulted in

45. Look at the terrible situation I am in now! I only I your advice.

A. follow

B. had followed

C. would follow

D. have followed

46. The policeman on duty became of the youth and asked him why he was standing

A. doubtful

B. suspicious

C. suspected

D. hesitated

47. Americans are trained to think of themselves as separate individuals, most Chinese consider themselves as members of a group.

A. whereas

B. as

C. since

D. like

48. It’s no good . You just have to put up with all these.

A. complained

B. complaining

C. to be complaining

D. to complain

49. As we are unlikely to find another hotel before dark, the action is to stay here for the night.

A. senseless

B. sensitive

C. sensational

D. sensible

50. He hopes that when he comes back in five years’ time all the old buildings down.

A. will have been pulled

B. will be pulling

C. will have pulled

D. will be pulled

51. It has never to her that it was her son who committed such a silly mistake.

A. occurred

B. happened

C. arisen

D. seemed

52. Quite a number of NBA Players have the experience of form one team to another.

A. transforming

B. transferring

C. transplanting

D. transmitting

53. The atmosphere is as much a part of the earth as its soils and the water of its lakes, rivers and oceans.

A. is

B. has

C. are

D. have

54. Trying to wild life is a job that concerns all of us.

A. deserve

B. detect

C. protect

D. reserve

55. , the next problem was how to make a good plan.

A. Having made the decision

B. The decision having been made

C. Has the decision been made C. The decision has been made

56. Steven Hawking is now confined the hospital by illness.

A. in

B. to

C. with

D. at

57. The rapid development China has achieved in the last decade that the future is likely to be very exciting.

A. make it clear

B. it has made clear

C. it makes clear

D. has made it clear

58. Football players are males, though there are some females.

A. most

B. mostly

C. much

D. all

59. Tome has been most helpful to us; in fact I don’t know what we without him.

A. have done

B. will have done

C. had done

D. would have done

60. I don’t have any plan for the weekend — I was thinking of spending some time with my family or perhaps getting together with some friends.

A. confident

B. conservative

C. concrete

D. considerate

Part III Cloze (共20小题,每小题1分,共20分)

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank where are four choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. Choose the answer that best fits into the context, and then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

There was a time when parents who wanted an educational present for their children would buy a typewriter, a globe or an encyclopedia set. Now those 61 seem hopelessly old fashioned, this Christmas, there were a lot of 62 computers under the tree. 63 that computer are the key to success, parents insist that children 64 taught to use them to school as early as

The problem for schools is that when it 65 computers, parents do not always know best and are eagerly urging the schools to offer computer courses as soon as possible. Many schools are 66 parental impatience and are purchasing hardware hastily 67 good educational planning, saying ―OK, we’ve moved into the computer age.‖ Teachers 68themselves caught in the middle of the problem between parental pressure and 69 educational decisions. Educators do not even agree 70 how computers should be used. A lot of money is going for computerized educational materials 71 can be taught 72 with pencil and paper. Even those who believe that all children should 73 to computer warn that there are potential 74 to the very young. The temptation of the computer is so strong that young children who quickly 75 themselves to it are never how much time they have 76 on it.

There are some other problems. 77 every school can afford to go into computing, and there is a division 78 the haves and the have-nots. Very few parents ask 79 computer instruction in poor school districts, 80 there may be barely enough money to pay the reading teacher.

61. A. itemsB. toys C. sets D. series

62. A. private B. children C. school D. personal

63. A. Giving B. Providing C. Convinced D. Believed

64. A. was B. be C. are being D. were

65. A. talks about B. comes to C. turns to D. mentions to

66. A. ignoring B. blaming C. yielding to D. turning a deaf ear to

67. A. without B. with C. through D. for

68. A. rely on B. relax C. free D. find

69. A. wise B. clever C. slow D. enough

70. A. on B. with C. to D. about

71. A. however B. where C. what D. which

72. A. equally B. in the same way C. just as well D. not as well

73. A. be open B. have access C. look D. turn

74. A. approaches B. exposures C. problems D. means

75. A. adopt B. keep C. adapt D. devote

76. A. cost B. spent C. taken D. paid

77. A. Nor B. Not C. No D. Any

78. A. among B. amid C. amidst D. between

79. A. for B. againstC. to buy D. to use

80. A. due to that B. in any case C. although D. where

第II卷

注意事项:

1、答第II卷前,考生务必将密封线内的各项目及第13页右下角的座位号填写清楚。

2、第II卷共两大题,考生须用钢笔或圆珠笔将答案直接答在试卷上。

3、考试结束,考生将第II卷、第I卷和答题卡一并交回。

Part IV Translation (共35分)

Section A (共5小题,每小题4分,共20分)

Directions: Translate the following sentences into Chinese. You may refer to the corresponding passages in Part I.

81. The business of continuing the family lineage (血统) and keeping the bloodlines pure is often too important to be left to romance and chance encounters. (Passage One)

82. Researchers have found that school performance is little related to job competence. Qualities like ―steady and dependable‖ and ―practical and organized‖ are more important. (Passage Two) 83. The people we meet in books may delight us either because they resemble human friends whom we hold dear or because they represent unfamiliar types whom we are glad to welcome as new acquaintances. (Passage Three)

84. Increasingly over the past ten years, people—especially young people—have become aware of the need of change their eating habits, because much of the food they eat, particularly processed foods, are not good for health. (Passage Four)

85. It is interesting to note that in countries where the national diet contains large quantities of unrefined flour and vegetables, certain diseases are comparatively rate. (Passage Four)

Section B (共5小题,每小题3分,共15分)

Directions: Translate the following sentences into English.

86、互联网的出现改变了人们的生活、工作与思维方式。

87、对一个想找工作地学生来说,有没有硕士学位的确有很大影响。

88、我们往往认识不到的是,看似无用的东西也许从长远角度来看大有裨益。

89、至关重要的是,发达国家和发展中国家应通过更多的交流增进相互间的理解和尊重。

90、要在学习上取得进步,学社需要具备独立学习的技能,而不是事事都依靠老师。

Part V Writing (共20分)

Directions: In this part you are required to write an essay about the ways of finding information. You shoud write ate 120(英语专业需要150词) words and base your composition on the outline below .

1. There are different ways of finding information.

2. Which way(s) do you prefer? And why?

2009年江苏省普通高校“专转本”统一考试

大学英语参考答案

01-05、BDBAA 06-10、DCBDB 11-15、DBBCA(非英专)16-20、CCDDA(英专)16-20、CBDAD

21-25、CCBCD 26-30、BDCBA 31-35、DBDAC 36-40、DBCCA

41-45、DACBB 46-50、BABDA 51-55、ABCCB 56-60、BDDDC

61-65、ADCBB 66-70、CADCA 71-75、DCBCC 76-80、BBDAD(英专)Cloze 61-65、BADCB 66-70、ADCDB 71-75、BCABC 76-80、DDACB

81、传宗接代、维系家族血统纯正往往极为重要,不能由浪漫和偶遇支配。

82、研究人员发现,学习成绩与工作能力几乎没有关系。有些品质,比如―稳定而可靠‖、―实际而有条不紊‖则更加重要。

83、我们在书中遇到的人们之所以使我们感到快乐,原因就是他们或者很像我们真爱的朋友,或者代表了新类型的人,而且是我们乐于结识的。

84、然而,改革者们担心提高饮酒的合法年龄收效甚微,除非同时实施教育计划来帮助年轻人培养对饮酒持―负责的态度‖,并且教育他们抵制同龄人劝酒的压力。

85、由于每个州每天都持续发生死亡事故,有些美国人甚至开始赞誉自1919年开始、实行了长达13年的全国禁酒令,即胡佛总统称之为―高尚的实验‖的禁酒令。

86. The appearance of the Internet has changed the way people live, work and think.

87. For a student who wan ts to get a job, a master’s degree/whether he has a master’s degree does make a difference.

88. What we don’t always recognize is that what seems to be useless may, in the long run, prove (to be) beneficial.

89. It is crucial that developed countries and developing countries promote mutual understanding and respect through more communication.

90. To make progress in their study, Students need to equip themselves with independent study skills instead of relying on their teachers for everything.

Writing

Ways of finding information

给出了两提纲,我们可以把它拆分成三段:

第一段:There are different ways of finding information(说明信息对我们的重要性,再描述

概况,today it is called an information age,we are faced with an explosive amount 0f information.之类的话三句即可不必过长);

第二段:获得信息的方式很多,介绍三个左右,再分别用两句话进一步阐述,5-6句

第二段:我最欢的方式,为什么;3-4句即可。