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综述国际流域生态修复发展趋势及借鉴意义

综述国际流域生态修复发展趋势及借鉴意义

Geographical Science Research 地理科学研究, 2019, 8(2), 221-233 Published Online May 2019 in Hans. http://www.wendangku.net/doc/c831866d0408763231126edb6f1aff00bfd5707b.html /journal/gser https://http://www.wendangku.net/doc/c831866d0408763231126edb6f1aff00bfd5707b.html /10.12677/gser.2019.82024

综述国际流域生态修复发展趋势及借鉴意义

综述国际流域生态修复发展趋势及借鉴意义

综述国际流域生态修复发展趋势及借鉴意义

文章引用: 王志芳, 岳文静, 王思睿, 朱钟炜. 综述国际流域生态修复发展趋势及借鉴意义[J]. 地理科学研究, 2019, 8(2): 221-233. DOI: 10.12677/gser.2019.82024

Review the Development Trend of Ecological Restoration in International Watersheds and Its Reference Significance

Zhifang Wang, Wenjing Yue, Sirui Wang, Zhongwei Zhu

College of Architecture and Landscape of Peking University, Beijing

Received: May 1st , 2019; accepted: May 15th , 2019; published: May 22nd , 2019

Abstract

The study divides the development process of international watershed ecological restoration into two stages: single watershed problem control and compound watershed problem control. The sin-gle watershed problem remediation stage can be divided into water resources period and water quality period. The comprehensive target watershed remediation stage can be divided into water ecological period (mainly biodiversity) and multi-functional period (combining social needs with urban and rural development). This study summarizes the development trend of international watershed ecological restoration as: the diversification of watershed ecological restoration objec-tives—the re-naturalization of watershed ecological restoration measures public participation in watershed ecological restoration. This study summarizes the enlightenment of the experience of international watershed ecological restoration to the ecological restoration of China’s river basins as follows: 1) Watershed-based ecological restoration of land space should be based on water; 2) Remediation of land space remediation needs to determine the priority of the problem; 3) Wa-tershed problems should be rectified by multi-functional systems; 4) Watershed problems should be managed according to the degree of urbanization and natural factors; 5) A sound “monitoring, evaluation, planning” cycle system should be established, and problem-oriented to ensure the im-plementation of the plan; 6) Watershed governance should focus on multi-agent participation and legislative support; 7) Research should focus on the detailed zoning and species structure of na-tive ecosystems, the natural succession path of native ecosystems, and the study of the elastic threshold of watershed ecosystems; 8) We should learn from the experience of foreign river basin management according to the development of different regions. Keywords

Watershed Management, Ecological Restoration, Beautiful China, Territorial Space Governance

综述国际流域生态修复发展趋势及借鉴意义 王志芳,岳文静,王思睿,朱钟炜

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