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公路工程专用词汇

道路工程英文翻译术语abrasiveness 磨耗度

absolute datum 绝对基面

abutment 桥台

abutment pier制动墩

acceleration lane加速车道

accidental load 偶然荷载

accommodation lane 专用车道

acoustic barrier 隔音墙

acting circles of blasting 爆破作用圈additional stake 加桩

adjacent curve in one direction 同向曲线admixture 外加剂

admixture 反坡安全线

aerial photogrammetry 航空摄影测量

aerophoto base 航摄基线

aerophoto interpretation 航摄像片判读

ageing 老化

aggregate 集料(骨料)

air hardining 气硬性

alignment design (城市道路)平面设计,线形设计alignment element 线形要素

alligator cracking 路面龟裂

allowable rebound deflection 容许(回弹)弯沉alternative line 比较线

anchored bulkhead abutment 锚锭板式桥台anchored bulkhead abutment 锚锭板式挡土墙anchored retaining wall 锚杆式挡土墙

anionic emulsified bitumen 阴离子乳化沥青annual ***erage daily traffic 年平均日交通量

anti-creep heap (厂矿道路)挡车堆

anti-dizzling screen 防炫屏(遮光栅) antiskid heap (厂矿道路)防滑堆approach span 引桥

aquitard 隔水层

arch bridge 拱桥

arch culvert 拱涵

arch ring 拱圈

arterial highway 干线公路

arterial road (厂内)主干道,(城市)主干路asphalt distributor 沥青洒布车

asphalt mixing plant 沥青混合料拌和设备asphalt remixer 沥青混合料摊铺机asphalt remixer 复拌沥青混合料摊铺机asphalt sand 沥青砂

asphalt sprayer 沥青洒布机

asphaltic bitumen 地沥青

at-grade intersection 平面交叉

auxiliary lane 附加车道

***erage consistency (of soil) 土的)平均稠度***erage gradient 平均纵坡

aximuth angle 方位角

balance weight retaining wall 衡重式挡土墙base course 基层

base line 基线

basic traffic capacity 基本通行能力

beam bridge 梁桥

beam level deflectometer 杠杆弯沉仪bearing 支座

bearing angle 象限角

bearing pile 支承桩

bearing platform 承台

bed course 垫层

bench mark 水准点

benched subgrade 台口式路基

bending strength 抗弯强度

Benkelman beam 杠杆弯沉仪(贝克曼弯沉仪)

bent cap 盖梁

berm 护坡道

binder 结合料

binder course 联结层

bitumen 沥青

bitumen (沥青混合料)抽提仪

bitumen-aggregate ratio 油石比

bituminous concrete p***ement 沥青混凝土混合料

bituminous concrete mixture 沥青混凝土路面bituminous concrete moxture 沥青碎石混合料bituminous macadam p***ement 沥青碎石路面bituminous moxture 沥青混合料

bituminous p***ement 沥青路面

bituminous penetration p***ement 沥青贯入式路面biuminous surface treatment (沥青)表面处治blasting crater 爆破漏斗

blastion for loosening rock 松动爆破

blasting for throwing rock 抛掷爆破

blasting procedure 土石方爆破

bleeding 泛油

blind ditch 盲沟

blind drain 盲沟

block pavement 块料路面

block stone 块石

blow up 拱胀

boring 钻探

boring log (道路)地质柱状图

boring machine 钻孔机

borrow earth 借土

borrow pit 取土坑

boundary frame on crossing 道口限界架boundary frame on road 道路限界架

boundary line of road construction 道路建筑限界bowstring arch bridge 系杆拱桥

box culvert 箱涵

branch pipe of inlet 雨水口支管

branch road (城市)支路,(厂内)支道

bridge 桥梁

bridge decking 桥面系

bridge deck p***ement 桥面铺装

bridge floor expantion and contraction installation traction installation 桥面伸缩装置

bridge gerder erection equpment 架桥机

bridge on slope 坡桥

bridge site 桥位

bridle road 驮道

broken chainage 断链

broken stone 碎石

broken back curve 断背曲线

buried abutment 埋置式桥台

bus bay 公交(车辆)停靠站

bypass 绕行公路

cable bent tower 索塔

cable saddle 索鞍

cable stayed bridge 斜拉桥(斜张桥)

Cableway erecting equipment 缆索吊装设备California bearing ratio (CBR) 加州承载比(CBR) California bearing ratio tester 加州承载比(CBR)测定仪camber cruve 路拱曲线

cantilever beam bridge 悬臂梁桥

cantilever beam bridge 悬臂式挡土墙

capacity of intersection 交叉口通行能力

capacity of network 路网通行能力

capillary water 毛细水

carriage way 车行道(行车道)

cast-in-place cantilever method 悬臂浇筑法

cationic emulsified bitumen 阳离子乳化沥青

cattle-pass 畜力车道

cement concrete 水泥混凝土

cemint concrete p***ement 水泥混凝土混合料cement concrete p***ement 水泥混凝土路面center-island 中心岛

center lane 中间车道

center line of raod 道路中线

center line survey 中线测量

center stake 中桩

central reserve 分隔带

channelization 渠化交通

shannelization island 导流岛

channelized intrersection 分道转弯式交叉口chip 石屑

chute 急流槽

circular curve 圆曲线

circular curve 环路

circular test 环道试验

city road 城市道路

civil engineering fabric 土工织物classified highway 等级公路

classified highway 等级道路

clay-bound macadam泥结碎石路面clearance 净空

clearance above bridge floor 桥面净空clearce of span 桥下净空

climatic zoning for highway 公路自然区划climbing lane 爬坡车道

cloverleaf interchange 苜蓿叶形立体交叉coal tar 煤沥青

cobble stone 卵石

coefficient of scouring 冲刷系数

cohesive soil 粘性土

cold laid method 冷铺法

cold mixing method 冷拌法

cold-stretched steel bar 冷拉钢筋

column pier柱式墩

combination-type road system 混合式道路系统compaction 压实

compaction test 击实试验

compaction test apparatus 击实仪compactmess test 压实度试验

composite beam bridge 联合梁桥

composite pipe line 综合管道(综合管廊) compound curve 复曲线

conc***e vertical curve 凹形竖曲线

concrete joint cleaner (水泥混凝土)路面清缝机concrete joint sealer (水泥混凝土)路面填缝机concrete mixing plant 水泥混凝土(混合料)拌和设备concrete p***er 水泥混凝土(混合料)摊铺机concrete pump 水泥混凝土(混合料)泵

concrete saw (水泥混凝土)路面锯缝机

附录英汉术语对照索引

cone penetrantion test 触探试验

onflict point 冲突点

conical slope 锥坡

consistency limit (of soil) (土的)稠度界限consolidated subsoil 加固地基

consolidation 固结

construction by swing 转体架桥法

construction height of bridge 桥梁建筑高度

construction joint 施工缝

construction load 施工荷载construction survey 施工测量continuous beam bridge 连续梁桥contourline 等高线

contraction joint 缩缝

control point 路线控制点

converging 合流

convex vertining wall 凸形竖曲线corduroy road 木排道

counterfout retaining wall 扶壁式挡土墙counterfort abutmen 扶壁式桥台country road 乡村道路

county road 县公路(县道),乡道

creep 徐变

critical speed 临界速度

cross roads 十字形交叉

cross slope 横坡

cross walk 人行横道

cross-sectional profile 横断面图cross-sectional survey 横断面测量crown 路拱

crushed stone 碎石

crushing strength 压碎值

culture 地物

culvert 涵洞

curb 路缘石

curb side strip 路侧带

curve length 曲线长

curve widening 平曲线加宽

curved bridge 弯桥

cut 挖方

cut corner for sight line (路口)截角

cut-fill transition 土方调配

cut-fill transition 土方调配图

cutting 路堑

cycle path 自行车道

cycle track 自行车道

deceleration lane 减速车道

deck bridge 上承式桥

deflection angle 偏角

deflection test 弯沉试验

degree of compaction 压实度

delay 延误

density of road network 道路(网)密度

edpth of tunnel 隧道埋深

edsign elevation of subgrade 路基设计高程

design frequency (排水)设计重现期

edsign hourly volume 设计小时交通量

design of evevation (城市道路)竖向设计

design of vertical alignment 纵断面设计

design speed 计算行车速度(设计车速)

design traffic capacity 设计通行能力

design vehicle 设计车辆

design water level 设计水位

desiged dldvation 设计高程

designed flood frequency 设计洪水频率

deslicking treatment 防滑处理

Deval abrasion testion machine 狄法尔磨耗试验机(双筒式磨耗试验机)

diamond interchange 菱形立体交叉

differential photo 微分法测图

direction angle 方向角

directional interchange 定向式立体交叉diverging 分流

dowel bar 传力杆

drain opening 泄水口

drainage by pumping station (立体交叉)泵站排水drainage ditch 排水沟

dressed stone 料石

drop water 跌水

dry concrtet 干硬性混凝土

ductility (of bitumen) (沥青)延度

ductilometer (沥青)延度仪

dummy joint 假缝

dynamic consolidation 强夯法

economic speed 经济车速

econnomical hauling distance 土方调配经济运距element support 构件支撑

elevation 高程(标高)

embankment 路堤

emergency parking strip 紧急停车带

emulsified bitumen 乳化沥青

erecting by floating 浮运架桥法

erection by longitudinal pulling method 纵向拖拉法erection by protrusion 悬臂拼装法

erection with cableway 缆索吊装法

evaporation pond 蒸发池

expansion bearing 活动支座

expansive soil 膨胀土

expantion joint 胀缝