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九年级英语全册 Unit 11 Sad movies make me cry单元语法练习 (新版)人教新目标版

Unit 11 Sad movies make me cry

单元语法小专题Grammar Focus

make的使役用法

make作为及物动词,有一种特殊用法,即“使役用法”,在表示“使(要)某人(事物)做什么(怎么样)”时,它除了要有一个“宾语”之外,还要求宾语后面带上一个宾语补足语,整个句子才能完整,这种“宾语+宾语补足语”是英语简单句的五种基本句型之一,其用法有:1.“make+名词/代词+形容词(短语)”意为“使某人/某物(感到)……”。make是谓语动词,名词/代词是make 的宾语,后面的形容词或形容词短语在此作宾语补足语。如:

Drinking coffee can make me energetic.喝咖啡能给我活力。

2.“make+名词/代词+动词原形”意为“使某人做某事”,此处的动词原形是省略to的不定式,也作宾补。如:

Cloudy days make me want to sleep.多云的天气使我想睡觉。

The teacher made her copy the whole text.老师让她抄写整篇课文。

【注意】如果将此类句型改为被动语态,主动语态中的宾补,即不带to的不定式,应改为带to的不定式作主语的补足语。如:The boss made him work for 15 hours a day.变为被动语态应为:He was made to work for 15 hours a day by the boss.

3.“make+名词/代词+名词(短语)”意为“使某人/某物(变得)……”,名词(短语)作宾补。如:

We made him our monitor.我们选他当我们的班长。4.“make+宾语+过去分词”意为“使某人/某事被……”。宾语补足语是过去分词时,宾语是过去分词的逻辑宾语,宾语与过去分词之间存在逻辑上的被动关系。如:We must make it done in two hours.我们必须在两个小时内做完这件事。

5.“make+宾语+现在分词”意为“使某人/某事一直在……”。现在分词与宾语之间存在逻辑上的主谓关系。如:

He makes the boy standing all the time.他让那个男孩一直站着。

同步语法强化训练

Ⅰ.用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空。

1. We must make computers ________ (serve) u s better.

2. I am often made ________ (do) some housework.

3.I just couldn’t make myself ________ (understand) while talking to a foreigner.

4.The news make me ________ (surprise).

5.Soccer makes him ________ (excite).

Ⅱ.根据汉语意思完成英语句子,每空一词。

6.那位父亲想让他的女儿学法语。

The father ________ his daughter ________ ________ French.

7. 吃得太多使他生病了。

Eating too much ________ him ________.

8.昨晚父亲让我学习到12点钟。

My father ________ ________ ________ till twelve last night.

9. 莉莉使小女孩停止了哭泣。

Lily the little girl .

10.要求学生们下课前必须做完作业。 The students were

the homework before class.

Ⅲ.按要求完成下列句子,每空一词

11. makes, said, what, us, sad, she(连词成句)

12. The white walls mak e her stressed. (对画线部分提问)

the white walls make her ?

13.The pho to makes me feel happy. (对画线部分提问)

feel happy?

14. My mother made me stay at home last Sunday. (改为被动语态)

I stay at home last Sunday by my mother.

15. I feel nervous if people follow me around. (改为同义句)

me nervous if I around.

1

同步语法强化训练

Ⅰ. 1.serve 2. to do 3.understood 4.surprised 5.excited

Ⅱ.6. wants; to learn 7. made him ill 8. made me study 9. made; stop crying 10. made to finish Ⅲ. 11.What she said makes us sa d. 12. How do; feel 13. What makes you 14. was made to 15. It makes;

am followed