文档库

最新最全的文档下载
当前位置:文档库 > 北京市2017届高三英语 综合练习40

北京市2017届高三英语 综合练习40

北京市2017届高三综合练练习

英语

本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分,共150分。考试时间120分钟。

注意事项:

1.答题前考生务必将姓名、准考证号用黑色字迹的签字笔填写,用2B铅笔将答题卡上准考证号对应的信息点涂黑。

第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节, 满分45分)

第一节:单项填空(共15小题,每小题1分,满分15分)

从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

21.—I heard that as many as 24 people were killed in the big fire.

—Yes, news came as shock to us.

A.a; a B.the; / C./; a D.the; a

22.—I some photos to be developed. Are they ready yet?

—Yes. Here you are.

A.left B.will leave C.have left D.had left

23.Try the green button to see if the machine will start.

A.press B.to press C.pressing D.to have pressed

24.The children soon lost their way, they had never been in the forest alone before.

A.but B.and C.so D.for

25.At minus 130°C, a living cell can for a thousand years.

A.preserve B.be preserved C.be preserving D.have been preserved 26. with the threat of water shortages, Beijing and Shanghai are taking effective measures to save water and protect water resources.

A.Face B.Faced C.Facing D.To face

27. annoyed him most was that he had received no apology.

A.How B.Why C.What D.Which

28.You the parcel home. The shop would have delivered it if you had asked.

A.needn’t have carried B.couldn’t have carried

C.mustn’t have carried D.shouldn’t have ca rried

29.A lot of girls want to be singers, but can realize their dreams.

A.some B.any C.few D.many

30.—Let Mr. Stephen in, please? He me.

—Yes, Sir. In the meeting room.

A.is expecting B.has expected C.expected D.was expecting

31.—Will you be paying cheque?

—No. Cash.

A.for B.on C.by D.in

32. you disagree with her, her idea is still worth considering.

A.If only B.Even if C.Instead of D.Despite of

33.He liked to go to dances and parties. he could have a good time just sitting and watching.

A.where B.when C.which D.why

34.Can it be in the drawer you put your keys?

A.where B.that C.what D.when

35. a full discussion of the problem, the committee spent a whole hour exchanging their ideas at the meeting.

A.Have B.Having

C.Had D.To have

第二节完型填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。

Sometimes you can’t believe what is happening before your eyes. With all her big brothers and sisters off to school, our four-year-old daughter, Becky, felt 36 at home. Cattle and horses were too big for her to 37 with. Oh, my poor daughter.

One day I had just finished washing the lunch dishes when Becky rushed in with 38 . “Mama!” she cried, “Come to see my new dog! I gave him water two times already. He’s so thirsty.”

I 39 , another of Becky’s imaginary 40 .

“Please come, Mama.” She pulled 41 my jeans, her brown eyes pleading(肯求). “He’s crying—and he can’t walk!” “Can’t walk?” I could 42 it must be a certain animal this time. “All right, honey,” I said. By the time I tried to 43 her, Becky had already disappeared into the 44 . “Where are you?” I called. “Over here b y the oak stump(橡木桩). Hurry , Mama!” I 45 the branches and raised my hand 46 the glare of the sun. To my 47 , she was touching an unmistakable head of a wolf!

“Becky,” My mouth felt dry. “Don’t move.” I 48 closer. Yes, it was a big wolf which was badly hurt. Suddenly the wolf 49 . “It’s all right, boy.” Becky 50 it. “Don’t be afraid. That’s my Mama, and she loves you, too.” Then the unbelievable thing happened. As her tiny hands 51 the great shaking head, I found the wolf 52 down a nd waved his tail gently. “Honey,” my 53 tightened. “Put his 54 down and come to Mama. We’ll go and find help.”

Becky got up and kissed the wolf on the nose before she walked slowly into my arms. With Becky 55 in my arms, I ran home quickly. I ca n’t understand why my little girl could get along well with the wolf, but I always think if only all of us could get on well with other animals, like my slaughter and the wolf.

36.A.lonely B.afraid C.free D.happy

37.A.go B.deal C.play D.compete

38.A.sadness B.excitement C.caution D.fear

39.A.regretted B.complained C.laughed D.sighed

40.A.plans B.dogs C.tricks D.discoveries

41.A.on B.over C.up D.at

42.A.recognize B.suspect C.say D.declare

43.A.follow B.catch C.trust D.convince

44.A.gate B.house C.crowd D.woods

45.A.parted B.split C.struck D.surrounded

46.A. to B.for C.from D.against

47.A.joy B.astonishment C.curiosity D.disappointment

48.A.reached B.sought C.stepped D.watched

49.A.shook B.attacked C.jumped D.stood

50.A.stopped B.comforted C.blamed D.ordered

51.A.beat B.felt C.waved D.held

52.A.went B.slowed C.calmed D.got

53.A.teeth B.mind C.feet D.throat

54.A.body B.tail C.head D.hand

55.A.safe B.happy C.nervous D.proud

第三部分:阅读理解(共20小题,每题2分,满分40分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

Nothing is more upset than not being able to sleep, tossing and turning. Your mind is racing, going over everything that happened that day. Night noises keep you awake, what can you do? Here are some things you can do to help you to fall asleep.

Sleep only when sleepy

This reduces the time you are awake in bed.

If you can't fall asleep within 20 minutes, get up and do something boring until you feel sleepy.

Don't expose yourself to bright light while you are up. The light tells your brain that it is time to wake up.

Don't take naps

This will ensure that you are tired at bedtime. If you just can't make it through the day without a nap, sleep less than one hour, and take a nap before 3 p.m.

Get up and go to bed the same time every day

Even on weekends! When your sleep cycle has a regular rhythm, you will feel better.

Regular exercise can help you sleep well, but the time to do exercise is important. Exercising in the morning or early afternoon will not interfere(干扰)with sleep.

Have a snack before bedtime

If your stomach is too empty, that can interfere with sleep. However, if you eat

a heavy meal before bedtime, that can interfere as well. Have a warm glass of milk.

Take a hot bath 90 minutes before bedtime

A hot bath will raise your body temperature, but it is the drop in body temperature that may make you feel sleepy.

56.If you want to have a good sleep at night, you can .

A.take a bath before bedtime

B.sit quietly with the light on

C.read an uninteresting magazine

D.think over what happened in the day

57.According to the passage, one had better not take naps .

A.before 3 p.m

B.for over one hour

C.when they are tired

D.when they have many things to do

58.What can we infer from the passage?

A.A lot of people have problems in sleeping.

B.Taking exercise before bedtime can help you sleep well.

C.The rise in your body temperature makes you feel sleepy.

D.Have a little food when you feel very hungry before bedtime.

59.What is the best title for the passage?

A.How to sleep well

B.Why can’t we fall asleep

C.Developing a regular sleep cycle

D.Sleep habits and health

B

We all know that when leaves fall to the ground they die and become food for worms. When worms pass the leaves, their waste can help to make the soil rich, from which the plants use to get their nutrition. The plants grow and provide food for animals. When the animals eat the plants, their waste goes back into the soil. It’s a perfect cycle.

But at the Elephant Conservation Centre in Lampang, Northern Thailand, they are using elephant waste for something more—to make 100% natural, beautiful colorful paper products! 100 years ago over 100,000 elephants in Thailand worked on farms, building sites and even in the army. However, only 6,000 remain there today because o f advances in technology that have made elephants’ old word less necessary. Elephants are doing new jobs now, including entertaining tourists by painting and playing football, and now by helping in the paper making industry. And their keepers, called Mahouts, can earn a living for their families and help their elephants by using elephant waste, also called “dung” to make beautiful, natural, paper products without any bad smell.

Every day an adult elephant eats about 200kg of plants like bamboo, grass and watermelon seeds. His body system breaks the plants into 50kg of fibers, which can produce 115 sheets of fibrous paper.

The first step to make this special natural paper is to collect the fiber rich “dung” from the elephant. The next step is to wash it and boil it for five hours to kill bacteria. (The water the use in this process is reused to water plans at the Centre, which, in turn, feed the elephants). After it’s boiled, they cut fibers up. During the cutting process, they add in the desired color of the paper. For the fourth step, they take the mixture and make balls of 300g. Each ball is then speeds lightly over bamboo frames to dry into one large sheet of paper. After a few hours in the sun, the sheets are dry enough to remove. The result is a wonderful, 100% natural, recycled paper. People around the world are getting interested in buying this special elephant paper for their holiday cards, writing paper and much more, because it’s beautiful, natural and helps so many.

60.Why are there few elephants in Thailand today than before?

A.Because they don’t have enough food.

B.Because they were killed in the war.

C.Because they technology develops very fast.

D.Because they Mahouts don’t want to keep them.

61.What is the famous product mentioned in the passage?

A.Paper. B.Dung .C.Fibers. D.Bamboo frames.

62.What are the exact words to describe the whole process of the product?

A.Common, interesting, and inexpensive.

B.Unusual, amazing, and perfect.

C.Impossible, special, but necessary.

D.Natural, wonderful and common.

C

Somehow Rey had managed to struggle free from the rope around his neck, after being left to die a slow death as punishment for being a bad Spanish greyhound(猎狗).

It is believed that 50,000 greyhounds are killed by their owners in Spain each year after they grow too old, or turn out to be too slow to hunt with. Dogs have also been found thrown into wells, burnt alive and even injected with poison.

But Rey's intended fate(命运) was, even within the levels of cruelty usually shown to Spanish hunting dogs, especially cruel. The rope around his neck had been set at a height so that his front paws could not touch the ground, meaning that he was intended to stand on his back legs until he was too tired to support himself. When his legs finally became too tired, the rope should have done its work.

"They call it the typewriting death, because the dog's back legs struggled against the ground and make the clicking sound of a typewriter," said Albert Sorde, of the SOS Galgos greyhound rescue group. "It is a punishment for greyhounds that are thought to have made their owners lose face."

"Rey's throat was severely damaged but we managed to find a vet to operate and, though it was expensive, he survived," he said.

Greyhounds in Spain are used for hunting hares(野兔). "The dogs are meant to imitate the swerves(转向)of the hares," said Sorde. "Those who don't, and make their owners look bad, are called ' dirty greyhounds' and are most likely to be killed by the typewriter method."

63.Rey was intended to be killed by .

A.Kicking B.burying C.hanging D.drowning

64.The underlined word "vet" in (Paragraph 5) probably means “_________”.

A.animal doctor B.ambulance

C.animal medicine D.equipment

65.What can you infer from the passage?

A.Dogs are not kept as pets in Spain.

B.Rey was punished because he had not been loyal to his owner.

C.The typewriting death is named because a typewriter is used in the punishment.

D.Rey didn’t behave very well in the hunting.

66.The passage mainly tells the readers about _________.

A.the cruel killing of dogs in Spain

B.how Rey was saved by rescuers

C.how Spanish dogs hunt hares

D.the fate of the dogs in Spain

D

“Humans should not try to avoid stress any more than they would shun food, love or exercise,” said Dr. Hans Selye, th e first physician to document the effects of stress on the body. While here’s on question that continuous stress is harmful, several studies suggest that challenging situations in which you’re able to rise to the occasion can be good for you.

In a study of 158 hospital nurses, those who faced considerable work demands but deal with the challenge were more likely to say they were in good health than those who felt they couldn’t get the job done.

Stress that you can manage also promote immune(免疫的)function. In a study at the Academic Center for Dentistry in Amsterdam, researchers put volunteers through two stressful experiences. In the first, a timed task that required memorizing a list followed by a short test, subjects believed they had control over the outcome. In the second, they weren’t in control. They had to sit through a bloody video on surgical procedures. Those who did the memory test had an increase levels of immunoglobulin A, an antibody(抗体)that’s the body’s first line of defense aga inst germs. However, the video-watchers experienced a fall in the antibody.

Stress encourage body to produce certain stress hormones(荷尔蒙). In short bursts these hormones have a positive effect, including improved memory function. “They can help nerve cells handle information and put it into storage,” says Dr. Bruce McEwen of Rockefeller University in New York. But in the long run these hormones can have a harmful effect on the body and brain.

“Continuous stress is not good for you,” says Richard Morimoto, a researcher at Northwestern University in Illinois studying the effects of stress on one’s life, “It’s the occasional burst of stress or brief experience of stress that could be protective.”

67.The passage is mainly about______.

A.how to promote immune function

B.the benefits of manageable tress

C.how to deal with stress effectively

D.the effect of stress hormones on memory

68.The underlined word “shun”(in Para.1) most probably means________.

A.cut down on B.put up with D.run out of C.stay away from 69.We can conclude from the study of the 158 nurses that_______ .

A.people under stress tend to have a poor memory

B.doing challenging work may be good for one’s health

C.people who can’t get their job done experience more stress

D.stress will weaken the body’s defense against germs

70.In the experiment described in Paragraph 3, the video-watcher experienced a fall in the antibody because______.

A.the video was not enjoyable at all

B.they knew little about surgical procedures

C.the degree of stress was beyond their control

D.they felt no pressure while watching the video

71.Dr. Bruce McEwen of Rockefeller University believes that______.

A.a person’s memory is determined by the level of hormones in his body

B.a person’s memory improves with conti nued experience of stress.

C.stress hormones have lasting positive effects on the brain

D.short bursts of stress hormones improve memory function

E

Wugging, or web use giving, describes the act of giving to charity(慈善)at no cost to the user. By using http://www.wendangku.net/doc/d0faf590f424ccbff121dd36a32d7375a517c648.html, which is being added to a number of university computers across the UK this week , students can raise money every time they search, but it won’t cost them a penny.

Research shows that students are enthusiastic about supporting charity, 88% of full time students have used the Internet to give to charity. This figure is high, considering this age group is often the least likely to have their own income. 19% of 22 to 24 years old have short-term debts of more than £5,000. With rising personal debt levels in this age group, due to university tuition fees or personal loans and a lack of long-term savings, traditional methods of donating to charity are often not appealing or possible.

Beth Truman, a 21-year-old recent university graduate has used http://www.wendangku.net/doc/d0faf590f424ccbff121dd36a32d7375a517c648.html to donate to her chosen charity, the RSPCA, for two years and has seen the “wugging” movement grow popular with students. “When you’re at university you become more socially aware, but it’s sometimes hard to give to others when you have little mon ey yourself.” says Beth. “Wugging is great for people in this age group as it allows them to use the technology on a daily basis to give it to charity, without costing them a single penny.”

Wugging is perfect for people who want to be more socially aware and supportive but don’t feel they have the means to do so. Students using the web can generate money for causes they care about without it costing them anything in terms of time or money, and charities get a valuable source of funding.

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/d0faf590f424ccbff121dd36a32d7375a517c648.html works like any other search engine, allowing users to search for information, news and images but users can identify which of the UK’s 170,000 charities they would like to support through their clicks. http://www.wendangku.net/doc/d0faf590f424ccbff121dd36a32d7375a517c648.html then makes monthly payments to every registered charity. Launched in June 2005 http://www.wendangku.net/doc/d0faf590f424ccbff121dd36a32d7375a517c648.html is now the eighth largest search engine and one of the busiest charity websites in

the UK.

72.According to the passage, “wugging” is actually a _______.

A.website for charity

B.school organization

C.charity-related action

D.popular part-time job

73.How does Beth Truman think of the “wugging”?

A.It makes giving to charity easy.

B.It is easier to search for information.

C.It stresses the importance of charity in people’s daily lives.

D.It is a common way t o promote the students’ social awareness.

74.The underlined work “means”(in Para 4) probably refers to .

A.time B.money C.method D.interest

75.What is the best title for this passage?

A.“Wugging”, A New Technology for the Internet

B.British People Show Strong Interest in Charities

C.More Britain Charities Benefit from the Internet

D.Students Raise Money for Charity by “Wugging”

第Ⅱ卷(共35分)

第四部分:写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节情景作文(20分)

为了创造学校的英语学习氛围,激发同学们学习英语的兴趣,你校开展英语演讲比赛。请你根据下面内容以学生会名义向全校学生做口头通知,介绍相关情况。

活动:英语演讲比赛

比赛时间:5月22日下午;

地点:报告厅

比赛要求:

1)话题从备选的8个主题中自选

2)每人先进行一段20秒以内的自我介绍,演讲时间不超过3分钟

奖励办法:各年级设一、二、三等奖

报名时间:5月15日前

报名地点:学生会办公室

注意:

1.词数不少于60。

2.通知的开头和结尾已为你写好。

Boys and girls. I have an announcement to make.

T hat’s all. Thank you.

(请务必将情景作文写在答题卡第一页指定区域内)

第二节开放作文(15分)

请你根据下面提示,写一篇短文。词数不少于50。

In your English class, you are asked to describe the following picture and explain to your classmates how you understand it.

北京市2017届高三英语 综合练习40

(请务必将开放作文写在答题卡第二页指定区域内)

参考答案

第二部分:21-25 DACDB 26-30 BCACA 31-35 CBABD 36-40 ACBDB

41-45 DCADA 46-50 DBCAB 51-55 BCDCA

第三部分:56-60 CBDAC 61-65 ABCAD 66-70 ABDBC 71-75 DCABD

第四部分:

第一节情景作文

One possible version;

Boys and girls. I have an announcement to make.

In order to provide an at mosphere of learning English and arouse the students’ interest in English, we will have an English speech competition.

The competition will be held at our lecture hall on the afternoon of May 22nd. There will be eight topics for all the contestants to choose from. Before the speech, every contestant will have to give a self-introduction in twenty seconds and the speech can’t last more than three minutes. We’ll award the first, second and third prizes for each grade. Hurry up to the office of the Students’ U nion before May 15th to enter your names of the right opportunity offered to you!

That’s all. Thank you.

第二节开放作文

One possible version;

We can see in the picture a man with a stain on his face is wiping a mirror. The man might have noticed the stain but his reaction is to clean the mirror. However, by cleaning the mirror, he will never wipe the stain off.

Just like this man in the picture, in our life, when problems occur, some of us often blame the environment first, which surely prevents us from finding a solution. So next time, when we find a “stain” in life, look to ourselves first. We are the ones that need to change.