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形容词的比较级与最高级

形容词原级的用法

带as(so)…as的结构

1. 在表示“和…一样…”时,可用“as... as”结构(前面的as后要用原形):

He is as busy as before. 他还是和以前一样忙。

I’ll give you as much help as I can. 我将尽量帮助你。

The airport was as crowded as ever. 机场还是像平常那样拥挤。

Y ou’re as good a singer as Johny Buck. 你的歌唱得像约尼?伯克一样好。

Modern computers can be as small as a book. 现在的电脑可以像一本书那样大。

2. 在表示“不像…那样…”时可用“not as(so)... as”这种结构:

It isn’t so cold as yesterday. 今天不像昨天那样冷。

He is not so handsome as his brother. 他不像他哥哥那样英俊。

I’m not so experienced as you think. 我没有你想的那样有经验。

The situation is not so bad as had been painted. 形势没有描绘的那样糟糕。

Jack is not as(so) old as he looks. 杰克不像他看起来那样老。

3 .A + be + too 原级to do sth.表示"太......而不能......"

例句:Mary is too young to go to school.

玛丽年龄太小了不能上学.

4.A + be + 原级+enough to do sth. 表示"...得足以..."

例句:The hall is big enough to hold 2000 people.

这个大厅大的足以容纳2000人.

5.A + be + so + 原级+ that 从句.表示"如此....以致于...."

例句:It was so hot that the young man only wore his shorts.

天很热,以至于那个小伙子只穿着短裤.

3. 这种结构中也可包含一个状语或有almost, just, nearly, quite这类副词形容:

The whale was twice as long as her boat. 那头鲸有她的那艘船的两倍长。

Their house is about three times as big as ours. 他们的房子约为我们房子三倍大。

My command of English is not half so good as yours. 我的英语掌握得还不及你的一半好。

He was almost as diligent as his sister. 他几乎和她姐姐一样勤奋。

She is nearly as tall as her mother. 她几乎和她妈妈一样高。

形容词的比较等级构成方式:

1.一般单音节adj 的比较级多在原形上加-er,最高级加-est.

多音节adj在原形前加more,最高级加most

形容词的比较级与最高级

eg. friendly →friendl ier →friendl iest

3. 以不发音的e结尾时加r/st. eg. fine →fine r→fine st

4. 重读闭音节结尾的词,如末尾是一个辅音字母,双写这个辅音字母,再加-er/est.eg. big →big ger→bigg est

形容词的比较级与最高级

小贴士1:elder和eldest可用来表示兄弟和子女的长幼顺序:

小贴士1:further表示“较远”外,还可表示“进一步的”;而farther仅表示距离

一:形容词比较级的用法

⑴用于两者(人或物)之间,表示“其中一个比另一更……”或“较……”,后面通常用连词than 连结另一个比较的对象,其基本句型是:

主语+谓语(系动词)+形容词比较级+than+对比对象。

eg: Jim is taller than Mike. Mike is shorter than Jim.

⑵than 后面接代词时,一般要用主格,但在口语中也可以换成宾格。

eg: He works more carefully than I (me) 他比我工作更细心。

注意:

①在含有连词than的比较级中,前后的比较对象必须是同一范畴,即同类事物之间的比较。

②在比较级前面使用much,表示程度程度“强得多”。

如:A watermelon is much bigger than an apple.

(3)“比较级+and+比较级”表示“越来越……”

eg: He becomes fatter and fatter. 他越来越胖了。

She is more and more athletic .她越来越健壮了。

(4)“The +比较级…,the +比较级”表示“越……,越……”

eg:The busier he is ,the happier he feels. 他越忙就越高兴。

(5)在含有or的选择疑问句中,如果有两者供选择,前面的形容词要用比较级形式。Who / Which + be +比较级, A or B ?

eg:Who is taller,Tim or Tom? 谁更高,Tim还是Tom?

3)~ + be + the 比较级+ of the two. (两个之中比较…的那一个,~包含在两个之中)

eg: He is the cleverer of the two

他是这两个中比较聪明的

Tom is the taller of the two. = Tom is taller than the other boy.

(6)形容词比较级前可加数词,表示“大(小)……多少”“长(短)……多少”A+be+数量词+比较级+than+B

eg:He is five years younger than me.他比我小五岁。

(7)表示倍数时用:…times+比较级+than…

eg:My room is three times bigger than yours

(8)the+比较级+of the two….(二个中较….的一个)

eg:she is the fatter of the two girls。

(9)“比较级+than any other+单数名词(比其他任何……都…..)”

LiLei is taller than any other boy in the class.

二. 原级和比较级前面通常使用的修饰词:

(一)在原级前面通常使用very, quite, too, much too, a little, as, so 等。

eg: 1. The room is very big.

2. The person is quite clever.

3. Today is too hot.

4. He eats too much, so he’s much too heavy.

在比较级前面使用的修饰词有:

even(更,更加),a little(有点),far/ much/ a lot (更加,……的多)a bit, rather, by far, many, a lot, lots, a great deal, any, still, even

eg: 1. Y esterday was hot, but today is even hotter.

2. I’m a little taller than Mary.

3. This skirt is far/ much/ a lot more beautiful than that one.

和more有关的词组

1)the more…the more…越……就越……。例如:

The harder you work,the greater progress you'll make. 越努力,进步越大。

2)more B than A=less A than B 与其说A不如说B。例如:

He is more lazy than slow at his work. = He is less slow than lazy at his work. 他工作时,与其说是反应慢不如说是懒。

3)no more… than… 与……一样……,不比……多。例如:

The officials could see no more than the Emperor. 官员们看到的和皇帝一样多。

no less… than…与……一样……。例如:

He is no less diligent than you. 他和你一样勤勉。

4)more than不只是,非常。例如:

She is more than kind to us all. 她对我们非常热心。

和less有关的词组

5) less than 不到… 不太:

In less than a week, the MS was ready. 不到一周稿子就准备好了。

6)no less than 多达不少于

He won no less than $5oo. 他赢了不少于500美圆。

No less than 2 million people came. 至少来了2百万人。

7) more or less 基本上大体上大约

The work is more or less finished. 这项工作基本上完成了。

The answers were more or less right. 这些回答大体上是正

注意:

a. very可修饰最高级,但位置与much不同。

This is the very best.

This is much the best.

b. 序数词通常只修饰最高级。

Africa is the second largest continent.

c.要避免重复使用比较级。

(错) He is more cleverer than his brother.

(对) He is more clever than his brother.

(对) He is cleverer than his brother.

d.要避免将主语含在比较对象中。

(错) China is larger that any country in Asia.

(对) China is larger than any other country in Asia.

e.要注意对应句型,遵循前后一致的原则。

The population of Shanghai is larger than that of Beijing.

It is easier to make a plan than to carry it out.

f.要注意冠词的使用,后有名词的时候,前面才有可能有名词。

比较:Which is larger, Canada or Australia?

Which is the larger country, Canada or Australia?

She is taller than her two sisters.

She is the taller of the two sisters.

最高级

三者或者三者以上的人或物进行比较时,表示“最...”, (Note: 形容词最高级前面要加定冠词the)。最高级的重要句型有:

1)A + be + the 形容词最高级+ of / in + 比较范围.

例句:Changjiang is the longest river in China.

长江是中国最长的河流.

She is the youngest of all the girls.

她是所有女孩中年龄最小的.

e.g. Jackei is the tallest in our class. or

Jackei is the tallest of all the students.

2) Who / Which + be +最高级, A, B, or C ?

e.g. Who is the tallest, Tom, Jack, or David? Tom, Jack与David三个人中谁最高?

Which is the most expensive, a bicycle, a motorcycle, or a car? 自行车,摩托车和汽车,哪一个最贵?

3)~ + be + one of the +最高级+复数名词, 表示"最……的……之一"。

e.g. The Y ellow River is one of the longest rivers in China. 黄河是中国最长的河流之一。

4)"…+ be +the + 序数词+最高级+单数名词+ 范围", 表示"……是…….的第几……"。

例句:I was the first earliest to get to school. 我是第一个最早到学校的.

Y ellow River is the second longest river in China.黄河是中国第二长河.

She is the second tallest student in our class. 她是我们班第二高的学生。

5) ~ + be + the 最高级~ that 某人have/ has ever + 过去分词.

e.g. This is the most interesting book that I have ever read.这是我看过的最有趣的书。

注意:(1)形容词最高级前通常必须用定冠词the,副词最高级前可不用。

例句:The Sahara is the biggest desert in the world.

Jim goes to bed lastest in my family.

5. 形容词最高级前通常要加定冠词the,而以下几种情况一般不需要加定冠词the:

a. 形容词最高级前有序数词、物主代词、指示代词或名词所有格等限定词修饰时,最高级前不用the。

如: The Y ellow River is the second longest river in China.黄河是中国第二长河。

b. 形容词最高级在句中作表语而比较范围又不明确时,最高级前不用the。

如: They are happiest on Saturdays.他们在星期六最快乐。

c. 如果两个形容词最高级并列修饰同一个名词时,第二个形容词最高级前不加the。

如: He is the youngest and tallest boy in his class.他是班上年龄最小、个子最高的男孩。

d. 如果形容词最高级用来加强语气,作"很;十分;非常"之意时,前面不加the。但形容词最高级作单数名词的定语时,可用不定冠词a/an。

如: That book is most interesting.那本书非常有趣。

e. 作宾语补足语的形容词最高级前不加the。

如: I found it most difficult to get to sleep.我发现入睡最难。

f. 在一些固定用法中,最高级前通常省略the。

如: With best wishes for you.向你致以最美好的祝愿。

h .副词的最高级与形容词最高级的区别在于副词最高级前可不加定冠词the

如: He draws best 他画的最好。

(2)形容词most前面没有the,不表示最高级的含义,只表示"非常"。

例句:It is a most important problem. =It is a very important problem.