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Book 1 Unit 4 Earthquakes

Unit 4Earthquakes

Ⅰ.语境填词

1.TheOlympicGameswereoneofthemostimportant________(事件) inour________(国家).2.The________(dirt) surroundingswillbring______(灾难)tothepeoplenearby.

3.The________(destroy) was________(极度的) aftertheterribleearthquake.

4.Thetrainleftthe________(轨道) andhundredsofpassengerswereinjured.

5.Ibelieveyouhavetheabilitytodistinguishwhatis________(有用) andwhatis________(无用).6.Thesoldierswerebusy________(营救) thepeople________(陷入困境) undertheruins.

7.______(电) wascutoffinthe______(灾难) area.

8.IhadthoughtIwouldgoand____________(祝贺)heronhersuccess,butwordsfailedme.Icouldhardly________(表达) myfeelings.

think much of,right away,instead of,cut across,run out of

2.________________cookingathome,theywentouttoeateveryday.

3.Iusually________________theparkonmywayhome.

4.Hedidn’t________________myadvice.

5.Thisproblemshouldbesolved________________.

Ⅲ.完成句子

1.一听到那个好消息,我兴奋的不能入眠。

Onhearingthegoodnews,Iwas________excited________fallasleep.

2.这部电影和我预料的一样精彩。

Themovieis______________________Iexpected.

3.广泛阅读的人将会大大提高英语水平。

________________readwidelywillimprovetheirEnglishgreatly.

4.作为一个中国人,我们为我们国家所取得的成就感到非常自豪。

AsaChinese,wearevery________________theachievementourcountryhasmade.

Ⅳ.单项填空

1.Someparentsarejusttooprotective.Theywantto________theirkidsfromeverykindofdanger,realorimagined.

A.spotB.dismiss

C.shelterD.distinguish

2.Hesenthis________tome________mywinningthefirstprizeinthecompetition.

A.congratulations;onB.congratulations;for

C.celebrations;onD.celebrations;for

3.Hiscar________severedamageintheaccident.

A.sufferedfromB.sufferedof

C.sufferedD.sufferingfrom

4.Hespokeinsucha________mannerthatallofthechildrenwerevery________.

A.frightened;frightening

B.frightened;frightened

C.frightening;frightened

D.frightening;frightening

5.They________allthedeadbranchesfromthetree.

A.cutawayB.cutacross

C.cutinD.cutinto

6.Theoldmanwaswell________becausehewasalwaysreadytohelpothers.

A.thoughtaboutB.thoughtof

C.thoughtoverD.thought

7.Theboysonlybroughtalittlefoodandwassoon________.Sotheyhadnothingtoeat.

A.runoutB.runinto

C.runoutofD.runoff

8.________wanttotakepartinthegameshouldsignyournamehere.

A.AnyonewhoB.Thosewho

C.OnewhoD.Nomatterwho

9.Weare________thatapupilfromourschoolhaswonaprizeinthecompetition.

A.proudB.proudof

C.prideD.prideof

10.Thelargerflatisalmost________thesmallerone.

A.astwicelargeas

B.twiceaslargeas

C.twiceaslargeras

D.astwicelargeras

Book 1 Unit 4 Earthquakes

1.burst vi.炸破;爆发;突然发生;突然发作;vt.使破裂,使炸裂;n.(感情等的)爆发【归纳拓展】

burstinto+n.突然爆发;闯入……

burstoutdoingsth.突然开始做……

burstintolaughter=burstoutlaughing突然大笑起来

burstintotears/cry=burstoutcrying突然大哭起来

(1)MyEnglishteacher’shumorwassuchastomakeeverystudentburstintolaughter.

我的英语老师的幽默就是如此(好笑),以致于每一个同学都会哈哈大笑起来。

(2)Hearingthenews,sheburstoutcrying/burstintotears.听到那个消息,她突然哭了起来。

【活学活用】

(1)Lastnighttheroom________________butnothingwastakenaway.

昨晚有人闯入房间但没带走任何东西。

(2)I________________them,thinkingthattheroomwasempty.

我以为房间是空的,没想到打扰了他们。

(3)He________onourconversationwiththenews________wewouldhavealisteningtestthenextw eek.

A.burstout;whichB.burstin;that

C.burstforth;whichD.burstup;that

2.destroy vt.破坏,毁灭

【归纳拓展】

destructive adj.引起破坏的,破坏性的

destroyer n.破坏者,毁灭者

destruction n.毁坏,毁灭

Nowtherearesomanywolvesthattheyaredestroyingtheirownfood supply.

(2010·江苏,阅读理解B) 当今狼的数量如此众多以致于他们在日渐毁灭自己的食物供应。

【活学活用】

(1)Anatombomb________________acity.

一颗原子弹能摧毁一座城市。

(2)Theearthquake________________________.

地震毁了那所学校。

(3)Yesterdayhehadanaccidentandhiscarwas________.Itneedsrepairing.

A .damaged

B .burnt

C .destroyed

D .ruined

3.bury v .埋葬;掩埋;隐藏

【归纳拓展】

buryoneselfinsth.使陷入;埋头(工作、学习)

buryone ’sfaceinone ’shands 双手掩面

beburiedin (doing) sth.专心致志于某事

beburiedinthought 在沉思中

TheUK ,forexample ,isrunningoutofareasforburyingthisunnecessary waste.

(2010·山东,阅读理解B)

比如说英国,就在逐渐用光掩埋这些不必要垃圾的场所。

【活学活用】

(1)Thetruefacts______________________asecretgovernmentreport.

事实真相被掩藏于政府的一个秘密报告中。

(2)Shewassittingwithherhead________________________.

她坐着埋头看报纸。

(3)I________myselfinmystudies.Inreturn ,Igainedgreatsuccess.(2011·安庆月考)

A .placed

B .hid

C .laid

D .buried

4.atanend 结束,终结

【归纳拓展】

cometoanend 结束(作谓语)

attheendof 在……尽头(末)(指时间或空间)

bytheendof 到……末为止(与现在完成时连用)

intheend 最后,终于(作状语)

Bytheendoflastyear ,wehadlearnt3,000Englishwords.到去年年底,我们已学了3000个英语单词。

【活学活用】

(1)Ithasrainedfourdays______________.

已连续下了四天雨了。

(2)________nextyear ,you’llhavebeenanexperiencedteacher.

(2011·咸阳市调研)

A .Attheendof

B .Bytheendof

C .Atanend

D .Intheend

5.anumberof 许多,大量

【归纳拓展】

a (great /good/large) numberof 用来修饰可数名词复数。

表示“许多,大量”的其他表达方式:

????

?

many agreat/goodmany quiteafew

+复数名词+复数谓语 ?

??quantitiesof massesof +可数或不可数名词+复数谓语 Therearemassesofplantsinthegarden.花园里有很多植物。

【活学活用】

(1)Doctorsstudyingthehumanbrainhavegiven________________examplesofthisamazingpowe rofaphasics.(2007·浙江,阅读理解B)

研究人类大脑的医生给了很多例子来证明失语症患者的这种令人惊讶的能力。

(2)Quantitiesof/Massesoffood____onthetable.

饭桌上有许多饭菜。

(3)________sunshineandsomerainfallpromiseagoodharvestoffruitsandvegetablesthisyear.

A .Alargequantityof

B .Largequantitiesof

C .Alargenumberof

D .Agoodmany

6.Inthefarmyards ,thechickensandeventhepigsweretoonervoustoeat.

译文_________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

句式提取:too...to...

关于too...to...结构的其他用法:

(1)too...to...与not 或never 连用时,不定式为肯定意义。not/nevertoo...to...意为“并不太……所以能……”。

(2)too...to...前面有only ,but ,all 时,onlytoo ,buttoo 和alltoo 相当于very ,后面的不定式也表示肯定。

【活学活用】

(1)ButIam________________________togetthebestfruit.(2008·陕西,完形填空)

但是我年龄太大不能爬到高处摘到最好的果子。

(2)__________________________,hestaredatthefloor.

他眼睛盯着地面,紧张得答不上来。

(3)Itisnever________________________ourprejudice.

抛弃偏见永远也不会太晚。

(4)Icannotthankyou________muchtoexpressmyself.Iowemysuccesstoyou.

(2011·绍兴模拟)

A .so

B .very

C .too

D .as

7.Then ,laterthatafternoon ,anotherbigquakewhichwasalmostasstrongasthefirstoneshookTangshan.

译文 __________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________

句式提取:as...as 结构

(1)as +??????

????adj ./ad v .(原级)adj .+a/an +单数名词many/much +名词+as...

as...asonecan/could =as...aspossible 尽可能……

(2)用表示倍数的词或其他程度副词作修饰语时,放在as 的前面。其结构是:倍数+as +adj ./ad v .(原级)+as

Ithinkyoursuggestionisasvaluableastheirs.(2009·上海,概括大意题)

我认为你的建议和他们的一样宝贵。

【活学活用】

(1)Thisis________________________theotheris.这个例子和另一个例子一样好。

(2)Icancarry________________________youcan.你能搬多少纸我就能搬多少。

(3)Myuncle’shouseinthedowntownareaismuchsmallerthanours ,butitis________________________.(2009·四川,19)

我叔叔在乡下的房子比我们的小,但是比我们的贵两倍。

(4)Afterthenewequipmentwasintroduced ,theyproduced________machineslastyearastheyearbefore.(2010·郑州模拟)

A .astwicemany

B .asmanytwice

C .twiceasmany

D .twicemanyas

Book 1 Unit 4 Earthquakes

Book 1 Unit 4 Earthquakes

[写作句型公式]

1.Were/Should/Had+主语+其他+主句

WereIyou,Iwouldhavegonethereyesterday.

如果我是你的话,我昨天就去那里了。

Haditnotbeenforhim,allthepeopleonboardwouldhavebeenkilled.

如果没有他的话,车上所有的乘客都会遇难。

2.only+状语(从句)+倒装句

Onlywhenagricultureisfullydevelopedcanindustryhavesufficientmaterialsandmarkets.

只有农业充分发展了,工业才有足够的原料和市场。

3.Never/Hardly/Seldom/Barely/Rarely/Scarcely/Little...+助动词/情态动词/be动词+主语+其他

Neverbeforehasthiscitybeeningreaterneedofmodernpublictransportthanitistoday.

这个城市从来没像现在这样急需现代化交通工具。

[日常交际用语]

7.itisn’tmycupoftea:nottobethesortofthingthatyoulike

不对胃口的事物;不感兴趣的东西

Jazzjustisn’tmycupoftea—Ipreferclassicalmusic.

我不喜欢爵士乐——我喜欢古典音乐。

8.cut:saidbythedirectorofafilmtotelleveryonetostopacting,stopfilmingetc.停;停拍

“Goodenough!Cut,”saidthedirector.

导演说,“足够好了!停拍。”

答案

课前准备区

Ⅰ.1.events;nation 2.dirty;sufferings 3.destruction;extreme 4.track http://www.wendangku.net/doc/d29bf3a65a8102d277a22f97.htmleful;

useless 6.rescuing;trapped7.Electricity;disaster8.congratulate;express

Ⅱ.1.runoutof 2.Insteadof 3.cutacross

4.thinkmuchof 5.rightaway

Ⅲ.1.too;to 2.aswonderfulas 3.Thosewho

4.proudof

Ⅳ.1.C[shelter意为“保护,庇护”;spot认出,定位;dismiss开除;distinguish区别。] 2.A[congratulations后跟介词on;celebration庆祝。]

3.C[suffer此处用作及物动词,意为“经受,遭到”。]

4.C[frightening令人恐怖的;frightened害怕的。]

5.A[cut away砍掉,剪掉,其他不合句意。]

6.B[be well thought of对……评价好,看法好。]

7.C[run out of意为“用完”,此处用于被动语态。]

8.B[those是定语从句的先行词,指人,表复数,而A项后面谓语动词应为单数,C 项也应是单数。]

9.A[proud是形容词,后面接的是that从句,因此不能带of。]

10.B[表示倍数的词与as...as连用时,倍数词放在前面。]

课堂活动区

1.活学活用

(1)wasburstinto(2)burstinon

(3)B[burst in on sth.(突然)打断……,为固定用法;we would...应为news的同位语,应用连词that。故选B项。]

2.活学活用

(1)woulddestroy

(2)destroyedtheschool

(3)A[damage一般指损坏后价值或效益会降低,这种损坏是部分性的,可以修复;destroy

指毁灭性的破坏;ruin意为“毁灭”。根据“It needs repairing.”可知应选A。] 3.活学活用

(1)areburiedin

(2)buriedinanewspaper

(3)D[由后句可知,应是“我埋头学习”;bury oneself in sth.埋头于某事,符合句意。]

4.活学活用

(1)onend

(2)B[由句中将来完成时可知,状语应是“到明年年底”。故选B项。]

5.活学活用

(1)anumberof

(2)were

(3)B[sunshine和rainfall为不可数名词,故只能选A或B。谓语动词promise为复数,因此,B为正确答案。]

6.在农家大院里,鸡甚至是猪都紧张得不想进食。

活学活用

(1)toooldtoclimbhigh

(2)Toonervoustoreply

(3)toolatetogiveup

(4)C[句意为:我非常感谢你的好意……。too与cannot连用,表示肯定的意思。]

7.接着,在下午晚些时候,又一次强度几乎和第一次一样的地震在唐山爆发了。

活学活用

(1)asgoodanexampleas

(2)asmuchpaperas

(3)twiceasexpensive

(4)C[该题考查的是倍数表达法,其结构应为:倍数+as...as...,故选C项。]

课时规范训练

Ⅰ.单项填空(建议用时8′)

1.________ourearth,orelseitwillbenolongerfitforustoliveon.(2011·淄博模拟) A.ProtecteB.Toprotect

C.ProtectingD.Protect

2.—Whathappened?

—Oh,abeeappearedonKate’sdress,andhersudden________ofcryscaredus. A.breakB.burstC.attitudeD.express 3.—Whathappenedtothepricelessworksofart?

—________.

A.Theyweredestroyedintheearthquake B.Theearthquakewasdestroyingthem

C.Theydestroyedintheearthquake

D.Theearthquakeweretodestroythem

4.________deepdownintheearth,thedeadforestsrottedawayandbecamecoal.

(2011·烟台模拟) A.BuryingB.Buried

C.ToburyD.Havingburied 5.Ourgovernmentaretakingfirmmeasurestomakepollution________. A.totheendB.puttoanend

C.intheendD.withoutend

6.Thereare________booksinourschoollibrary;however,________ofthemareold. A.alargenumberof;four-fifth

B.agoodnumberof;fourthsfive

C.thelargenumberof;fourfifths

D.alargenumberof;fourfifths

7.Itis________forustodealwith.

A.anenoughdifficultsituation

B.suchadifficultsituation

C.toodifficultasituation

D.sodifficultasituation 8.IknowJackspendsatleastasmuchtimereadingashe________.(2011·南允一中月考) A.doeswritingB.iswriting

C.writesD.doestowrite

9.Thisareaexperienced________heaviestrainfallin________monthofMay.

A./;aB.a;the

C.the;theD.the;a

10.—ShallIgiveyouarideasyoulivesofaraway?

—Thankyou.________.

A.Itcouldn’tbebetterB.Ofcourseyoucan

C.IfyoulikeD.It’suptoyou

11.Theplace________interestedmemostwasthe Children’sPalace. A.whichB.whereC.whatD.inwhich

12.Thegirlcriedbecauseshe________theelevator. A.hastrappedinB.hadtrappedby

C.wastrappedwithD.wastrappedin

13.Theboys,________couldnotreachtheshelf,wenttolookforsomethingtostandon.

A.thetallofwhomB.thetallestofwhom

C.thetallestoneD.thetallestofthem

14.—Ipassedthedrivingtest!

—________!

A.Congratulation

B.Congratulationsforyou

C.Congratulations

D.Congratulationonyou

15.________therocketscomingintobeing,theSpaceAgebegan,________Chinaissuretoplayanimportantrole.(2010·济南统考)

A.As;whenB.With;atwhich

C.With;inwhichD.As;while

Ⅱ.完形填空(建议用时16′)

Book 1 Unit 4 Earthquakes

Oneofmyfather’sfavoritesayingsasIwasgrowingupwas“Tryit!”Icouldn’tsayIdidn’tlike__1 6__,whateveritmightbe,__17__Itriedit.OvertheyearsI’vecometo__18__howmuchofmysuccessIowetomy__19__ofthosewor dsasoneofmyvalues.My__20__jobwasjustoneIdecidedtotryforacoupleofyearsuntilI__21__whatIwa ntedtodoasacareer(职业).__22__IbelievedIwouldworkforafewyears,getmarried,stayhomeandraiseafamily,soIdidn’tthinkthejobItook__23__thatmuch.Icouldn’thavebeenmore__24__.Imasteredtheskillsoftha tbeginninglevelpositionandIwasgiventheopportunity(机会) to__25__throughthecompanyintodifferent__26__.Iacceptedeachnewopportunitywiththe__27__,“Well,I’lltryit;ifIdon’tlikeitIcanalwaysgobacktomy__28__position.”ButIwaswiththesamecompanyforthepast28 years,andI’ve__29__everycareerchangeI’vemade.I’vedi scoveredI__30__alargenumberofdifferenttalents(才能) andskillsthatIneverwouldhavethoughtwerewithinmehaditnotbeenformybeing__31__tryingnewopp ortunities.I’vealsodiscoveredthatifI__32__whatI’mdoingandworkhardatachievingmy__33__,Iwillsucceed.That’swhyI’mso__34__tobeapartof http://www.wendangku.net/doc/d29bf3a65a8102d277a22f97.html.Ithink__35__hascomeandIamd

Book 1 Unit 4 Earthquakes

27.A.thought B.reply C.action D.advice

28.A.easier B.newer C.earlier D.higher

29.A.permitted B.counted C.organized D.enjoyed

30.A.show B.possess C.need D.gather

31.A.luckyfor B.slowatC.open to D.afraidof 32.A.thinkof B.giveawayC.believein D.turninto 33.A.business B.goal C.fortune D.growth

34.A.excited B.curious C.surprised D.helpful

35.A.dream B.time C.power D.honor Ⅲ.阅读理解(建议用时8′)

Book 1 Unit 4 Earthquakes

Recently,scientistsattendingameetinginChicagopresentednewstudiesshowinghowfoodanditsproductionaffect globalwarming.Theyofferedsomesuggestionsforhowtoeatinamoreenvironmentallyfriendlyway.

Formanyyears,scientistshavewarnedusthatourplanetisgettingwarmer.Ifcurrenttrendscontinue,animalsmaystarttodieoffandlifecouldgetverydifficultforeveryone.Thetemperatureisrisingbecausehu manshavebeenreleasingmassiveamountsofgreenhousegasesintotheatmosphere,whichsurroundtheplanetandkeepheatfromescaping.Oneofthesegasesiscarbondioxide.

Mostcarbondioxideweproducecomesfromtheprocessofmakingandeatingfood,thescientistsreportedinChicago.Theproductionofmeatcontributestoalotofcarbondioxide.Andmuchof meat’scontributioncomesfrombeef,whichisresponsibleforreleasingevenmoregreenhousegasesintotheatmosphere.

Theprocessofmakingahamburger,forexample,requiresalotofenergy.Acowhastobefedandraised,andcow’swastesareamajorsourceofgreenhousegases.Afterthecowiskilled,themeathastobeprocessedandshippedtoaconsumer,whichtakesfuel.Andmostofthecowwon’tevenbeusedformeatpeopleeat.

Bythetimeahamburgerfinallylandsonadinnerplate,ithastakenaheavytollontheenvironment.Itisbelievedthattheprocessofmakingahalf-poundall-beefbur geraddsabout19timestheweightofhamburgersincarbondioxide.

Themessageisclear:Wecangreatlyreducetheproductionofgreenhousegasesbyeatinglessbeef.Otherkindsofmeatlikeporka ndchickendolessharmtotheenvironment—atleastintermsoftheamountofgreenhousegasesreleased.N athanPelletier,ascientistatDalhousieUniversityinCanada,reportedthatifeveryoneinindustrialcountriesatechickeninsteadofbeef,wewouldcuttheEarth’sgreenhou segasesbymorethanhalf.

Allkindsofmeat,thescientistsreported,areharderontheplanetthanvegetables.Togrowandeatapoundofpotatoes,forexample,sendslessthanonequarterpoundofcarbondioxideintotheair.Soshiftingourdiettolessmeatandmorevege tablesmaydotheworldsomegood.

36.Thetextmainlytellsus________.

A.whatweeatcanaffectthewholeplanet

B.thewayweliveaffectstheenvironment

C.howwecansaveenergyontheEarth

D.howwecanproduceenvironment-friendlyfood

37.Whatislikelytohappeniftheclimateisgettingwarmeraccordingtothepassage?

A.Sealevelwillcontinuetorisesharply.

B.Humanbeingswon’thaveenoughfood.

C.Itwouldbeveryhardformantosurvive.

D.Alltheanimalsandplantswilldisappear.

38.Whydoestheauthormentiontheprocessofmakingahamburger?

A.Toshowmeatisusuallypartofahamburger.

B.Toillustratethatourfoodcontributestogreenhousegases.

C.Toprovemakingahamburgerisacomplexprocess.

D.Tosuggestalotofenergyisneededtomakehamburgers.

39.Theauthorbelievesoneeffectivewaytofightglobalwarmingis________.

A.weshouldeatnoporkandnochicken

B.weshouldeatmorechickenthanbeef

C.weshouldeatnotmeatbutvegetables

D.weshouldeatlessmeatandmorevegetables

40.WhichofthefollowingstatementswouldNathanPelletieragreeto?

A.Eatingporkandchickenismoreenvironmentallyfriendly.

B.Meatconsumptionisthemaincauseofgreenhousegases.

C.Peopleinindustrialcountriesconsumemorebeefthanfish.

D.Eatingmorebeefisamoreefficientwaytosavemoreenergy.

答案

Ⅰ.单项填空

1.D 2.B[burst(感情的)爆发。]

3.A[答句句意为:——艺术品在地震中被毁灭了。因此需用被动结构。]

4.B[过去分词短语作状语。]

5.B[过去分词短语作宾补。]

6.D[a large/goodnumberof可修饰可数名词,而“五分之四”应为fourfifths。]

7.C[too...to...太……而不能……。]

8.A[考查as...as的用法。从句中does代替spends,介词in省略了。]

9.C

10.A[It could n’t be better意为:太好了!表示很高兴接受别人的帮忙。]

11.A[which用作关系代词,在定语从句中作主语。]12.D

13.B[由句子结构可知,两个逗号之间为一个非限制性定语从句,故排除C、D,三者及三者以上当中最高的一个要用最高级,故选B项。]

14.C15.C

得分策略

得分点3:“祈使句+and/or(else)+陈述句”结构

[经典例题]________withfarmersinthecountryinyoursummervacation,andyouwilllearnalotaboutfarming.

A.Work B.WorkingC.ToworkD.Havingworked

错因分析有些考生会认为前面是非谓语动词短语作状语,于是误选B、C或D;其实,前后两句之间有and连接,说明前面应该是一个独立的句子,故答案为A,构成祈使句。

[得分笔记]“祈使句+and/or (else)+陈述句”是一个常考句型。and/or (else)前面的祈使句表示一个条件,相当于if引导的条件状语从句,而and/or (else)后面的句子表示一种结果。在这个句型中,and/or (else)前面的祈使句如果带有比较级修饰的名词,可将谓语动词省略,构成“比较级+名词+and+陈述句”结构。

Ⅱ.完形填空

16.B[此处something“某事”,指不确定的事情,符合题意。]

17.A[本句是“not...until...”句型。]

18.D[结合本句中的“Over the years”和“come to”可知此处是指“我”逐渐意识到的过程。]

19.C[此处强调的是“我”对父亲的那些话的接受,故选C项。]

20.D[根据本句中的“until”可知“我”在选定职业之前只是想先找一份工作暂时工作两三年,由此可判断此处是指“我”的“第一”份工作。]

21.A[“我”决定先暂时尝试一份工作,工作两三年后再“决定”自己的职业。]

22.A[结合上一句中的“a couple of years”和本句中的“a few years”可知,应选A项。] 23.D[此处matter表示“要紧,有重大影响”。]

24.B[本句中否定词与比较级连用表示最高级含义。]

25.C[“我”掌握了岗位要求的技能后又得到了“升迁”的机会,此处move up表示“提升”。]

26.D[因为“我”敢于尝试新的挑战,所以在公司中被提升到不同的“职位”。]

27.A[根据本句后半句引号中的内容可知这是“我”当时内心的“想法”。文章中没有提到“我”需要回答别人的询问,所以B项不正确;此处显然也不是给别人的建议,因此D项错误。]

28.C[“我”当时抓住机会去尝试,心想如果不喜欢所从事的工作,总可以回到“先前的”岗位上去。]

29.D[在不同的岗位学到很多不同的技巧。由此可知“我”非常“喜欢”每一次职业改变。]

30.B[此处是指“我”在不同的工作岗位上得到了锻炼。]

31.C[此处open to表示“思想开明的”。上文提到父亲的话对“我”产生了重要影响,所以此处强调的不是幸运,因此A项不恰当。]

32.C[此处是指“我”“相信”自己所从事的工作。]

33.B[“我”认为如果相信自己所从事的工作并持之以恒地为实现目标而奋斗,就可以成功。achieve on e’s goal表示“实现目标”。]

34.A[由上文可知“我”此时已经是一名成功人士,此处表示“我”为目前的成就感到无比“兴奋”。]

35.B[“我”认为“时机”已经来临并决定在工作中取得成功。]

得分策略

一、完形填空题型的易错知识

做完形填空题型时,常犯错误有:

1.孤立地就题答题,忽视语境关系;

2.不能合理地运用背景知识和社会常识进行解题;

3.不能把握句子之间的逻辑关系;

4.没有全局观,忽视语篇情感;

5.不能把握文章的主旨大意;

6.忽视语篇中的语法现象。

二、完形填空题型的复习策略

1.复习和巩固英语语法、英语短语和惯用法搭配方面的知识。

语法知识掌握得越熟练,阅读速度就越快,对文章的理解就越全面、深刻。完形填空不直接考查语法,而是通过考查考生的理解程度,间接地考查语法知识。短语和惯用法要作为一个知识体系来记忆,平时阅读时要注意词义相近、词形相仿的词汇的辨析,以便有意识地培养和锻炼自己的辨析能力。

2.掌握答题技巧,提高语篇理解能力。

完形填空题的主旨在于考查阅读理解能力,这种能力要靠平时的科学训练才能取得。考生要学会运用扫读、略读和跳读等阅读技巧来加快阅读速度;要善于抓住语篇的关键词、关键句、主题句和结论句,以助于理解文章的语篇结构。

3.加强逻辑推理的方法训练,提高自己的逻辑思维能力。

要善于用已知信息推出未知信息,从而恢复文章的原貌。另外做完形填空题切忌边看短文,边选答案,这样解题容易脱离上下文孤立地看句子,从而易选出错误的答案。

Ⅲ.阅读理解

36.A[主旨大意题。文章的第一段通常表明文章的话题。结合本文第一段和全文的内容可判断出文章的话题是食物对全球气候的影响。]

37.C[细节理解题。根据文章第二段的内容可知,如果全球变暖的趋势持续下去,动物可能开始灭绝,人类的生存更加困难。C项的陈述与第二段中的“life could get very difficult for everyone”意义相符。]

38.B[推理判断题。第三段的第一句告诉我们:科学家们认为,人类在食物生产的过程中制造了大量的二氧化碳,而二氧化碳正是造成温室效应的气体之一。在第四段中作者用制作汉堡的例子来证明自己的观点。]

39.D[细节理解题。根据最后一段的内容可知,科学家发现所有的肉类对地球的危害都比蔬菜大,饲养动物比种植蔬菜消耗的能量多得多。因此,如果我们能少吃肉多吃蔬菜,就会对地球有益。D项的陈述符合最后一段的意思。]

40.A[推理判断题。根据文章倒数第二段中Nathan Pelletier所说的话可知,鸡肉比牛肉释放的温室气体要少一些。]

得分策略

如何解答阅读理解中的细节理解题?

高考考查文章中的事实与细节一般有:时间、地点、人物、事情、经过(排序)、结果、识图、数据推算、信息比较及例证辨别等。这类题的题干和正确答案在含义上等同于原文中某部分内容,但通常表达方式不同。事实细节题源自阅读材料,做题时要忠实于阅读材料,应紧扣阅读材料解答,不能脱离原文,不能想当然地依赖自己的文化背景知识,而应该在文章中找出相应的内容,并根据相应内容做出选择。

做细节理解题型的方法一般是先用寻读法找出与问题相关的词语或句子,再对相关的部分进行细读,确定正确答案。