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2019高考英语真题分类汇编专题09 定语从句(解析版)

三年(2017-2019)年高考真题分项汇编

专题09 定语从句

一、2019年高考真题

1.【2019·江苏卷·单项填空】21.We have entered into an age _______ dreams have the best chance of coming true.

A. which

B. what

C. when

D. that

【答案】C

【解析】考查定语从句。句意:我们已经进入到了一个时代,在这个时代梦想实现的机会最大。句中先行词为an age(一个时代),且先行词在从句中做时间状语,所以关系词用when。故选C。

2.【2019·天津卷·单项填空】11.Their child is at the stage__________ she can say individual words but not full sentences.

A. why

B. where

C. which

D. what

【答案】B

【解析】考查定语从句。句意:他们的孩子正处于能说单个单词而不能说完整句子的阶段。句中she can say individual words but not full sentences是一个定语从句,先行词是the stage,关系词在定语从句中作地点状语,用关系副词where,故选B。

3.【2019·新课标I卷·短文改错】One afternoon where I was in primary school, I was walking by the school playground.

【答案】One afternoon where

when

I was in primary school, I was walking by the school playground.

【解析】考查定语从句。先行词one afternoon表示时间在定语从句中作状语,所以关系词使用when。故将where改为when。

4.【2019·新课标II卷·语法填空】Now Irene Astbury works from 9am to 5pm daily at the pet shop in Macclesfield,___62___ she opened with her late husband Les.

【答案】where

【解析】考查非限制性定语从句。分析句子结构可知,先行词为the pet shop,在非限制性定语从句中作opened 一词的宾语,故用which。

5.【2019·新课标III卷·语法填空】They were well trained by their masters ___64___ had great experience with caring for these animals.

【答案】who