文档库

最新最全的文档下载
当前位置:文档库 > 2018年高考英语全国卷1,2长难句分析

2018年高考英语全国卷1,2长难句分析

2018年高考英语全国卷1,2长难句分析

1 (全国卷1阅读B)

(原文) And the Good Morning Britain presenter says she's been able to put a lot of what she's learnt into practice in her own home, preparing meals for sons, Sam, 14, Finn, 13, and Jack, 11.

(译文) 这位“早安,英国”的电视节目主持人说,她能够在自己的家里把许多学到的东西付诸实践,为14岁的儿子山姆,13岁的芬恩,和11岁的杰克准备膳食。

(分析) 这是一个多重复合句,主句And the Good Morning Britain presenter says 后面跟的是省略了that的宾语从句。宾语从句本身也是复合句,其中what she's learnt 也是宾语从句,preparing meals for sons, Sam, 14, Finn, 13, and Jack, 11是-ing形式做伴随状语。

2 (全国卷1阅读C)

(原文) The general rule is that mild zones have relatively few languages, often spoken by many people, while hot, wet zones have lots, often spoken by small numbers.

(译文) 一般的规律是,温和地带的通常为许多人所使用的语言相对较少,而炎热潮湿地带的语言较多,通常为少数人所使用。

(分析) 这是一个复合句,句中that引导一个表语从句;从句中often spoken by many people和often spoken by small numbers为-ed形式做定语,分别修饰few languages 和lots。同时while在句中做并列连词,意为“然而”,表示对比。

3 (全国卷1七选五)

(原文) A grasp of how to manage color in your spaces is one of the first steps to creating rooms you’ll love to live in.

(译文) 懂得这样处理自己居所的颜色选择是营造你喜爱房间的关键步骤之一。

(分析) 这是一个主从复合句。you’ll love to live in修饰先行词rooms, 省略了关系代词that/which。steps后的to 是介词,所以跟-ing形式creating。