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英语辅导:whichthat等在定语从句中替代用法

英语辅导:whichthat等在定语从句中替代用法

which、that 、who、whom在定语从句中的替代用法which 在句中放指物的先行词后或整个句子后,引导限定性定语从句或非限定性定语从句。She said I was lazy, which isn’t true.( which替代句子She said I was lazy) This is the pen which was bought by my father. (which替代的是the pen) 2. that在句中放先行词后,引导限定性定语从句。既可指物,也可指人。The book that she borrowed from the library was lost. ( that替代的是The book) The man that with a knife in his hand is a murderer. (that替代的是The man ) The pants are too small for me, Can you show me another pair? (因为another后面只能跟单数可数名词,故而这里用pair代替,意为a pair of pants) 如果没有another时,则可用ones替代。The red pants are too small for me. Can you show me the blue ones. (此处ones替代的是pants) 同样,当遇上不可数名词时,也要用相应的一些量词来代替one 的概念,或用相应的量词复数来代替ones的概念。The paper is too small for the little girl to paint on, please give her another piece.(因为有a piece of paper) I’m so hungry that this slice of chicken isn’t enough. Could you give me 3 more slices?(代替的是3 more slices of chicken.) 例句(请注意下面两句的细微差别) 1) A: Look! There are many bottles of milk on the desk. B: Yes, and which one do you like best? (此处用one的原因是A句中已经出现bottles of milk, 所以可以代替one bottle of milk) 2) A: There is much milk on the desk. B: Yes, but which bottle bag do you like best? (此处A句中心词为milk,因为milk 前面不能用one 来直接修饰,而只能用bottle或bag 来代表数量,可以说a bottle of milk a bag of milk) 某些名词所有格也可以作替代词如1) A: Where is Jeanie? B: Oh, she is at Mary’s. (这里的Mary’s代替的是Mary’