文档库

最新最全的文档下载
当前位置:文档库 > 自考英语真题训练:阅读理解专项练习及详解

自考英语真题训练:阅读理解专项练习及详解

自考英语真题训练:阅读理解专项练习及答案

阅读理解专项练习:

In recent years many companies of the world have been faced with the problem of how to make their workers more productive. Some experts claim the answer is to make jobs more varied. But do more varied jobs lead to greater productivity? There is evidence to suggest that while variety certainly makes the worker’s life more enjoyable, it does not actually make him work harder. As far as increasing productivity is concerned, variety is not an important factor.

Other experts feel that giving the worker freedom to do his job in his own way is important and there is no doubt that this is true. The problem is that this kind of freedom cannot easily be given in the modern factory with its complicated machines which must be used in a fixed way. Thus while freedom of choice may be important, there is usually very little that can be done to create it. Another important consideration is how much each worker contributes to the product he is making. In most factories the worker sees only one small part of the product. Some car factories are now experimenting with having many small production lines rather than one large one, so that each worker contributes more to the production of the cars on his line. It would seem that not only is the degree of workers’ contribution an important factor, therefore, but it is also one we can do something about.

To what extent does more money lead to greater productivity? The workers themselves certainly think this is important. But perhaps they want more money only because the work they do is so boring. Money just lets them enjoy their spare time more. A similar argument may explain demands for shorter working hours. Perhaps if we succeed in making their jobs more interesting, they will neither want more money, nor will shorter working hours be so important to them.

21. According to the writer, variety enables a worker to _____.

A. undertake greater responsibilities

B. work in his own way more freely

C. fulfill his job requirements better

D. derive more enjoyment from life

22. The passage is mainly about how to ____.

A. ensure workers’ right of choice

B. meet worker’s need for variety

C. promote workers’ competition

D. improve workers’ performance

23. It can be inferred from the passage that, compared with large production lines, smaller ones give workers ____.

A. a clearer picture of essential factors

B. a stronger sense of accomplishment

C. a greater variety of interesting tasks

D.a better idea of the modern industry

24. According to the writer, higher pay can ____.

A. make up for longer working hours

B.make tiring work more interesting

C. help workers to live more happily

D. help to create greater productivity

25. We learn from the passage that freedom of choice ____.

A. can hardly function in a flexible manner

B. is hardly available in the modern factory

C. is hardly seen as effective by companies

D. can hardly lead to increased productivity

答案:21-25:CDBCA

TOP相关主题