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48个英语国际音标发音规则及练习题

48个英语国际音标元音辅音及发音规则应用方法练习题.

音素:指语音的最小单位(指发音)

音标:用来记录音素的符号(写在/ / 之间)

音节: 由元音和辅音构成的发音单位.

第I部分:元音<20个>

发音特点:发音时声带振动,气流在通路上不受发音器官阻挡。

单元音:(12个)

/ i:/ / ?/ / e / / ? /

/ ?:/ / ? / /?:/ / ?/

/?:// ?/ / u:/ / ?/

双元音:(8个)

/e?//a?//??//??//a?//??//e?//??/

第II部分:辅音<28个>

发音特点:发音时气流在通路上受到发音器官的阻挡,同时声带不振动是清辅音,声带振动是浊辅音。

清辅音:(11个)

/ p // t // k // f // θ/ / s / / ?/ / t?/ / tr / / ts / / h /

浊辅音:(17个)

/ b / / d / / g / / v / / e / / z / / ?/ /d?/ /dr/ /dz/ / r / / m / / n / / ? / / ?/ / w/ / j /

说明:1、几组常用音节:①/?n/ under ②/?n/ England ③/ ?n / man ④/ v?n / seven ⑤/ a?n / down ⑥/ j u: / you ⑦/ kw/quiet

2、[ l ] 有两种发音:在元音前读清晰[ l ],在辅音前或词尾读含糊[ l ]eg: lake[leIk],little[li:tl ]

3、清音浊化:/sp/→ /sb/ spring, /st/→/sd/ stay, /sk/→ /sg/ skirt, /str/→ /sdr/ street.

巩固部分:

1、国际音标有多少个?其中元音多少个?辅音多少个?

2、元音音素分哪两部分?各多少个?辅音分哪两部分?各多少个?

3、标出以下音标中的元音音素:6个

/ ?/ 、/ ?:/ 、/ k /、/ e / 、/d?/ 、/??/、/ ?:/ 、/e?/、/ f /、/ t?/

音标的使用

学习了元音和辅音之后,这节课我们要进一步学习一下他们的使用技巧:

A . 用音标读单词的方法:先找单词音标中的元音音素,之后与其前辅音拼读

发音。

拼读练习(1)

[ka?t ] [??:st] [k?:d] [f a?v] [s?ks] [b?:d] [??:t] [fr e?] [sk u:?] [’h?b?] [w?:t?] [??nt?] [sm?:t] [gr u:p] [f?:e?]

[’s?m?] [’s???d] [f??t] [??p?n] [w ee?] [fr?n t] [gr?:s]

拼读练习(2)

[’m?t n] [sk e?t] [’fr a?d?] [’m e nj u:] [’v e?p?] [frent?] [r?’??ks]

[p??s t] [str?k t] [’e?p?:t] [d??r?:f] [’n e?t??] [’k?b?d? ]

[’t?ks?] [d?k t?] [k?n?d?] [ h??m] [r?’p?:t?] [’s?bw e?]

拼读练习(3)

[p?’te?t??] [t?’m a:t??] [m?g?’ z i:n ] [’θ?:z

d ?] [r??b?t] [’s?t?d?] [’d?k??n?r?] [’k?mp?n?]

[’sek?nd] [’?:g?st] [’tra?z?z] [’f?m???][’k?m?d?]

[?k’sa?t??] [’k??k?n?t] [’m?nd?] [mi:d??m] [’??nd?n] [bra?n] [’swet?] [?’dres] [’s?bd??kt ] [’st?: r?’] [’v?d???] [fa?nd] [str?kt]

B.用音标给26个英语字母标音:

A a

B b

C c

D d

[e?] [bi:] [si:] [di:]

E e

F f

G g

H h

[i:] [ef] [d?i:] [e?t?]

I i J j K k L l M m N n

[a?] [d?e?] [ke?] [e?] [em] [en]

O o P p Q q R r S s T t

[??] [pi:] [kju:] [ra:] [es ] [ti:]

U u V v W w X x Y y Z z

[ju:] [vi:] [’d?b?ju:] [eks] [wa?] [zed]/ [zi:]

音标练习——判断发音

一、选出划线部分与其他三项发音不同的一项

( )1.A.cake B.take C.nap D.wave

( )2.A.bread B.eat C.tea D.seat

( )3.A.never B.leg C.red D.he

( )4.A.good B.too C.book D.neighborhood ( )5.A.father B.crab C.shark D.car

( )6.A.soda B.hot C.box D.not

( )7.A.bike B.five C.my D.his

( )8.A.order B.doctor C.boring D.corner ( )9.A.what B.water C.walk D.talk

( )10.A.go B.no C.to D.nose

( )11.A.day B.play C.they D.Sunday ( )12.A.lot B.not C.to D.follow ( )13.A.each B.idea C.theatre D.dear

( )14.A.flower B.follow C.how D.brown ( )15.A.slide B.hi C.toilet D.bike

( )16.A.you B.house C.blouse D.trousers ( )17.A.study B.puzzle C.bus D.busy

( )18.A.find B.dining-room C.behind D.pumpkin ( )19.A.kitchen B.sandwich C.China D.peach ( )20.A.street B.coffee C.meet D.see ( )21.A.toilet B.apple C.bottle D.table

( )22.A.back http://www.wendangku.net/doc/d7058e0c77c66137ee06eff9aef8941ea76e4ba8.htmlmp C.parent D.have ( )23.A.pig B.together C.garden D.swing ( )24.A.music B.telescope C.newspaper D.maths

( )25.A.sofa B.off C.pot D.lot ( )26.A.room B.foot C.too D.food ( )27.A.teacher B.driver C.term D.waiter ( )28.A.behind B.bedroom C.jacket D.eleven ( )29.A.family B.camping C.dance D.blanket ( )30.A.over B.other C.clothes D.home ( )31.A.morning B.horse C.door D.tomorrow ( )32.A.diamond B.around C.elephant D.change ( )33.A.house B.blouse http://www.wendangku.net/doc/d7058e0c77c66137ee06eff9aef8941ea76e4ba8.htmlugh D.mouth ( )34.A.building B.child C.children D.buscuit ( )35.A.tennis B.find C.white D.kite ( )36.A.street B.theatre C.triangle D.tree ( )37.A.wash B.want C.parent D.what ( )http://www.wendangku.net/doc/d7058e0c77c66137ee06eff9aef8941ea76e4ba8.htmlrge http://www.wendangku.net/doc/d7058e0c77c66137ee06eff9aef8941ea76e4ba8.htmlugh C.sofa D.vase ( )http://www.wendangku.net/doc/d7058e0c77c66137ee06eff9aef8941ea76e4ba8.html http://www.wendangku.net/doc/d7058e0c77c66137ee06eff9aef8941ea76e4ba8.htmlmp C.camping D.am ( )40.A.food B.cook C.foot D.look ( )41.A.cry B.circle C.class D.picture ( )42.A.thing B.theatre C.bathroom D.there ( )43.A.wash B.sure C.shape D.square ( )44.A.on B.diamond C.crayon D.o’clock ( )45.A.near B.heart C.tear D.hear ( )46.A.tea B.meat C.weather D.beach

( )47.A.back B.fast C.have D.map

( )48.A.warm B.garden C.market D.party

( )49.A.school B.tooth C.choose D.good

( )50.A.book B.too C.look D.cook

( )51.A.June B.ruler C.put D.menu ( )52.A.push B.fun C.sun D.cut

( )53.A.tiger B.her C.officer D.over

( )54.A.go B.no C.cold D.hot

( )55.A.like B.lion C.pizza D.Friday ( )56.A.teacher B.seat C.weather D.please ( )57.A.yellow B.brown C.window D.know

48个英语国际音标发音规则及练习题

二、判断发音是否相同,打√或×

1. wait play ()

2. cake apple ()

3. Train bag ()

4. make name ()

5. like l ittle ()

6. wife sit ()

7. try fly ()

8. pain wait ()

9. boy my ()10. toy joy ()

11. go no ()12. so do ()13. know now ()14. rose not ()15. how house ()16. how flower ()17. dear bear ()18. pear near ()19. deer cheer ()20. pair chair ()21. great meat ()22. pig big ()23. her dirty ()24. her teacher ()25. five nice ()26. bed we ()27. stop hot ()28. week eat ()29. dish hi ()30. use under ()31.like pizza ()32. cat father ()33. egg he ()34. ask park ()35. sun hungry ()36. cut put ()http://www.wendangku.net/doc/d7058e0c77c66137ee06eff9aef8941ea76e4ba8.htmle from ()38. under uncle ()39. sing evening ()40. bed head ()41. bird girl ()42. learn shirt ()43. juice who ()44.food foot ()45. learn near ()46. drop hot ()47. short shirt ()