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八上英语知识点汇总

八上英语知识点汇总{12届英语组}

Unit1 Where did you go on vacation? 第二单元 {万丽}

1. go on vacation 去度假

2.stay at home 待在家里

3.go to the mountains 去爬山

4. go to the beach 去海滩

5. visit museums 参观博物馆

6. go to summer camp 去参加夏令营

7.quite a few 相当多

8.study for 为……而学习

9.go out 出去

10.most of the time 大部分时间

11. taste good 尝起来很好吃

12.have a good time 玩得高兴

13. of course 当然

14.feel like 给……的感觉;感受到

15.go shopping 去购物

16.in the past 在过去

17. walk around 四处走走

18. because of 因为

19. one bowl of…一碗……

20. the next day 第二天

21. drink tea 喝茶

22. find out 找出;查明

23. go on 继续

24.take photos 照相

25. something important 重要的事

26. up and down 上上下下

27. come up 出来

28. buy sth. for sb. / buy sb. sth. 为某人买某物

29. taste + adj. 尝起来……

30. look+adj. 看起来……

31.nothing…but+动词原形除了……之外什么都没有

32.seem+(to be)+ adj. 看起来……

33. arrive in+大地点 / arrive at+小地点到达某地

34.decide to do sth. 决定去做某事

35. try doing sth. 尝试做某事 /

36. try to do sth. 尽力去做某事

37. forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事/

38. forget to do sth. 忘记做某事

39. enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事

40. want to do sth. 想去做某事

41. start doing sth. 开始做某事

42. stop doing sth. 停止做某事

43. dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事

44. keep doing sth. 继续做某事

45. Why not do. sth.? 为什么不做……呢?

46. so+adj.+that+从句如此……以至于……

47. tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不要)做某事 Unit2 How often do you exercise?

1 help with housework 帮助做家务

2 on weekends 在周末

3 how often 多久一次

4 hardly ever 几乎从不

5 once a week 每周一次

6 twice a month 每月两次

7 every day 每天

8 be free 有空

9 go to the movies 去看电影

10 use the Internet 用互联网

11 swing dance 摇摆舞

12 play tennis 打网球

13 stay up late 熬夜;睡得很晚

14 at least 至少

15 have dance and piano lessons 上舞蹈课和钢琴课

16 go to bed early 早点睡觉

17 play sports 进行体育活动

18 be good for 对……有好处

19 go camping 去野营

20 not…at all 一点儿也不……

21 in one’s free time 在某人的业余时间

22 the most popular 最受欢迎的

23 such as 比如;诸如

24 old habits die hard 积习难改

25 go to the dentist 去看牙医

26 morn than 多于;超过

27 less than 少于

28 help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事

29 How about…? ......怎么样?/ ……好不好?

30 want sb. to do sth. 想让某人做某事

31 How many+可数名词复数+一般疑问句?……有多少……?

32 主语+find+that从句. ……发现……

33 spend time with sb. 和某人一起度过时光

34 It’s+ adj.+ to do sth. 做某事的……的。

35 ask sb. about sth. 向某人询问某事

36 by doing sth. 通过做某事

37 What’s your favorite……? 你最喜爱的……是什么?

语言点归纳:Unit1

1. We had great fun playing in the water. 我们在水中玩得很高兴。

have fun (in) doing sth. 做某事很高兴 = enjoy oneself

We had a lot of fun swimming in the sea.

I have great fun talking with that little girl.

练一练(1) I have a good time on the beach. ( 同义句)

I ______ ________ on the beach.

(2) We have fun ______(sing) and ______( dance).

2. I found a small boy crying in the corner. 我发现一个小男孩在角落里哭。

find sb. doing sth. 发现某人正在做某事

He sat down and watched Wang Wang play with a friend black cat.

感官动词 see, hear, feel, watch, listen to, look at, find

(1)感官动词+ 宾语+ 动词原形强调看到/听到整个动作,或整个事件或行为的全过程(2)感官动词+ 宾语+ 现在分词强调看到/听到行动或事件正在进行

I saw him cross the street. 我看见他过了马路。(从一边到另一边)

I saw him crossing the street. 我看见他正过马路。(正在马路中间走着)

3. That made me feel very happy. 那使我感到很愉快。

make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事

使役动词 have, let, make 后跟不带to的不定式作宾补

Let me help you.

I’ll have him bring some water.

Unit2

1. How often do you exercise ? →How often + 助动词do(does或did) + 主语 + do sth. ? 疑问词how often是问频率(多经常), 在这里助动词do(does或did) 是起帮助构成疑问的作用

Once a week / Three times a month / Three or four times a month .

2. as for...意思是“至于;关于”,常用于句首作状语,其后跟名词、代词或动词的-ing 形式(即动名词)。如

As for him,I never want to see him here. 至于他,我永远不希望在这里见到。(1). ________(至于,关于) clothes, she likes clothes in fashion.

3. want to do sth.意思是“想要做某事”;

want sb. to do sth.意思是“想要某人做某事”。如:

Do you want to go to the movies with me?你想和我一起去看电影吗?

The teacher doesn't want us to eat hamburgers.老师不想让我们吃汉堡包。

练习: His mother wants him ___ at home today.

A. stays

B. stayed

C. to stay

D. staying

4. be good for...表示“对……有益(有好处)”。其反义为:be bad for...。后接名词、代词或动名词;be good at意为“擅长……”,后接名词、代词或ving形式。be good with

意为“灵巧的;与……相处得好”;be good to意为“对……友好。

5. try to do sth.表示“尽力做某事”,不包含是否成功的意思 / try doing sth. 表示“(用某一办法)试着去做某事”。如:You’d better try doing the experiment in another way. 你最好试试用另一种方法做这个试验。

7. be the same as 和…一样 / 反义词: be different from 和…不同

8. kind of = a little / a kind of 意思是“一种”

9. keep in good health = keep healthy = stay healthy =be healthy 保持健康

That sounds interesting. 这是“主语+系动词+表语”结构的简单句。sound(听起来),look(看起来),smell(闻起来),taste(尝起来),feel(觉得),seem(好象),grow(变得) , get(变得)等词在英语中可用作系动词,后跟形容词作表语。如: It tastes good. 这味道好。

The music sounds very sweet. 这音乐听起来很入耳。

10.although意思是“虽然,尽管”引导的从句不能与but, however连用,但可与yet, still连用。 although不能指假设的情况,不能作副词,放在词尾。

Unit 3 I’m more outing than my sister. {韩云龙}

目标语言:Talk about personal traits; Compare people

语法:Comparative Forms of Adjectives and Adverbs

1.构成

(1)规则变化

一般在词尾加er;以e结尾的加r;重读闭音节词词尾只有一个辅音字母时,先双写该辅音字母再加er; 以辅音字母+y结尾的双音节词,把y该成i再加er;

多音节词和部分双音节词在前加more.

(2) 不规则变化

2. 用法:表示两者(人或物)的比较.在“比较级+than”的句型中,当than前后所使用的动词相同时,通常用助动词代替后面的动词.该动词或助动词可以省略.

3. 表示两者在某一方面相同时,用“as+adj/adv原级+as”的句型.表示一方在某一方面不及另一方时,用“not as/so+ adj/adv原级+as”的句型.

4. 在形容词和副词的比较级前,可以用much, a little/bit/lot, even, far, still等修饰.

5. 选择疑问句Which/Who/When/Who + be +比较级,A or B?

知识点:

hard-working, as……as/ not as/so……as, singing competition, fantastic, with(带有、具有某种特征), tell(告诉、讲述、吩咐命令、辨别区分), win, be talented in/ have a talent for, the same……as, be good at=do well in, care about/for, take care, take care of, make sb. do, make sb./ sth. adj., laugh at sb., both, be serious about, nothing serious, that’s why……, It is adj. for sb. to do sth., as long as, necessary, bring out the best in sb., get better grades, if, saying, reach for your hand伸手帮你一把, touch your heart打动你的心令你感动, put one’s heart into, in fact, share with, be there不离……左右, be similar to, a piece of information, get the job

Unit 4 What’s the best movie theater? {韩云龙}

目标语言:Discuss preferences; Make comparisons

语法: Superlative Forms of Adjectives and Adverbs

1.构成

一般在词尾加est;以e结尾的加st;重读闭音节词词尾只有一个辅音字母

时,先双写该辅音字母再加est; 以辅音字母+y结尾的双音节词,把y该成i再

加est;多音节词和部分双音节词在前加most.

(2) 不规则变化

2. 用法:表示三者或三者以上(人或事物)的比较,其中有一个在某一方面超过其他几个,后面可用of/in短语等来说明比较的范围。形容词最高级的前面一般要加定冠词the,副词最高级前的the可以省去。

知识点:

comfortable seats, sit, best sound, be close to, in town, so far, the freshest food, You can sit the most comfortable, thanks for doing sth., service, pretty(adv. 十分相当), menu, meal, 10 minutes by bus, talented, watch sb. do/doing, around the world, have……inn common, have nothing in common, look for, try (not) to do, and so on, join/join in/take part in, That’s up to you to decide, be up to, play a role in doing sth., not与不定代词连用表示部分否定, make up, for example, take……serious, make one’s dream come true=achieve/realize one’s dream

Unit 6 I’m going to study computer science. {杨瑞}

知识梳理

短语归纳

短语at a university 在大学 study hard努力学习 take singing /acting lessons 上唱歌/表演课move to a place搬去某地 send sth to…把某物送到某地 grow up成长;长大 every day每天 be sure about对……有把握 make sure确信;务必 be able to 能 the meaning of……的意思 different kinds of不同种类的 write down写下;记下 have to do with关于;与……有关系 take up开始做;学着做 hardly ever几乎不;很少 too…to…太……而不能……/太……以至于不能 be going to+动词原形打算做某事 practice doing练习做某事 keep on doing sth.不断地做某事 learn to do sth.学会做某事 finish doing sth.做完某事 promise to do sth.许诺去做某事 help sb. to do sth.帮助某人做某事 remember to do sth.记住做某事 agree to do sth.同意做某事 love to do sth.喜爱做某事 want to do sth.想要做某事 promise to do sth.承诺做某事 make a promise许下承诺 keep on继续at the beginning of 在……的开始

语法归纳:知识点解析 be going to 的用法

be going to + 动词原形——表示将来的打算、计划或安排。常与表示将来的tomorrow, next year等时间状语或when 引导的时间状语从句连用。各种句式变换都借助be 动词完成,be随主语有am, is, are 的变换,going to 后接动词原形。

肯定句:主语 + be going to + 动词原形 + 其他。 eg: He is going to take the bus there. 否定句:主语 + be not going to + 动词原形 + 其他 eg:I’m not going to see my friends this weekend. 一般疑问句: Be + 主语 + going to + 动词原形 + 其他

肯定回答: Yes, 主语 + be.

否定回答: No, 主语 + be not.

eg: Are you going to see your friends this weekend? Yes ,I am. / No, I’m not.

特殊疑问句:疑问词 + be + 主语 + going to + 动词原形 + 其他?

eg: What is he going to do this weekend? When are you going to see your friends? 2) 如果表示计划去某地,可直接用 be going to + 地点 We are going to Beijing for a holiday.

表示位置移动的动词,如go , come, leave 等常用进行时表示将

来。 The bus is coming. My aunt is leaving for Beijing next week.

Unit 7 Will people have robots? {朱文}

本单元重点词组

1.live to be 200 years old 活到200 岁

2.live on the earth居住在地球上

3.live on a space station 生活在空间站

4.live with somebody 和某人生活在一起

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/d76c133203768e9951e79b89680203d8ce2f6af3.htmle the subway less更少使用地铁

6.very big and crowded非常大而拥挤

7.prediction about the future关于未来的预测

8. a book about the future一本关于未来的书

9.in the future在未来

10.be more crowded and polluted 更拥挤,更污染

11.be in (great) danger处于(巨大的)危险中

12.have to do something不得不做……

13.fly to other planets飞到另外的星球

14.play a part in saving the earth在拯救地球中起重要作用

15.blue skies蓝色的天空

16.spend time together on weekends周末在一起度过

17.fly rockets to the moon飞火箭到月球

18.an apartment across the street from here这条街道的对面的公寓

19.watch movies about the future看关于未来的电影

20.human servants人类仆人

21.do jobs like working in dirty or dangerous places做那些在又脏又危险的地方的工作

22.do simple jobs over and over again反反复复做证简单的工作

23.help to do something帮助做……

24.get bored变得厌倦

25.make robots look more like humans使机器人看起来象人类

26.disagree with somebody不同意某人的意见

27.agree with somebody同意某人的意见

28.If buildings fall down with people inside…要是楼房倒塌,把人压在里面……

29.look for …寻找……

30.at some point, …在一定的时候,……

31.do the same things as we can 做我们能做的事情

32.keep a bird养鸟

33.look less smart看起来没有那么漂亮

34.take a holiday度假

35.the meanings of words单词的意思

36.fresh water淡水

37.clean air清新的空气

38.clean the kitchen打扫厨房

39.fly up in to the sky飞上天空

40.in the world在世界上

41.pretty far from…离……相当远

重要句子

1.Are you kidding?你开玩笑吧?

2.Will people have robots?人们会拥有机器人吗?Yes, they will. / No, they won’t.

3.Everything will be free.一切都将是免费的。

4.Books will only be on computers, not on paper.书将会只存在于电脑上,而不是在纸上。

5.They’ll study at home on computers.他们将在家里的电脑上学习。

6.There will be only one country in the world.世界上将只有一个国家。

7.There will be less pollution.污染将更少。

8.What will the future be like?未来会象什么样子?

9.We never know what will happen in the future.我们永远不知道未来将会发生什么。

10.And my apartment will be no good for pets.我的公寓将不适合于宠物。

11.I think so.我认为是这样。

12.I don’t think so.这认为不是这样。

13.I hope so.我希望如此。

14.I hope not我希望不这样。

15.In 50 years, people will have more free time because there will be less things to do.50年后,

人们将有更多的空闲时间,因为他们会有更少的事情做。

16.In 20 years, I think I’ll be a newspaper reporter. 20 年以后,我想我会成为一个报社记者。

17.However, some scientists believe that although we can make robots move like people, it will

be difficult to make them really think like a human.然而,一些科学家相信,尽管我们能够让机器人象人类一样运动,但让他们象人类一样真正地思考却很困难。

18.For example, scientist James White thinks that robots will never be able to wake up and

know where they are.例如,科学家James White 认为,机器人将不能够清醒得知道他们身处何处。

19.This was not possible 20 years ago, but computers and rockets also seemed impossible 100

years ago. 这在20年前是不可能的,但是计算机和火箭在100年前也是看起来不可能的。

20.You should also remember that there will be both good and bad things in life.你也应该记住,

生活中有好事也有坏事。

21.As a reporter, I think I will meet lots of people.作为一个记者,我想我会遇到许多人。

22.During the week, I’ll wear smart clothes. 在周日期间,我将穿漂亮的衣服。

23.I’ll have fewer pets, though, because I’ll have less free time.我将养更少的宠物,因为我将

有更少的空闲时间。

24.Some robots are very human-like/ bird-like /ball-like / dog-like. 有些机器人象真人/鸟儿/

球/狗一样。

25.I’m not scared(afraid).我不怕

语法:一般将来时

一、定义。

一般将来时表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或存在的状态,也表示将来经常或反复发生的动作。常常与表示将来的时间状语?(tomorrow, next Sunday next year next month in a week ….)连用。

二.构成

一般将来时常用的表达形式共有五种,现归纳如下:

(1)will或shall表示。“主语+助动词will或shall+动词原形”这一形式,表示将来

发生的事情,用于征求对方的意见或表示客气的邀请。(shall 常用于第一人称后)

1. Tomorrow will be Sunday. 明天就是星期天。

2. The rain will stop soon. 雨很快就要停了。

3. Shall we go there at five? 我们五点钟去那儿,好吗?

4. Will you please open the door? 请你把门打开,好吗?

(2)、用be going to结构表示。“主语+be going to+动词原形”用来表示近期或事先考虑过的将要发生的动作以及已有迹象表明必将发生某事,意为“打算;就要”。如:

1. We're going to meet outside the school gate. 我们打算在校门口见面。

2. Look! It's going to rain. 瞧!快下雨了。

(3)、用现在进行时表示。表示位置转移的动词(如:go, come, leave, start, arrive等),可用现在进行时表示将来时。如:

1. Uncle Wang is coming. 王叔叔就要来了。

2. They're leaving for Beijing. 他们即将前往北京。

(4)、用一般现在时表示。根据规定或时间表预计要发生的动作,在时间和if条件状语从句中,都可用一般现在时表示将来时。如:

1. The new term starts (begins) on August 29th. 新学期八月二十九日开学。

2. If it doesn't rain tomorrow, we will go out for a picnic. 如果明天不下雨,我们将出去野餐。

(5)、用“be+动词不定式”或用“be about to +动词原形”的结构表示。如:

1. He is to visit Japan next year. 明年他将访问日本。

2. They're about to leave. (=They're leaving.) 他们就要走了。

三.标志:tomorrow next year next week in five years 等表示将来的时间状语。

Unit8 How do you make a banana milk shake? {朱文}

一.短语归纳:

1. turn on打开、接通

2.cut up =cut ….into pieces切碎

3. milk shake奶昔

4. add…to把…加到…上

5.two spoons of 两匙….

6.how many/how much 多少

7.a piece of 一片,一张,一条,一块,一首

8.cover…with…用…覆盖/盖着…

9. fill…with…用…把…装满

10.make a banana milk shake 制作香蕉奶昔

11.a recipe for….…的食谱

12.at this time在这时

13.a cup of yogurt 一杯酸奶

14.need some help需要一些帮助

15.put…on把…放在…的上面