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新版新目标英语八年级下册unit2知识点总结

Unit 2 I'll help clean the city parks.

Section A

1. 短语动词小结常见短语动词结构有下面几种:

(1).动词+副词give up 放弃turn off 关掉stay up 熬夜

这种结构有时相当于及物动词,如果其宾语是代词,就必须放在动词和副词之间,如果是名词,则既可插在动词和副词之间,也可放在短语动词后。

(2).动词+介词=及物动词,后跟宾语。

listen of 听look at 看belong to 属于

(3).动词+副词+介词

come up with 提出,想出run out of 用完,耗尽

(4).动词+名词(介词) 如:take part in参加catch hold of 抓住

2.help

help sb. (to) do 帮助某人做某事help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事help do sth 帮助做某事

help oneself to sth随便吃help sb. out 帮助某人解决难题(摆脱困境)

clean up 打扫clean-up n. 打扫

3. cheer cheer (sb.) up 使(某人)高兴、振作cheer me up 使我高兴

(1) v 欢呼,喝彩

(2) v 为...欢呼,高呼

(3) n 可数欢呼声,喝彩声

(4) cheer on 为...加油

3.give out v+adv

(1)散发,分发= hand out give out sth to sb. 分….给某人

(2)发出(光热声音气味等)

(3)用完耗尽Our food will give out soon.

give away 赠送捐赠give away sth. to sb

give sb. sth. 给某人某东=give sth. to sb. 给某人某东西

5. put off 推迟(后接名词、代词、动名词作宾语)put off doing 推迟做某事

put away 收起来put on穿上put out扑灭;伸出put up张贴,搭建put back放回原处

put down 放下记下

6.notice

可数名词:公告牌,通告,布告

不可数名词:注意Take notice of what I say.

动词:注意到留心看到

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/d80896bf571252d380eb6294dd88d0d232d43ce7.htmled to do sth过去…(现在不了) 没有人称和时态变化

get/be used to doing习惯于(一直在做)

be used to do被用来做

be used for+n/ doing被用于…Stamps are used for sending mails.

She goes to climb mountains every Sunday.But she used to hate climbing mountains.

8.lonely alone

lonely adj 孤单的(心理状态,内心感到孤独,侧重于缺少同伴或同情而感到孤独,感情色彩较强)作表语;也可作定语修饰地点名词,荒凉的,侧重于人迹罕至或远离人烟,很荒凉alone adj 单独的,独自的;adv 独自地侧重一个人与其他的人或事物分开,不含感情色彩

He feels lonely without friends.