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Unit 1

(1) They bound his hands and legs with a rope so he couldn’t escape.


(2)His bright clothes were hardly appropriate for such a solemn occasion.


(3) He’s been charged with possessing guns and attempting to attack the police.


(1)People who cannot distinguish between colours are said to be colour-blind.


(3) My fence was torn down in the storm, so I need to put up a new one.


(7) Casting an eye over the audience, he noticed that about one third of

the seats were still vacant.


(8) Their relationship broke up when the girl learned that the boy was not to be trusted.


Unit 2

(1) I don’t like my straight hair so I’m going to have it curled.


(2) This price is her minimum; she refuses to lower it any further.


(3) I often clip recipes out of newspapers and magazines but never use them when I cook.


(1)Don’t let the little boy loose on the garden; he’ll pull up all the flowers.


(2)The refrigerator I bought last week is too large to fit into our new kitchen.


(3) When the flood broke out, the little girl clung to a tree and managed to hold on.


(4) Her parents are divorced and her brother is in prison—it is a sad state of affairs.


Unit 3

(1) I regret to inform you that there’s nothing we can do to help you.


(2) The school has been open for merely six months, so it’s hard to evaluate its success.


(3) She’s not beautiful, but I find her very attractive because she seems so full of life and fun.

她不漂亮,但我觉得她很有魅力,她看起来是那么的充满生机和乐趣。(2) You didn’t do anything wrong. You should have a clear conscience.


(3) We missed the last bus; so there was no choice other than to walk home.


(4) Whether you accept it or not, we must all die some day: it’s just a fact of life.


(6)The case may be solved soon since more facts relative to it have come to light.


Unit 4

(2) A judge must be free from prejudice—his opinions must be fair and reasonable.


(3) The police are appealing to the public for detailed information about the murderer.


(4)They have rendered us a great service without which we couldn’t have finished our task.

他们给我们提供了很好的服务,没有它我们不可能完成我们的任务。(1) Her way to guard against robbery is never to go out alone at night.


(2) There’s no need to concern yourself with this matter; we can handle it by ourselves.


(3) There are two more people coming—can you make room for them to sit down?


Unit 5

(1)I often associate summer with holidays. How I wish I could be on vacation next summer!


(3) Prejudice combined with ignorance destroys the hopes of many AIDS sufferers.


(5)I see teaching as an opportunity to enlighten students, not just to give them instructions.


(1) They were very similar—all cut from the same cloth, so to speak.


(2)We should try out all the tools before we can decide which best serves our purpose.

我们应该尝试所有的工具,在我们可以决定哪个是最适合我们的目的。(3)What does the future hold in store for kids who quit school at an early age?


Unit 6

(1) Do you have any proof that it was Jeremy who stole the bike?


(3)A new furnace could give you increased efficiency and more heat output.


(5) The company has increased its share of the market both at home and abroad.


(1)– Mary, help yourself to some meat.


– Thanks , but I’m on a diet.


(2)I’m afraid I shall be like a fish out of water if I live abroad.


(3) His lateness was due to the heavy traffic on the motorway.



Unit 1

(1)以共同兴趣为基础的友谊是不容易破裂的。(ground; break up)

译:The friendship grounded on common / shared interest does not break up easily.


译:There spring up so many new things every day in the world that it

is no longer sensible to expect a person to know / keep track of everything.

(5)有人把今天的文化描述为“快餐文化”。无论做什么事,人们只是追求用最短时间达到最大的满足。(describe as; pursue)译:Today’s culture is described as “fast-f ood culture”. Whatever they may be / are doing, people just pursue the greatest / maximum satisfaction within the shortest time.

Unit 2

(1)无论是友情还是爱情,你都不可能期待自己付出最少而得到最多。(maximum; minimum)

译:In either friendship or love, you should never expect to take / receive the maximum while you give the minimum.

(4)情人节(Valentine’s Day)是个一年一度在2月14日庆祝的节日,一个向自己心仪对象表达爱意的好日子。(affection)

译:Valentine’s Day is an annual holiday celebrated on February 14, a perfect day to express love to the object of your / one’s affection.

(6)爱情需要时间,因为只有慢慢习惯和学会欣赏对方才会产生出爱情。(grow used to; forge)

译:Love takes time, for it is not forged until you have grown used to the other’s company and learned to appreciate the other.

Unit 3



译:When I first came to college, I suddenly found myself left with everything to deal with by myself. It was not until then did I realize that living with my parents was truly a happy experience.

(4)今天人们生活比以前富裕多了,闲暇时间也多了,奇怪的是人们反而觉得生活乏味了。(better off; leisure)

译:Today people are much better off and enjoy more leisure. Strangely enough, they find life boring / dull.

(6)过于顺利的生活可能具有破坏性,因为人们没有机会学会怎样应对挫折。这能部分解释年轻人居高不下的自杀率。(destructive; in part)译:A life that is too easy / smooth may also be destructive because it offers no opportunity for one to learn how to deal with / handle failures / frustrations / setbacks. That / This in part explains / accounts for the high rates of suicide among young people.

Unit 4

(1)他们带着生病的父亲远赴北京,希望能治好他的心脏病。(in the hope of)

译:They took their sick father on a long journey to Beijing in the hope of finding a cure for / in the hope of curing his heart disease / problem.


译:If power is properly applied / used / exercised, the lives of the common people will be rendered happy. If not, their daily life will be placed under threat.

Unit 5

(2)中国西部发展急需人才,政府为此制定了优惠政策,号召更多大学毕业生去西部工作。(cry out for; to this end)

译:West China is crying out for talented people for its development. To this end, the government has laid down / made favorable policies, calling for more college graduates to go and work there.

(4)网虫们(web addicts)很多时间都泡在网上,以至于他们无法分辨虚拟世界与现实世界。(draw a distinction between virtual)译:Web addicts spend so much time on the Internet that they are unable to draw a distinction between the virtual world and the real world.

(6)远程学习是个全球化的趋势(trend)。随着它的迅速发展,人们无论身处何地都能有同样方便的途径享受教育资源。(global; access)译:Distance learning is a global trend. With its quick growth / development, people are given / can enjoy an equally convenient access to educational resources, no matter where they are.

Unit 6

(2)正是通过倾听人们的谈话和观察他们的举止,我们才加强了了解社会的能力。(by means of; capacity)

译:It is by means of listening to what people say and observing how they behave that we’ve strengthened our own capacity to learn about / understand society.

(5) 我觉得直接拒绝是一种礼貌,而我父母却很少说“不”,以免使对方为难。(decline)

译:I believe it is polite to decline directly, while my parents seldom say “No” so as not to embarrass others.


Unit 1

What is genuine friendship? Some classical (1) views may help us understand the notion (2) of friendship more clearly. Aristotle distinguishes genuine friendship from two other forms: one based on mutual utility (3) and the other on pleasure. While the ground (4) for the latter two forms of friendship is closely related to material benefits, short-term interests or age, genuine friendship occurs (5) only between those who are similar in their goodness (6). Cicero, another ancient scholar, believes that true friends' actions and lives should leave no question as to (7) their honor, purity, equity and liberality. Whether or not one possesses (8) any superiority over the other, both must regard themselves as equals of the other and try their best to preserve (9) the

friendship. Moreover, true friends are bound (10) together, as a friend is said to be a mirror (11) in which you may perceive and know yourself. When virtuous (12) friends are bonded together by a commitment (13) to the good, they can recognize each other's moral excellence (14) and fulfill their self-improvement.


Unit 2

Today young people tend to jump on the bandwagon of love with so much haste (1) that they fail to realize the essence of true love. Given the current state of affairs (2), we need to consider more closely the nature of love. True love has to be distinguished (3) from the pleasures of the flesh. True love means a meeting of minds (4) and it takes time to blossom (5). People who are in true love focus more on inner charm (6) than on physical beauty, more on intimacy (7) than on closeness, more on emotion (8) than on passion, more on sharing than on acquiring (9). As true love happens once in a lifetime, they have in their minds the ideals (10) of the relationship. They share mutual respect, admiration (11) and plenty of romance, so their relationship is lasting (12) and


Preserving true love requires effort, however. You should gift your object of affection (13) your time, company, support and friendship; you should give yourself and your beloved time and space to forge (14) a life-long bond; and you should honor (15) your commitments. In short, you should devote yourself to your love. Your devotion to love will, in return, bring you an overwhelming (16) joy.



Unit 3

It is our natural desire to be happy. Throughout human history, people as a whole (1) have been going after happiness. However (2), the pursuit of happiness is often accompanied with dissatisfaction and frustration. This is in part (3) due to our different understanding of happiness. In effect (4), our sense of happiness is derived (5) from our definition of happiness. Some believe that happiness can be purchased (6) with wealth. From this point of view, the better off (7) one becomes, the happier one gets. Therefore, to be happy, they take pains (8) to get rich. But wealth does not necessarily (9) lead to happiness. Others

believe that happiness has something to do (10) with status — a system of ranking. Thus, one’s happiness is built upon his favorable comparison (11) with others. But since society cannot raise its position relative (12) to itself, unhappiness is thus inevitable (13). So it can be said that both views serve (14) more as the barrier to true happiness than as the guide. To seek (15) true happiness, we must change our inner attitude and strive for the common good of all human beings.


Unit 4

AIDS is a terrible disease. It poses a threat (1) to all the human beings without caring whether you are black or white, male or female, gay or straight, young or old. But what is at risk (2) now is not just the people infected (3) with the disease. Human civilization itself is being threatened. This is because the whole society tolerates both ignorance of and prejudice (4) against HIV or AIDS. Once diagnosed (被诊断) as HIV-positive, the victims are isolated (5) or treated as outcasts. They are believed to have contracted (6) something evil or to have entered some alien state of being. As a result, these poor people have to shelter (7) the

flickering candle of life from the cold wind of rejection by their family members. When they die of the disease, their families dare not whisper the word AIDS. They just grieve (8) silently. Thus, our prejudice and silence have helped the disease along (9). Now HIV marches firmly towards AIDS in more than a million American homes, littering its pathway (10) with the bodies of the young. To guard against the disease effectively, we must take this issue (11) seriously. People should be educated to bring (12) those negative attitudes to an end. We should not see AIDS as something evil (13) and the patients as alien. Instead, we should concern ourselves with (14) the prevention of the disease and render strong support (15) to the patients with more compassion. Only in this way can we have a better chance of winning the war against AIDS.


Unit 5

Mankind hopes for a better world to live in. To this end (1), man has to confront the inevitable conflicts that the future holds in store (2). Since education plays an indispensable (3) role in managing those

conflicts, the following four pillars of education are proposed. Learning to live together calls for (4) an understanding of others and the awareness of the diversity (5), similarities and interdependence of all people so that people can implement (6) joint projects. In accordance with (7) the global changes brought about by scientific progress, the emphasis (8) in learning to know should be put on combining (9) a broad general education and the opportunity to study a small number of subjects in depth (10). Associated with the issue of occupational training, learning to do aims to equip (11) people to cope with various situations and work in teams. The fourth pillar is learning to be, which focuses on the complete development of one's potentials when he goes after (12) an independent, critical way of thinking and judgment. Given the convenient access (13) to knowledge in the information era, everyone longs for a way to get the most out of (14) their own specific educational environment. These four interrelated pillars can help us make the best out of education and attain our future ideals.


Unit 6

When we are suddenly transplanted (1) abroad, we may lose the peace of mind we need for everyday work and life. All the familiar cues (2) disappear including words, gestures, facial expressions, customs, or norms. We reject the foreign environment and slip into the tendency (3) to believe that our culture, race and nation form the center of the world. The frustration (4) and anxiety that can be attributed (5) to the loss of familiar signs are symptoms of culture shock. One of the effective cures (6) for this ailment is to know something about the nature of culture and its relationship to the individual. We should bear in mind that we are born with the capacity (7) to learn culture and use it. The culture of any people is the product of history and is built up (8) over time. It is by means of (9) culture that we learn to adapt to the physical environment and to the people with whom we associate. Therefore, it is due to (10) our own lack of understanding of other people's cultural background and of the means of communication that we can not orient ourselves to(11) the host country. Another quick way to get over (12) culture shock is to know the language. Once we are equipped with the language, a whole new world of cultural meanings opens up (13) for us. We will begin to find out not only what people do and how they do things, but also what their interests are. In addition (14), it helps us to be a participant observer by joining the activities of the people and sharing in their responses, whether this be a carnival, a religious ritual, or some

economic activity.