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Unit2

Unit 2 Globalization

Part I Listening

Section A Spot Dictation

People around the globe are more connected to each other than ever before. Information and money (1)___more quickly than ever. Goods and services produced in one part of the world are increasingly (2)____ in all parts of the world. International travel is more (3) ____. International communication is (4)_____. This phenomenon has been titled “globalization.”

“The Era of Globalization ” is fast becoming the (5)____ term for describing the current times. Just as the Depression, the Cold War Era, the Space Age, and the Roaring 20’s are used to describe (6)____ periods of history; globalization describes the political, economic and cultural (7)____ of today.

While some people think of globalization as primarily a (8)_____for global business, it is much more than that. The same forces that allow businesses to operate as if national (9)____did not exist also allow social activists, labor organizers, journalists, (10)____ and many others to work on a global stage.

Section B Sentence Dictation

1.Globalization can be incredibly empowering.

2.Economic growth creates a middle class, and a middle class,

eventually, demands democracy.

3.Globalization has dangers and an ugly dark side.

4.the advocates say globalization brings the first real chance of

prosperity to the impoverished corners of the world.

5.Just as capitalism requires a network of governing systems to keep it

from devouring societies, globalization requires vigilance and the rule of law.

Part II Listening and Speaking

Section A Questions and Answers

1. Can globalization help reduce poverty in a large number of developed countries?

No. Globalization can help reduce poverty in developing countries. 2. What does the study show?

They study shows that 24 developing countries that increased their integration into the world economy over two decades ending in the 1990s achieved higher growth in incomes, longer life expectance and better schooling.

3. How do these developing countries enable their people to take advantage of global markets.

They have adopted domestic policies and institutions that have enabled people to take advantage of global markets.

4. What are the growth rates of rich countries anuually?

2%.

Globalization has helped reduce poverty in a large number of developing countries, according to the report Globalization, Growth and Poverty: Building an Inclusive World Economy.

The study shows that 24 developing countries that increased their integration into the world economy over two decades ending in the late 1990s achieved higher growth in incomes, longer life expectancy and better schooling. These countries, home to some three billion people,

enjoyed an average five percent growth rate in income per capita in the 1990s compared to two percent in rich countries. Many of these countries ——such as China, India, Hungary and Mexico——have adopted domestic policies and institutions that have enabled people to take advantage of global markets and have thus sharply increased the share of trade in their GDP. These countries have been catching up with the rich ones——their annual growth rates increased from one percent in the 1960s to five percent in the 1990s. People in these integrating countries saw their wages rise, and the number of people in poverty declined.

Section B Multiple choices

Lexical Items

Chug 发出扎扎声

Cull 精选

1. what is the major concern of the speaker?

A. Globalization

B. Global issue

C. Environmental protection

D. Passing environmental protection laws

2.What can we learn from the passage?

A. The Earth’s environment has been changed by human activity.

B. The Earth’s environment was changed by itself.

C. People were always aware of the environmental changes.

D. People have stopped changing the earth’s environment.

3. what does the sentence “nature pays no attention to national borders”mean?

A. We should pay attention to national borders.

B. To protect our nature we should pay attention to the border lines.

C. Environmental protection is an issue within the national borders.

D. Environmental protection is a global issue.

4.According to what you have heard, which of the following is true?

A. It is quite useful to pass strict environmental protection law.

B. It is quite useful to reach global agreements to improve the environment.

C. Strict environmental protection law and similar laws are to be passed.

D. One global agreement had been agreed by many nations.

5. What is the purpose of the “first truly global civil movements”?

A. To reach a global agreement.

B. To pass strict environmental protection law.

C. To protect the environment.

D. To protect the civil rights.

Globalization, logically, has the greatest impact on global issue. And the original “global” issue is nature itself. Long before humans invented

“environmentalism”——and long before humans——the planet was chugging along as a well-balanced brutal eco-system. Fresh oxygen was pumped into the atmosphere by huge rainforests; the big fish culled the little fish; and natural fires managed to extinguish.

Now humans are increasingly aware of the way the Earth’s environment has been changed by human activity. And we are also aware that nature pays no attention to natural borders. While laws attempt to control the flow of capital, good, and labor around the globe, no legislature, committee, or king can control the way winds blow greenhouse gasses or where ocean currents carry oil waste.

One nation might pass strict environmental protection laws. But they will have little effect if neighboring countries don’t pass similar laws. Only global agreements, therefore, can truly get all nations to act together to improve the environment. Because of this, some of the first truly global civil movements have been those which intend to protect the environment.