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新编实用英语综合教程1第2单元

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新编实用英语综合教程1第2单元

Unit 2 (1)

Giving Thanks and Expressing Regret Teaching purposes:

1. Ss learn how to express thanks and pleasure on receiving a gift or help.

2. Ss learn how to congratulate and respond to congratulations.

3. Ss learn how to express regrets and ask for forgiveness

4. Ss learn how to use articles

Teaching procedures:

I.Talking Face to Face

II.Being All Ears

III. Grammar

IV.Assignment

I. Talking face to face

1. Talking about gift.

Although gift giving is a common practice in Western countries, it is also becoming more popular among the younger generation in China.

①Did you receive any gifts in your life?

What are they?

②Do you usually put a gift card in the present?

2. Giving and Replying to Gift/Congratulation Cards

Gift cards/notes and congratulation cards/letters are very useful for expressing thanks and good wishes on some social occasions. It is also important for us to learn how to reply to them properly. Now let's read the following cards carefully and try to use the information to practice short dialogues.

①Read and translate the Thank-you Note, Congratulation Card

②Useful words, phrases and sentences

⑴We send them to you with love.

⑵Take care of oneself

⑶Recovery = a return to good health , a strong condition

⑷Thoughtful = pay attention to the feelings of other people

⑸Thank you ever so much.

⑹Congratulations on sth

⑺Outstanding = much better than most others / excellent

⑻Branch = a part of a large organization

⑼Deserve = to have earned by one’s actions

Deserve will / ill of

⑽Gratitude = the state or feeling of being grateful / thankfulness Gratitude to / for sth.

⑾Look forward to doing something: expect

⑿Cooperation = the act of working together

③Ask the students to read the 4 cards.

④Learn the dialogues

Thank you for the beautiful flowers

⑴Before we study the dialogue I want you to think it over:

If you receive a gift from others, how can you express your thankfulness?

◆To write a note.

◆To send an e-mail.

◆To make a phone call.

I’d like you to answer the question after we learn the dialogue.

⑵Listen to the tape and read after it.

Congratulations for the Promotion

⑴Promotion = advancement in rank or position

⑵I owe much to your kind help and support.

= Thanks for your kind help and support.

⑶Continue = carry on

3. Ask the students to find out the different ways of expressing thankfulness.

①It was really very thoughtful of you. Thank you very much.

②Thank you very much for your congratulation card.

③Please accept my deep gratitude for your help and support.

④And thank you very much for the roses.

⑤I owe much to your kind help and support, Mr. Black.

⑥Thanks for your kind words.

⑦More: I appreciate it.

I'm very grateful to you.

I'm thankful to you for all th is help.

4. Replying to thanks:

①Not at all.

②It’s my pleasure

③You are welcome.

5. Do exercise 1 on page 17 orally.

6. Learn dialogue 4 in Act Out

①Different ways to give apologies

⑴Sorry to do sth.

Sorry to telephone you so late.

⑵I’m sorry….

I’m sorry I didn’t come to your party, as I had to attend a meeting yesterday.

⑶I apologize for doing sth.

I apologize for playing records late at night.

⑷Forgive me. I’m really sorry about sth.

Forgive me. I’m really sorry that your report got coffee spilled on it.

⑸I want to apologize for that.

I want to apologize for that. Is there anything I can do?

⑹I’m awfully sorry.

I’m awfully sorry. I didn’t mean to hurt you.

②Replying to Apologies

⑴That’s all right.

⑵It’s OK.

⑶It doesn’t matter, but see that it doesn’t happen again, will you?

⑷Oh, never mind.

7. How to express congratulations in English?

Do some practice

8. Group work: practice the dialogues

9. Pair work: Make short conversations by simulating the five small dialogues.

II. Being all ears

Throughout this unit practice your listening comprehension on giving thanks and expressing regret. Remember to listen attentively and improve your understanding of the content to make progress in your listening ability day by day.

1. Listen and Decode

2. Listen and Respond

3. Listen and Read

4. Listen and Match

5. Listen and Conclude

III. Grammar

定冠词的主要用法

1. 表示特指和第二次提到的人或物。

2. 表示世界上独一无二的事物。

3. 用在序数词、形容词最高级前面。

4. 用在江河湖海、山脉、群岛、海峡、沙漠等地理名词前。

5. 用在形容词或过去分词前表示一类人。

6. 用在表示国家和民族的形容词前表示泛指该国的人民。

7. 用在姓氏的复数前,表示该夫妇俩或全家人。

8. 乐器、通讯设备前一定要加定冠词。

不用冠词的几种情况

1. 季节、节日、星期、三餐等之前,一般不加冠词。

the Spring Festival (除外)

2. 名词前有物主代词、指示代词、不定代词、名词所有格等限定词修饰时,一般不加冠词。

3. 专有名词、物质名词、抽象名词、人名、地名等名词前,一般不加。

4. 球类、棋类、学科等名称前,一般不加冠词。

5. 称呼、头衔、职务等表示抽象性质的名词前,不加冠词。

6. 在与by连用交通工具名称前不加冠词。

7. 在turn,go(变成、成为)变成后面的名词做短语时,名词前不加

冠词。但become后面的名词前一定要加冠词。

* Do “Put in Use” 1,2,3

IV. Assignment

1. Pair work: Make up dialogues for expressing thanks, congratulations or regrets referring to the dialogues in the Workbook.

2. Preview Passage I and the exercises.

Unit 2 (2)

Different Attitudes towards Gift -Giving

Teaching purposes:

1. Let the students know the gift culture

2. The students should know the cultural differences in expressing thanks and apologies.

3. Learn some useful expressions and sentences structures

Teaching procedures:

I. Check the homework

II. Passage I

III. Assignment

I. Check the homework

II. Passage I: Different Attitudes towards Gift -Giving

1. Question discuss

①What do you usually send as a gift?

For example: in Valentine's Day : flower / chocolate / ring / diamond

in Mother’s Day (the second Sunday of May)

in Father’s Day (the third Sunday of June)

②When do people give gifts to others in China?

⑴To celebrate a festival (spring festival)

⑵On special occasions

⑶Get help from others

⑷Ingratiate sb.

2.The new words in exercise 4.

①appreciate: V.= to be thankful or grateful for

~ your help

②attitude: n. = a way of feeling or thinking about someone or something

~ towards/ to sth

~ towards life

③convey: V. = to make known

~ one’s greeting / ~ one’s feeling

④desire: n. = a strong hope or wish & V.

a strong ~

⑤illustrate: explain through examples, pictures

~ the problem ; ~ your point

⑥offer : V. & n.= to provide; give

⑦universal: adj. = widespread; general

~ language

universe (miss spelling)

⑧vary V. = become, cause to be different

~ from…to…

~ from area to area / ~ from person to person

3. Skim and answer

①What kind of gifts do American people prefer to receive ?

Gifts made by the givers themselves.

②Then how about Japanese people?

Japanese people care more about the value of the gifts.

③How the text is organized?

Para.1 Topic

Para.2 Customs in Japan

Para.3 Customs in USA

4. Summarize the different attitudes held by Japanese and Americans towards gift-giving by completing the table below.

5. Detail study of the passage

①Key words ,expressions & difficult sentences

⑴gift giving: here is a compound adjective, made up of a noun and a

verb’s present participle. It could also be a gerund form. The relationship between the two parts is that of verb-object (warm the heart).

Similar structures are: thanks-giving, peace-loving, stamp-collecting, English-speaking, job-hunting, mountain-climbing.

⑵People’s attitudes towards gift givin g may vary from country to country, even though the desire to convey a feeling of friendship is often universal. (Para. 1)

Analysis: "even though" is a conjunction, leading a concessive clause, so that a contrast is made between vary from country to country and universal.

* even if, even though 表示“即使……”,“纵使……”之意。

even if: used for emphasizing that although something may happen or may be true, another situation remains the same

even though: used for introducing a fact that makes the main statement in your sentence very surprising

这两个复合连词的意思基本相同。它们常可互换使用,但意义有细微差别。even if引导的让步从句含有强烈的假定性,而even though引导让步状语句时,是以从句的内容为先决条件的,也就是说,说话人肯定了从句的事实。

Even if he is poor, she loves him. (=He may be poor, yet she loves him.) 即使他很穷,但她还是爱他。

Even though he is poor, she loves him. (=He is poor, yet she loves him. )

尽管他很穷,但她还是爱她。

⑶Here is: 这里有

Practice: 这儿有一本对你学英语很有帮助的书。

Here is a book to help you with your English learning.

⑷It is not unusual: 并不罕见

a . 在英国用谈论天气作为引子开始交谈并不罕见。

It is not unusual in England to begin a conversation by talking about the weather.

b. It is not unusual in China to give respect to the old.

⑸tend: be likely to

tend to do sth.

⑹substantial: adj. large enough to be satisfactory

a ~ meal

⑺However, at least in the typical Japanese style, it is not required to attach a thank-you note or card to the gift. (Para. 2)

Analysis: a. The conjunct "however" is used to denote contrast to what is said before.

b. ‘It’ is a formal subject of the main sentence, and the actual subject is the infinitive phrase to attach a thank-you note or card to the gift.

c. at least 至少

at first起初

at last最后

at hand手头

at once马上

⑻attach: fasten or join one thing to another

be attached to = to be fond of

⑼gratitude: the state or feeling of being grateful

~ to / for

⑽very: use for giving force to an expression

⑾In contrast, you are likely to get more cards than gifts in the United States. (Para. 3)

Analysis: a. "In contrast" is used to make a statement different from the previous one; 正相反

b. Likely means “可能” in Chinese;

c. More cards than gifts makes comparison between the two objects of get. ⑿In general, American people don’t care very much whether the gift is expensive or not. (Para. 3)

Analysis: a. "care" here is the same as "care about", meaning "feel interested, sorry or anxious".

b. Whether introduces an object cl ause. It can be replaced with “if ”, but the or not will not be used in that case.

. whether与if当"是否"讲时的区别是:在引导宾语从句时两者可以互换,但在引导主语从句、表语从句和同位语从句以及介词后面的宾语从句或后面紧跟or not时通常只能用whether,而不能用if.

c. in general = general speaking

⒀As a matter of fact, your gift to them would be appreciated all the more if you make it yourself instead of buying it from a store. (Para. 3) Analysis: a. "All the more" is used to stress the comparative degree.

b. This sentence could be paraphrased like this: In fact, people will like your gift much better if it is made by yourself rather than bought from a store.

c. as a matter of fact = in fact

⒁instead of 意为“代替……,……而不……”,后接名词、代词、动名词或介词短语。instead是副词,一般用于句末,后面不再跟其它词,用于否定前面提到的东西;instead of... 是短语介词,用于否定of后面的宾语。

⒂on hand: available

⒃in person

⒄pigeon hole = mail box

6. Use your own words to explain the passage

①In Japan:

Substantial and expensive

Without cards

Care much more about the value of the gift

②In USA:

Give cards to others

A small gift or no gift at all

Care about the words on the card

7. What would you give to a Japan/ USA friend?

8. Read and simulation

⑴绘画风格可能会因各艺术家而异。

The style of paintings may vary from one artist to another.

菜肴的风味可能会因地域而异。

The flavor of dishes may vary from place to place.

⑵这儿有一本对你学英语有帮助的书。

Here is a book to help you with your English learning.

这儿有一个改进我们服务的方法。

Here is a way to improve our service.

⑶英国是一个遵循传统的国家。

England is a tradition observing country.

美国是一个热爱运动的国家。

The U.S. is a sports loving country.

⑷在英国用谈论天气作引子开始交谈并不罕见。

It is not unusual in England to begin a conversation by talking

about the weather.

在新加坡听人们用不同的语言交谈并不罕见。

It is not unusual in Singapore to hear people speaking in different languages.

⑸正相反,这样做你只会有更少的朋友而不是更少的敌人。

In contrast, you get fewer friends than enemies in this way.

正相反,从事这项工作你会得到更多的乐趣而不是金钱。

In contrast, you get more pleasure than money doing this job.

⑹事实上,如果这首诗用现代英语写会容易欣赏得多。

As a matter of fact, the poem would be appreciated all the more if it is written in modern English.

事实上,如果我们的产品能促销一下会令人感兴趣得多。

As a matter of fact, our product would be attractive all the more if it is given more promotion.

⑺产品的质量看来是最基本的东西。

The quality of a product seems to be the most essential thing.

实验的结果看来是最重要的东西。

The result of the experiment seems to be the most important thing.

9. Do Ex. 1, 2, 3, 5

III. Assignment

1. Recite the first paragraph of Passage I.

2. Preview Passage II and the exercises.

Unit 2 (3)

Thank-you Notes Are Heart-warming

Teaching purposes:

1. The ability of fast reading

2. Writing and replying to:

a thank-you note

a gift card

a congratulation letter

Teaching Procedures:

I. Learn passage II

II. Try your hands

III. Applied writing

IV. Assignment

I. Passage II: Thank-you Notes are Heart-warming

* Warm-up questions

1. Do you write a thank-you note to someone who has helped you somehow? Why or why not?

2. When you receive a thank-you note, how do you feel about it and what will you do with it?

* Read passage 2

Para. 1: What kind of writing is the author interested to improve? Para. 2: Why does Ken write a thank-you note to Mrs. Dalton?

Para. 3: What do people usually attach to their gift? And Why?

Para. 4: What does the author think of sending or receiving thank-you notes?

1. Pick out and practice the sentences often used in a thank-you note in this passage.

2. With the help of the following blank-filling paragraph, retell the last two paragraphs WITHOUT looking back at the passage.

3. Some important sentences:

①(Para. 1) I’m not yet very good at it, but there is one thing I want to learn to do better.

Analysis: It here refers to writing thank-you notes in the following sentence.

②Of course, it is not just when you leave that you can get a thank-you note.

Analysis :This sentence has a negative form of emphatic structure: it is not ... that emphasizing a time clause just when you leave.

③And my wife joins me in sending kindest regards to your family. Analysis: This is one of the usual closing sentences used in thank-you letters. Other similar expressions can be: “They ask me to pass their sincere gratitude to you.” “I’d like to express our hearty thanks to you on behalf of all my friends.”

4. Read passage 2 and do the true or false questions

II. Trying your hand

The sentences used in thank-you notes:

1. I want to thank you for all the help you’ve given me.

2. Thank you once again for bringing this to my attention.

3. It was very kind of you to send me such a nice gift.

4. Many thanks to you for inviting us.

5. I’m really very grateful to you.

6. Thank you for offering me such a nice place to stay.

7. I hope some day I will be able to pay back the hospitality I received during my stay at your home.

8. This is to thank you again for your wonderful hospitality and to tell you how much I enjoyed seeing you again.

9. Thank you for doing so much to make my trip to Shanghai very interesting.

10. First, I’d like to thank you for your kindness and hospit ality.

The sentences used in a congratulation card:

1. Best wishes for a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year.

2. Congratulations and all good wishes!

3. Best wishes from all of us on your birthday.

4. The best of luck to you and your family.

5. I wish you every success at your new post.

6. We hope you will have nothing but joy and happiness.

7. Let me offer my warmest congratulations.

8. Please accept my heartiest congratulations on the successful completion of the project.

The sentences used to make an apology:

1. I’m very sorry to have kept you waiting so long for this late reply.

2. I’m terribly sorry for not being able to offer you the help you needed.

3. I must apologize for letting you down.

4. I hope you will accept my sincere apologies.

5. I can’t tell you how sorry I was.

6. I sincerely apologize for being late for the work luncheon yesterday.

7. I regret that I shall not be able to come to the evening party next Sunday.

* Key to Ex. 7:

1. I have a set of VCD on English learning. It is very helpful to me.

2. Xiao Li has handed in a job application letter to a travel agency.

3. She likes fruit juice, but the juice in this glass is too sweet.

4. She is the only girl who enjoys playing the piano in the department.

5. This is a used (second-hand) car, but it is in very good condition.

III. Applied Writing

Write an English congratulation card according to the information given in Chinese.

?收信人姓名: 袁帜

?写信人姓名: 林帆