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当前位置:文档库 > 【拔高教育】2017_2018学年高一英语下学期第一次月考试题

【拔高教育】2017_2018学年高一英语下学期第一次月考试题

甘谷一中2017——2018第二学期高一第一次月考月考

英语试卷

第Ⅰ卷

第一部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳答案,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

A Guide to Freshman

Food Service

The URS Cafeteria opens from 7:00am to 8:00pm. It serves all kinds of snacks, drinks, ice cream and meals. You can pay with your cash or ID cards. You can put your cash into your ID cards at the Front Desk. Even if you do not buy your food in the Cafeteria, you can still use the tables to enjoy meals, to have your meetings with your friends and even to study.

Transportation

The URS Express is a shuttle service. The shuttle transports students between campus and the shopping center, leaving from the Mattson Center. Operation hours are between 9:00am and 3:00pm, Saturdays only. Round trip fare is $2.

Academic Support

All students have access to the Writing Center on the upper floor of Douglas Hall. Qualified volunteers will work with you on written work, grammar, vocabulary, and other academic skills. You can sign up for an appointment on the sign-up sheet outside the door, two 30-minute appointments per week maximum. The service is free of charge. Relaxation and Health

The Globe, located in the bottom level of McMillan Hall, is available for relaxing, studying, cooking and eating. Monthly activities are held here for all international students. Hours are 10:00am to 10:00pm, closed on Sundays.

The Fitness Center is on the top floor of Douglas Hall, it is committed to physical,

emotional and social health. A doctor and nurse is available if you have health questions or need immediate medical help or personal advice. The cost is included in your medical insurance. Hours are Monday to Friday, 9:00 am to 4:30pm.

1. What can you do in the URS Cafeteria?

A. Add money to your ID card and play chess

B. Have meals with your friends

C. Buy drinks and enjoy concerts

D. Do your homework and watch TV

2. What can the URS Express do for the students?

A. To provide students with campus tours

B. To take students to the Mattson Center

C. To transport the students to and from the stores

D. To carry the students to the lecture halls

3. Whom can you get help from for your writing?

A. The professors

B. Volunteers

C. Trainers

D. Classmates

4. When and where can you cook for yourself?

A. The Douglas hall, Sunday

B. The Globe, Wednesday

C. The URS Cafeteria, Friday

D. The Mcmillan Hall, Sunday

B

The air we breathe is so freely available that we take it for granted. Yet without it we could not survive more than a few minutes. For the most part, the same air is available to everyone, and everyone needs it Some people use the air to live on while they sit around and fed sorry for themselves. Others breathe in the air and use the energy it provides to make a magnificent Jife for themselves.

Opportunity is the same way. It is everywhere. Opportunity is so freely available that we take it for granted. Yet opportunity alone is not enough to create success. Opportunity must be seized and acted upon in order to have value. So many people are so anxious to “get in” on a “ground floor opportunity”, as if the opportunity will do all the work. That is impossible.

Just as you need air to breathe, you need opportunity to make it. It takes more

than just breathing in the fresh air of opportunity, however. You must make use of that opportunity. That is not up to the opportunity. That is up to you. It doesn’t matter what “floor” the opportunity is on. What matters is what you do with it.

5. What is the purpose of the first paragraph?

A. Introduce the topic of the passage.

B. Compare air to opportunity.

C. Present the relationship between human and air.

D. To show the importance of air.

6. Which of the following may be used as the tittle of the passage?

A. Air and Opportunity

B. Seize the Opportunity

C. How to Succeed

D. Breathe the Fresh Air

7. The author wants to advise us to .

A. breathe in the air

B. sit around and feel sorry

C. be up to the opportunity

D. make use of the opportunity and act on immediately

C

There are many different voices on charity donations recently. Chen TianQiao, one of the Chinese billionaires, gave away $115 million to the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) to help promote brain research. Chen has been interested in the brain research, believing it can advance the industries of artificial intelligence and virtual reality. However, this huge donation has caused heated discussions among Chinese scholars and internet users.

Many criticized him for giving money to a foreign university rather than domestic institutes for brain research, which are developing fast and are catching up with the US in just a few years. RaoYi, a biologist at Peking University, even said the donation was a typical mistake.

Others, however, support his choice. They believe Caltech is a more reasonable choice compared with Chinese research Institutes. Caltech has a long history and has taken a leading position in biology, and therefore it produces more efficient results. What’s more, the results of the research will benefit not only the Americans, but

also the rest of the world.

A similar controversial (有争议的) case started two years ago when Pan ShiYi, chairman of SOHO China, donated $15 million to Harvard University to help disadvantaged Chinese Students.

Many believe that China is still far behind in management and use of donated money, and that as a result, Chinese donators are looking abroad. In comparison, Western countries like the US, which have a long history of donating money, have well-developed systems that use money efficiently. They can also provide full access for donors who want to track the use of the money. To get more donations, Chinese universities should be braver and more honest. They need self-reflection rather than envy.

8. Why did Chen’s huge donations draw people’s attention?

A. It was used for brain research rather than for the poor.

B. It was not used efficiently.

C. It was the largest donation.

D. It should have been donated to a Chinese college.

9. Which of the followings can best replace the underlined word “domestic” in the second paragraph?

A. home

B. family

C. household

D. homepage

10. The example of PanShiYi was used to ________.

A. inform some Chinese students are poor at education

B. show off the generosity of Chinese billionaires

C. present the widespread disagreement over donating abroad

D. prove the Chinese are crazy about donations

11. What is the main advice does the author give to the Chinese universities?

A. Developing artificial intelligence.

B. Educating the braver and more honest graduates.

C. Developing fast to catch up with the US.

D. Developing systems to use the donations efficiently.

D

A well-dressed man entered a famous jewelry shop. He explained that he wished to buy a pearl for his wife’s birthday. The price didn’t matter, since business had been very good for him that year. After examining a nice black one that cost $5, 000, he paid for the pearl in cash, shook hands with the jeweler, and left.

A few days later the man returned and said that his wife liked the pearl so much that she wanted another one just like it. It had to be exactly the same size and quality as she wanted a pair of earrings made. “Can you give me any advice on how to get such a pearl?”said the man. The jeweler regretfully replied, “I would say it’s exactly impossible to find one exactly like that pearl.”

The rich man insisted that the jeweler advertise in the newspapers, offering $25,000 for the matching pearl. Many people answered the advertisement but nobody had a pearl that was just right.

Just when the jeweler had given up hope, a little old lady came into his store. To his great surprise, she pulled the perfect pe arl from her purse. “I don’t like to part with it.”she said sadly, “I got it from my mother, and, my mother got it from hers. But I really need the money.”

The jeweler was quick to pay her before she changed her mind. Then he called the rich man’s hote l to tell him the good news. The man, however, was nowhere to be found. The jeweler immediately realized the whole thing.

12. Actually, the man wanted to buy another pearl for _____.

A.himself B.his wife C.no one D.his mother

13. He paid $5,000 for the black pearl without bargaining because______.

A.he wanted to make the jeweler believe him B.he was very rich.

C.his business had been successful D.he was anxious to get it

14.He told the jeweler to get him another pearl that must be______.

A.exactly the same quality as the black one

B.exactly the same size as the black one.

C.exactly the same as the black one

D.exactly worth $25,000

15.The jeweler couldn’t find the man anywhere because ______.

A.he happened to be out

B.he died suddenly

C.he wouldn’t show up until the jeweler called him a second time

D.he was a cheater and had run away with the money

第二节(共5小題:每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

When a child sits down in front of a computer, it is not only the material he views but the length of time he spends on computer that can influence his total social, physical and mental well-being. _16_

Computer Use and a Child’s Physical We ll-being

Excessive (过多的) screen time is harmful t o a child’s health. _17_ Staring at a bright computer screen for hours on end can cause nearsightedness and eye focusing problem.

Computers VS. Active Play

_18_ Perhaps the greatest concern about the overuse of computers in homes and in schoo ls is that it interferes with a child’s active playtime. Act ive play is necessary for overall physical health and greatly reduces the risk of childhood obesity.

Computers as Learning Tools

When used in moderation, computers are still useful tools for learning. _19_ Thanks to the Internet, kids are writing more than ever. For the first time, children are spending time writing detailed reviews of radio games and movies.

Practice Computer Safety

To make sure computers are helping and not harming your children, reduce glare on the computer. _20 A computer is a useful tool only when used in moderation.

A. However, with computers, moderation is key.

B. Active play is important for a child’s development.

C. The greatest physical risk of too much computer use is eyestrain.

D. Computers help kids better understand visual images like diagrams.

E. Carefully monitoring computer use can be a great way to promote a child’s learning.

F. Don’t forget to install child safet y software so children don’t come across dangerous websites.

G. Too much computer time, even on “Educational site s,” can have a negative influence on a child’s overall health.

第二部分英语知识运用

完形填空(共20小题:每小题1.5分,满分30分)阅读下面的短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Soon it would be the holidays, but before that, there were year exams. All the 21 had been working hard for some time, reviewing their lessons for the exams. If students didn’t 22 , they would have to retake them in September. There were usually a few who 23 , but Jane didn’t want to be one of them. She had worked hard all year, 24 just before the exams she was working so hard that her sister Barbara was 25 about her. She went to bed too 26 . The night before the first exam, Barbara 27 that she have an early night and take a 28 pill. She promised to wake 29 up in the morning.

As she was falling asleep, Jane was afraid that she might oversleep. Her 30 kept jumping from subject to subject. At last, with the help of 31 , she went to sleep. In no time at all, she was sitting in the examination hall, looking at the examination 32 , but she couldn’t answer any of the questions. 33 around her was writing pages and gages, 34 she thought hard, she couldn’t find anything to write 35 . She kept looking at her 36 . Time was running out. There was only an hour to go. She started one question, wrote two sentences, 37 and tried another one. With only half an hour left she wrote another two sentences. By this time she was so worried that she started 38 . Her whole body shook. It shook so much that she 39 up. She was still in bed and it had all been a 40 dream. A minute later, Barbara called her name.

21. A. teachers B. students C. classmates

D. schools

22. A. prepare B. miss C. join D. pass

23. A. succeeded B. failed C. ended

D. called

24. A. but B. so C. and D. because

25. A. excited B. frightened C. worried

D. pleased

26. A. early B. late C. heavily D. eagerly

27. A. insisted B. hoped C. ordered

D. wished

28. A. sleeping B. resting C. exciting

D. breathing

29. A. him B. her C. them D.

herself

30. A. hand B. eye C. mind D. body

31. A. her sister B. her parents C. the lessons

D. the medicine

32. A. result B. marks C. desk

D. paper

33. A. The teacher B. The students C. No one D. Everyone

34. A. If B. Though C. So D. How

35. A. with B. about C. on D. to

36. A. watch B. textbook C. sister

D. subject

37. A. gave up B. put off C. look around

D. think over

38. A. examining B. leaving C. copying D. crying

39. A. raised B. woke C. stood

D. cheered

40. A. nice B. wonderful C. terrible D. special

第Ⅱ卷

英语知识运用(满分50分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

If you don’t use your arms or your legs, they become weak; when you start using them again, they _41_ (slow) become strong again. Everyone knows that. Yet many people don’t seem to know that memory works in _42_ same way. When someone says that he has a good memory, he really _43_ (mean) that he keeps his memory in practice by using _44_. When someone else says that his memory is poor, he really means that he does not give it enough chance _45_ (become) strong. If a friend says that his arms and legs are weak, we know that it is his own fault. But if he tells us that he has a poor memory, many of us think that his parents are _46_ (blame), and few of us know that it is just his own fault. Have you ever found that some people can^ read or write but usually they have _47_ (good) memories? This is _48_ they can’t read or write and they have to remember days, names, songs and _49_ (story), so their memory is the whole time being exercised. So if you want to have a good memory, learn from them. Practice _50_ (remember) things in a way as these people do.

第三部分写作(版权所有:百强校英语解析团队专供)(共两节,满分35分)

第一节短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

My sister and I enjoy riding.

Yesterday morning we go riding around a lake. We brought some food and water with them. An hour later I suggested to having a rest, so we sat down at the lake. Then we went in riding. After two hours I was beginning to get tiredly. I wanted to give up, and my sister told me to go on a little longer. Finally, there was a sudden rain and we caught in the rain. Within the next few minute, we got wet through.

Felt cold, we went into a restaurant and the fish there was delicious.

第二节书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是李华,来自美国的交换生Bruce结束了在你们学校的学习生活,已经返回美国。作为班长,你想写信感谢她一个学期以来带给大家的美好回忆。内容要点如下:

1. 怀念与她相处的快乐时光

2. 感谢她对大家英语学习的帮助

3. 感谢她为班级捐赠的精美英文书籍

4. 欢迎她有机会再来中国

注意:1. 词数100左右;

2. 开头和结尾已经给出,不计入总数;

3. 书信应包括以上所有要点,可适当增加细节,使行文连贯。

Dear Bruce,

How about your life back in America?

________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________

Yours sincerely

Li Hua

甘谷一中2017-2018学年高一下学期第一次月考

英语试题答案

阅读理解

A 篇1-4 BCBB

B 篇5-7 ABD

C 篇8-11 DACD

D 篇12-15 CACD

七选五 16-20 GCBDF

完形填空

21—25 BDBAC 26—30 BAABC 31—35 DDDBB 36—40 AADBC

语法填空

41. slowly 42. the 43. means 44. it

45. to become

46. to blame 47. better 48. because 49. stories

50. remembering

短文改错

My sister and I enjoy riding.

Yesterday morning we go riding around a lake. We brought some food and water with them. An hour

went us

later I suggested to having a rest, so we sat down at the lake. Then we went in riding. After two hours I was

去掉 on

beginning to get tiredly. I wanted to give up, and my sister told me to go on a little longer. Finally,

there was

tired but

a sudden rain and we caught in the rain. Within the next few minute, we got wet through.

were minutes

Felt cold, we went into a restaurant and the fish here was delicious.

Feeling there

书面表达

Dear Bruce,

How about your life back in America? I am writing to express our thanks to you on behalf of the class.

We enjoyed the great time when you stayed here with us.

During the last term, you helped us a lot in our English so we have made great progress with our English study. What’s more, al l our classmates are very thankful to you for donating so many wonderful English books, which are surely very helpful in our study. We miss you and wish you a pleasant life in the US.

Thank you again for your kindness and we are looking forward to your visiting China again.

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua