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大学英语四级新题型样卷

大学英语四级考试专家预测试卷

Total score: 710

Total time allowed: 130 minutes

Part I Writing (30 minutes)

Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled To Curb Spending? You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below:

1. 现在许多大学生花钱大手大脚;

2. 有人认为社会整体生活水平提高了,大学生花钱多一些无可厚非;

3. 你的看法。

Part II Listening Comprehension (35 minutes)

Section A

Directions:In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

1. A) The author isn’t an expert in economy.

B) She has a better theory about the economy.

C) She isn’t sure that the author’s idea would work.

D) The author spends too much time arguing about details.

2. A) 7:45. B) 7:15. C) 7:30. D) 8:00.

3. A) 5. B) 13. C)

4. D) 6.

4. A) Only the first part of the report is due next Friday.

B) The reports should have been completed by today.

C) Some students haven’t started their reports yet.

D) Some students didn’t finish their reports yet.

5. A) The desk wasn’t so heavy as it looks.

B) She and her roommate moved the desk.

C) Her roommates found her another desk.

D) They had to get a moving company to help.

6. A) A dentist. B) A cook. C) A tailor. D) A dietician.

7. A) At a train station. B) At a ticket office.

C) In a press office. D) In a book store.

8. A) Mike doesn’t need to pay the tuition.

B) Mike pays the tuition.

C) His parents think the tuition is too high.

D) Mike’s parents pay the tuition.

Questions 9 to 12 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

9. A) Sweet love among the young people.

B) Sweet love is good for people’s health.

C) Chocolates and red wine as gifts for the lovers.

D) How to lead a healthy and happy life.

10. A) To buy kinds of gifts. B) To be romantic.

C) To express love to each other. D) Keeping healthy.

11. A) Smoky and physically active.

B) Physically active and less likely to smoke and optimistic.

C) Experiencing physical changes.

D) Their lives need to be balanced between love and work.

12. A) She refused. B) She is willing to.

C) She hesitates. D) She is reluctant.

Questions 13 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

13. A) “Lose-lose” solutions are useful in keeping a successful marriage.

B) To run a “win-win” solution is hard.

C) There is no success in marriage.

D) Running a successful marriage involves with many factors.

14. A) They changed their ways of talking.

B) They change to another topic.

C) They made their way to choose the wallpaper that is favored by both.

D) They just topped quarreling.

15. A) They don’t want to be weak.

B) They want to feel loved and respected.

C) Controlling over another means winning arguments at home.

D) They are lack of trust and insecurity.

Section B

Directions:In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C), and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre. Passage One

Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

16. A) Greek. B) Olympia. C) Amsterdam. D) Ancient Greek.

17. A) Olympia. B) Berlin.

C) The host-city of the games. D) The stadium.

18. A) It is so magnificent in the opening and closing ceremonies.

B) The pass of Olympic customs from generation to generation.

C) It is the pass of the light of spirit.

D) It is the pass of knowledge and life.

Passage Two

Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.

19. A) They are not allowed to use mobile phones at school.

B) They are not allowed to use mobile phones at all.

C) They are allowed to use mobile phones in class for messages.

D) They are not allowed to use mobile phones every day.

20. A) Education to students not to use mobile phones any more.

B) Education to students the possible dangers of using mobile phones.

C) The random security scanning.

D) To ignore the phones if they don’t ring during the class.

21. A) Both parents and children are against the mobile phone ban.

B) Parents and the department of education agree with the mobile phone ban.

C) We do not know now whether mobile phone ban can be worked out.

D) We still need another 5 years of mobile phone ban.

Passage Three

Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

22. A) 5. B) 3. C) 8. D) 6.

23. A) Inventors. B) Scientists.

C) Health care providers. D) Activists, political and business leaders.

24. A) To spread the knowledge on what is AIDS.

B) To bring effective treatments to the world-wide people.

C) To deliver the people’s awareness of the danger of AIDS.

D) To deliver the main content of the meeting.

25. A) Conference website is more economical than attending the meeting.

B) Conference website is convenient than attending the meeting.

C) Conference website is easier to be dealt with.

D) Conference website helps the absent-for-meeting people know the information.

Section C

Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

Friendship with oneself is all important, because without it one cannot be friends with anyone

else in the world. We often (26) __________on building relationships with others that we forget the essential first step: being friends of ourselves. That is the (27)__________ first step if we are to have good relationships with others. How can we have good (28) ________with others if we don’t even have a good relationship with ourselves? The problem might be (29)__________ than we expe ct. Maybe we don’t like ourselves without (30) __________it. Here is a simple checklist; is there anything you don’t like about yourself from these lists? Maybe you have made mistakes in the past which make you feel bad. You might be (31) __________with yourself on why you could make such mistakes. Even if that happened in the (32)__________ past, your subconscious mind still has a reason not to like yourself. You might wish that you were born in a different family, or that you have (33) __________. Maybe you could not accept the fact that you are not as lucky as others, who seem to get (34) __________they want effortlessly because of their background. Others might have better achievements than you, and no matter how hard you tried, it might seem impossible for you to match them. You might then think that it’s because you are (35) __________or don’t have enough talents. All these give reasons to you not to like yourself. That in turn makes it difficult for you to be a good friend to yourself.

Part III Reading Comprehension (40 minutes)

Section A

Directions:In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. Y ou may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

Questions 36 to 45 are based on the following passage.

What (36) __________force drives us into the arms of one person, while pushing us away from another who might appear equally desirable to any unbiased observer?

Of the many factors influencing our idea of the perfect (37) __________, one of the most telling, according to John Money, professor emeritus of medical psychology and pediatrics at Johns Hopkins University, is what he calls our “love map” — a group of messages encoded in our brains that describes our likes and dislikes. It shows our (38) __________in hair and eye color, in voice, smell, body build. It also records the kind of personality that (39) __________to us, whether it’s the warm and friendly type or the strong, silent type.

In short, we fall for and pursue those people who most clearly (40)__________ our love map. And this love map is largely (41) __________in childhood. By age eight, the pattern for our (42)__________ mate has already begun to float around in our brains.

When I lecture, I often ask couples in the audience what drew them to their dates or mates. Answers (43) __________from “She’s strong and independent” and “I go for redheads” to “I love his sense of humor” and “That crooked smile, that’s what did it.”

I believe what they say. But I also know that if I were to ask those same men and women to describe their mothers, there would be many (44) __________between their ideal mates and their moms. Yes, our mothers — the first real love of our lives — write a (45) __________portion of our love map.

大学英语四级新题型样卷

Section B

Directions:In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.

Make the Most of Y our Vacation

A) When many of us take a vacation, more than anything, we seek to relax. We spend long, lazy days on a beach chair or in a hammock and socialize the night away with rum drinks, fancy martinis, and indulgent desserts. Too often, we return home heavier and flabbier than we’ve been since, well, our last vacation.

B) It doesn’t have to be this way.

C) Active vacations are often the most relaxing of all. Wait! It’s all in defining what an active vacation is. We don’t expect you to take up jogging, backpacking, or hang gliding. Rather, we ask the sedentary vacationers among you to spend two to four hours a day doing things. Walking the city streets. Exploring a nature preserve. Going to a zoo. Biking along the ocean. Taking a leisurely rowboat ride.

D) These kinds of activities aren’t just good for your physical health. They improve your mental health, even your spiritual health. And they make vacations memorable and worthwhile. And after all, isn’t that what you want from your vacation? Here are some fresh ideas to make your vacations as pleasurable as they are active and healthy.

E) 1. Make morning time your activity time.Most likely the weather will be friendlier,

your energy level higher, and your agenda emptier than later in the day.

F) 2. Reacquaint yourself with sunrises and sunsets. A walk at dawn or dusk is rejuvenation defined. Try to make this a daily ritual of life away from home, and you will guarantee yourself both physical and spiritual replenishment (补给,补充).

G) 3. Get into the water as much as you can.Don’t allow yourself to spend all your time sitting in front of the water. Whether it is the ocean, a swimming pool, or a tree-lined lake, make sure you get into the water for swimming or games or even walking. Heck, merely standing in waist-high water is a good workout, thanks to the action of the water. And you’ll feel so much more alive!

H) 4. Get on the water as much as you can. Paddleboats are a blast. Canoeing is a joy. Rowboats are romantic. Powerboats exhilarating. Sailboats serene. Kayaks pure adventure. Inner tubes can erase 50 years from your attitude in a matter of minutes. Even standing at the rail of a steamboat is exciting. Boats make you feel young, and whether you are propelling them or not, they all burn calories and engage your muscles more than being on dry land.

I) 5. Choose a cruise for your trip.It’s amazing how active you can be being stuck on a boat in the middle of the Atlantic. Most cruise ships offer numerous options for seaworthy exercise. Most ships house pools, golf simulators, rock walls, basketball hoops, fitness centers, jogging and walking areas, and instructor-led fitness classes —and that’s just what’s on board. During your sea and land excursions you can burn calories as you snorkel, swim, hike, scuba dive, and horseback ride.

J) 6. Get out of the car every two hours. Many of us spend a large chunk of our vacations on the road, either getting to and from our destinations, or using the car for sightseeing. But no matter how beautiful the scenery is, great, memorable vacations don’t happen in a car seat. Don’t wait for exhaustion or nature’s call to get you to pull over. Frequently get out and stretch, walk, picnic, shop, visit, and ha ve fun. It’s important for your health and energy, and it makes traveling a lot more active and interesting.

K) 7. Play active games.When most people think of outdoor games, they think of team sports like baseball, football, or volleyball, all of which can be both intimidating and excessively strenuous for grown-ups who stopped playing such things a long time back. So forget about the standard games. All types of fun outdoor games are available today. Start with the old-fashioned ones — badminton, shuffleboard, horseshoes, Wiffle ball, or bocce. Try some new ones too —they make great balls out of Nerf these days, and if you haven’t bought a squirt gun in a while, be prepared for today’s amazing supersoakers. Plus all types of new paddle games are available that are easy and fun. Your goal: Play an outdoor game every day while on vacation.

L) 8. Create a silly tournament. Particularly if there are kids on the vacation, it can be a

hoot to create your own mini-Olympics. For example, if you use the swimming pool every day, have a daily competition, such as holding your breath underwater, or swimming between people’s legs, or having a big splash contest. Or maybe a weeklong badminton competition. “Silly” is the operative word —don’t make it a serious competitio n, but just a chance to have active fun in which everyone participates.

M) 9. Play miniature golf. You burn more calories sitting than lying, standing than sitting, and walking than standing. Although miniature golf won’t incinerate fat, it will burn more calories than lying in a hammock. Plus, your kids will have a great time. You probably will too.

N) 10. Beware the food obsession.Let’s be honest: For many of us, vacations are about eating splurges. It’s fresh seafood by the ocean, amazing restaurants in great cities, unlimited breakfast buffets at the hotel, that ice cream/candy/cake/jambalaya that you remember as a child and come back for every few years. This is the stuff of great vacations, and don’t deny yourself these pleasures. Our suggestion: Limit yourself to one food splurge a day. If you do more, the uniqueness and specialness of the splurges fade away. And you’ll spend too much time sitting in restaurants —and then sitting some more, recuperating from the overindulgence.

O) 11. Explore on foot. Yes, you can use the concierge, the travel guides, the map, or the bus tours to get acquainted with a new location. But only by getting out and walking can you truly get the feel of a village, city, resort, or wilderness. We recommend that you plan to spend the first several hours at your vacation destination walking the area. If you are in a city, pick a few restaurants to try while you are walking and make your reservations in person. Be sure to locate the parks, museums, and shopping areas.

P) 12. Fly a stunt kite.If there’s a good wind blowing at your destination, purchase a stunt kite and take it to the beach or other large open area. These kites can be easily assembled and then taken apart, making them perfect for traveling. You’ll give your upper bo dy a great workout as you struggle to control the kite. You may also have to run or walk to keep the kite in the air — or chase it down once it plummets to the earth.

Q) 13. Schedule an activity-based vacation. Ready to commit to even more action? Wrap your entire vacation around an activity, such as sailing, skiing, hiking, biking, or exploring. No expertise is necessary — just a willingness to take on a new challenge. Travel agents can hook you up with any number of vacation packages targeted from novice to expert, adolescent to senior, single or whole family. If you have children, look for packages that include excavating dinosaur bones and other anthropological expeditions, or that teach them a new sport. A ski vacation with lessons for different ages and ability levels works beautifully.

46. Biking along the ocean can be included as an active vacation.

47. Swimming and water games can be beneficial to human health.

48. Don’t make your own mini-Olympics a serious competition, but just a chance to have active

fun in which everyone participates.

49. On vacations one should limit to one food splurge a day.

50. Try to make a walk at dawn or dusk a daily ritual of life away from home.

51. Outdoor games usually refer to team sports like baseball, football, or volleyball, all of which

can be both intimidating and excessively strenuous for grown-ups who stopped playing such things a long time back.

52. Boats make you feel young, and whether you are propelling them or not, they all burn calories

and engage your muscles more than being on dry land.

53. If you are in a city, pick a few restaurants to try while you are walking and you’re your

reservations in person.

54. Morning is the best activity time because your energy level is higher in the morning.

55. Travel agents can hook you up with any number of vacation packages targeted from novice to

expert, adolescent to senior, single or whole family.

Section C

Directions:There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2with a single line through the centre.

Passage One

Questions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage.

Over 60 million persons in the United States own a credit card. For these millions of Americans a credit card brings freedom to them. It has had effect of increasing consumption

possibilities for households by allowing them to purchase thousands of dollars of merchandise, ranging from autos, clothing, to electrical appliances. The widespread use of credit card nowadays shocks the imagination to the point where one wonders whether the total amount of consumption spending each year would be the same if this plastic money were not around. Credit cards have also been of significant importance to the national economy. Businessmen have been encouraged to expand plant and equipment and hire additional personnel to meet the heavy demand for their products. The tendency of employment and income would rise significantly.

Unfortunately, the ease with which buyers can increase their purchase with credit cards has caused them to overlook the additional costs. Purchase on credit cards are postponed payments. Buy-now-pay-later encourages buyers to use credit cards extensively. Since the buyer is in effect borrowing money for a special purpose, he must expect to pay an interest charge. Interest is the price of using money over a long period of time. A close analysis of the use for credit cards for heavy purchases will show that the buyer has added to the cost of making these purchases. It must also be kept in mind that unpaid monthly balances mean added interest charges. Furthermore, the use of credit cards will add to the cost of the product since the shopkeeper does not receive the money at the time of the purchases. Shopkeepers might add on the cost of handing credit cards to the bill. One of the arguments against the use of credit cards has been that those who do pay cash at purchase finance the use of a credit card by another person. This is so, the argument runs, because the price of a product will include the cost of another person’s use of a credit card.

56. In the first paragraph, what does “plastic money” (Line 6, Para. 1) refer to?

A) Dollars. B) Online payment. C) Credit cards. D) Coins.

57. Which of the following is NOT true about credit cards?

A) Shopkeepers, among others, object to the use of credit cards because they add on the cost

of the merchandise.

B) Credit card holders actually pay for their shopping goods after the purchase has been

completed.

C) The national economy enjoys extensive growth because of the use of credit cards.

D) It has had the effect of increasing consumption.

58. What is the disadvantage of credit cards?

A) It may lead to the overgrowth of the national economy.

B) The delay in the payment of shopping goods may bring damage to shopkeepers’ profits.

C) Some people may intentionally purchase goods that they cannot possibly afford.

D) Those who pay by cash at the purchase will have to pay for the cost added to the product as

the interest charge of credit cards.

59. What is the main topic of the text?

A) Advantages and Disadvantages of Credit Cards.

B) Economic Growth Backed up by the Use of Credit Cards.

C) It can encourage great sums of consumption.

D) Credit Cards Make Life Easier.

60. The author’s attitude towards credit card is ______ .

A) agreeable B) neutral C) humorous D) oppositional

Passage Two

Questions 61 to 65 are based on the following passage.

Lie detectors are widely used in the United States to find out whether a person is telling the truth or not. Polygraphers, the people who operate them, claim that they can establish guilt by detecting physiological changes that accompany emotional stress. The technique adopted is to ask leading questions such as, “Did you take the money?” or “Where did you hide the money?” mixed in with neutral questions, and measure the subject’s electrical resistance in the palm or changes in his breathing and heart rate. Such apparatus has obtained widespread recognition.

Whether lie detectors will ever be adopted on a similar scale in Britain is still a matter of opinion. At first sight, it appears obvious that any simple, reliable methods of convicting guilty people is valuable, but recent research sponsored by the U.S. Office of Public Health not only raises doubts about how lie detectors should be used but also makes it questionable whether they should be employed at all.

The point is that, apart from many of the polygraphers being unqualified, the tests themselves are by no means free from error, primarily because they discount human imagination and ingenuity. Think of all those perfectly innocent people, with nothing to be afraid of, who blush and stammer when a customs officer asks them if they have anything to declare. Fear, and a consequently heightened electrical response, may not be enough to establish guilt. It depends on whether the subject is afraid of being found out or afraid of being wrongfully convicted. On the other hand, the person who is really guilty and whose... or deliberately giving exaggerated responses to neutral ones!

The success rate of up to 90% claimed for lie detectors is misleadingly attractive. If we refer such a figure to a company with 50 employees, twenty of whom are thieves, the lie detector could catch 18 of them but in doing so would place 32 innocent employees under suspicion. The

problem for the management would therefore become one of deciding how much industrial unrest they are prepared to cause in order to eliminate theft. What concerns research workers even more, of course, is the fact that a certain number of innocent people are bound to be convicted of crimes they have not committed.

61. Lie detectors are widely used in the United States because ______ .

A) they can help detect people’s emotional stress

B) they can help detect people’s physiological changes

C) they can help find out whether a person is telling the truth or not

D) they can measure the subjects’ electrical resistance

62. According to the passage, we know that Britain ______ .

A) will adopt lie detectors widely

B) will adopt lie detectors on a smaller scale

C) adopt lie detectors

D) has not decided whether to adopt lie detectors or not

63. “..., the tests themselves are by no means free from error,... ” (Line 2, Para. 3) means ______ .

A) the tests definitely have no error

B) the tests sometimes make mistakes

C) the polygraphers do not make mistakes

D) the polygraphers can avoid error by using some techniques

64. Which of the following is true?

A) The tests are conducted by qualified polygraphers.

B) Innocent people may blush or stammer when questioned.

C) Guilty people can definitely be found out by answer questions.

D) Guilty people may escape by refusing to answer questions.

65. What troubles lie detector researchers most is that ______.

A) innocent people are convicted crimes

B) innocent people will learn to tell lies

C) lie detectors may cause industrial unrests

D) lie detectors are sometimes not dependable

Part IV Translation (30 minutes)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.

剪纸(paper cutting)是中国最为流行的传统民间艺术形式之一。中国剪纸有一千五百多年的历史,在明朝和清朝时期(the Ming and Qing Dynasties)特别流行。人们常用剪纸美化居家环境。特别是在春节和婚庆期间,剪纸被用来装饰门窗和房间,以增加喜庆的气氛。剪纸最常用的颜色是红色,象征健康和兴旺。中国剪纸在世界各地很受欢迎,经常被用作馈赠外国友人的礼物。

01—05 CBCAB

06—10 ADDBA

11—15 BBACD

16—20 DAAAC

21—25 CDABD

26. focus

27. crucial

28. relationships

29. worse

30. realizing

31. disappointed

32. distant

33. a different background

34. whatever

35. not smart enough

36—40 ONKEF

41—45 BCMGH

46—50 CGLNF

51—55 KHOEQ

56—60 CADAB

61—65 CDBBA