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《英语一级》辅导资料

《英语一级》辅导资料

Part I. Vocabulary and Structure

1. Let's put our heads together and ______ on a plan of action.

A. choose

B. decide

C. consider

D. settle

B

2. With easy articles and interesting pictures, this book is designed for ______ children.

A. normal

B. efficient

C. average

D. illiterate

C

3. ______ to forget what I've told you to do before you leave home.

A. Be sure not

B. You are sure of

C. Never be sure

D. You are not sure

A

4. Could I have some milk, some orange juice and some eggs ______?

A. instead of

B. in addition of

C. as well

D. so much

C

5. Please ______twenty minutes each morning to read English aloud.

A. set aside

B. set up

C. set about

D. set out

A

6. Could you ______ my application form before I send it?

A. find for

B. look over

C. hold up

D. stick to

B

7. Our teacher asked us to ______ the blanks with the appropriate words.

A. fill up

B. fill with

C. fill into

D. fill in

D

8. The new law will ______ the workers to get extra pay from their companies.

A. relieve

B. occupy

C. enable

D. bring

C

9. George was not aware ______ her presence till she spoke to him.

A. in

B. with

C. to

D. of

D

10. Children should be taught to ______ their toys ______ others.

A. give ... into

B. make ... in

C. share ... with

D. work ... for

C

11. We must depend mainly ______ our own efforts in accomplishing the task.

A. on

B. into

C. from

D. to

A

12. Wheel A turns ______ wheel B.

A. as fast as five times

B. as five times as fast

C. five times as fast as

D. as five times fast as

C

13. The British troops ______ 500 miles a day by car.

A. took

B. covered

C. came

D. passed

B

14. We will carry out the plan ______ he has any objections.

A. if

B. until

C. before

D. unless

D

15. The baby smiled ______ he understood what Mother said.

A. as for

B. as how

C. as if

D. as far as

C

16. Only by diligence and honesty ______.

A. one can succeed in life

B. can one succeed in life

C. one can be succeeded in life

D. one can be successful in life

B

17. Pat ______ smiles; she is usually too sad.

A. often

B. always

C. seldom

D. never

C

18. The little girl trembled ______ a lion ______ fear.

A. at ... with

B. with ... at

C. at ... for

D. for ... with

A

19. She won't leave the TV set ______ her husband is waiting for his supper.

A. because

B. while

C. as if

D. even if

B

20. The meeting has been arranged ______ Tuesday evening. B

A. for

B. on

C. in

D. at

21. He left most of his money to his sons, and his daughter only received a ______ share of his

wealth. C

A. big

B. sum

C. minor

D. littl

22. He was ______ young ______ you must excuse him. A

A. so ...that

B. as ...to

C. way ...that

D. so ...as

23. I've got a ______ for you from Sir Robert Abbey. He's just been on the telephone. A

A. message

B. words

C. medal

D. parcel

24. She agreed, very ______, to help. B

A. occasionally

B. reluctantly

C. finally

D. eventually

25. She could not hide her ______. D

A. amusement

B. moment

C. disappoint

D. disappointment

26. Taking the job ______ living abroad. A

A. involves

B. joins

C. participates

D. concludes

27. He is confused about my advice and can ______ decide on what to do. C

A. occasionally

B. necessarily

C. barely

D. undoubtedly

28. The manager insisted that the work ______ before Christmas. B

A. could be finished

B. be finished

C. would be finished

D. might be finished

29. Living in a small island has caused him great difficulty in _____ with others. D

A. organizing

B. retreating

C. researching

D. communicating

30. There was no news; ______, she went on hoping. B

A. previously

B. nevertheless

C. eventually

D. moreover

31. ______ that they will not be late. A

A. Make sure

B. Ensure

C. Assure

D. Convince

32. He solemnly ______ that a new independent country was founded. C

A. affirmed

B. stated

C. declared

D. proclaimed

33. Each side ______ its own position on this question. B

A. persisted of

B. stuck to

C. presented

D. insisted in

34. They ______ a portrait of Lu Xun on the wall. B

A. hanged up

B. hung up

C. were hung

D. hanged

35. What he wanted most was ______. B

A. comfort

B. comforting

C. console

D. comfortable

36. I _____ to be charged with stealing his watch D.

A. was wrong

B. was wronged

C. conformed

D. was excused

37. His teacher's blame really ______ him. He burst into crying. C

A. harmed

B. injured

C. hurt

D. damaged

38. His father is a renowned businessman ______. C

A. is he

B. or something

C. or not

D. isn't he

39. The German force now lost no time in retreat, ______ they_____ cut off and surrounded.

A. lest...be

B. lest... will

C. lest…would

D. lest...were A

40. He ______ a bus slowing down before the stop. C

A. was in sight of

B. was within sight of

C. caught sight of

D. found out

41. John is ______ of the two boys. D

A. the stupidest

B. more stupid

C. stupider

D. the stupider

42. The workers are having talks with the ______ A.

A. managers

B. management

C. manage

D. managing

43. ______ we would not have succeeded in our experiment. C

A. Without you helped us

B. But for you helped us

C. If you had not helped us

D. But you helped us

44. The discussion ______ a wide range of subjects. C

A. dealt

B. did

C. covered

D. had

45. We were held ______ for five minutes in a traffic jam. B

A. on

B. up

C. out

D. to

46. My first ______ at English composition was poor, but now it is not the case. A

A. attempt

B. attend

C. aim

D. intention

47. The shop man was _____ his window during the festival. B

A. lying out

B. laying out

C. laying to

D. arranging for

48. The representative talks as if he ______ all about the real feeling of the audience. B

A. knows

B. knew

C. has known

D. had knew

49. Do not persuade him to stay because he has _____ of staying. C

A. no intense

B. not intention

C. no intention

D. no intend

50. I still remember us ______ had a pleasant holiday by the lake. C

A. to have

B. of having

C. having

D. hid

51. He said he really couldn't ______ to offend such people in those days. D

A. spend

B. take

C. cost

D. afford

52. When he heard the news that he was selected to study abroad, he jumped _____ joy. A

A. with

B. of

C. into

D. because of

53. The negotiation has already been broken ______. C

A. out

B. away

C. off

D. in

54. I don't think ______ he believed my reason because he had turned a deaf ear to me. D

A. at every moment

B. for moment

C. for the moment

D. for a moment

55. Your remarks are rather ______ because everyone stands by her. C

A. out of the place

B. in the place

C. out of place

D. in place of

56. I hired a boat ______ I could go fishing. C

A. and

B. to

C. so that

D. in order

57. I've never heard ______ such a thing. B

A. from

B. of

C. out

D. at

58. We must begin testing this instrument ______ difficult it is. B

A. no matter what

B. no matter how

C. no matter so

D. no matter however

59. Jim ______ to act on his own judgment, but he didn't because as a soldier he had to obey the

order .B

A. would prefer

B. would have preferred

C. preferred

D. might prefer

60. If only I ______ the English exam without much hard work. C

A. will pass

B. passed

C. could pass

D. can pass

61. You may borrow my book ______ you promise to return it tomorrow. B

A. as far as

B. as long as

C. as good as

D. as just as

62. The local police are ______ the fires that have occurred recently C

A. looking out

B. looking up

C. looking into

D. looking on

63. Japanese differs ______ Chinese in many respects. A

A. from

B. on

C. at

D. in

64. Pay special attention to ______ your teacher speaks English. D

A. the way of

B. the way which

C. the way how

D. the way

65. During the past few months, the young girl has shown great ______ as a good dancer .B

A. background

B. potential

C. foundation

D. generation

66. Do you think that these new methods will _____? C

A. run

B. operate

C. work

D. act

67. That opera is based ______ an actual occurrence. D

A. for

B. with

C. above

D. on

68. ______ the end of the meeting ______ he had made a serious mistake. C

A. Until ... did the chairman find

B. Until ... the chairman found

C. Not until ... did the chairman find

D. Not until ... the chairman found

69. When will the wedding ______? B

A. take the place

B. take place

C. take places

D. take place of

70. We must prevent this disease ______ spreading. A

A. from

B. on

C. into

D. for

71. The ______ to the house was a narrow path and was often held up by traffic jams. A

A. approach

B. method

C. fair way

D. decision

72. He has no other interests ______ he is fond of collecting stamps. C

A. beside

B. besides

C. except that

D. except for

73. I can't walk 10 miles; I know my own ______. D

A. conditions

B. resources

C. identities

D. limits

74. The executive art editor planned to be secretly married _____ his beloved girl. D

A. with

B. of

C. at

D. to

75. When the bus arrived at the station, he got off and made _____to go home. A

A. his way

B. a way

C. the way

D. way

76. Her arrival ______ us, for she was not expected until the next day. B

A. cheated

B. surprised

C. suspected

D. advised

77 They ______ for the West in a covered wagon. A

A. set off

B. set to

C. set aside

D. set up

78. Louis was asked to clean the classroom ______. C

A. of herself

B. by her will

C. all by herself

D. with one hand

79. It was on that ______ day that she left the country. B

A. only

B. very

C. such

D. just

80. Mary was angry when Jane ______ her secret. D

A. found for

B. found off

C. found against

D. found out

81. He often gives me some ______. A

A. advice

B. advices

C. advise

D. advises

82. _____, we have to stay at home. B

A. Being a hot day

B. The day being hot

C. Hot weather

D. Hot climate

83. She got two pounds a month for ______ fifteen rooms C.

A. looking around

B. looking for

C. looking after

D. looking at

84. Writing stories _______ not easy. B

A. are

B. is

C. has

D. have

85. ______, and you will see a high building D.

A. Turning to the left

B. To turn to the left

C. Having turned to the left

D. Turn to the left

86. He did not thank me for the present. That is ______ annoyed me. B

A. which

B. what

C. whatever

D. the thing what

87. He ______ the mid-term exam because he didn't plan his time well. D

A. failed to

B. failed of

C. failed on

D. failed in

88. The Red Army ______25,000 li on their Long March. D

A. covered up

B. covered

C. was covered

D. covered over

89. In America, when one reaches 18, he should be ______ his parents. A

A. independent from

B. independent to

C. independent on

D. independent of

90. China ______ its first man-made earth satellite in 1970. B

A. succeeded launching

B. succeeded in launching

C. succeeded to launch

D. succeeded for launching

91 ______ your help, we could not have done our research so successfully. A

A. Without

B. Within

C. With

D. Withhold

92. The surroundings a child ______ in usually have an effect on his development. B

A. grows on

B. grows up

C. grows with

D. grows off

93. _____ to have lunch with us today? C

A. Do you like

B. Will you like

C. Would you like

D. Have you liked

94. She has made ______progress this semester than she did last year. C

A. too great

B. greater

C. so great

D. very great

95. The doctor recommends ______ as much as possible. C

A.him to rest

B. that he rests

C. that he rest

D. him resting

96. His heart had stopped _____ before the doctor arrived. A

A. beating

B. hitting

C. striking

D. shocking

97. A good manager should be both competent and ______. B

A. generous

B. efficient

C. innocent

D. faithful

98. People ______ when they are cold, excited or full of fear. B

A. resemble

B. tremble

C. assemble

D. trouble

99. He is too proud______ his own shortcomings. D

A. not to see

B. not see

C. and doesn't to see

D. to see

100. It is well-known that all ______ things are composed of cells. D

A. alive

B. live

C. life

D. living

101. Wasting time means______ life. You should seize the day, seize the hour. B

A. spending

B. killing

C. to waste

D. wasting

102. In China today, more and more parents like to assign ______ homework to their children.C

A. special

B. spare

C. extra

D. particular

103. In my opinion, the______ cause of Tom's failure was his laziness.

A. primary

B. primarily

C. likely

D. single

104. His girlfriend _____ the letter in such a way that he had some difficulty in opening it. C

A. fold

B. folded

C. had folded

D. has folded

105. Seldom______ men and women in China kiss each other in public places. B

A. can

B. do

C. will

D. done

106. He has difficulty keeping up ______ the rest of the class. B

A. for

B. with

C. as

D. in

107. Isabel was ______, but she was always right. C

A. wise

B. clever

C. sensitive

D. bossy

108. We work_____ a five-day-a-week basis. D

A. at

B. as C with D. on

109. Give my ______ to your wife. B

A. complaints

B. compliments

C. complements

D. complacements 110. He asked me ______ the film. B

A. have I seen

B. if I had seen

C. had I seen

D. whether I have seen

111. Don' t be so _____ to old people. B

A. coarse

B. rude

C. rough

D. harsh

112. His stomach began to _____ because of the bad food he had eaten. A

A. ache

B. pain

C. harm

D. pang

113. His voice ______with terror. D

A. thrift

B. thrice

C. thrill

D. thrills

114. The little boy suddenly caught _____ of the snake and ran away. A

A. sight

B. sign

C. eye

D. insight

115. Mother closed the window and drew the______ before switching off the light. D

A. shades

B. certain

C. coverings

D. curtain

116. The audience _____ warm cheers. A

A. broke off

B. broke in

C. broke into

D. broke in on 117. He _____ his hat behind the door and took his place at the desk. C

A. took off

B. tried on

C. hung up

D. put away

118. Nothing is _______ after the earthquake. Even trees and house are turned over B.

A. in sight

B. in order

C. in turn

D. in place

119. The police tried in vain to _____ the people _______ from the spot. D

A. fight …back

B. drop.. .out

C. break...down

D. drive...away 120. My feelings were _____ when she didn't ask me to her party. C

A. wounded

B. injured

C. hurt

D. damaged

121. The Chairman of the Trade Union suggested ______ to look into the problem. B

A. to set up a special committee

B. setting up a special committee

C. having set up a special committee

D. to set up a committee special

122. What the ______ is that thing on your head? A

A. hell

B. home

C. earth

D. hall

123. I don't like the way ______ you laughed at her. B

A. why

B. that

C. in that

D. at which

124. There was a long ______ silence between them after his angry words. B

A. bad

B. awkward

C. quite

D. embarrass

125 ______ at the meeting that everyone present was convinced. B

A. So forcefully he spoke

B. So forcefully did he speak

C. So forcefully was he spoken

D. So forcefully has he spoken

126. The old woman felt very ____ when her daughter forgot her birthday. D

A. deceived

B. deserted

C. unfortunate

D. disappointed 127. I hope you will forget all the unhappiness I've_____ you. C

A. bothered

B. suspected

C. caused

D. interfered 128. This mountain scenery is _____ of the Philippines. A

A. attractive

B. natural

C. inspiring

D. typical 129. The football game will be played ______ the sixth of June. A

A. on

B. at

C. in

D. about

130. You shouldn't use such bad language ______ of the students. B

A. in the front

B. in front

C. in appearance

D. facing

131. As the clouds drifted away, an even higher peak became______ to the climbers. B

A. insight

B. visible

C. obvious

D. apparent

132. Beijing is the city ______ he is longing to visit. D

A. where

B. in which

C. what

D. that

133. It has been twenty years ______ the Browns settled down in China. B

A. until

B. since

C. before

D. when

134. We went out into the street again and took a______ at the biggest tower. B

A. notice

B. look

C. consider

D. sight

135. Even if he was at school for a long time, he could _____ read and write. B

A. nor

B. barely

C. almost

D. even

136. At the age of four, the outstanding champion of the World Cup Athlete Tournament could stand there ______ to watch the game for a few hours. A

A. silently

B. silent

C. to be silent

D. of silence

137. The old couple in this flight took ______ window seats and helped themselves. A

A. over

B. back

C. in

D. out

138. When their coach came in, all the players stopped watching, whispering and ______.D

A. laughed

B. to laugh

C. would laugh

D. laughing

139. The tour bus stopped in Times Square, picked up some visitor and went _______.A

A. on

B. in

C. on through

D. off

140. To give up such a chance would be an ______ decision. A

A. ill-advised

B. ill-advising

C. well-advising

D. well-advisedly

141. _______, and you will see a high building. D

A. Turning to the left

B. To turn to the left

C. Having turned to the left

D. Turn to the left

142. If you want to have your meal at seven o'clock _____ five o'clock, you can. C

A. as well as

B. close to

C. instead of

D. in case of

143. The old system has died and a new one has sprung up to _____ its place B.

A. keep

B. take

C. change

D. give

144. After the trip, we all felt our holiday was______ cheap. B

A. shockingly

B. amazingly

C. wonderingly

D. annoyingly

145. The three Chinese journalists were______ killed in the missile attack. B

A. however

B. whoever

C. whichever

D. whatever

146. The most important thing is for NATO to meet the Chinese requests and ______ full responsibility for the attack. C

A. bring

B. give

C. take

D. carry

147. His son was found guilty, which brought _____ to the whole family D

A. interest

B. flame

C. impression

D. disgrace

148. You ought to ______ your food properly before swallowing it. B

A. lick

B. chew

C. bite

D. eat

149. I______ up some English while on my holiday abroad. B

A. took

B. picked

C. looked

D. brushed

150. Now many employers have _____ to regard a master's degree as minimum training .C

A. insisted

B. managed

C. come

D. give

Part II. Error Identification

1. She insisted that we gave her thirty minutes for preparation.

A B C D (B)

1.He was singing an Anti-Japanese song, as if remembered those unforgettable days.

A B C D (C)

2.Entered the room, he took off his hat and coat and hung them up.

A B C D (A)

4. Do you know anybody who had been injured in the accident happened on the street

A B C D

yesterday. (C)

5. This visit has remained a deep impression on her mind.

A B C D (对的)

6.Having rejected by everybody, the student representative resigned the committee.

A B C D (A)

7.If he gives a chance to enroll in your university, I am sure he will prove his worth.

A B C D (A)

8.Mr. Jones was determined to take away the running of the family firm from his father.

A B C D (对的)

9.No sooner had he arrived in Hangzhou when he went to see the West Lake.

A B C D (C)

10. Mathematics, several courses of which I have taken, has been proved to be difficult but

A B C

useful to most students.

D (对的)

11. It was not until very recently that had the theory been accepted. (C)

A B C D

12. Disappointing at the result of the experiment, he decided not to have another try.

A B C D (A)

13. Having been hurt in the accident, he lay in bed for two weeks, to wait for his wound to heal.

A B C D (D)

14. She was twice as old as my twenty-year-old sister unless she looked young.

A B C D (D)

15. He was taken off to the prison by the police while he was playing chess with a friend of his.

A B C D (A)

16. Being in poor health, we advised John to stay in bed and not to go with us.

A B C D (A)

17. The dean of our department has already arranged newcomers to attend classes of

A B C D (对的)

other teachers.

18. They didn' t keep on working until it became completely dark. (对的)

A B C D

19. Mr. Brown is so effective a manager that he runs the company very well. (B)

A B C D

20. All what is needed is a continuous supply of fuel oil. (A)

A B C D

21.She did nothing but to complain the whole time she was here.

A B C D (C)

22.He looked out of the window and delighted to see his faithful friend standing by the

A B C D

door. (B )

23. She told me what she wanted most then was some food to eat and a room to live.

A B C D (D)

24. Paul did so well in his speech today that he should have practiced it many times this past

A B C D week. (D)

25. Judging by the noise that is coming from their room, I think that they must have a party.

A B C D (D)

26. We had better to review this chapter carefully, because we will have some questions

A B

on it in our test tomorrow. (A )

C D

27. Great changes have been taken place in the city of Beijing since the founding of New

A B C D (B)China.

28. We had hardly sat down when she has brought plates of food for us.

A B C D (D)

29. Please remind me of it again tomorrow lest 1 shall forget.

A B C D (D)

30. I can't help to think it would be fun to play such an exciting game with them.

A B C D (A)

31. While playing football, Tom's leg was broken in a bad fall.

A B C D (A)

32. Although the town has been attacked by the storm several times, few damages was

A B C

done. (C)

D

33. She wanted to visit the city so much that nothing could dissuade him to do so.

A B C D (D)

34. Because the excessively high cost, they gave up the project to build a bridge over the

A B C D

river. (A)

35. Unable to settle their disagreement at the meeting, the committee was going to put off

A B

the discussion until the next day.

C D (B)

36. My ninety-years-old grandmother was going to visit my family during the Christmas

A B C

season.

D (A)

37. I never dream of there to be a chance for me to be sent abroad.

A B C D (B)

38. You will never be able to enter that university if you get very high scores

A B C

in the examinations .

D (B)

39. Tiger is a kind of fierce animal.

A B C D (对的)

40. Unlike we boys, girls like colorful clothes.

A B C D (B)

41. He gave me the book and said that it was worthwhile reading.

A B C D (D)

42. He stood in the front of the house talking to a neighbor outside the door.

A B C D (D)

43. No sooner had he stepped on the train when it started pulling out.

A B C D (C)

44. It was proposed that Peter studies more thoroughly before attempting to pass the test.

A B C D (B)

45. I saw the Queen Elizabeth when I was in London.

A B C D (A)

46. The committee is made up of ten members, involving three women members.

A B C D (D)

47. Unless we polish metals frequently, they rust or tarnish when exposure to air.

A B C D (D)

48. Hardly had they heard the alarm than they rushed to the fire spot.

A B C D (C)

49. Henry's three favorite relaxations are playing chess, watching TV, and he likes to read

A B C D

novels. (D)

50. I would rather you don't do anything about it for the time being.

A B C D (B)

Part III. Reading Comprehension

Passage 1

Many people dump most of their garbage in sanitary landfills. Now the landfills are overflowing with garbage. People are noticing that certain items in the garbage aren't breaking down and mixing with the soil. Things made of glass, plastic and tin change little over the years and they are piling up.

We need to do something about it. But how? Recycling is the answer to the problem. People in many countries are trying to use these items again to make new items. It is important because it conserves natural resources and saves energy. For example, recycling paper saves trees. Recycling also saves space in landfills. Let's work together to make our world beautiful.

1. Garbage overflows because______ (C)

A .the landfills are too small B. there are many items of it

C. people dump most of it into landfills

D. people don't know where to dump it

2. Which item can mix with soil? (A)

A. paper

B. glass

C. tin

D. plastic

3. People can ______to solve the garbage problem. (D)

A. save energy

B. save trees

C. dump garbage into sanitary landfills

D. recycle

4. Things made of glass, plastic and tin ______. (C)

A. change a lot over the years

B. mix easily with soil

C. are too hard to break down

D. do harm to people's health

5. Recycle is to ______ . (D)

A. save trees

B. preserve resources

C. use space to dump garbage

D. use old items to make new item

Passage 2

Can animals be made to work for us? Some scientists think that one day animals may be trained to do a number of simple jobs that are now done by human beings.

They point out that at a circus, for example, we may see elephants, monkeys, dogs and other animals doing quite skillful things. Perhaps you have seen them on the television or in a film. If

you watch closely, you may notice that the trainer always gives the animal a piece of candy or a piece of fruit as a reward. The scientists say that many different animals may be trained to do a number of simple jobs if they know they will get a reward for doing them.

Of course, as we know, dogs can be used to guard a house, and soldiers in both old and modem times have used geese to give warning by making a lot of noise when a stranger or an enemy comes near. But it may be possible to train animals to work in factories. In Russia, for example, pigeons which are birds with good eyesight, are being used to watch out for faults in small steel balls that are being made in one factory. When the pigeon sees a ball which looks different from others, it touches a steel plate with its beak. This turns on a light to warn people in the factory. At the same time a few seeds are given as a reward. It takes three to five weeks to train a pigeon to do this and one pigeon can inspect 3,000 to 4,000 balls an hour.

Apes have been used in America in helping to make cars, and scientists believe that these large monkeys may be one day gather crops and even drive trains.

6. What made scientists think animals can be made to work for us one day? (D)

A. Animals are very skillful at a circus.

B. They are big and strong.

C. Some animals are as clever as human beings.

D. Animals can be trained because they like to get something as a reward.

7. The trainer usually gives the animal a piece of candy or fruit______ (D)

A. when it is hungry

B. before it plays a trick

C. when it starts to play a trick

D. after it has done the trick

8. The "reward" in the passage means ______. (D)

A. an honor given for doing something

B. money paid for doing something

C. attention paid to good conduct

D. something given in return for work

9. Many animals may be trained to do simple jobs if they know______ (C)

A. who their trainers are

B. they will be praised by their trainers

C. they will get a reward

D.s omething dangerous will happen to them

10. Which of the following is not true? (D)

A. Scientists consider apes may drive trains some day.

B. Apes have worked in some factories.

C. Apes may one day be used to gather crops.

D. An ape is not a large monkey.

Passage 3

What is intelligence? We all know we have some, and some people seem to have more than others. There are various types of intelligence. The most obvious categories that people fit into are those who are good with numbers and those who are good with words. Some of us are neither, others are both. A third category of intelligence is related to interpreting visual information.

A common way of measuring intelligence is through the use of "IQ" or intelligence tests. These tests include many types of questions to measure different types of intelligence, but the three most important are numerical, verbal and visual.

Most simple intelligence tests combine all three types of questions in equal numbers, so that everyone has the same chance, whether he or she is better at one type or another. The IQ is an average and says nothing about special abilities.

What factors affect the results of the IQ tests? The number of the correct answers is only one of the important factors. If people are given enough time, most of them can answer the questions

correctly. Therefore, a time-limit for the test must be set. Some people will solve many of the problems in the given time, but others will solve very few. What the IQ test measures is the mental speed.

There are two other things which may affect results: carelessness and lack of persistence. In other words, some people accept the first answer they think of without checking. Others give up too easily or refuse to spend long enough on a single question. Although IQ tests are widely used, many people do not agree about what intelligence really is, or that IQ tests are a fair way to measure it

11.How many categories of intelligence are mentioned in the passage? (C)

A. One

B. Two

C. Three

D. Four

12. Why do most intelligence tests combine all three types of questions in equal numbers? (D)

A. Because everyone has the same chance in this way.

B. Because the IQ is an average and doesn't say anything about special abilities.

C. Because they are the only three types of questions that can be used at present

D. Both A and B.

13. What does an IQ test really measure? (C)

A. The number of questions people can answer in the given time.

B. The time each person spends on the test.

C. Mental speed.

D. People's persistence.

14. Which of the following is NOT the reason why some people don't do well on the IQ test? (D)

A. Spending too much time on a single question.

B. Carelessness.

C. Lack of persistence.

D. Getting the wrong answer.

15. What is the main idea of the passage? (A)

A. IQ tests.

B. Intelligence.

C. How to improve your intelligence.

D. Why some people are more intelligent than others.

Passage 4

When she first arrived, Anne was very warm and friendly toward Helen, but she was also very strict. She saw it as her job to civilize this child and teach her to truly master her world. Anne spelled simple words into Helen's hand. She gave Helen a doll and then spelled the word d-o-1-1 into her hand. But for several weeks Helen did not truly understand. She confused similar ideas such as milk and mug —the liquid and its container .

Then one day, when Helen was feeling especially frustrated and angry, Anne stopped their lesson and took the little girl outside to the well and began to pump water from it. As water was flowing out, the teacher spelled w-a-t-e-r into Helen's hand. And suddenly, like a light in the darkness, Helen understood that her new friend was giving a name to the cool liquid that flowed into her hand. Instantly she needed to know the name of everything, and before the day was over she had learned hundreds of names including her own, her teacher's, her mother's, her father's and her sister's. Even more importantly, she had learned that everything has a name.

Years later she referred to this incident as the moment when she was reborn.

16. Ann was very strict with Helen because she wanted to teach the child______ (B)

A. how to spell simple words and master the world

B. how to master the world and behave properly

C. how to behave properly and understand things around her

D. how to understand everything and behave properly

17. For the first few weeks, Helen hardly learned anything because______ (D)

A. Anne spelled only simple words into Helen's hands

B. Helen confused milk and mug

C. Anne gave Helen a doll and spelled the word d-o-1-1

D. Helen did not really see her teacher’s point

18. One day, Anne stopped her lesson and took Helen to the well ______ (C)

A. probably to pump some water

B. probably to let Helen have rest

C. probably to change her teaching method

D. probably to let water flow into Helen's hands

19. The significance of the incident that day was that ______. (B)

A. Helen came to know every one of her family

B. Helen came to know the name of every thing

C. Helen learnt hundreds of words

D. Helen learnt that every thing has a name

20. Years later Helen referred to this incident as the moment when she was reborn because ______ from then on. (A)

A. she began a life completely new

B. she was given a life again

C. she began to live like a human being

D. she was given a light in the darkness

Passage 5

"Hello" became popular as a greeting with the invention of the telephone. It is said that Alexander Graham Bell, the inventor of the telephone, was the first person to use "hello" in a telephone conversation. For the first several years that telephones were in service, the opening phrase in a conversation was usually. "Are you there?" Perhaps this was because it was difficult for the two parties to hear each other, and because the phones weren't completely reliable. Nevertheless, "Hello" quickly became a popular greeting and also started appearing in everyday speech.

Many different words have been used over time to attract a distant person's attention. "Hello"

has had many variations throughout the history of the English language. It may have originated as a variation of the familiar "ahoy" that sailors used to hail ships. One early form was probably "hallow," sometimes called the "sailor's hail." In the sixteenth century, a common form was "halloo" or "hallo." Later, there were many variations, such as "hillo"

"hilloa" "holla" "holloa" "hullo" and "hollo". Hunters often used these words because their sounds traveled well when they were shouted. The Vikings also had a war cry that was similar in sound to these words of greeting. Most calling words and greetings had an echoic origin, because they were meant to travel long distances across water or hills.

21.This passage is about _____. (C)

A. talking on the telephone

B. ways of greeting people

C. shouting messages

D. spelling mistakes

22. When sailors greeted another ship they shouted____ (C)

A. "Hi!"

B. "Hello!"

C. "Ahoy!"

D. "Hallow!"

23.We can understand from this passage that ______ (C)

A. Vikings had very loud voices.

B. the telephone has caused many changes

C. some words in common use today were derived from similar words used long ago

D. Alexander Graham Bell was a great man

24. The writer examines the word hello by ______. (B)

A. studying its Latin and Greek roots

B. tracing its historical uses as a greeting

C. comparing it with greetings in foreign languages

D. repeating it over and over again

25. Echoic means ______. (A)

A. sounding like an echo

B. music

C. empty

D. sickly

Passage 6

Do you have any phobias —those illogical fears of perfectly ordinary things? Many people suffer from claustrophobia. They feel uneasy in closed spaces— elevators, for example. They feel a tightening in the chest every time an elevator door closes in front of them. The palms of their hands begin to sweat, and they try to hold their breath until they arrive at their floor.

Others suffer from acrophobia, the fear of high places. Being anywhere near a vertical drop causes a panic attack. They often feel a force pull in them towards the edge. Obviously they stay away from mountain ledges, but everyday locations can also be a problem. Imagine being forced to sit in the front row of the balcony in a theater. If you have acrophobia, you constantly feel as if you are going to fall toward and down onto the seats beneath. Not the best way to enjoy a play, is it?

More unusual phobias include the fear of open spaces (agoraphobia), the fear of running water (hydrophobia), and the fear of spiders (arachnid-phobia). And of course, snakes, mice, and various insects can all cause irrational fears out of all proportion to their size.

Once ridiculed, such fears are now taken seriously by therapists, who have developed various techniques to help sufferers come to terms with their fears and to finally overcome them.

26. Phobias are illogical fears of______ (B)

A. frightening things

B. common things

C. simple things

D. strange things

27. If a person feels uneasy in closed spaces, he suffers from______ (C)

A. agoraphobia

B. hydrophobia

C. claustrophobia

D. arachnid-phobia

28. According to the passage, it is ______ for phobia sufferers to "recover" from their phobias through therapy. (A)

A. possible

B. impossible

C. hard

D. expensive

29. If you stay away from mountain edges, ______ . (D)

A.you will not suffer from acrophobia

B. you will also suffer from acrophobia

C. you will suffer from more serious acrophobia

D. you will suffer from less serious acrophobia

30. According to the passage, a phobia, such as the fear of spiders or mice, is not related to the

______ of the animal or insect. (A)

A. size

B. color

C. type

D. height

Passage 7

The next great land area that man hopes to colonize is the moon. In size it is nearly equal to the area of North and South America. However, it presents a hostile environment. Temperatures range from + 120 to - 150 degrees Centigrade. There is no air, no water.

Today there is considerable scientific speculation about living on the moon. When man will begin life on the lunar surface is still not determined. But experts believe that colonization will take place in three steps. First, there will be increasing periods of exploration with temporary shelters. These periods will be followed by longer stays with housing under the surface of the

moon and daily necessities brought by the colonizers themselves. Finally, colonies that are self-supporting will be established.

The principal job of the early settlers will be to stay alive. They will have to plant crops under huge domes to produce food and oxygen and find water sources. After this is done, the settlers will have time to explore the possibilities of commercial development and to make discoveries important to science.

The characteristics of the moon that make it bad for human survival may make it ideal for certain kinds of manufacturing. Operations requiring a vacuum, extreme cold, or sterility are examples. Precision ball bearings, industrial diamonds or pharmaceuticals might be produced on the moon.

31.The area of the moon is (A)

A. about the same as that of North and South America

B. larger than that of North and South America

C. equal to that of North and South America

D. far smaller than that of North and South America

32.The temperature on the moon can be as high as. (C)

A. -150

B. +270 C . +120 D. -30

33.According to this passage, the colonization of the moon ____. (C)

A. will soon be realized

B. can be done under the lunar surface

C. is being speculated by many scientists

D. sounds entirely impossible

34.To stay alive on the moon, the early settlers must first of all be able to ____. (B)

A. develop commerce

B. get enough food, oxygen and water

C. make discoveries important to science

D. explore the possibilities of industrial development

35.Though the environment on the moon is bad for human survival, it is very good for. (A)

A. making such things as industrial diamonds

B. all kinds of manufactured goods

C. medical operations

D. commercial development

Passage 8

In Switzerland, six miles west of Geneva, lies a collection of laboratories and buildings, and most curious of all, a circular mound of earth more than 650 feet in diameter. This cluster has unique importance. It is Europe's one and only atomic city dedicated to investigation of the atom for peaceful purposes.

The strange buildings belong to the European Council for Nuclear Research, more popularly known, from its French initials, as CERN. The council was born when a handful of statesmen and scientific experts met in Paris in 1950. Their aim was "to establish an organization providing for collaboration among European states in nuclear research of a pure scientific and fundamental character."

The CERN agreement was signed in 1953, and work on the atomic city began in 1954. Today CERN's facilities are among the most modern and the most diversified in the world.

Impressive as the scientific aspect may be, the real significance of CERN may lie with the thousand people—the scientists, lab workers, and administrative crew drawn from the fourteen member nations—who populate it. British engineers work side by side with Swiss electricians, Yougoslav nuclear physicists, and Dutch mathematicians. The official languages are French and English, with German an unofficial third. But CERN is no tower of Babel—the language of science is universal and all-embracing.

36.The European Council for Nuclear Research was evolved by ____. (D)

A. the officers of the United Nations

B. a group of European scientists

C. the statesmen and scientists of Switzerland

D. a handful of statesmen and scientific experts

37.CERN was established with the aim of promoting ____. (A)

A. nuclear research of a fundamental character

B. collaboration among the world's nuclear scientists

C. pure study in all fields of science

D. both A and B

38.CERN's facilities for research are ____. (C)

A. limited but effective

B. among the best in the world

C. rapidly expanding

D. both A and C

39.The selection says that CERN is not a tower of Babel because _ (B)

A. work is the common denominator of all the staff.

B. the language of science is universal

C. CERN has adopted only two official languages

D. all the workers are drawn from one country

40.The real significance of CERN may lie in its staff because they. (B)

A. work in international harmony

B. come from all over the world

C. are investigating all phases of human conduct

D. are eliminating the problems of individual nationalism

Passage 9

Ben was a poor man with a large family. One morning, waking up very early from cold and hunger, he decided to go shooting in a wood near his home. The wood belonged to a rich gentleman, and Ben had no right to go there. But, in the wood there were lots of rabbits and birds that were good to eat, and Ben determined to take the risk. Suddenly he saw the owner, with a group of friends, coming towards him in the wood. There was a look of anger on the rich man's face as he saw the gun in Ben's hands.

Ben's heart sank with tear, but he saw there was no hope of escape, so he walked boldly up to these people and said to the gentleman, "Good morning, sir, and what has brought you out so early this morning?" The rich man, rather surprised, said he and his friends were taking a little exercise to get an appetite for their breakfast. Then, looking at Ben with suspicion, he said, "But why are you so early in the morning?" "Well, sir," said Ben, "I just come out to see if I could get a breakfast for my appetite." The whole crowd burst into laughter at Ben's ready wit, and with a smile the rich man walked on, leaving Ben to try his luck with the rabbits.

41. This is a story about ______. (C)

A. a rich man who owned a big wood

B. a poor man who lived all by himself

C. a clever man who tried to get something to eat for his breakfast

D. a hunter with a large family

42. One morning Ben went to a wood ______. (C)

A. to get a little exercise

B. to take in some fresh air

C. hoping to get something to eat

D. to visit the rich owner

43. There was a look of anger on the rich man's face. Why? (B)

A. He was not expecting Ben at this early hour.

B. He knew Ben was there hunting.

C. He didn't like the poor man at all.

D. Ben had not told him he would come.

44. Why was the rich man surprised? (A)

A. He had not expected such a bold question from Ben.

B. He wondered why Ben didn't run away.

C. Ben wasn't afraid of him.

D. Ben had a gun in his hands.

45. Ben's ______ made the whole crowd burst into laughter. (C)

A. funny looks

B. interesting words

C. quick and witty response

D. promise to leave right away

Passage 10

Every language used daily by ordinary people is constantly changing. English is no exception. Perhaps one of the best ways to observe the changes in our language is to read a passage that people have translated into English at different periods over the centuries.

English is only one of two or three dozen languages which seem to have a common ancestor. The language from which English developed is called Indo-European. No one now alive has ever heard or read Indo-European. We merely suppose it must have existed because of the resemblance of the languages that we think must have come from it.

English has probably borrowed more words from other languages than has any other language. Thousands of words from French and Latin have entered English vocabulary. The bor-rowing even continues today. The contacts first with American Indians and then with Spanish-speaking people have enriched English greatly. Words from German and other languages can be found in English, too. We can even find borrowed words in it from Arabian and Chinese.

46. Which of the following statements is true? (C)

A.English has remained the same.

B.Some languages are changing.

C.English is changing constantly.

D. Many languages changed very little.

47. The best way to find the changes in English language is __. (D)

A.to read a passage that has a long history

B.to look at a passage that is ordinary

C.to translate a passage into English

D. to compare the translations of a passage at different times

48. We know that __. (B)

A. a few languages seem to have a common ancestor

B. more than twenty languages come from the same ancestor

C. hundreds of languages share the same origin

D. a great many of languages have a lot in common

49. We assume Indo-European must have existed because ______. (A)

A. there are languages resembling it now

B. few people can speak it now

C. no one can speak it now

D. many people can speak it now

50. According to the passage, ______ has borrowed heavily from other languages. (D)

A. Chinese

B. Arabian

C. Latin

D. English

Passage 11

Some people do not like anything to be out of place. They are never late for work. They re-turn their books to the library on time. They remember people's birthdays, and they pay their bills as soon as they arrive. Mr. Rock is such a person.

Mr. Rock works in a bank, and lives on his own. The only family he has is in the next town. His sister lives there with her husband, and her son Mark. Mr. Rock does not see his sister or her family every year, but he sends them Christmas cards and he has not forgotten one of Mark's seventeen birthdays.

Last week Mr. Rock had quite a surprise. He drove home from the bank at the usual time, driving neither too slowly nor too fast. He parked his car where he always parked it, out of the way of other cars, and he went inside to make his evening meal. Straight away, there was a knock at the door. Mr. Rock opened the door only to find a policeman on the door-step.

"Have I done anything wrong?" Mr. Rock asked himself. "Have I driven on the wrong side of the road? Has there been some trouble at the bank? Have I forgotten to pay an important bill?"

"Hello, uncle," said the policeman. "My name is Mark. I'm your nephew."

51. Mr. Rock is a person who does the following except _____. (C)

A .put things in order B. go to work early

C .visit friends regularly D. pay the bills in time

52. Which of the following is NOT true? (D)

A. Mr. Rock lives by himself.

B. Mr. Rock's sister has a family.

C. Mr. Rock's sister lives not very far away

D. Mr. Rock visits his sister quite often.

53. According to the passage, which of the following is true? (B)

A. he drove very fast.

B. he made his meal after he got into the house.

C. he drove very slowly.

D. he parked his car at a wrong place.

54. Mr. Rock was surprised to see the police because ______. (D)

A. something was wrong in the bank

B. he did not know what to say

C. the policeman wanted to ask him a question

D. he did not do anything wrong

55. From the story we can infer that ______. (A)

A. Mr. Rock had not seen his nephew for a long time

B. Mr. Rock did not like to see the young man

C. Mr. Rock was a shy person

D.Mark came to visit his uncle regularly

Passage 12

Do you find getting up in the morning so difficult that it is painful? This might be called laziness, but Dr Kleitman has a new explanation. He has proved that everyone has a daily energy cycle. During the hours when you labor through your work you may say that you are "hot". That is at its peak. For some people the peak comes during the forenoon. For others it comes in the afternoon of evening. No one has discovered why this is so, but it leads to such familiar monologues as: "Get up, John! You'll be late for work again! " The possible explanation to the trouble is that John is at his temperature-and-energy peak in the evening. Much family quarrelling ends when husbands and wives realize what these energy cycles mean, and which cycle each member of the family has.

You can't change your energy cycle, but you can learn to make your life fit it better. Habit can help, Dr Kleitman believes. Maybe you're sleepy in the evening but feel you must stay up later anyway. Counteract your cycle to some extent by habitually staying up later than you want to. If your energy is low in the morning but you have an important job to do early in the day, rise before your usual hour. This won't change your cycle, but you'll get up steam and work better at your low point.

Get off to a slow start which saves your energy. Get up with a leisurely yawn and stretch. Sit on the edge of the bed a minute before putting your feet on the floor. Avoid the troublesome search for clean clothes by laying them out the night before. Whenever possible, do routine work in the afternoon and save tasks requiring more energy or concentration for your sharper hours.

56. If a person finds getting up early a problem, most probably ____. (D)

A. he is a lazy person

B. he refuses to follow his own energy cycle

C. he is not sure when his energy is low

D. he is at his peak in the afternoon or evening

57. Which of the following may lead to family quarrels according to the passage? (A)

A. Unawareness of energy cycles.

B. Familiar monologues.

C. A change in a family member's energy cycle.

D. Attempts to control the energy cycle of other family members.

58. If one wants to work more efficiently at his low point in the morning, he should ____. (C)

A. change his energy cycle

B. overcome his la z iness

C. get up earlier than usual

D. go to bed earlier

59.You are advised to rise with a yawn and stretch because it will ____. (A)

A. help to keep your energy for the day's work

B. help you to control your temper early in the day

C. enable you to concentrate on your routine work

D. keep your energy cycle under control all day

60. Which of the following statements is NOT true? (C)

A. Getting off to work with a minimum effort helps save one's energy.

B. Dr Kleitman explains why people reach their peaks at different hours of day.

C. Habit helps one adapt to his own energy cycle.

D. Children have energy cycles, too.

Passage 13

In November 1965, New York was blacked out by an electricity failure. The authorities promised that it would not happen again. Pessimists were certain that it would occur again within five years at the latest. In July 1997, there was a repeat performance which produced varying degree of chaos throughout the city of eight million people. In 1965, the failure occurred in the cool autumn and at a time of comparative prosperity. In 1977, the disaster was much more serious because it came when unemployment was high and the city was suffering from one of its worst heat waves.

In 1965, there was little crime or looting during the darkness, and fewer than a hundred people were arrested. In 1977, hundreds of stores were broken into and looted. Looters smashed shop windows and helped themselves to jewelry, clothes or television sets. Nearly 4,000 people were arrested but far more disappeared into the darkness of the night. The number of policemen available was quite inadequate and they wisely refrained from using their guns against mobs which for out-numbered them and included armed men.

Hospitals had to treat hundreds of people cut by glass from shop windows. Banks and most businesses remained closed the next day. The blackout started at 9:30 p. m. when lightning hit and knocked out vital cables. Many stores were thus caught by surprise.

The vast majority of New Yorkers, however, were not involved in looting. They helped strangers, distributed candles, and batteries, and tried to survive in a nightmare world without traffic lights, refrigerators, water electric power. For twenty-four hours, New York realized how helpless it was without electricity.

61. Look at the first paragraph. Who were right: the authorities or the pessimists? (D)

A. The authorities.

B. The pessimists .

C. Both.

D. Neither.

62. In what way was the blackout of 1977 not really a repeat performance? (C)