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2014上海中考英语一模卷分类汇总5-首字母填空

2014宝山区

C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words (在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使内容通顺, 每空格限

填一词,首字母已给): (14分)

There are different ways of telling a story. It can be told in words, in pictures, in music, and acted o 81 , or it can be told by still another way--- by dancing. Dancing that tells a story is called a ballet(芭蕾舞). The dancing in a ballet is done to music, but the story is told by the movements of the dancers. There is no singing and speaking in it. A ballet is a work of art just as a beautiful picture.

The origin(起源) of ballet d 82 back about 600 years ago, which began as a kind of entertainment in the courts of the rulers in Italy. Two hundred years later ballet wad popular in the French court. The French King Louis XIV founded a ballet school. Later the rulers of Russia became interested in ballet. They offered large amounts of money to the best ballet masters and dancers of France. They also set up their own ballet schools and dance companies(舞蹈团).

Soon Russians produced many famous ballets. ―Swan Lake‖ was one of them. Russians transformed the world dance, music, art, theatre and even f 83 .

The basic positions(姿势) and techniques of ballet were developed long ago. Over the centuries, choreographers (编舞者)have revised(修改)the classical techniques, but the basic positions have remained the same. When you begin learning the steps and poses (舞姿)of ballet, you will realize that most of them have French names. For example,

a part of a ballet that is danced by just two people is called pas-de-deux(芭蕾双人舞). Most of the French terms have

been c 84 throughout the years.

Ballet dancing is known for its grace and elegance, as ballerinas(芭蕾舞女演员) seem to glide(滑行)across the stage almost effortlessly(不费力地). Ballet dancers strive to appear tall and light on their feet. Female dancers raise themselves even higher by going up on their toes with pointe shoes(足尖鞋). Probably the most important part of a ballet dancer's equipment is ballet shoes. After several years of proper t 85 , some female ballet dancers wear pointe shoes to make them appear lighter and more delicate. Pointe shoes make it possible for ballerinas to dance on the tips of their toes.

The first ballet was performed over 500 years ago. Men t 86 danced the leading roles, as women were considered too weak to perform the challenging and sometimes daring choreography(大胆的舞蹈动作). But now a girl has as good a chance as a boy of being a famous ballet dancer. Many of the most famous ballets were adapted from fairy tales and folk stories. Some ballets are based on historical events and bible stories. In a ballet you can find the most beautiful and graceful of all dance styles. If you've ever seen a l 87 ballet on stage, you are aware of a ballerina's amazing ability to transport an entire audience into another world. All ballet dancers have one thing in common: a love of grace, beauty and discipline (有素养)of ballet.

2014长宁区

C) Read the passage and fill the blanks with proper words (在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使内容通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给) (14分)

Imagine this: romance is all around you, you have met and fallen in love with the most wonderful person. The only trouble is, you are not at home, you are in a completely different part of the w 81 . How do you let that special person know how you feel?

France

The only place to say 'JE T'AIME' (I love you) is on a Paris bridge in the moonlight. If you really want to go for true French style, you will need to dress very smartly and go to a fashionable French restaurant a 82 you have said the magical words.

Japan

The cherry blossom season is the most romantic time of a year in Japan. I 83 your boyfriend / girlfriend in the politest way possible (you should always be as polite as possible in Japan!), set up a nice little picnic u 84 a cherry blossom tree and say 'SUKYO'

Russia

It might be minus 6 degrees when you say 'YA TYEBY A L YUBL YU', but the s 85 will be falling around you in St Petersburg. There is no scene more romantic, and you won't even feel the cold —your heart will be so w 86 inside!

Indonesia

Go surfing on the Indonesia waters of Sumatra and see the boy or girl of your dreams. Wake up to a beautiful sunrise, go surfing in the cool waters all day and r 87 in the evenings. Anytime is OK to say 'SAYA CINTA PADAMU'!

Wherever you come from, only say 'I love you' when you truly mean it. They may only be three little words, but they are powerful words in any language!

2014崇明县

C) Read the passage and fill the blanks with proper words (在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使内容通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给) (14分)

Make the skies blue

THE streets of Dalian, Liaoning were covered by snow a week before Spring Festival. However, instead of staying at home, Li Chunyuan, a Junior 1 student at No 42 Middle School, went out with her classmates. They made posters by t____81___ and called on people not to set off fireworks.

The student did this in order to r___82___ air pollution. Since January, many cities in china have seen a lot of foggy days. In Beijing, only five days in January were free of smog (雾霾)。

An official for the Ministry of Environment Protection told Beijing News that PM2.5 pollution is the m__83___

problem with air pollution.

Poor air has done harm to people’s health. Children and the elderly are more at risk. A report from Beijing Children’s Hospital shows that half of the p____84__ had respiratory (呼吸道的)problem s from Jan.5 to 11.

To respond to the air problem, the Chinese government and many Chinese people have started to take action. Beijing announced a plan to use clean fuel in government vehicles and plant trees. It a___85____ asked citizenship to set off fewer fireworks for the Spring Festival celebrations.

They suggested that cars with large emissions (排放)should be banned(禁止)and factories should be closely watched. Three students from No.4 High School in Beijing wrote a report to advise h___86____ to fight the air pollution.

― We hope more people will j___87____ us to protect our environment. With all efforts, the blue skies will certainly return soon,‖ said Shi yucong, one of the thre e students.

2014奉贤区

C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words(在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺。每空格限填一词,首字母已给出) (14分)

How can I win a Nobel Prize for writing? Here is the secret from this year’s winner: make it short, keep it real, and work hard.

Canadian author Alice Munro,82,was a______81____ the 2013 Noble Prize in the literature(文学)。She is known for her short stories about personal relationship of ordinary people, usually women.

Munro was born in a farmer family in Ontario. The family was very poor. Munro did a lot of physical work a_________ a young girl.

But she decided to be a w__________ when she was 12.She turns her hard childhood into great writing ideas.

The story Dear Life, for example, opens with a description of the neighborhood in which Munro grew up.

B_________, she talked about her poor relationship with her mother in many of her stories, such as Lives of Girls and Women and Friend of My Youth.

Since she p_________her first book in 1968, Munro has won many awards, with the Nobel Prize as her biggest honor. But Munro doesn’t see h___________ as a talented writer.

―I’m the opposite of a writer with a quick gift. I don’t grasp it very readily(轻而易举地) at all, the ―it‖ being whatever I’m trying to do,’ she said.

Do you d_________ of becoming a writer while sadly admitting you are not that talented? Munro has a tip for you: use notebooks and write a lot.

―I have lots of notebooks that contain this terribly clumsy(蹩脚的) writing,‖ she said .But it helps her sort out her mind. Stories would just b e working in my head for so long that when I started to write I was deep into them.‖

2014虹口区

C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words (在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给):(14分)

I heard a story about an older woman who stood in line at the Post Office. She c____81____with a young man next to her. The young man n____82____that she had no package to mail, and asked why she was standing in line. She said that she just needed a few stamps.

―Ma’am, you must be tired standing here. Do you know there’s a stamp machine over there in the corner?‖ He p____83____to the machine built into the wall.

―Thank you,‖ the lady replied, ―but I’ll just wait here a little I____84____. I’m getting close to the window.‖

―But it would be so much e____85____for you not to stand in this long line and buy your stamps from the machine.‖The woman smiled and answered, ―Oh, I know. But that old machine would n____86____ask me how my grandchildren are getting along.‖

She had a need greater than the need f____87____postage stamps—a need to feel connected to other people. And it was a need that could not be met by a stamp machine.

2014黄浦区

C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words(在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺。每空格

限填一词,首字母已给) (14分)

Do you get angry when your friends sing loudly while you are trying to work or when your best friend does not wait for you after school?

If you do, you need to take control of your feelings. Getting angry with others can cause you to l_81___ friends.

Cary Egeberg, an American high school teacher, has written a book named My Feelings Are Just Like Wild Animals to help you control your feelings .The book tells how to stay cool when b_82___ things happen.

The book says that getting angry only makes problems w_83___. It can never make them bett er. ―Getting angry is not a natural way to act,‖ the book says. ―It is just a habit, like smoking.’’

The book says you can control you feelings e _84___---all you have to do is to tell yourself not to be angry.

The book gives many tips to help you if you get angry frequently. Here are the top three:

● Keep a r_85___.Every time you get angry, write down why you are angry. Look at it later and you will see you get angry so often.

● Ask your friends to s_86___ talking to you when you get angry. Leave you alone. This will teach you not to be angry.

● Do something d_87___. When you get angry, walk away from the problem and go somewhere else. Try to laugh.

2014嘉定区

C. Read the pasagfe and fill in the blanks with proper words(在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给)(14分)

Air pollution, as we know it today,started with the Industrial Revolution in Europe in the 19th century. In the last few decades, it has b______ a serious problem for our environment.

When harmful elements get into the air, they may cause health problems and can also d_____ the environment, building and soil. They make the ozone layer(臭氧层)much thinner and the climate more changeable.

Our modern lifestyle has led to dirtier air over the years. Factories, all kinds of vehicles, the growing number of people are the things that are r______ for air pollution today. But not all air pollution is caused by people. Smog, forest fires, dust storms and volcanic eruptions can also lead to the pollution of the atmosphere.

Smog(雾霾)is a m________ of smoke and fog. It occurs when gases from hurt fuel get together with fog on the ground. When heat and sunlight get together with these gases, they form dangerous particles in the air. Smog occurs in big cities with a lot of traffic ,e_____ in the summer time. When it is very hot. Smog stays near the ground. It causes lung diseases and breathing problems and in smog areas, we can’t see well.

Today, cities with a large p______ have the biggest smog problems-Los Angeles, Mexico City or Cairo. The smog often stays over the cities for many days. Thousands of people die in London every year.

A lot of measures have been taken to prevent smog so far. Drivers are not a______ to drive on smog days in some cities. Factories use coal that doesn’t have much sulfur(硫磺)in it. So cars are much environmentally firendly today.

2014金山区

C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words.(在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给。)(14分)

Butterfly fairly

There was once a little girl. She had no family, and no one loved her. One day, when she was walking through a field, she noticed a small butterfly c_____ in a thorn bush(荆棘丛). The more the butterfly tried to free to free itself, the deeper the thorns cut into its body. The little girl c____let go the butterfly. Instead of going away, the butterfly changed into a beautiful fairy.

For your kindness, the butterfly fairy said to the little girl, ― I will give you any w____ you would like to have.‖

The little girl thought for a moment and then replied,‖I want to be h____.‖

The fairy said,‖ very good.‖ Then she got close to the girl’s ear and said something to her in a low voice.

As the little girl grew up,there was no one in the village s_____happy as she.There was no one in the village s______ happy as she was.Everyone asked her the secret of the happiness.She would smile and only answer―The secret of my happiness is that I listened to a kind fairly when I was a little girl.‖

When she was very old, the neighbors all came to visit her.They were a_____ that her secret of happiness would die with her.―Tell us,please,‖they begged,―tell us what the fairy said.‖

The old woman smiled and said, ―She told me that everyone, no matter how old or young, no matter how rich or poor, n_____ me.‖she said that always helping others would make my dream come true.‖

2014静安区

C) Read the passage and fill the blanks with proper words (在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使内容通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给) (14分)

Who is managing things in your town or city?Someone repairs a broken window in the library. Someone makes sure the traffic lights work. Someone pumps clean water into pipes. Someone 81 for the animals in the zoo.

The people who do these jobs are part of the government. In most towns or cities, they work for the mayor(市长). The mayor works with other 82 . They manage the city and make sure that the work gets done. They fix old things, like roads and bridges. They build new things, like schools and parks. If people 83 , they listen carefully. Then they change things that are wrong. For example, if a law isn’t 84 to some people, they change it. They try to do what the people want.

Election Day is report card time! If people think the city government is doing fine, they might 85 the same mayor. If there are problems, they might elect a new mayor.

On Election Day, people go to different places to vote(投票). Then all the votes are 86 . The mayor may win or lose. For the winner, there is lots of excitement! There is a big party with balloons 87 in the air.

The next day, it’s time to run the city or t own again. The mayor must do a good job. The office members must work hard, too. After all, in a few years, there will be another Election Day.

2014闵行区

C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words(在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺,每空格限埴一词,首字母已给)(14分)

Chuck Wall teaches management and human relations at Bakersfield College.

He walked into the class one day and told his students that their homework

was to perform one act of random(任意的) kindness. His students did not

c 81 understan

d th

e homework an d didn’t know what to do, but the

professor would not answer their questions. He encouraged his students to work it out by themselves.

One week later, the students entered the classroom excitedly to share their s 82 . One student gave away blankets to the homeless. Another reported on helping an old man cleaning the house, and another student had been trying to f 83 a long, lost friend. Students were energized(给予活力的) by the homework and wanted other people to be kind too. And luckily, the local businesses provided them some money and materials. With the s 84 of them, the students made stickers to put on cars that invited people to do something kind for others. They sold the stickers and decided to donate the money to a center for the blind---not surprising as Professor Wall is blind.

Since then, kindness activities have been very p 85 in schools around the world. Many schools organize a Random Acts of Kindness Week, around November 13th, to celebrate World Kindness Day. some schools use each day of Random Acts of Kindness Week to perform different kind acts, such as making a new friend, helping someone, doing community service, orr 86 money for a charity. Students learn to consider other people and think about how small actions can make the world a b 87 place.

2014浦东新区

C) Read the passage and fill the blanks with proper words (在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使内容通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给) (14分)

You know that eating a sensible diet and getting plenty of exercise help make your body healthy and strong. But do you know that there are ways to make your brain healthier and smarter? Here are seven steps toward a smarter brain.

Limit your TV viewing

Never spend too much time on TV viewing, for it n________81_______ very little brain activities. Your brain will become weak just as your muscles do. If you do watch TV, choose something educational and meaningful.

Travel

Travelling to a________82___ country forces you to see and do things in a fresh way, bringing stimulation to the brain. Learn a new language

Learning a new language involves different learning methods. Learning a language sharpens your brain and helps prevent memory p________83_______ that you may meet in later years.

Read often

As you read, take the time to look up people or places that aren’t familia r. Reading makes your vocabulary much l________84_______ if you always search for words and definitions that you don’t know. Each week, choose an animal, a bird or fish, and read everything you can about it. Stretch your brain as you become an expert on the subject.

Calculate w________85_______ you shop

As you put things in your grocery cart, total everything in your head. See how close you get to the actual total.

Use your non-dominant(不占优势的)hand

If you are right-handed, use your left hand for everyday activities, or use your right hand if you are left-handed. Doing familiar things in a different way will make your brain c________86_______ new neural (神经)networks.

Wechat(微信)!

Read messages from people who has different interests. And some say that learning to express y________87_______ in just 100 words is a great brain challenge.

Have a try and do these every day. Little by little you can get into the habit of challenging your brain, and make your brain smarter!

2014普陀区

C.Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words(在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给)(14分)

Mary and her husband, Richard Goldman, loved books. Like many lovers of books, they

s 81 walked past a bookstore without stopping to look inside. They often talked of opening their own store one day.

In order to realize their w 82 , they started by talking to bookstore owners and researching book business. One figure caught Mary’s attention: She had read somewhere that about 20 percent of books sold were mysteries(推理小说), and many buyers of mysteries spent more than $300 a year on books. She and Richard themselves were mystery r 83 and had a big collection of such books.

On Halloween 1992, they opened the Mystery Lovers Bookshop and Cafénear their home. With three children in college, it was i 84 for the couple to spend all the family’s money to start a shop. To cover the $100,000 cost, they used some of their savings, borrowed from relatives and from a bank.

In order to a 85 customers, Mary always had new ways. The shop had a coffee bar and it offered presents to mystery lovers and served dinners for book clubs that met in the store. She also invited many writers to d 86 their stories with the buyers to let them understand the stories better. Now after paying taxes, business costs and the six part-time sales clerks, Richard and Mary together earn about $34,000.

―The job we love may not go hand in hand with lots of money,‖ says Richard. ―We do this to give an e 87 life to ourselves. This is not about making a lot of money. What matters is that we gain happiness from it.‖

2014松江区

C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words (在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺。每空

格限填一词,首字母已给) (14分)

An 8-year-old Miami boy, Joshua Williams, is president of his own non-profit organization---Joshua’s Save the World. His organization provides food and clothes for p 81

people and families in Miami and the neighboring areas.

Joshua has r 82 thousands of dollars for his organization. He started to help the hungry when he was just 5. He was in his mother’s car when they passed a beggar. Joshua asked his mother to stop so that he could give him $20. ―It’s my m 83 . I want to help him, Mum,‖ Joshua recalled. One year later, he created his organization with the help of his mother and Francine Hanna, a local businesswoman. ―He just thought that was what he wanted to do,‖ his mother said. ―And there was nothing that could s84 him.‖

The organization now provides clothing, furniture and food for the poor people in America. At the same time, Joshua never misses a c 85 to encourage other people to follow what he did whether at church or on the streets. Earl Laird

lost his job two years ago and hasn’t managed to get a n 86 one. Without money, he can’t pay for the flat and has to live on the street. He depends on food from Joshua’s Save the World. ―Joshua is an angel (天使) from God,‖ he said.

Joshua has won Miami’s ―Do the Right Thing‖ award and the ―Kids Who Care‖ competition, which awarded him a $1,000n o t e.E v e n t h o u g h h e h a s a87d o n e p l e n t y,h e s a i d t h a t h i s mission (使命)to provide for the poor is far from finished. ―I want to get a team together,‖ Joshua said. ―I want my team to go out and give food to people who have a need for it. I want to spre ad love to countries in Africa.‖

2014徐汇区

C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words(在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺,每空

格限填一词,首字母已给):(14分)

Most people know that intelligence quotient (IQ) is important, but EQ is probably more important in daily life. When facing an exam, EQ helps us to manage our feelings. When getting along with friends or parents, EQ helps us to c 81 well.

EQ is shaped partly by genetics(基因). You can see some babies are quiet, while others are not.

B 82 , EQ is something you can learn for yourself. You can learn what different feelings might mean and how they relate to yourself and others. If we learn in the right way, our EQ can get better as we get older. Children with a high EQ usually have greater success with making friends. Having a high EQ needs a few different skills. Learning about these skills can help us to i 83 our EQ. But what are they? Let’s take a look!

1. Know yourself

Most people feel many different feelings t 84 the day. Some feelings like surprise last just a few seconds. Others, like happiness and sadness, may stay around much l 85 . Being able to recognize these everyday feelings is the most basic of all EQ skills.

2. Manage yourself

We all get angry. We all have disappointments. But we need to control it. It is not always the right time or place to express our feelings. When you are angry with someone, take a deep breath and s 86 count to 10. This way, you can calm down.

3. Encourage yourself

When you fail an exam, you may be disappointed. But there is something more effective you can do—learn to encourage yourself. It gives you the energy and c 87 to move on. It helps you to build a strong heart.

2014杨浦区

C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words(在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺,每空

格限填一词,首字母已给):(14分)

Moving out, moving back

In the countries all over the world,people are leaving the countryside in huge numbers to find jobs in the cities.They leave b 81 the countryside is much poorer than the city and often there isn’t much work there. S 82 such as transport, entertainment, hospitals and schools are usually much better in cities than they are in the country.They hope that their lives will improve when they move to the city.

But in the big cities of Europe and America – London, Paris. New York, people are moving out of the city. These are usually families who have some money, and want to live a quieter life. They get t 83 of the noise and dirt of the city, the crowded streets, crowded trains and buses. They d on’t want to sit in traffic any more. They want a house with a garden, and clean air that isn't p 84 .

So they move out. Some don't go very far, just a little way out of the city, to the towns near the cities. O 85 people move to the real countryside, with sheep and cows and green fields! There, they start their new lives and try to make new friends.

Not all those who move from the city to the countryside are happy. After two or three years, many people who have done this feel that it was a big m 86 . They don't make as much money and there isn't much to do. Country people are very different and aren't always very friendly.

As a result, quite a lot of people who have moved to the countryside move back to the city. ―It's w 87 to see crowds in the streets and cinema lights‖ they say. ―I'm so glad I'm back in the city!‖

2014闸北区

C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words(在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺,每空

格限填一词,首字母已给)(14分)

The story behind the shopping cart

Characters

Sylvan Goldman – owner of a grocery shop

Fred Young – Sylvan’s friend, a mechanic(机械师)

One night in 1936, in an American city. Inside Fred’s workshop, Sylvan sits next to Fred, who is making adjustments(调试) to their new i 81 – a shopping cart.

Sylvan: My customers don’t like our shopping cart.

Fred: Really? So they p 82 shopping with those heavy baskets?

Sylvan: (nods) I’ve got a huge crowd of customers every day, b 83 none of them wants to use the cart.

Fred: I don’t understand. We invented the cart so that people don’t need to carry a basket around the shop.

Sylvan: (laughs) And so that they will buy more groceries!

Fred: So why don’t they like the shopping cart?

Sylvan: Young men think that pushing a cart around makes them look w 84 and slow, and young women think it’s unfashionable.

Fred: Of course it isn’t fashionable right now. It’s only just been invented! But I’m sure older people will appreciate it. Sylvan: Um…

Fred: What? They don’t like the cart e 85 ?

Sylvan: Well, they think pushing it makes them look helpless!

Fred: Oh no. We need to do something, Fred. We can’t just g 86 up on this invention!

Sylvan: We won’t. (He gets up and walks around the room. Suddenly, he stops.) Aha! I’ve got an idea.

Fred: What is it?

Sylvan: I’ll hire(雇佣) some good-looking guys and girls to push the carts around and pretend they’re shopping.

Fred: Oh! So the real shoppers will see these attractive people using the carts and think, ―Hey, if it’s good enough for them, it’s good enough for me!‖

Sylvan: E 87 .

Fred: Hey! Maybe you could get one of the girls to greet your customers and encourage them to use the cart. Sylvan: Great idea!