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研究生英语视听说教材单元1-单元4听力答案

U4

*Host * 2008 is expected to be a banner year for China .Not only will the country hold its first-ever Olympic Games. It's also likely to see a record number of weddings.

*Narrator *Many in the country are already dubbing 2008 the "Wedding Y ear."A large number of couples are expected to tie the knot in 2008, a year regarded as auspicious not only for having the lucky number "8", but also for the Beijing Olympics. In the capital alone, many hotels are already booked up with wedding reservations for the entire year.

*Chen Y achun * "We started to take wedding reservations for 2008 in July of last year. In only a short time we became fully booked up. We have no more days left until November.

* Narrator* For this, Olympic fever is certainly responsible.

* Zhang Wanhong* People want to get married this year because it coincides with the Olympics. This is a once-in-a-life-time opportunity. A recent survey says there may be twice as many people getting married in 2008 than the year before."

*Narrator * As China is experiencing a marriage boom this year, experts say couples may consider holding their wedding celebrations away from major cities, where it is both less crowded and cheaper.

1.Why is 2008 important for China?

Not only will the country hold its firstever .Olympic Games ,A larger number of couples are expected to tie the knot in 2008 ,a year regarded as auspicious .

2.Why do people want to get married 2008 according to Zhong Wanghong from China Wedding Culture Society ?

It considers with the Olympics .This is a one-in-a-lift-time opportunity .

3.Why do couples considers holding their wedding celebrations away from major cites according to the listening ?

As China is experiencing a marriage boom this year ,it both less crowded and cheaper.

U3

1.Why is the business of arts and crafts booming in the USA?

In the wake of sept .11,more Americans begin nesting ,spending more time with family . This phenomenon has led many of those nesters to the world of arts and crafts ,a business that is booming .

2.Why does Grechen Lustig like crafting ?

It’s something that you can usually do when you are with other people.

3.According to the news ,how much did the hobby industry sales rise over the last 12 months ?

The hobby industry’s sales rose more than 16%over the last 12 months to 27 billion dollars .

4.Why is Wall Street willing to take the industry of crafts ?

And in the case of the craft retailers ,for really the last year or more ,they’re had better sales growth and better carrings growth than most other types of retailers .

5.How many dollars does a hobbyist spend on average during a visit to a hobby store ?

Just 18 dollars during a visit to a hobby store .

6.What is Barbara Calabrese’s motto on the education of kids ?

My motto is ,they should be taught ,instead of bought .

U2

There are many reasons why people leave their jobs. Maybe a %(1)% offered in the new job, possibly it's just a %(2)% , or it could be because they can't stand their management, and they believe their supervisors are doing a bad job about it.My next guest says that %(3)% is the main reason why people leave their jobs.He's Stephen Taylor, he's a lecturer in management at

Manchester Metropolitan University. It's good morning to you!

# This is an extraordinary finding that basically you are saying poor management and super vision, finally people said, "That's enough, I'm off."

# That's right; I think that's very right. We've interviewed about %(4)% people in depth about their last %(5)% . We've asked them to tell us in detail why they left their last jobs. And that's the %(6)% finding of our research, and it's sort of a %(7)% reason. I think a lot of organizations don't understand, don't realize how important this is.But certainly most people, the majority of people that was the %(8)% reason they left.

# Now when we talk about s-poor supervision or bad management, we're obviously talking about more than, say, %(9)% , abuse, bullying and that sort of thing. Y ou are really talking about they are not doing their job, absolutely, not supervising.

# There are examples of bullying, and just unpleasant treatment, abuse of power and so on, but they're a minority. It's much more common to find examples of ineffective management of %(10)% , not listening to %(11)% , not listening to people, just not managing in effect actually. # And that, of course, those managers would say that they are %(12)% from their own managers. # That's very tricky, we have also interviewed supervisors themselves and we get the same thing from them. They will complain about the area manager, and so on and it goes up the %(13)% .

# Is that %(14)% in the system of %(15)% in the corporation? If it's so common and in so many countries, what can be done?

# Well, a lot can be done. I think it's a hidden reason, I don't think it's so much endemic in the bureaucracy. I think they just don't realize because when people leave a job, that's not the reason they give. They are not honest. They say they are leaving for %(16)% , or they are leaving for %(17)% , or something of that kind. So I just think they don't actually realize how important this factor is. Because a great deal can be done about it, well, you can select %(18)% on their %(19)% , rather than for their technical skills; you can give them %(20)% in basic people management skills.

# But, you see, the problem with that, Steven, is every time when anybody sits on a course in “People Management”, “Human Resource Relations”, “Managing Y our Staff”, everybody says “What a load of %(21)% .” Y ou know, bunny rabbit's gone mad.

# Well, maybe that's the problem, it's not rubbish. It's very %(22)% .It's costing industry %(23)% because people are leaving. They have %(24)% them %(25)% , they %(26)% , they've spent huge %(27)% getting them in there, then they walk out the door. It's really about time people took the issue a bit more seriously.

# And a final thought, when are you next going to look at this again to determine if there've been any changes? Before you resign?

# Well, that's right. I think it will be an on-going study and I've certainly got a long way to get to it.

I want to look at various different professional groups and see how they vary. That's what I would like to do next.

# Well, Steven, assuming you haven't resigned to go elsewhere, please do come back and talk more about it, absolutely fascinating, thank you very much indeed. Thank you very much.

a higher salary career advancement bad management 200

job-move main hidden primary sexual harassment sweeping problems under the carpet grievances suffering the same problem the hierarchy endemic bureaucracy more pay personal reasons supervisors supervisory skills training rubbish very serious millions and millions of pounds a year trained up selected them amount of money

U1

How do your current designs and your current collections fit in with your manifesto or are they two separate entities? My manifesto applies to my gold label but it applies particularly to "World's End" because I wanted to. That's the shot where I did punk rock and everything and I thought what would I tell young people these days and I wanted to activate it. I wanted to get a great look in there that was cheap enough to buy and yet you looked great good quality all this stuff and put also lots of my old favourites in there that never will date and you can just wear them forever and get a real look in there. And I needed some T-shirts. My manifesto started with me putting graphics together. All these ideas from my graphics active resistance to propaganda. This is Rembrandt. Y ou don't see him very well on there but that's "AR" for Active Resistanceand it's like not only Che Guevara is a rebel. Rembrandt was a rebel. He really changed the world. He changed the world we see. He changed ethics. Y ou know when you see the world differently you change your point of view and it's only culture can do that and that's what my manifesto is about and as regarding fashion. Fashion is not...it's on the side of culture. It's very much to do with social life and I can't say that it's... I'm not saying it's art terribly - it's too ephemeral - but it's definitely to do with your taste and showing the kind of person you are and I just think it would be absolutely great if people dressed up and that was a way of showing that they were concerned about the world and I think if they bought designer clothes they could have very sustainable clothes because you shouldn't buy too many... you should just buy something that you really choose... that you really want and you really like and it suits you and you should wear it every day until it's worn out and you'll always look great and like for example if somebody was doing that and you'll be coming along the street now thinking "there's that guy again, you know he looks really cool". It's great to wear the sa me clothes and I think the status in wearing the same clothes over again .if you've chosen the greatest clothes. Do it and wear evening dresses for daytime and whatever you like if you can only afford one thing or get your own things together and that's one of the reasons I ask these little kids to get involved when I do my Paris show.

1.What is Vivien Westwood famous for ?

For Punk rock designs

2.What does Westwood advise people to do to get a great look ?

People should be dressed up and buy a designer’s clothes ,some sustainable clothes and people can get their own things together .

3.What does “AR”stang for ?

It stands for Active Resistance .

4.What are Westwood’s graphics ?

Propaganda

5.Please explain some of Westwood’s views on fashion ?

Fashion is on the side of culture .It has much to do with social life it is definitely to do with a person’s taste ,showingwhat kind of person one is .