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初中英语语法连词讲解及练习

初中英语语法连词讲解及练习(一)连词概述

连词是连接单词、短语或句子的一种虚词。在句中不单独作句子成分。历年中考中常考并列连词and,but,neither… nor;从属连词now that,though,when。所以了解状语从句和宾语从句的真正意义有助于正确使用从属连词。

(二)基础知识梳理

1.并列连词用来连接彼此并列的词、短语或句子。并列连词有and,or,but,so,for,n or等。

2.关联连词有both…and,either… or,neither…nor,not only…but also,as well as,a s much as等。

3.连接性副词有however,therefore,besides,yet,anyway,still,all the same等。

4.并列连词和连接性副词存在以下的区别:

1)连接两个独立的分句时,并列连词的位置只能放在它所引导的分句的句首,前面通常有逗号。如:

I must work hard, for I still have a long way to go.

They all went, but I didn't go.

2)连接性副词的位置比较灵活,句中、句首、句末都可以。但是放在句首较为普遍。如:

Mother was ill, therefore, she stayed at home yesterday.

= Mother was ill, she therefore, stayed at home yesterday.

= Mother was ill, she stayed at home yesterday, therefore.

3)两个并列连词不可以连用。如:

He tried hard.and but he failed to get the job.此句中的but应改为yet。因为and和but 都是连词。

5.从属连词是用来引导从句,如宾语从句、状语从句、定语从句等。从属连词有that,if, unless, whether, who, whose, what, which, where, than, when, while, as, since, though, al though, because, before, after, until, as soon as, now that, so...that, so that, as... as,(not) as/s o…as 如:

If it snows tomorrow,we won't go on a picnic.(If引导条件状语从句)

Could you tell me whose PC it is? (whose引导宾语从句)

The man who is talking to my class teacher is my father.(who引导定语从句)

同步练习

I.选择填空

( )1. LiMeng passed his mother his cup _______ asked for some more tea.

A. but

B. or

C. and

D. if

( )2. Study harder, ______ you will fall behind others.

A. and

B. or

C. but

D. so

( )3. The doctors are very tired, _______ they are still working very hard.

A. but

B. if

C. only

D. when

( )4. _____ you come back, please let me know.

A. Later

B. Until

C. As

D. As soon as

( )5. He told us _______ he was over eighty years old.

A. where

B. then

C. if

D. that

( )6. Don’t go home _______ you have cleaned the classroom.

A. by

B. then

C. only

D. until

( )7. _______ Sunday ______Monday is OK. I’ll be free during those two days.

A. Neither…nor

B. Either…or

C. Both…and

D. Either… and

( )8. We haven’t seen him ________ he left last year.

A. since

B. when

C. as

D. if

( )9. It’s raining now, ________ you must take the raincoat with you.

A. for

B. so

C. or

D. because

( )10._______you work harder, you’ll do better in your subjects.

A. If

B. Before

C. Already

D. Whether

( )11.________I was ill yesterday, I didn’t come to school.

A. For

B. As

C. Because

D. Since

( )12.The old man was _______ pleased ______he could not say a word.

A. either…or

B. neither…nor

C. not only…but also

D. so…that

( )13.Which is bigger, the sun _____the earth?

A. but

B. or

C. and

D. nor

( )14. Could you tell us _______you grow apples in your country?

A. that

B. whether

C. which

D. what

( )15.He knew nothing about the accident _______ his friend told him.

A. if

B. since

C. until

D. because

( )16.Please answer the question in a loud voice _____all the class can hear you.

A. so that

B. so…that

C. though

D. because

( )17.In the old days the poor children couldn’t go to school. They could ______read ___ write when they grew up.

A. both…and

B. either…or

C. not only…but also

D. neither…nor

( )18._____ Australia is very large, the population is quite small.

A. But

B. Or

C. If

D. Though

( )http://www.wendangku.net/doc/e43914f0f9c75fbfc77da26925c52cc58bd69015.htmle here early tomorrow, ______you’ll see her.

A. or

B. and

C. but

D. because

( )20.Neither she ________ I am a teacher. We are both students.

A. or

B. and

C. nor

D. but

( )21.He kept quiet ______she began to speak.

A. when

B. if

C. whether

D. or

( )22._______ I am washing, she is cooking.

A. While

B. After

C.Before

D. As soon as

( )23.She had to do everything ________ her husband died.

A. before

B. after

C. when

D. while

( )24.She had studied Russian for three years ________ she began to learn English.

A. before

B. if

C. after

D. because

( )25.She has had another baby ________ we met.

A. when

B. after

C. before

D. since

( )26.I knew nothing about it ________ he told me.

A. if

B. after

C. until

D. because

( )27.I’ll ring you up, ______ I get an answer from him.

A. as soon as

B. until

C. before

D. because

( )28.We couldn’t go quickly ______ the road was too slippery.(滑)

A. because

B. as soon as

C. if

D. until

( )29._____ it is fine tomorrow, I’ll go to the park.

A. If

B. When

C. After

D.Before

( )30.I don’t know _______ you like sports .

A. whether

B. weather

C. when

D. how

( )31.Water is more important in your life _______any other matter.

A. as

B. than

C. then

D. so

( )32.She sat in the first row ______ she could see the blackboard clearly.

A. so

B. so that

C. that

D. since

( )33.I’ll go to see my sister _______ I get to New York.

A. while

B. as

C. as soon as

D. since

( )34.There were ______ many pains in my chest ______ I couldn’t help crying.

A. so…as

B. so that

C. so…that

D. such…that

( )35.Ten years has passed _____we left our hometown.

A. after

B. since

C. as

D. for

( )36.I’m sorry _________your leg has broken.

A. what

B. that

C. if

D. when

( )37.Could you tell me _____ the foreigner have come or not?

A. what C. that C. whether D. when

( )38.I wondered ______ he had been to Paris.

A. that C. what C. if D. where

( )39.______ you hurry, you will be late for school.

A. While C. Unless C. That D.What

( )40.Could you please look after my daughter ______ I go shopping?

A. where

B. while

C. that

D. though

II.把下列句子变为同义句

41. My brother went to the cinema, so did I.

__________ my brother _________ I went to the cinema.

42. The boy is so young that he cant look after himself.

The boy isn’t _____ ______ to look after himself.

43. If you are lazy, you may not pass the exam.

_________ hard, _________ you may not pass the exam.

44. Jacks moth er asked him, “Have you packed your things?”

Jacks mother asked him ___________ he __________ packed his things.

45. She realized Hainan was a beautiful place after she reached there.

She _________ realize Hainan was a beautiful place _________ she reached there. Ⅲ. 选择所给的连词填空when, because, but, before, if, so...that, as…as, didn’t…until, and, after, or, since

46. Hurry up, please! _______you’ll be late for school.

47. She ________go to bed ______ her mother came back.

48. Yesterday Jim didn’t go to see the film, ________he must go over his lessons.

49. The students were talking about the sports meeting _______ the teacher came in.

50. I was ______tired ________I couldn’t walk any more.

51. This building is _______ tall ________ that one.

52. Tom was ill yesterday, ________he still went to school as usual.

53. He asked me ______I would go there with him.

54. We have studied here ________ 1994.

55. The child had studied English for two years ________he went to middle school.

56. _______the boy finished his homework, he went to bed.

57. Study hard on your subjects, ________you’ll do well in the exam.

Ⅳ. 根据汉语提示,填入所缺的单词

58. Christine, Aileen _________ (和) I are good friends.

59. Study hard, _________ (否则)you’ll fall behind.

60. Are you coming by bus ________(或者) on foot?

61. We are thirsty. I would like a bottle of orange, _______(然而)my friend would lik

e some cold water.

62. You’ll be late ________(如果) you don’t get up early tomorrow.

63. I was cleaning the floor ________(当……的时候) she knocked at the doo

r.

64. Dick climbed up into a tree _______________(一……就) he saw the bear.

65. I knew nothing about it ____________(直到……才) my friend told me yesterday.

66. I haven’t heard from Bill ____________(自从) we graduated from middle school.

IV. 完成英语句子

67.这里的天气既不太冷也不太热。

The weather here is ___________too hot ________too cold.

68.她不但美丽而且聪明。

She is ________pretty __________ clever.

69.不是你对就是我对。

_______ you _______ I am correct.

70.他和她一样外向,但不如她受欢迎。

He is ____ outgoing ____ she. But he is ___________ popular ______ her.

参考答案

连词

1-5 CBADD 6-10 DBABA 11-15 CDBBC 16-20 ADDBC 21-25 AABAD 26-30 CAAA A 31-35 BBCCB 36-40 BCCCB 41.both, and 42.old enough 43.Work, or 44. if / whethe r, had 45.didn”t , until46.or 47.didn’t, until48.because 49.when 50.so, that 51.as, as 52. but 53.if 54.since 55.before 56.after 57.and 58.and 59.or 60.or 61.but/while 62. if 63.w hile 64.as soon as 65.until 66.sice 67..neither, nor 68.not only, but also 69.either, or 70. as,as; not so, as