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【人教版】中考英语总复习八年级下册Unit7-8

中考英语总复习资料

第12讲

八年级英语下册Unit 7--8

一、重点词汇

1.tour(n.)→(n.)旅行者

2.protect(v.)→(n.)保护

3.achieve(v.)→(n.)成就;成绩

4.thick(adj.)→(adj.)薄的

5.include(v.)→(prep.)包含;包括

6.succeed(v.)→(n.)成功→(adj.)成功的

7.nature(n.)→(adj.)自然的

8.weigh(v.)→(n.)重量

9.birth(n.)→(n.)生日→(v.)出生→(过去分词)出生10.keep(v.)→(n.)饲养员;保管人

11.awake(adj.)→(v.)醒来

→(v.)睡觉→(adj.)睡着的→(adj.)困倦的12.excite(v.)→(n.)激动→(adj.)令人激动的→(adj.)激动的13.illness(n.)→(adj.)生病的

14.remaining(adj.)→(v.)保留;剩余

15.laugh(v.)→(n.)笑声

16.beauty(n.)→(adj.)美丽的

17.introduce(v.)→(n.)介绍

18.success(n.)→(adj.)成功的→(v.)成功

二、重点短语

1.随便(做某事)

2.据我所知

3.吸入;吞入(体内)

4.面对(问题、困难等)

5.即使

6.出生时

7.到达(某数量、程度)

8.大约

9.满是……的;(有)大量的

10.走路时撞着

11.摔倒

12.照顾

13.因……而死

14.科幻小说

15.赶快

16.自从

17.属于

18.互相

19.砍倒

20.在……结尾;在……末端

三、重点句型

1.珠穆朗玛峰比世界上其他任何一座山都高。

Qomolangma is mountain in the world.

2.中国是世界上人口最多的国家。

China has in the world.

3.这头大象比这只大熊猫重许多倍。

This elephant weighs more than this panda.

4.这些幼崽经常死于疾病并且活不了很长时间。

The babies often illness and do not live very long.

5.我的岛上还有其他什么人?

is on my island?

6.他们在这里多久了?

How long they here?

7.其中一个人死了,但另外一个人跑向了我的房子。

One of them died but ran towards my house.

8.听汤姆乐队的音乐是醒来的一个好方法。

The Toms is a good way to wake up.

9.她逐渐意识到,事实上她是多么想念他们所有人。

She came to how much she actually all of them.

10.加思是美国历史上最成功的音乐家之一。

Garth is musicians in American history.

11.你已经读过《小妇人》了吗?读过。/不,还没有。

—you Little Women yet?

—Yes,I ./No,I .

四、考点解析

重点词汇

1、?population

【典例在线】

超过四分之三的人口是中国人。

More than three quarters of the population Chinese.

温州的人口有多少?

What is the population of Wenzhou?

【拓展精析】

○1population 指人口总数,作主语时,谓语动词用数形式,○2population 前有分数、百分数等修饰时,谓语动词用数形式。

○3population 被large/small修饰,意为“”

○4What is the population of...?

=how many people…? 意为“”

○6杭州有多少人?

How many people are there in Hangzhou?

=is the of Hangzhou?

【活学活用】

1)—Which city has _ population,Shanghai,Hong Kong or Qingdao?

—Shanghai,of course.

A.the smallest B.the least C.the most D.the largest

2、?protect

【典例在线】

动物们越来越少,对于我们来说保护它们很重要。

There're fewer animals.It's important for us them.

他戴着太阳镜以遮挡强烈的阳光。

He is wearing sunglasses to his eyes the strong sunlight.

【拓展精析】

protect,意为“保护;防护”,

protect...from/against... 意为“”。

【活学活用】

2)To nature is to help ourselves,or we will be punished.

A.protect B.prevent C.provide D.pollute

3、?include

【典例在线】

这个价格包含了你的衬衫和裤子。

The price both your shirt and your trousers.

包括我在内我们班有50名学生。

There are 50 students in my class,me.

包括我在内我们班有50名学生。

There are 50 students in my class,me .

【拓展精析】

Include 作动词,意为“”。

Including 作介词,意为“”,后接名词、代词一起构成介宾短语。Included 作形容词,意为“”,常作后置定语。

【活学活用】

3)Twenty people went to his house for his birthday party,me.

A.including B.include

C.included D.to include

4、?remaining

【典例在线】

留下没走的几位客人都在厨房里。

The few guests were in the kitchen.

这个地方整个夏天都很凉爽。

This place very cool all summer.

【拓展精析】

remaining形容词,意为“”,仅用于名词前作定语。

remain动词,意为“”。

【活学活用】

4)The lady said she would buy a gift for her daughter with the .(2013,上海) A.20 dollars remained B.20 dollars to remain

C.remained 20 dollars D.remaining 20 dollars

5.belong to

【典例在线】

这辆自行车是埃米的。

The bicycle Amy.

=The bicycle is Amy's.

【拓展精析】

belong to 意为“”。

belong to sb.=be one's 意为“”。

【活学活用】

5)The book belongs to me.(同义句转换)

=The book .

6)—Are these books ?

—No,they are not mine. They belong to ________.

A.your;her B.yours;her

C.you;hers D.yours;she

重点句型

1、?This elephant weighs many times more than this panda.这只大象比这只熊猫重好多倍。【典例在线】

这个大厅比我们的教室大四倍。

This hall is than my classroom.

亚洲的面积是欧洲的四倍。

Asia is large Europe.

这座山的高度是那座小山的四倍。

The hill is the height of that small one.

我们图书馆的藏书数量比你们图书馆的多四倍。

There are more books in our library than in yours.

这个杯子里的水是那个杯子里的三倍。

There is as much water in this cup as in that one.

【拓展精析】

倍数的表达

①用形容词表示甲是乙的几倍时,有以下三个句型:

倍数+形容词/副词比较级+than

倍数+as+形容词/副词+as

倍数+the size/height/weight/length...of

②用名词表示,“量”的倍数时,有以下两个句型:

倍数+more+名词+than

倍数+as many/much+名词+其他+as

【活学活用】

1)We have two ears and one mouth so that we can listen we speak.

A.as twice much as B.twice as much as

C.as much as twice D.as much twice as

2、?Listening to The Toms is a good way to wake up.听汤姆乐队的音乐是醒来的一个好方法。【典例在线】

吃得太多对你没有好处。

too much isn't good for you.

他经常听音乐。

He often to music.

别听他们的话!

Don't to them!

【拓展精析】

listening to The Toms 动名词短语在句中作主语,谓语动词用数形式。Listen to…意为“”。

【活学活用】

2)Our English teacher often says to us,“English well is very important.”(2013,内江)

A.Learn B.Learning C.Learned D.To learning

易错易混

1、?die from,die of

【典例在线】

他父亲死于一次事故。

His father died an accident.

他死于一种怪病。

He died a strange illness.

【拓展精析】

die from 指由于外部或不注意的原因而死,原因常来自外部,后常加名词。

die of 指死于疾病、衰老、饥饿等,原因多来自内部,后加名词。

【活学活用】

1)—Do you know that Mr.Zhang passed last week?

—Yes.He died ________ illness.(2013,荆州)

A.away;of B.on;from C.by;with D.off;as 2、?a number of,the number of

【典例在线】

许多苹果是红色的。

A number of apples red.

学生的数量是2000人。

The number of the students 2,000.

【拓展精析】

a number of 意为“”,后接复数,谓语动词用数形式。the number of 意为“”,后接复数,谓语动词用数形式。【活学活用】

2)—What __ the number of students in your school?

—About two thousand. A number of them ________ from the countryside.(2014,泰安)

A.is;are B.is;is C.are;is D.are;are

五、当堂检测

(一)、根据句意及汉语提示完成单词。

1.Let's work hard together!I believe we will (成功) in the future.(2013,贵港)

2.I have been back home from the (沙漠).

3.The river is too (宽的).We can't swim across.

4.In a basketball match,players move (朝向) one end of the court while throwing the ball to each other.(2013,黄冈)

5.My brother has never been (到国外) before.

(二)、根据句意及首字母提示完成单词。

6.Wendy is a panda. She ate 8 kilos of b today.

7.About a third of the earth's surface is l,the rest is water.

8.You should wait in l to buy tickets.

9.China is about 9,600,000 s kilometers in size.

10.There is a small i in the middle of the sea.

(三)、根据句意,用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空。

11.I can feel his (exciting) of becoming a parent.

12.A thin coat gives little (protect) against the cold.

13.You can use this machine (record) the music.

14.It rains often in the (south) part of China in June.

15.My dream is (go) to Paris some day.

(四)、单项选择。

16.—is the population of your town?

—About sixty thousand.

A.How B.What C.How many D.How much 17.Climbing hills good for our health.(2014,黔东南)

A.are B.is C.was D.were 18.The history proves those islands belong China.(2013,湘潭)

A.to B.at C.on

19.In our school library there a number of books on science,and in these years the number of them ________ growing larger and larger.(2013,安顺)

A.are;is B.is;are C.have;are D.has;is 20.Of all the subjects,English is for me.(2013,淮安)

A.interesting B.more interesting

C.the most interesting D.much more interesting

(五)、根据汉语意思完成下列句子。

21.圣诞节你们互赠礼品吗?

Do you give presents to at Christmas?

22.从那以后,他就变得勤奋了。

then,he has become hard-working.

23.我希望能活到100岁。

I hope to be 100 years old.

24.这个婴儿出生时大约重三公斤。

The baby about 3 kilos .

25.彼得过去常跟父母争吵。

Peter with his parents.

(六)、英语写作

倡议书的写作

倡议书是发动人们开展某项具体活动的一种应用文体,目的是希望大家共同完成某项任务或开展某项公益活动。

一、倡议书的构成:

1.标题:简单概括倡议的内容。英语倡议书多数情况下省略。

2.称呼:可根据受倡议对象选用适当的称谓,如:Dear classmates,Ladies and gentlemen,Boys and girls 等。

3.正文:正文是倡议书的重要部分,主要写倡议的背景,倡议的对象、目的、内容、意义和要求。

4.结尾:表明倡议者的决心、希望以及建议,常用“Let's...!”“Why not...?”等提建议的句型。

5.落款:写倡议者的单位名称或发起人姓名。

二、写倡议书时的注意事项:

1.倡议书的内容要有新的时尚和精神,要切实可行。

2.倡议书的背景、目的要写清楚,理由要充分,措辞要恰当,情感要真挚,同时要富有鼓动性。

3.篇幅不宜太长。

三、写作典例。(2014,十堰)

某中学在开展“崇尚节俭,文明做人(advocating thrift and being civilized)”活动一年来,取得了很好的效果,但还有极少数学生做得不够好,在校园里依然还会出现以下图片中的情形。请你选择以下现象中的几种或全部进行描述,并就中学生如何“杜绝浪费,文明做人”提出至少两点建议。

要求:1.文中不得出现真实的人名、校名。

2.语言通顺,意思连贯,书写规范。

3.词数80~100。文章的开头已给出,不计入总词数。

【范文欣赏】

Some middle school students aren't doing enough in “advocating thrift and being civilized”.

We're sorry to see that there is still some waste in our school!For example,some often leave the taps on after washing their hands.In the dinning hall,a lot of food can be seen left after the meals.What's worse,we often find that waste paper is thrown everywhere,which makes others feel uncomfortable.In addition,some students like to write or draw on the wall or on the desk.

As middle school students,we should develop good habits and stop wasting anything.Let's do it from now on!

,请完成考点跟踪突破13