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论文题目:初中科学学科应用项目学习的实践研究

学科专业:学科教学(生物)

学位申请人:刘西佳

指导教师:沈光华教授

论文类型:应用研究

中文摘要

项目学习是一种在欧美国家中小学教育中被广泛使用的一种学习模式。上个世纪90年代这种学习模式逐渐被我国教育学者所关注,并引入到我国的教育中,近几年更是在我国基础教育中得到了运用。为了应对21世纪对于人才的最新需求,联合国教科文组织提出了未来教育的四大支柱:学会求知、学会做事、学会共处、学会生存。这在告诉我们现今的教育迫切地需要从注重知识教授与积累向关注知识与技能、过程与方法转变,把书本知识与学生的实际体验结合起来,使得课堂向社会延伸。项目学习作为一种以学生为主体的学习方式越来越受到广大教育工作者的关注。

Project learning is one kind of study mode widely used in primary and secondary education in Europe and America. In the 1990s this study mode was been concentrated and introduced into the Chinese education, and thereafter it has been applied in the basic education. In order to meet the new requirement of talented person in the 21st century, UNESCO proposed four pillars for tomorrow education, which are Learning to know, work, coexist and survive. This statement tells us that it is urgent to transfer from professor and accumulation of knowledge to concentration on the knowledge, technology, process and methodology, so as to extend the class to society by combining the book knowledge and student s’ practical experience. Project learning, being a kind of student-centered study mode, has been popular with the educators.

本课题尝试依据国内项目学习的研究现状,以基础教育领域义务教育阶段初中科学学科教学为研究对象,关注课程与项目学习、学生与项目学习、教师与项目学习,试图提出项目学习的实施方式,提炼教师个人的项目学习实践认识,建

立项目学习实践模板,为项目学习在初中理科教学中的应用提供借鉴。

In this study, the science teaching in junior middle school, which is subject in compulsory education of basic education stage, will be investigated according to the current domestic situation of project study. By concerning the relationship between project learning and courses, students as well as teachers, the mode of execution of project learning is attempted to put forward to abstract the teacher’s personal practice knowledge of project learning, and establish the practice template of project learning, so as to provide reference for the application of project learning in science teaching of junior middle school.

课题在对项目学习理论探究的基础上,对其在科学学科的实际教学运用开展了一次实验研究。通过实践初步摸索出了一套开展项目学习的基本流程,并且对项目学习过程中的活动设计,进行了深入的探索。对于这套项目学习模式的可行性及有效性,已经通过实验的到了验证。事实证明在初中科学学科教学中应用项目学习是有利于学生掌握学科知识与技能的,更有利于培养学生解决实际问题的能力,这符合时代发展对于人才的需求。

The study is based on project learning theory. It is an experimental study carried out in the actual teaching of the use of science teaching. A set of the basic processes of project learning has been initially explored through practice, and the activity design of project learning process is in depth exploration. The feasibility and effectiveness of the project learning mode has been verified by experiment. Facts have proved that project learning in science teaching of junior middle school can help students acquire subject knowledge and skills. It is more conducive to develop students' ability of solving practical problems, which can meet the requirement of talented person of the times.

关键词:初中科学,项目学习,学习模式

Keywords: Science teaching of junior middle school, project learning, learning mode