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胜任力素质词典

Performance Management Dictionary of Competencies

Contents

How to Use this Dictionary

2

Baseline Requirements

3

General Competencies

Attention to Detail (7)

Collaboration (8)

Communication (9)

Customer Focus (10)

Results-Focused (11)

Initiative (12)

Job-focused Learning (13)

Organizational Understanding (14)

Planning and Organizing (15)

Problem Solving/Analytical Thinking (16)

Technical Expertise (17)

Management and Leadership Competencies

Change Leadership (19)

Coaching (20)

Collaborative Leadership (21)

Delegation (22)

Global Sensitivity (23)

Innovation (24)

Risk Taking (25)

HOW TO USE THIS DICTIONARY

The Competency Dictionary has been designed as a resource for supervisors and non-supervisory employees. Its primary purposes are to bring more detailed definition to the behaviors that are important for the University to achieve its strategic goals and to create a common, objective language for talking about behavioral skills.

Each Competency in the dictionary has a Definition and a set of behavioral skills called Behavioral Indicators. The Behavioral Indicators are observable behaviors that individuals employ when they are demonstrating a particular Competency. For example, when an employee is demonstrating “Initiative”, one of the things others will observe that individual doing is seeking information from many different sources before deciding on his/her own approach. This is the third behavioral indicator in the dictionary under the Competency “Initiative”. Note that observing a behavior means you can either see or hear an individual exhibiting that behavior.

During the planning phase of the performance management process, supervisors and their employees use the dictionary to determine how the employee can most effectively achieve their goals or planned outcomes. There are Competencies that are baseline requirements and are expected of all employees at the University. They are: Reliability, Integrity, Accountability, Flexibility, Diversity, Basic Computing Skills, and Interpersonal Relationships. The dictionary contains eleven general competencies and seven management and leadership competencies from which employees and supervisors can choose. Employees and supervisors will choose three to five competencies from the applicable list. It is important to choose the three to five competencies that will help the employee achieve his/her planned outcomes or goals. All competencies are important, but there are certain competencies that are more relevant than others to the particular job or focus for the year. Note: All employees in supervisory positions must have Coaching as a competency.

Once the Competencies have been selected, the supervisor and employee agree on three Behavioral Indicators in each Competency that will be performance expectations for that staff member. It is not sufficient, though, to use the Behavioral Indicators verbatim. When they are recorded as performance expectations on the performance management worksheet, the Behavioral Indicators must be edited to be relevant to the employee’s planned outcomes. As an example, a planned outcome or goal for an administrative assistant may be to, “Create first drafts of documents and reports with 98 percent accuracy.” It is reasonable to assume that a key Competency related to this expected outcome is Attention to Detail. A relevant Behavioral Indicator migh t be, “Double-checks the accuracy of information and work product.” A possible edit for this Behavioral Indicator might be, “Double-checks the accuracy of grammar, content, and style on all department documents and reports”.

During the managing and appraising phases of the performance management process, supervisors and employees use the dictionary to understand and classify the behaviors of themselves and others. The language contained in the dictionary can be useful in helping supervisors and other feedback providers to document and discuss specific examples of the use of the behavioral skills identified as performance expectations.

BASELINE REQUIREMENTS

BASELINE REQUIREMENTS

胜任力素质词典

胜任力素质词典

GENERAL COMPETENCIES

ATTENTION TO DETAIL

DEFINITION:

Thoroughness in accomplishing a task through concern for all the areas involved, no matter how small. Monitors and checks work or information and plans and organizes time and resources efficiently.

BEHAVIORAL INDICATORS:

?Provides accurate, consistent numbers on all paperwork.

?Provides information on a timely basis and in a usable form to others who need to act on it.

?Maintains a checklist, schedule, calendar, etc., to ensure that small details are not overlooked.

?Double-checks the accuracy of information and work product.

?Carefully monitors the details and quality of own and others' work.

?Expresses concern that things be done right, thoroughly, or precisely.

?Follows policies, procedures, safety and security measures in using various equipme nt. ?Completes all reports and documents according to procedures and standards.

?Maintains properly equipped work area.

?Takes necessary actions to produce work that requires little or no checking.

COLLABORATION

DEFINITION:

Develops cooperation and teamwork while participating in a group of people, working toward solutions which generally benefit all involved parties.

BEHAVIORAL INDICATORS:

?Solicits the input of others who are affected by plans or actions.

?Gives credit and recognition to others who have contributed.

?Finds areas of agreement when working with conflicting individuals or groups.

?Identifies and pushes for solutions in which all parties can benefit.

?Demonstrates concern for treating people fairly and equitably.

?Keeps people informed and up-to-date.

?Builds consensus.

?Listens to all points of view.

?Readily gets cooperation of others for whom one has no direct supervisory responsibility.

COMMUNICATION

DEFINITION:

Creates an atmosphere in which timely and high quality information flows smoothly both up the organization and down, inside and outside the organization; encourages open expression of ideas and opinions.

BEHAVIORAL INDICATORS:

?Asks open-ended questions that encourage others to give their points of view.

?Keeps people accurately informed and up to date.

?Appropriately expresses one's own opinion.

?Refrains from immediate judgment and criticism of others' ideas, delivering criticism in a way that demonstrates sensitivity to the feelings of others.

?Waits for the other person to finish their intended message before responding.

?Encourages staff to keep one another informed and share information.

?Uses vocabulary which is appropriate to the audience.

?Keeps responsible people informed of both positive and potentially negative information.?Asks questions as necessary to clarify a message being delivered, demonstrating close concentration on the message.

?Encourages response and dissent to ideas and issues.

CUSTOMER FOCUS

DEFINITION:

Demonstrates concern for meeting internal and external customers' needs in a manner that provides satisfaction for the customer. ["Customers" can be students, co-workers, peers, supervisors or managers, vendors, suppliers, external partners or other stakeholders.] BEHAVIORAL INDICATORS:

?Asks questions to identify customer's needs or expectations.

?Checks understanding by stating what he/she understands are the customer's needs or expectations and asks the speaker to verify or clarify.

?Considers the impact on the external customer when taking action, setting policies or carrying out one's own job tasks.

?Looks for external trends that are likely to shape the wants and needs of customers in the near future.

?Involves stakeholders in the decision-making or problem-solving process as early as possible.

?Looks for creative approaches to providing or improving services that may increase efficiency and decrease cost.

?Works to remove barriers that get in the way of giving customers top notch service.

?Asks questions of customers to assess satisfaction with service being provided.

?Refers customer to appropriate department or employee to solve specific problems.

?When referring customers to different departments, follows up to make sure that the customer has been taken care of.

?Seeks ways to continuously improve external and internal customer satisfaction with product or service quality and on-time delivery.

RESULTS - FOCUSED

DEFINITION:

Demonstrates concern for achieving or surpassing results against an internal or external standard of excellence, shows a passion for improving the delivery of services with a commitment to continuous improvement.

BEHAVIORAL INDICATORS:

?Holds self and other team members accountable for achieving results.

?Recognizes and capitalizes on opportunities.

?Sets and maintains high performance standards for sel f and others that support organization’s strategic plan.

?Tries new things to reach challenging goals while also taking action to minimize the risks involved.

?Persists until personal and team goals are achieved and commitments met.

?Finds more efficient and less expensive ways to do things.

?Works to meet individual and company goals with positive regard, acknowledgment of, and cooperation with the achievement of others’ goals.

?Motivates others to translate ideas into actions and results.

INITIATIVE

DEFINITION:

Does more than is required or expected in the job; does things that no one has requested that will improve or enhance products and services, avoid problems, or develop entrepreneurial opportunities. Plans ahead for upcoming problems or opportunities and takes appropriate action.

BEHAVIORAL INDICATORS:

?Does things before being asked or before the situation necessitates action (i.e., forced to by events).

?Recognizes and acts upon opportunities.

?Seeks information from many different sources before deciding on own approach.

?Does far more than is minimally required in the assignment, task or job description.

?Digs beneath the obvious to get at the facts, even when not asked to do so.

?Creates opportunities or minimizes potential problems by anticipating and preparing for these in advance.

?Tries out new ideas after consideration of all factors involved and potential consequences and outcomes.

?Seeks out and/or accepts additional responsibilities in the context of the job.

JOB-FOCUSED LEARNING

DEFINITION:

Demonstrates eagerness to acquire necessary technical knowledge, skills and judgment to accomplish a result or to serve a customer’s needs effectively. Has desire and drive to acquire knowledge and skills necessary to perform job more effectively.

BEHAVIORAL INDICATORS:

?Seeks out opportunities to gain additional operational exposure and experience.

?Identifies and pursues areas for development and training that will enhance job performance.

?Maintains fluency in appropriate business applications, software or tools.

?Keeps up to date on current research and technology in the industry, field or function.

?Reviews, selects and disseminates information regarding key technologies and best practices and tools to others in the group.

?Demonstrates resourcefulness in acquiring necessary knowledge inside or outside area of expertise when designing solutions or improving performance.

?Continually looks for ways to expand job capabilities.

?Selects appropriate development activities from a range of competing alternatives and pursues them.

ORGANIZATIONAL UNDERSTANDING

DEFINITION:

Understands the agendas and perspectives of others, recognizing and effectively balancing the interests and needs of one's own group with those of the broader organization.

BEHAVIORAL INDICATORS:

?Understands the organizational implications of events.

?Knows how to use the organization's formal and informal system to get things done.

?Demonstrates awareness of goals of other units and of the organization and makes requests or decisions in support of this awareness.

?Uses the most appropriate channels and cost-effective means in communications within and between departments/divisions.

?Identifies key decision makers on issues of concern.

?Recognizes which issues are worth pursuing and when it is time to compromise.

?Keeps objectives that are related to organizational priorities at the top of one's own priorities and the priorities of one's work group.

?Works to build a sense of common purpose across all work groups, avoiding a "we versus them" attitude.

?Identifies underlying problems affecting organizational or individual performance such as market conditions, competitor actions or other external forces.

PLANNING AND ORGANIZING

DEFINITION:

Establishes a systematic course of action for self or others to ensure accomplishment of a specific objective. Sets priorities, goals and timetables to achieve maximum productivity.

BEHAVIORAL INDICATORS:

?Develops or uses systems to organize and keep track of information (e.g., "to-do" lists, appointment calendars, follow-up file systems).

?Sets priorities with an appropriate sense of what is most important.

?Keeps track of activities completed and yet to do to accomplish stated objectives.

?Keeps clear, detailed records of activities related to the accomplishment of stated objectives. ?Plans with an appropriate and realistic sense of the time demand involved.

?Knows status of one's own work at all times.

?Creates action plans for achieving performance expectations.

PROBLEM SOLVING/ANALYTICAL THINKING DEFINITION:

Builds a logical approach to address problems or opportunities or manage the situation at hand by drawing on own knowledge and experience base and calling on other references and resources as necessary.

BEHAVIORAL INDICATORS:

?Undertakes a complex task by breaking it down into manageable parts in a systematic, detailed way.

?Anticipates the consequences of situations.

?Thinks of several possible explanations or alternatives for a situation.

?Identifies the information needed to solve a problem effectively.

?Gets input from internal/external contacts who are closest to the problem.

?Presents problem analysis and recommended solution to others rather than just identifying or describing the problem itself.

?Acknowledges when one doesn't know something and takes steps to find out.

?Anticipates potential obstacles and develops contingency plans to overcome them.

?Considers the organization’s priorities when making decisions or analyzing the costs and benefits of various alternative solutions.

TECHNICAL EXPERTISE

DEFINITION:

Applies and improves extensive or in-depth specialized knowledge, skills and judgment to accomplish a result or to serve one's "customers" effectively. ["Customers" can be students, co-workers, peers, supervisors or managers, external partners or other stakeholde rs.] BEHAVIORAL INDICATORS:

?Understands technical aspects of one’s job.

?Makes self available to others to help solve technical or procedural problems or issues.?Continuously builds knowledge, keeping up-to-date on the technical or procedural aspects of the job.

?Acts on own to improve and increase technical or procedural knowledge.

?Uses a wide range and depth of technical or specialized knowledge and skills.

?Keeps up-to-date on resources available to serve the needs of customers.

?Thinks of ways to apply new developments to improve organizational performance or customer service.

?Applies technical/procedural knowledge to correctly address a situation, taking into consideration the full range of available facts.

?Applies technical procedures correctly and in a timely manner.

?Recognizes trends in theory and practice of one's own technical area and effectively prepares for anticipated changes.