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1.At 6:30 a.m. next morning the train ______ Central Station, Glasgow.

A. came down

B. pulled into

C. laid out


sought out

2.She pressed her lips together, trying to ________ tears.

A. give up

B. burst into

C. take back



3.In the department store one sales assistant stopped short of calling me stupid when I said

that a certain guitar wasn’t to my ________ and a bit cheap-looking.

A. astonishment

B. delight

C. taste



4.________, the injection did not work and despite much medication to calm his heart, he

passed away in the early hours of the morning.

A. Luckily

B. Unfortunately

C. Eventually



5.However, promotion is not always easy to achieve, as I _______ when I first returned to

work in 1977 after my degree course.

A. turned out

B. acted out

C. sought out


found out

6. A sob caught his throat and he coughed to ________it.

A. prohibit

B. emit

C. mask

D. crash

7.The fight lasted but a few minutes, when the enemy soldiers _______ before us fore

twelve miles.

A. vanished

B. approached

C. retreated

D. proceeded

8.She’s been reported missing and we’re checking her movements for the two weeks

before she ________ .

A. survived

B. vanished

C. observed

D. revealed

9.Donald McIntyre was arrested by the police on suspicion of being connected in the

________ disappearance of a man.

A. mysterious

B. ancient

C. critical

D. evident

10.He sat like a man ________ by the sudden news of death.

A. embarrassed

B. stung

C. stunned

D. bored

11.Henry _______ into a table and landed heavily on the floor and had to be helped to his

feet by friends.

A. proceeded

B. crashed

C. retreated

D. limped

12.She said that they had monitored in the area and there was no ______ to health.

A. suggestion

B. compliment

C. hazard

D. recipe

13.In a small enterprise or department, management by inertia is a _______ disease.

A. current

B. radical

C. deadly

D. typical

14.The report is ______ with the relationship between politics and the law.

A. absorbed

B. concerned

C. sustained

D. involved

15.As anyone who has _______ an accident will tell you, the apparent security of cars is


A. sampled

B. vanished

C. survived

D. scraped

16.Every man has moved into position and must remain silent and unobserved until the

______ moment.

A. painful

B. emotional

C. favorite

D. critical

17.Mr. Trump would not _______ details of his plan for a new factory to make mobile

phones in China.

A. expose

B. indicate

C. reveal

D. enclose

18.Burns can be caused when skin that isn’t used to the sun is ________ to short bursts of

strong sunlight.

A. snapped

B. exposed

C. wrinkled

D. revealed

19.Young pilots should _______ doing too many new things in one fight; i.e. do not fly a

new type of aircraft on an unfamiliar airfield.

A. manage

B. avoid

C. decrease

D. deny

20.If you don’t read, then ________ you will forget how to read.

A. eventually

B. unfortunately

C. positively



21.We had decided that our last day would be spent _______ one of the many activities

which the hotel offered to arrange.

A. consolidating

B. proceeding

C. sampling

D. selecting

22. A personal friend of an artist may have a real _______ in writing criticism, as he may

learn about the artistic intentions which are not explained to others.

A. observation

B. advantage

C. background

D. privacy

23.If people are made aware that the better the service, the more they earn, then it really is

an _______ to work hard and perform well.

A. atmosphere

B. incentive

C. community

D. gratitude

24.On seeing the wounded soldier, Lucy quickly folded her arms round him, then just as

quickly pulled back to _______ his swollen nose and mouth.

A. monitor

B. recognize

C. reveal

D. inspect

25.I remember Chapman was ________ when I told him we might make a million dollars a


A. exclaimed

B. amazed

C. shocked

D. stunned

26.I felt _____ and unable to give her the support she needed.

A) helpfully B) helpful C)helpless D) helplessly

27.The success of this project ______ on everyone making an effort.

A) relies B) reliant C) reliable D) reliance

28.The doctor have ______ warned him not to work so hard.

A) repeat B) repetition C) repeated D) repeatedly

29.Francis Chichester is ______ one of the greatest adventurers the world has ever known.

A) doubt B) doubtful C) doubtfully D) undoubtedly

30.After _______ so many defeats, I found the final victory doubly sweet.

A) inexperienced B) experiencing C) inexperience D) experienced

31.He is loved by anyone who has the ______ to know him.

A) misfortune B) fortune C) unfortunately D) fortunately

32.Harry was behaving very ______ at the dinner party last night.

A) childhood B) childish C) child D) childishly

33.It is good for old people to be _______ involved in their communities.

A) active B) action C) activity D) actively

34._______ speaking, I feel great sympathy for you, but I still think you are wrong.

A) Emotion B) Emotional C) Emotionally D) Unemotional

35.I wonder if they would ______ our proposal.

A) acceptance B) accept C) acceptable D) acceptably

36.I can accomplish a great deal more in the library than at home, where there are too many


A) distract B) distractions C) distracted D) distracting

37.Cars turn into ______ weapons when they are driven carelessly.

A) friendly B) lovely C) deadly D) weekly

38.Though he has a ______ job and a good family, he still feels that his life is somewhat


A) well-known B) well-paid C) well-traveled D) well-informed

39.The only way to _______ a fear is to face it, and to do so as frequently as possible.

A) commit B) enlarge C) communicate D) conquer

40.I’d like to _______ that students should be allowed more time for independent study.

A) propose B) command C) arrange D) steer

How men first learn to invent words is unknown: in other words, the origin of language is a mystery. All we really know is that men, unlike animals, somehow invented certain sounds to express thoughts and feelings, actions and things, so that they could communicate with each other; and that later they agreed upon certain signs, called letters which could be combined to represent those sounds, and which could be written down. Those sounds, whether spoken, or written in letters, we call words.

The power of words, then, lies in their associations—the things they bring up before our minds. Words become filled with meaning for us by experience; and the longer we live, the more certain words recall to us the glad and sad events of our past; and the more we read and learn, the more the number of words that mean something to us increases.

Great writers are those who not only have great thoughts but also express these thoughts in words which appeal powerfully to our minds and emotions. This charming and telling use of words is what we call literary style. Above all, the real poet is master of words. He can convey his meaning in words which sing like music, and which by their position and association can move men to tears. We should therefore learn to choose our words carefully and use them accurately, or they will make our speech silly and vulgar.

1)The origin of language is _____.

A. a legend handed down from the past

B. a question difficult to answer

C. a problem not yet solved

D. a matter that is hidden or secret

2)One of the reasons why men invented certain sounds to express thoughts and actions was that


A. they could communicate with each other

B. they could write them down

C. they could combine them

D. they could agree upon certain signs

3)What is true about the words?

A. They are used to express feelings only.

B. They are meaningful sounds that could be written down.

C. They are letters.

D. They are mysterious.

4)By “association”, the author means ______.

A. joining ideas in the mind

B. an appearance which is puzzling

i. C. a strange feature D. a special quality

5)In expressing their thoughts, great writers are able ______.

A. to confuse the readers

B. to move our action

C. to move men to tears

D. to puzzle our feelings

A study suggests that dirty air can reduce lung development. Researchers at the University of Southern California in Los Angles published their work in the New England Journal of Medicine.

About 1700 children from different communities in Southern California took part in the study. The scientists tested the children every year for eight years, starting at age ten. They say this is the longest study ever done on air pollution and the health of children.

The scientists found that children who lived in areas with the dirtiest air were five times more likely to grow up with weak lungs. Many were using less than eight percent of normal lung strength to breathe.

The damage from dirty air was as bad as that found in children with parents who smoke. Children with reduced lung power may suffer more severe effects from a common cold, for example.

But the researchers express greater concerns about long-term effects. They say adults normally begin to lose one percent of their lung power each year after age twenty. The doctors note that weak lung activity is the second leading cause of early deaths among adults. The first is smoking.

By the time people are eighteen, their lungs are fully developed, or close to it. The doctors say it is impossible to recover from any damage.

Researchers say they are still not sure how air pollution affects lung development. They believe that pollution affects the tiny air spaces where oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged.

Arden Pope is an economics professor at Brigham Young University in Provo. Utah. Professor Pope wrote a commentary about the study. He noted that air quality is Southern California has improved since the study began in the early nineteen-nineties. Clean-air laws have reduced pollution from vehicles, industry and other causes.

But dirty air is still a problem in areas of California and other places. Professor Pope says continued efforts to improve air quality are likely to provide additional improvements in health.

1. A study done by researchers at the University of Southern California indicates that


A. 1700 children from Southern California have weak lung activities

B. children in Southern California use less lung strength to breathe

C. 80 percent of children in Southern California suffer from air pollution

D. air pollution may affect the growth of children’s lungs

2.According to the article, children living in dirty air ________.

A. may lose 80 percent of their normal lung strength

B. were 5 times more likely to catch a common cold

C. may suffer more severe effects from a common cold

D. were unlikely to recover from any lung damage

3.Why do the researchers express greater concern about the long-term effects of air

pollution on children?

A. Because they begin to lose 1% of their lung power each year after 20

B. Because they do not show any signs of lung damage when they are young.

C. Because they cannot expect to have their lungs fully developed at 18.

D. Because they may suffer early death when they grow up.

4.What do we learn from the passage about the air in Southern California?

A. It is cleaner than it was in the early 1990s.

B. It is free of pollution from vehicles and industry

C. It is as dirty as it was before

D. It is unlikely to improve in the near future.

5.Professor Pope believes that ______.

A. clean-air laws should be passed to reduce air pollution in California

B. improvement in air quality will provide further health benefits

C. further studies should be done to find out how dirty air affects lung development

D. air pollution does ever greater harm to children’s health than their parents’ smoking

I was born in the city of New York, in England, in the year 1632. My father was a man of some wealth, able to give me a good home and send me to school. It was his wish that I should be a lawyer but my head began to be filled very early with thoughts of travel, and I would be satisfied with nothing but going to sea. My father gave me strong advice against it, but with little effect. One day, being at Hull, I met a school-fellow who was about to sail for London in his fathe r’s ship, and he invited me to go with him, and without telling my father, I went on board.

On the way to London, a storm arose, the ship was wrecked, and we barely escaped with our lives. I went on foot to London, where I met with the master of a vessel which did business with countries on the coast of Africa. He took a fancy to me, and offered me a chance to go with him on his voyages, which I gladly accepted.

A great storm came up, and the ship was tossed about form many days, until we did not know where we were. Suddenly we struck a bank of sand, and the sea broke over the ship in such a way that we could not hope to have her hold many moments without breaking into pieces. So we launched a boat. After we had been driven four or five miles, a mountainous wave struck us so hard that it overturned the boat at once. Though I swam well but the waves were so strong that I was dashed against a rock with such force that it left me senseless. But I recovered a little before the waves returned, and running forward, got to the mainland safely.

1.What did the author want to do most when he was young?

A. To visit Africa.

B. To practice law.

C. To sail the seas.

D. To make a tour of London.

2.Why did the author go on foot to London?

A. His father did not supply the fare for the journey.

B. The ship he took was destroyed by in a storm.

C. He went against his father’s strong advice not to do so.

D. His school-fellow invited him to go together.

3.Why did they launch a boat?

A. Their ship had struck sand and was about to break into pieces.

B. The big waves were about to overturn the ship

C. Their ship had been knocked about for many days on the sea.

D. They knew they were near the shore.

4.When the author got to the mainland, he _________.

A. searched everywhere for his lost companions.

B. fell down on the ground senseless

C. ran forward to escape being washed back into the sea

D. was safe and sound

5.When the author finally arrived on land, he most probably ________.

A. knew he was in Africa

B. was not aware he was back in


C. did not know where he was

D. got in touch with his family and

asked for help